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PART II.

LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS.

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PART II.

LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS.

CHAPTER I.

BIOGRAPHY-POLITICAL.

The Queen.--Mr Hastings.-Lord Ellenborough. Sir S. Romilly.-Mr

Rose. Sir Philip Francis. - Mr Dempster of Dunnichen.-Bertrand de Mole. villeo-Platoff-Barclay de Tolli.-Winzingerode.

THE QUEEN. This illustrious Lady come the grand depository of matrinaturally takes the first place among monial alliances for the House of the public characters deceased during Brunswick. Its princes, humorousthe present year.

ly characterized by our national poet To provide a suitable partner for the as “ sma' German gentles," are in fact Princes of the Royal House of Great decidedly inferior in wealth and imBritain, has always been found delicate portance to many of the ducal houses and difficult. The recollection of long of England. This, however, is justly disputed succession and consequent ci- considered as all in our favour ; since vil war, has elicited a law, now pero a territory not equal to half an Enghaps superfluous, prohibiting all union lish estate, can neither distract the atwith subjects. At the same time, the tention of a sovereign from England, dread of a foreign ruler, and of being nor be worth attempting to involve involved in the round of continental that country in the wars and politics politics, inspires this proud and insular of the great powers. people with dislike to a close alliance Among these small houses, that of with any of the great states. Here Mecklenburg Strelitz ranked as one the difference of religion comes in not of the very smallest. Yet the house Unaptly, to place an insuperable bar of Mecklenburg, notwithstanding its against these connexions. Such are present narrow resources, is character. the circumstances, in consequence of ized by genealogists, as among the which the north of Germany has be- most ancient and noble in Germany. It was one of those also which took in historical compositions. The young the most active part in the first esta. lady's more serious studies were preblishment of the Reformation. In sided over by DrGenzmer, an orthodox the course of succession and subdivi- Lutheran divine, distinguished by his sion, it split into three branches, those knowledge of natural history. She of Gustrow, Schwerin, and Strelitz ; imbibed a taste for reading, became a but the first having become extinct, proficient in the French and Italian a law-suit was commenced between the languages, excelled in music, and two latter, respecting the division of shewed a fine taste in needle-work and its possessions. At length a compro- embroidery. These accomplishments mise took place, by which the largest were not likely to remain long conamount of revenue fell to the Schwe. cealed from the Royal Family of rin branch ; while the Duke of Meck. Great Britain, to which she was allenburg Strelitz received only the li- ready distantly related, and which has mited income of 15,0001. a-year. always maintained extensive connec

Of all the members of the Royal tions with the German houses. Re. Family, the King himself is placed in port, however, speaks variously as to the most difficult situation, as to the the manner in which the Princess was important point of choosing a wife. first introduced to the notice of her Not only is he forbidden to marry a future husband. In whatever manner subject, but he is not permitted to go the King's attention was first excited, abroad to choose a foreigner for him the transmission of a picture formed of self. What a situation for a young course a natural preliminary. This was king, surrounded by all the beauty a delicate operation for one who, amid and fashion of England, amid which all her good qualities, was not "blessed he might make his full election, did not by nature with the charms of face." this inexorable law interpose. Surely, Doubtless it would have been an ill. if the first part of the law be neces- timed fidelity in the artist, not to throw sary for the repose of the kingdom, in a few flattering touches. Alto. the second, in such a special case, gether, the young monarch was satismight for once be remitted. It was fied, and the match was finally detergenerally believed, that a young lady, mined on. It need scarcely be added, of extraordinary beauty, and of one that a communication being made to of the first families of England, had the family, no hesitation was felt in made a strong impression on the mind accepting so splendid an alliance. The of the youthful monarch. Besides re- King, on the 8th July, 1761, made a gard for the laws, however, the no- communication to the Privy Council, tions of regal dignity instilled into in which he described his future bride him by Queen Caroline, debarred him as a Princess distinguished by every from ever seriously thinking of a sub- eminent virtue and amiable accom. ject. A Queen, however, being want- plishment, .whose illustrious line has ed, all eyes were turned to Germany. constantly shewn the firmest zeal for Charlotte-Caroline, sister to the reign- the Protestant religion, and a particuing Duke of Mecklenburg Strelitz, lar attachment to my family." was then seventeen years age,

Nothing now remained but that the ving been born on the 16th May, 1744. royal bride_should be conveyed to The utmost care appears to have been England. For this purpose, the Cabestowed by her mother on her educa. roline yacht was fitted up, and placed tion. Her governess was Madame de under the command of Lord Anson, Grabau, who possessed a fine taste for whose name was then considered the poetry, and has distinguished herself most illustrious ou the list of admirals.

ha.

of

The Duchesses of Ancaster and Ha. ladies, the companions of her youth, milton, the Countess of Effingham, and and who expected in her elevation to other ladies of rank, went as her at- find the road to fortune and splendour. tendants. On the 14th August, the German favourites, however, especialmission arrived at Strelitz, and the ly since George I. have been always ceremony of demanding the bride was odious to the English nation. Of this performed by Lord Harcourt. On the Queen was soon convinced by her the 17th, her Highness took leave of royal husband, who presented her with her native place, amid the lamenta- a sum of money to be distributed by tions and prayers of all ranks, par. way of indemnification, among these ticularly the poor, to whom she had foreign favourites, who were then shipbeen a liberal benefactress. On the ped off forth with for their native coun23d, the splendid retinue embarked at try. In another shape the bounty of Cuxhaven, but the weather was 80 England was shewn to her family. unfavourable and tempestuous, that The fitting out of the bride for so isthey did not reach Harwich till the lustrious a station was an object to 6th of September. Her Highness which the slender revenues of Meckspent the night at Lord Abercorn's, lenburg Strelitz were very inadequate. and next day entered London by Con- Under this consideration, a pension stitution Hill, and through the Park was allowed to the Duke on the Irish to St James's. She was handed out establishment, against which the naof the coach by the Duke of York, tion murmured a good deal, as they and received at the gate by all the are wont to do, whenever their money Royal Family. The King first saw is touched, but which yet seems noher in the garden ; and we have been thing more than due from so great a assured that, on this occasion, the power under such circumstances. royal countenance displayed evideut While the Queen gave such satismarks of disappointment, and that he faction to the nation, she did not the even involuntarily started back. The less faithfully perform her duty to her Princess, conscious of the unfavour- illustrious spouse. If, from causes able impression, is said to have then merely external, any unfavourable immade an offer to return. The King, pression at first arose, it was soon however, immediately recovered, and wiped off by her good sense and agreereceived bis bride in a gallant and af- able manners ; and the connubial fi. fectionate manner. At eight o'clock, delity and harmony which reigned bethe procession went to the chapel-royal, tween the illustrious pair was

such, as the bride's train being held by ten might have rendered them a model to | young ladies of quality, when the the whole nation. Peculiar praise is

ceremony was performed by the Arch- indeed due to the party which is exbishop of Canterbury.

posed to the strongest contrary tempThe new Queen was not long of tations ; but a strong presumption also displaying the qualities best calculated arises, of prudence, good sense, and to endear her to the English nation. agreeable manners having been emShe became completely an English- ployed to cement this constancy and woman. Though bred in the Luthe. attachment. On the 12th August, ran persuasion, she immediately con- 1762, her Majesty presented the King formed to the church of England, and with an heir to the throne, George, shewed always a warm zeal for its now King of Great Britain. She had, interests and prosperity. She had on the whole, fifteen children, of whom brought with her a train of German twelve survived her. It is remarkable,

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