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at bis inn, and found him in the par. nized state, particularly Birmingham, lour alone. He expressed great grief Sheffield, Leeds, and most of the maat the arrest of Mitchell, and after de- nufacturing districts." ploring for some time the loss the cause The Solicitor-General and Mr Ba. would sustain through it, he looked thurst observed, that the report of at his watch, and observed that it was the committee did not affix guilt to time to attend the meeting. As they the persons alluded to, buc merely were walking towards the place ap- apprehended the effect which might pointed, Oliver said it was his firm have been necessarily produced by their conviction that “ their new plan of feigned concurrence with the designs of petitioning would have no effect on the disaffected. All that the report their oppressors, and that nothing brought home to Oliver was an uninshort of physical force would do any tentional effect, not a deliberate and good.” The person to whom he said criminal design. The facts stated by this, observed, “ I come here for no Mr Bennet stood almost entirely on such purpose.” Oliver afterwards ask the authority of Mitchell, a person ed this person, “ should there be any who had been arrested on suspicion of necessity, do you think all who at- high treason, and who, by his own statetended a meeting at Birmingham would ment, had gone down with Oliver, with be ready to fight for their liberties?” the design of agitating the country. The Birmingham delegate was asto- Many of these statements were certain nished at the question, and observed, ly erroneous. Mr Bathurst declared it was a subject on which he had ne- that no one had been arrested upon ver entertained a thought, nor did he Oliver's information, which was only know of any person in Birmingham used as a clue to more correct intelliwho had any such ideas. Oliver then gence. Oliver had never given any inused every means to inflame the minds formation against Brandreth, for this of the persons present, and to urge good reason, that he had no connexion them to insurrection. At Derby, he with, nor ever even saw him. Branpursued the same system at a meet- dreth's dying declaration on this subing. After some observations on Sir ject was utterly unfounded, and had Francis Burdett’s motion for reform, been put into his mouth by some de. he said, that it was evident that pe- signing individual. titioning parliament was of no use. Mr Wilberforce decidedly condemned He was then asked, if he considered the employment of spies. Certainly the reform to be altogether impracticable. employment of such engines was not alTo this Oliver said, “No, not in Lon- lowable in a religious view. The Godoi don, as there were other means to be truth abhorred falsehood, and all the tried; and that in London they were waysof deceit. It wasequally repugnant more active than ever to obtain their to any notions of honour or morality, rights.” Oliver was then asked, what or to the feelings of a gentleman; and way they meant to proceed, and he on the mere ground of political expesaid, “ they meant to try those means diency, the objections to it were almost they had left, which was physical force; as strong. Though the employment and that they were only waiting the of spies might, in some particular indetermination of their friends in the stances, be attended with short and country.” He was told that the coun. temporary advantages, and government try would not do any thing. " In might be able to detect some treathat,” said Oliver, “ you are mista. sons which would otherwise escape ken; half the country is in an orga- punishment, yet he thought those ad
VOL. XI. PART. II.
vantages were much more than coun. the House, was Lomax. A perso terbalanced by the inconveniences that of the name of Acres, and his brother ensued. When he considered all the in-law, on their return from Stock mistrust that such a system must oc. port, where they had gone to see som casion, even to the disturbance of do. of the blanketeers on their road, wen mestic peace and confidence ; when he into a public-house (the Ark), and considered the temptations to false in. there found this man, Lomax, haran formation of every description ; the guing some people in a very violen misconstructions that might be put on manner, and proposing to send dele the most innocent actions ; and the gates to different towns in the neigh suspicions and disaffection that must bourhood, in order to call secret meet be excited against the government it- ings. Acres repeatedly checked hi self, he thought the general confusion violence. On going away with his that such a system would excite, must, brother, Lomax proposed to accom in the long run, impede much more pany them, and on arriving near his than further the cause of good order. own house, he invited them in, saying He was against the motion, because he wished to have some conversation it involved an inquiry that could not with them. After talking with them well be carried on in the committee, for a few minutes, he took a pen, and and for which the committee was not wrote these words, to which the hothe proper place ; and he must say, nourable member wished to call the that he, for one, would not take a seat attention of the House, as they might in the committee to which such an in- probably be found in one of the green quiry should be referred. The vote bags. England expects every man being put, the motion was negatived to do his duty. Arise, Britons, and by 111 to 52.
