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spirit of piety, which so strongly cha- peared ; and scarcely any event perracterizes her writings. To the neigh. haps, ever caused a stronger sensation bours she did not appear at all in the in this literary metropolis. Its vigocharacter of a learned lady. Her man- rous and original character, its bold ners, peculiarly plain and unpretend- and lofty design, caused it to stand ing, gave merely the idea of a cheerful out completely from all ordinary works good-humoured companion, and a pru. of the same nature. Even the rudedent housewife.

ness of some of its features, and the After six years' residence at Bolton, room for criticism at least, which seDr Brunton's reputation as an orator veral of the incidents afforded, only and a man of talents, procured him a heightened the attention which it excall to the situation of minister of Edin- cited. Mr Miller's table was soon coburgh, which forms a slight aristo- vered with criticisms from the most 110cratic distinction in this republican ted wits, which were criticised in their church. In Edinburgh, Mrs Brunton turn, by the numerous and gay

fremixed extensively with society; both quenters of his literary rendezvous. In her powers and her confidence in them short, all Edinburgh was in a ferment; were gradually extended. The society the edition disappeared like magic, and of some intimate literary friends, with the success of the work was decided. whom she here met, tended still more to Soon after the publication of Selfunfold her talents. It was in order to Control, Mrs Brunton, in company amuse some intervals of leisure, that with her husband, made an excursion she began, in a desultory manner, the to London, and several parts of Eng. writing of Self-Control. Her vein of land. On settling again in Edinburgh, thought soon flowed spontaneously, it came under discussion, what was to and the work swelled on her hands. be the next occupation of her pen. Ideas of publication began to arise in After various discussions, Dr Brunher mind; and in this first glow of ton suggested Discipline, as a proper authorship, she seems to have shewn sequel to Self-Control, by shewing peculiar emotion, when her future “the means through which, when publisher declared, thoughtlessly per- self-control has been neglected, the haps, his readiness to undertake any mind must be trained by suffering, ere thing that might come from her pen. it can hope for usefulness or for true A considerable part of the first vo- enjoyment.” This idea met her aplume was written before she was able, probation, and the work was begun with strong agitation, to shew it to about the end of the year 1812. In her husband. His warm and decided order to avoid, if possible, the defects approbation fully determined her to of story with which Self-Control bad persevere; and she now made the com- been represented, she drew out a position a regular part of her daily sketch of the plan ; but it was meagre, employment. It was shewn daily as and imperfectly adhered to. She encomposed, to Dr Brunton, who made in tertained very sanguine hopes from the writing such remarks as occurred to Highland passages at the end of the him, leaving it to her to adopt them volume ; but before these were begun, or not, as her own judgment dictated. Waverley appeared ; and while giSuch, he assures us, was all the aid ving her most cordial admiration to its which he contributed, and which the excellencies, she considered them as public has been sometimes tempted to fatal to any efforts that the could overrate.

make in the same style. She was perIn October 1810, Şelf.Control ap- suaded to go on ; yet this part of her work was not considered the best ; ed with such an event. Her piety and indeed, we apprehend, that her and strength of mind, however, enexcellence must ever have consisted in abled her to preserve her tranquillity strength of thought and passion, not and cheerfulness uninterrupted, even in the delineation of local nianners. on its near approach. Her forebodDiscipline was finished in somewhatings proved too just. On the 7th Deless than two years, and appeared in cember she was delivered of a still. December 1814. It did not make the born child, and, after the most favoursame sensation as its predecessor, yetable appearances of recovery for some was received, on the whole, equally days, she was attacked with fever, and well

. It has the same excellencies, died on the 19th. with fewer faults; though perhaps The tale of Emmeline, which has there may be somewhat less of bold. been mentioned as begun, was left Dess and freedom in its general tone. only as a fragment, and notwithstand

The appearance of Discipline wasing the disadvantage it thus sustains, followed by another visit to England, was, we think very judiciously, pubon returning from which, still greater lished. Its object is to shew the little embarrassment was felt as to a new chance of happiness there is, when subject. Distrustful of her capacity the divorced wife marries her seducer. to combine a long continued narra- Though the subject is rather too tive, she determined upon a new series painful for a species of work which of smaller domestic tales. In this view can instruct only by pleasing, it disshe began the story of Emmeline. plays an energy of thought and feelComposition, however, seems now to ing certainly not surpassed, if equal. have become a task; and her time was led, in any other writings. Dr B. greatly encroached upon by the nu. indeed, expresses his opinion, " that merous friends who courted her socie- in all which she had done, she was ty, as well as by many public charities only trying her strength; and that if and benevolent institutions over which her life had been prolonged, the standshe presided. Sickness, and the loss ard of female intellect might have been of an intimate friend, were additional heightened, and the character of Engcauses of delay ; so that several years lish literature might have been emelapsed, without much progress being bellished by her labours." We shall made. At length she seemed to feel not attempt any general character of a revival of her former enthusiasm, works whose merits have been the suband was beginning to proceed with ar- ject of such frequent discussion. Of dour, when a fatal event interrupted her personal character Dr Brunton has, her progress.

with natural delicacy, refrained from Drand Mrs Brunton had never been drawing any elaborate picture ; but blessed with children ; and such a pe- we may quote the words of Dr Inglis, riod had now elapsed, as probably put who, in a funeral sermon preached on an end to all expectations of that na- the occasion, describes her as “ one ture. In the course of the present from whose converse we had invaria. year, however, symptoms of pregnan- bly derived at once instruction and cy made their appearance. From the delight-whose piety was so genuine, first she entertained the impression, that while never ostentatiously disthat her confinement would prove fa- played, it was as little in any case distal; and this was so strong, that she guised—whose mental energies comeven arranged the most minute cir- municated such a character and effect cumstances and preparations connect to both her piety and her active bene


ficence, that they often served the pur. some elements of this forbidden knowpose of an example to others, when ledge. From the father, meantime, such a purpose was not contemplated young Macneill received many anec. by her whose mental energies, great dotes of the world, a high sense of as they were, yet derived their chief honour, and the feelings of a gentle value from being stedfastly consecrated to the interests of truth, and the As soon as young Hector had comcause of virtue, and whose native sim- pleted his fourteenth year, he was sent plicity, and openness of mind, impart. off to his cousin at Bristol. On his ed to all her endowments a value, way, he spent some months at Glaswhich no talents can otherwise possess.” gow, where he completed himself in

several branches of education. The This year Scotland lost one of the cousin was a rough, boisterous, West sweetest and most pleasing of her na. India captain, who could not estimate tive poets. Hector MacNeill was the genius of Macneill, but was pleaborn at Rosebank, near Roslin, about sed with some instances of his spirit. six miles from Edinburgh. His father He proposed to him first an expedihad been in the army, where he had tion in a slave-ship to the coast of been patronized by the Duke of Ar. Guinea, but was diverted from it by gyll, and had mingled in the first come some female friends, who rightly judge pany; but having offended his patron, ed this destination wholly unsuited to by selling out without his advice, he the youth's disposition. He was therewas left afterwards to his own resour. fore sent on a voyage to St Christoces. He took a farm at Rosebank, pher’s, with the view of making the but some imprudences, and the habit sea his profession if he liked it; otherof living in a manner beyond what he wise he was furnished with an introcould now afford, completely involved duction to a mercantile house. Da his affairs. Having then a large fa. his arrival, being completely disgustmily, it became necessary that the ed with the sea, he hesitated not in 80118 should, as soon as possible, be accepting the latter alternative. We made independent of him. The only cannot fully, from this time, trace the expectation for Hector was from a thread of his adventures ; but we uncousin, who carried on a mercantile derstand that, in a few years, this amiconcern at Bristol. The father, there- able bard ended in being the manager fore, confined his education to the of a plantation, alias a negro-driver. commercial branches, dreading, from Nay more, he became a strenuous adhis own example, the effect of more vocate for the system of West India refined and classical instruction. The slavery, and wrote a pamphlet in its youth discovered excellent parts, with defence. It is but justice to state, an elegance and refinement of taste, however, that his defence is not of which seemed to mark him for a dif- the actual, but of an ideal state of ferent destination from that intended. negro slavery. He insists, that if At the age of eleven he had written a masters would treat their slaves well, species of drama, in imitation of Gay. would attend to their religious eduHis master earnestly entreated to be cation, would encourage marriage, allowed to give him some of the high- with penalties against the violation of its er branches ; but on this his father duties, would attend generally to their put a decided negative. The attach- moral conduct, and would themselves ment, however, of the teacher to his in their intercourse with them, abpupil, induced him to impart secretly stain from all irregularities--that then

the negro slaves might become a vir- respectable circles ; he enjoyed partituous and happy community. He for. cularly the intimacy of the late Mrs gets nothing except to say, how or Hamilton. He was then a tall, fine where such masters are to be found, looking old man, with a very sallow or at least, how they can ever exceed complexion, a dignified and somewhat the proportion of one in twenty. austere expression of countenance. His

Without being able to trace dis. conversation was graceful and agreetinctly the career of Mr Macneill, we able, seasoned wită a somewhat lively are sorry to say, that it was unfortu. and poignant satire. Having experinate. When upwards of forty, he re- enced, probably, that devotion to the turned to Scotland in a wretched state Muses had not tended to promote bis of health, and without having earn- success in life, he gave no encourageed even a moderate independence. ment to it in others, and earnestly exEven in this situation, however, he horted all who wrote poetry that apbegan to amuse himself with poctical peared to him at all middling, to becomposition.

In 1789, he published take themselves to some more substan“the Harp, a legendary tale ;" which tial occupation. In 1800, he pubbrought him into some notice in the lished, anonymously, the Memoirs of literary circles. In 1795, appeared, Charles Macpherson, which is under"Scotland's Skaith; or the History of stood to contain a pretty accurate acWill and Jean ; ower true a Tale;" count of the early part of his own life. the work by which he is most advan. In 1801, his poetical works were coltageously known. Its excellent in- lected in two vols. foolscap 8vo, and tention and tendency, with the strokes passed through several editions. The of sweet and beautiful pathos, render- last was printed in 1812. In 1809, ed it one of the most admired produc- he published the “ Pastoral, or Lyric tions that have been written in the Muse of Scotland,” in 4to, a work Scottish dialect. In 1796, he pub- which did not draw very much attenlished as a sequel to it the “ Waes of tion. About the same time he pubWar.” About the same time he pro- lished, anonymously,“ Town Fashions, duced " the Links of Forth, or a or Modern Manners Delineated,” and Parting Peep at the Carse of Stirling.” also “ Bygane Times, and Latecome This is a descriptive poem, but though Changes ; à Bridge-street dialogue." not devoid of merit, it is more labour. These pieces, like almost every thing ed

, and less pleasing. He wrote also he wrote, had a moral object; but the a number of little songs, some of which present one was tinctured with his possess much sweetness and beauty. feelings as an old man. It appeared Not being able, however, to find any to him that all the changes which had means of providing a subsistence, ne- taken place in society, the increase of cessity compelled him to seek again luxury, even the diffusion of knowthe burning sun of the West Indies. ledge, were manifest corruptions ; and After a residence there of only a year all his anxiety was to inspire a taste and a half, Mr Graham, an intimate for the plain old style of living. Wishfriend, died, and left him an annuity ing to suit the style to the matter, he of 1001. a-year, with which he immé affected a very homely phraseology; diately returned to Edinburgh, and and as this was not natural to him, he enjoyed, during the rest of his life, the overdid it, and disgusted rather than sweets of literary leisure and society. persuaded. Yet he clung very fondly His reputation and manners procured to these bantlings of his old age, and

ready admittance into the most even rated them higher than the more



elegant productions of his former pen. took the degree of M.A. In 1782, Their only real beauty, though he was he commenced his career as a classical insensible of it, consisted in a few pa. teacher, first in an academy at Highthetic passages.

gate ; and then, upon the recommenOur author also wrote with the same dation of Dr Dunbar of Aberdeen, in views, and too much in the same style, that of Dr Rose of Chiswick. He a novel, entitled “the Scottish Adven- married a daughter of Dr Rose's; and, turers, or the

to rise,” 2 vols. 8vo. in 1786, opened an academy of his 1812. During this time also, he con- own at Hammersmith. After remaintributed a considerable number of de. ing there seven years, he opened the tached papers to the Scots Magazine. classical Academy at Greenwich, which

Since Dr Macneill's return, his life became soon one of the most celebrahad been almost a constant malady; ted in the kingdom; and the repuand it was only wonderful, that he tation of which is still supported by survived till the present year, when his son. He was already koown as an attack of jaundice being added to an able classical critic. His friend, his other complaints, carried him off Dr Rose, being connected with the on the 15th March.

Monthly Review, he introduced into

that work strictures on a publication Few families have included a greater of Mr G. Isaac Huntingford, which variety of talent than the Burneys. made his talents fully known to the Charles Burney, doctor of music, and literary world. He produced after one of the most eminent professors of wards, an “ Appendix to Scapula's that art in Europe, acquired for him. Lexicon,” “Observations on the Greek self a place in the literary world by Verses of Milton,” and an edition of his History of Music, and by the Nar. the “ Letters of Bentley." These rative of the Travels which he under- works, with his success in teaching, took in collecting materials for it. established his reputation as one of the Miss Burney, afterwards Mrs d'Arb- first Greek scholars of the age, and as lony, need only be mentioned as the one of a triumvirate, of which Parr and authoress of Evelina, Cecilia, and Ca- Porson were the other two members. milla. James Burney, her brother, is The success of his Academy having put the companion of Cook, and the au. him in possession of an ample income, thor of a learned History of Voyages he began to distinguish himself by the to the Pacific Ocean. Équally emi- collection of that classical library, , nent, in a still higher department, was which has thrown lustre upon his name. another son, CHARLES BURNEY, the Greek, particularly the Greek drama, subject of the present memoir. He formed its leading feature, with conwas born at Lynn, in Norfolk, on the siderable attention to the dramatic li4th December, 1757. The family, terature of every country. His collechowever, soon after removed to Lon- tion of manuscripts was also very ample, don, and young Burney received the of which the Townley Homer has rudiments of his education in the Char- been valued at 1000l. Agents were ter-house, after which he repaired to employed, both at home and abroad, Caius' College, