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this House. He understood the party could wait till to-morrow, he trusted consisted, in general, of most respec- it would then be satisfied with the contable country gentlemen—of gentle- duct of ministers. Mr Tierney then men, whose liberality of conduct, and endeavoured to ridicule the course whose general tendency of principle, which had been pursued, of which he to support government, where they gave the following history : On Sacould at all support it, were perfectly turday every thing had been settled well known to the noble Lord. To with his royal highness the Prince them a disclosure of a most delicate Regent as to this question. It was nature was made-a disclosure which determined what was the fit
thing to was refused to that House, when first be proposed to Parliament. That was that House asked it. [Hear, hear!] previous to the meeting at Lord LiIf such meetings as this were to be al verpool's. Then, some how or other, lowed_if Parliament was to be silent a rumour arose, that this proposition, when they heard of such assemblies, which the ministers had advised the it was a mockery to proceed to a de- Prince Regent was a fit one, was not bate in the House of Commons. The likely to meet with the concurrence debate might go on-the result of the of the members of the House of Comdivision might be declared by the mons. The faithful few then assemspeaker from the chair—but, in point bled the tried many at Lord Liverof fact, the matter would have been pool's, to submit to them the propopreviously settled elsewhere-[Hear!] sition which they had before advised How settled ? By private means by the Prince Regent to recommend. If practising on members of that House these meetings were to take place, in various ways-which he had, con- there should be something like a galstitutionally speaking, a right to sus- lery in Lord Liverpool's room, where pect government of a wish to do, those who had not the favour to be when they proceeded in such a course. admitted into the body might hear The preliminary debate was carried on the debates. On this occasion, howin silence; and in silence and darkness ever, there was no debate. It was a the feelings of particular individuals Quaker's meeting. The noble Lord, were ascertained. If ministers found indeed, made a speech of considerable that the majority was so commanding length, but those who were assembled that they were sure of carrying their said nothing to him or his speech measure, the House would hear no. either. Scarcely had they stepped thing more of the transaction, unless over the threshold, when it was dis. by some unaccountable mistake, like covered that a mutiny had broken out that which fortunately occurred yes- among the minister's troops, and they terday, the business came to be no- came here manfully to declare their ticed. Lord Castlereagh said, that if opinions. The moment these selected deliberations out of the House, pre- gentlemen found themselves in the air viously to the submitting of any pro- of this House, which, to be sure, was position to the House, were to be a very different atmosphere from that prohibited, this would be the first of Fife House, they, one after the time that it had been done. He must, other, avowed their dissent. In that therefore, enter his counter protest meeting (for it had all come out against the new constitutional doc- since), it had been proposed that the trine of the honourable and learned Duke of Clarence should receive an gentleman, as impracticable, unwise, additional income, rendering his toand unconstitutional. If the House tal income equal to 40,0001., with an outfit of 20,0001. The Duke of Kent because the revenues which formerly bewas to receive 12,0001. so as to make longed to the Crown had been surrenhis total income 30,0001. per annum, dered to that House on its binding it with 12,0001. as an outfit; the Duké self to provide for the wants of the royof Cumberland [shouts of Hear ! al family from time to time, as circumhear !7—was to receive an additional stances might require. He assured 12,0001. per annum, making his in- the gentlemen opposite, that though come 30,0001.with an outfit of 12,0001.; he differed from them in their applicaand the Duke of Cambridge's income tion of the principle of economy, he was to be augmented to 30,0001. a- was equally sensible of the sacredness year by an additional vote of 12,000l. of the principle itself. Lord Castlea-year, and 12,0001. as an outfit, ma- reagh then pointed out how importking a total of 116,0001. to be grant- ant it was that matrimonial connexions ed during the first year, at a time when should take place in the Royal Famithe country was so ill able to make ly. Of the twelve children of his Magood its present taxes.—The motion jesty, seven were sons, and five daughwas, however, agreed to.
ters. But not one of them had a child On the following day, the question to present a hope of direct inheritance was brought into full discussion. Lord of the throne." The Duke of Cam. Castlereagh observed, that the natural bridge, the youngest son, was now jealousy of the influence of the crown forty-five years of age, and none of rendered his task difficult. To pro. the princesses were under forty. To pose to the House an additional pro- excite some of the members of the vision to any of the Royal Family, Royal Family to marriage, was now and augmenting the public burthens an object of much importance to the by the amount of such provision, was country;
and those illustrious person. one of the most arduous duties which ages owed it to themselves, to the could devolve on ministers, The Crown, and to the country, if they difficulty was greatly enhanced by did not feel that from some circumthat great change that had been in stances marriage would be perfectly the former part of the present reign incompatible with their own comfort, effected in the constitution of the coun- to look forward to a suitable union, try, by which it had been thought new that the succession might not be en. cessary for the public advantage, that dangered. A single marriage would all those branches of revenue which not satisfy the anxiety of the people were formerly at the uncontrolled dis- on the subject of the succession. The posal of the Crown, should be sur. Prince Regent, sensible of this, had rendered into the hands of that House, made offers to such of his Royal Broto be administered for the public be. thers as could reconcile marriage to nefit,—a change which rendered it ne. their feelings. He had done this in cessary for the royal family to come the greatest spirit of affection ; he had to Parliament in all the exigencies shewn no preference to any one of which might arise, and demand a spe. those illustrious individuals' beyond cific grant from the public to meet the other. Lord Castlereagh then those exigencies. If the applications instanced the Princess Charlotte, who of the reigning family to Parliament had received 60,000!. a-year, and the had been more frequent than from Duke of York, who, when not so those who had gone before them, it near the throne as the Duke of Cla. . was not because they were more im- rence now was, had received allowprovident than their predecessors, but ances which, with 30001. a-year from
military emoluments, bad amounted to stantiated by documents which it was 40,0001. He then stated the votes meant, in due time, to lay before the originally proposed, and which he en. House. With respect to the income deavoured to shew were reasonable and derived from the appointments of the moderate. In deference, however, to Duke of Kent, the returns of it had the opinion of the House, to which, not yet been made up. But still, so on an occasion like this, it appeared far as it could be ascertained, he would to him the duty of a minister to pay state it. That royal Duke had the go. the utmost regard, he had determined vernment of Gibraltar and a regiment to propose smaller allowances. He of infantry. As to the latter, a regi. urged, however, that no regard ought ment of infantry was not very profitto be paid to the income derived by able to any man; but to a royal Duke, their Royal Highnesses from other certainly 'much less so than to any sources. They were shut out from other person. His government and the usual modes of advancing them. his regiment together did not produce selves and raising a fortune ; it would to his Royal Highness above 60001. be hard then to deprive them of all a-year. His Royal Highness, it was opportunity, by serving the public, known, was much longer without his to make some addition to the income proper provision than any other member allowed by Parliament. A false im. of the Royal Family. Considering all pression had gone abroad as to the circumstances, it appeared to him inemoluments of the Duke of Cam- dispensably necessary, that an annual bridge. It was material to state, that provision should be made for his Royal the whole of his Royal Highness's Highness the Duke of Clarence, in pay, as head of the army in Hanover, addition to what was already granted, was only about 53001. a-year. Be- of 12,0001., or at the very lowest yond this, all the other emoluments 10,0001. For the Duke of Cambridge, attached to that situation did not ex- the Duke of Cumberland, and (in case ceed 7001. making the total amount he should marry) the Duke of Kent, of his income derived from his situa. the very lowest sum which could be tion at the head of the army of Hano- proposed was 6000l. In the case of ver not above 60001. a.year. At the marriage, the provision for the wife in same time he must contend, that a the shape of jointure and pin-money, temporary employment abroad, such was to be considered. As to pinas that now held by his Royal High- money, that was of course to be al. ness, ought not to weigh with the lowed by the husband from his own House in making a provision of the means; and such of course was to be the kind now proposed, and ought not to
any of the royal Dukes. The preclude the House, as it had never pin-money allowed to the Duchess of on any former occasion precluded the York was 40001. a-year ; in the case House, from making a provision such of the Duke of Clarence it was thought as was due to the son of a king of it could not possibly be made less than Great Britain.—Then, as to the Duke 3,000. When this was considered, it of Clarence, he had no revenue but would be found that, in fact, the pro. that granted him by Parliament, with posed allowance to the Duke of Clathe exception of his pay as an admi- rence, when the pin-money was deral, which amounted only to 1100. ducted, would amount to no more than 2-year. He wished it to be understood, 70001. a-year ; while the grants to the that all the statements which he sub- other princes would amount to only mitted upon this subject would be sub. 30001. 8-year each. He would subs mit to the House whether any smaller nees in a degraded, rather than in an eum could be proposed.
elevated situation. He feared it would The proposition was opposed by be found, that the House was actually Mr Charles Barclay, Mr Gurney, and throwing away the money. He was Mr Protheroe, and supported by Mr ready to admit, if the state of the Parnell. The chief attention, how- country would permit it, that 30,0001. ever, was drawn by Mr Holme Sum- should be the allowance of the Royal ner, whose usual attachment to minis. Dukes on their marriage; but if the try gave great weight to his present public necessity interposed, the Royal opposition. He defended the meet. Dukes, in common with every other ing called at Lord Liverpool's against description of persons in the country, the imputations which honourable gen. must yield to the pressure of the times. tlemen opposite endeavoured to level When he spoke of his Royal Highat it. To such a class of men he should ness the Duke of Cambridge, it was always consider it an honour to be impossible not to be impressed with long, notwithstanding the designation the uniform tenor of his conduct, and which an honourable and learned gen- particulary with the manner in which tleman gave them, when he called them he had avoided the incurring
of any a click. He could not consent that debts. With regard to the Duke of the House should provide for the Cumberland, the question had been Duke of Clarence on the ground of long ago settled. That marriage had his being a presumptive heir to the been generally disapproved of; and throne, a situation in which he did not he felt himself justified in saying, that stand. It was true, that his Royal Parliament on that subject had not Highness the Duke of York was mar. been fairly treated ; and he must say, ried and had no issue ; but might not that Parliament was not fairly treated that illustrious personage, by the visi. in the present measure, by hooking tation of a family calamity, lose his the Duke of Cumberland into the prolady ? and in such an event, would not posed grants for the other royal dukes. the Royal Duke have reasonable He finally moved the reduction from grounds, on a second marriage, to de- 10,0001. to 60001. mand being placed in a situation si. On this occasion, the speech of Mr milar to that in which the Prince of Ellison was also remarkable, as that of Saxe-Cobourg was placed by Parlia- a plain blunt country gentleman, usument? To the extent of 6000l. he was ally supporting ministry. He said, “I disposed to assent. Independently of have always, sir, supported every meahis annual allowance of 18,0001., the sure which I thought conducive to Duke of Clarence received 2500l. by the dignity and honour of the royal treasury warrants, with 11001. as his family; for I have
been a warm half, as admiral of the fleet. Added friend to the House of Brunswick. I to this, he was a ranger of Bushy-park, have felt this attachment ever since I had a charming residence, with ap- was capable of forming any opinion pendages of no less value than 30001. upon any subject ; and I feel it still. per annum. If public report spoke Sir, I will support that family even to truly, the Duke of Clarence was great- the last drop of my blood- I will, sir. ly in debt. These debts amounted to I am a plain spoken man, sir, and perbetween 70 and 80,0001. An increase haps though my language be not so of 10,000l. per annum under such cir- choice or so eloquent as that which is cumstances, for an increase of splen- sometimes heard in this House, I may dour, went to place his Royal High- still be able to express intelligibly that
which I do most strongly feel. It is the entered into his contemplation to enduty of every member to attend to the gage in this alliance, if it had not been interests of the royal family, but we pressed upon him as an act of public must attend also to the interests of the duty. [Hear! hear! and a laugh.] His people, and I cannot consent to hum- Royal Highness had voluntarily, and bug them. Sir, the distress of the by arrangements of his own, set apart people is great— less than it was, thank a portion of his income for the payGod !—but still it is great. I think ment of interest, and he believed, also that the wise and salutary measures for the insurance of his life, and the pursued by his Majesty's government gradual liquidation of the principal. have been principally the means of al- Had it not been for this alliance, thereleviating that distress. In the present fore, he would not have required any state of the country, we cannot ven- aid from Parliament ; and into this al. ture to impose any additional burthens liance his Royal Highness entered, not on the people.”. Sir T. Acland spoke for his own private desire and gratifiin the same strain ; but Sir W. Curtis cation, but because it was pressed on and Lord Lascelles, though they de. him for the purpose of providing for cidedly opposed the sums originally the succession to the throne. (A laugh.] submitted to the private meeting, had If there was any thing ridiculous in do objection to the modified allow. this proposition, it was brought about ances now proposed. Mr Lambton by their own laws. It was the dewas for no allowance at all ; but was cided opinion of his Majesty's minis. persuaded by Mr Brougham to join the ters, and they were anxious to bring 60001. rather than take no share in the down the proposed sum to the lowest Fote. Mr Wynn said, that if the original practicable point that they could conproposition had been adopted, it would scientiously recommend that an adhave gone farther to shake the attach- dition of less than 10,0001. would renment of the country to the royal fa- der his Royal Highness's marriage, if mily than any proposition ever sub- not altogether impracticable, hazardmitted to Parliament. He should give ous to the ease and honour of his his vote in favour of the 60001. which, Royal Highness and his royal conin a former instance, was considered a sort. In voting for the 10,000l. they sufficient income. In the event of an would vote only for one-half of the increase of family, it would be for Par- sum originally proposed, [Hear, hear!] liament to consider the circumstances a sum, the propriety of which, both of the case, and to grant an increase his noble friend and himself thought if they thought proper.
then, and still thought, maintainable Mr Canning defended the motion. by fair argument, but which they had When he compared the proceedings of no hesitation in surrendering to the this night with the feeling that pre- expressed opinion of that House. vailed on the opening of the session, Notwithstanding all the exertions he was at a loss to conceive by what of ministers, they failed upon this ocprocess the whole feeling then express. casion. The number of votes for the ed had been so completely evaporated. original motion was 184 ; for the With respect to his Royal Highness amendment 193 ; making a majority the Duke of Clarence, he could assure of nine for the reduced amount moved the House that his Royal Highness by Mr Sumner. The result was rewould not have thought of contract. ceived throughout the House with ing this marriage, it would never have loud applauses ; in the midst of which