free your brethren from prison. God The other motion was founded up- save the King." Upon shewing what on a petition from Manchester, pre- he had written to Acres, he recom. sented by Mr Philips, on the 9th of mended him to throw into the fire. July. It stated, that the allegations This he refused, and said he would against this city of treasonable designs take it to Ogden to print. He went and proceedings, was altogether un with it to Ogden's house, and desired founded and calumnious ; that the his son (Ogden himself having been meetings, particularly that of the sent to prison) to print it, but he reblanketeers, was held with the most fused to have any thing to do with it. loyal and peaceable intentions, when This wretch (Lomax) requested Irwin they were violently broke in upon by and George Barton (Acres' brothersthe soldiery, and numbers carried into in-law) to attend a meeting that night crowded prisons,whence, however, they at eleven o'clock, which was to be held were dismissed, without any thing be- under the Aqueduct, to arrange a plan ing proved against them. All the for setting the factories on fire. They symptoms and appearances of disor- expressed their horror of the scheme, der were stated to have proceeded en- and threatened to inform against him, tirely from spies and emissaries in the if he ever mentioned such a thing again. pay of government. Mr Philips, who Lomax replied, “ We are sure to be presented the petition, followed it up taken up, I am at least, and we may with the following statements respect. as well have our revenge beforehand.” ing the proceedings of spies at and The two Bartons mentioned this the around Manchester. The first person same day to Acres, who was confirmwhose proceedings he would state to ed by it in his suspicion that Lomas
was a spy. At another time he said, or 70,000 at a third.” Redeings said, "Manchester will soon be set on fire, he did not believe a word of it; on and the factories will blaze within two which Waddington declared, " there hours as a signal.” The people sup- were many letters in town to the same posed that he was mad. This wretch effect.” The honourable member conwas not contented with attempting cluded by moving, that the petition himself to lead people into the com- should be brought up; and announced mission of crimes, but he sent emissa- his intention, on some early day, of ries round the country to do the same moving that it be referred to a comthing. Though rejected wherever he mittee. went, he still persisted in his proposals On the 5th March Mr Philips of mischief. The honourable member brought forward his motion, which, remarked, that it seemed to be the however, assumed a more vague and plan of these spies to reconcile peo- general character. Referring merely ple's minds to mischief by repeating to the reports of the committees of the proposal of it. One object they secrecy, and to the petitions in genedid accomplish, namely, that of ma. ral, he proposed an inquiry into the king some people believe that there allegations therein contained, respectwas a scheme in agitation to burn ing the conduct of spies and informa Manchester, because so many persons ers. He acknowledged, indeed, the bad heard of it. This circumstance information received from Sir John had been stated to the honourable Byng, that no spy or informer had member himself, as a proof of the ex- ever been in any carriage of his in istence of the reported conspiracy. Lancashire, that he had never had any The honourable member, after dis- such character in his service or em missing Lomax, stated, that another ploy, nor ever had any communication, of the spies, who called himself Dew. either directly or indirectly, with perhurst, having been seen in Sir John sons of that description, up to the Byog's gig, was challenged with the 28th of March, the day on which the fact, which he admitted, stating, that individuals in Manchester, accused of he had come with Sir John Byng as traitorous designs, were arrested. He his servant, from London, where he paid the most ample tribute to the had been desired by the reformers to honour, as well as moderation and huact as their delegate. This man took manity, of Sir John Byng. At the every opportunity of becoming ac- same time, he conceived the facts ge. quainted with those whom he heard nerally known, and the belief enterwere advocates for Parliamentary re- tained by the public, to be sufficient form. Robert Waddington, an asso- to authorize the inquiry now propociate of Dewhurst, proceeded in the sed. same manner. At a meeting where Mr Robinson animadverted on the one Redeings was present, he urged proceedings of the honourable mover, the plan of burning factories, of which as one of the most extraordinary he Redeings expressed a just abhorrence. had ever witnessed. The petition from Waddington then said, “ It is now Manchester had been brought forward time I should tell you my information. with the greatest parade, and accomI have a letter from London this morn- panied with a number of minute stateing, and all the people in that neigh- ments, of which he declared himself bourhood are up. There are 80,000 ready to produce incontrovertible at Chalk-farm, 100,000 at another proof. He had now come forward place which he mentioned, and 60,000 with a motion entirely different from that which he had announced, and by conspirator, and not a spy:
It w which, indeed, he completely aban- true, that on the 17th of March th doned the ground he had taken. There man wrote a letter to Lord Sidmout was indeed a good reason for this, in offering to communicate information the total want of all means of proving This letter was not answered. O his former assertions. Only let the the 28th of March, Lomax was arres House recollect the elaborate speech ed with several others, and, after bein of the honourable gentleman when he examined, was released ; and ther presented the petition, and his long ended the whole communication be story about a man of the name of tween Lomax and the magistrates, o Dewhurst, who had been carried to the government. Others of the peti General Byng in that officer's gig; tions had been proved to contain th and about another man of the name of grossest falsehoods, and to come from Lomax, who, he said, was a hired spy. men convicted of perjury. As thes What had the honourable gentleman petitions were to be the groundwork now to say to these stories ? So far as of the proposed proceeding, he con General Byng was concerned, he had ceived the House could have no hesinow told the truth ; all the rest was a tation in rejecting the motion. A fabrication. The whole of that story warm debate, however, was maintain was false. Nay, more, no man of the ed by Mr Douglas, Lord Milton, and name of Dewhurst was known to Ge- Mr Bennet, on one side, and by Mo neral Byng, or to government ; as to Courtenay, Lord Lascelles, and Mr Lomax, the honourable gentleman Bathurst, on the other. Mr Wilberknew from General Byng, that that force said, that although he condemnman was no spy ; or if the honourable ed as much as ever the employment of gentleman did not know it before, he spies, the present motion was so vague knew it now. [Hear, hear ! from the and indefinite, that he could not give Opposition.] Whatever schemes Lo- it his support. The House divided, max was concerned in—whatever atro. when the motion was negatived by cities he contemplatedhe did all as a 162 to 69.
General View of the Financial State of Great Britain-Navy Estimates-Army
Estimates.--Motion for the Reduction of the Army, by Sir William Burroughs, Lord Althorpe, and Earl Grosvenor.--Ordnance Estimates.—The Budget. Plan for creating a new Stock at 3 per cent.—Proceedings of the Committee of Finance.—Motion for the Repeal of Irish Assessed Taxes.- Lord Althorpe's Motion for the Repeal of the Duty on Leather.—Committee on Salt Duties.
Those immense financial concerns peace. Two objects were then to be in which Britain is involved,—the fulfilled. First, the income and examount, unparalleled in any other age penditure must be placed on a level; or country, of her revenue and ex- for to continue contracting debt now penditure,-and the heavy burdens would be ruining ourselves without with which she is pressed, must al. hope. But this is not enough: the ways form a prominent subject of immense debt already contracted, consideration to the British Parlia- must be placed in some train of liquiment. Even in the most eventful pe- dation. These two objects were to riods, finance usually occupies at least be effected in the face of the public, the second place among the objects which called aloud for some remisof its attention. It pressed at pre- sion of the taxes under which they sent as a heavy and difficult task up
had groaned. They had already on those who held the reins of admi- wrested from ministers the whole of nistration. The war, indeed, with its the income-tax; and fresh motions to enormous expenditure, and annual a similar effect were made every sesaccumulation of debt, was happily sion, in which ministers were always over; had it continued, the invention on the brink of being outvoted, and of no minister could have devised which, if lost, were lost by smaller many new channels by which money majorities than any other questions. could be wrung from the exhausted The present aspect of financial afcountry. Matters, however, had al- fairs appeared at first view not a little Teady come to such a crisis, as to portentous and alarming. When it make it extremely difficult to place is stated, that, on a comparison of inthe finances on the footing on which come and expenditure, there appeartbey ought to be during a period of ed a deficiency of fourteen millions, :o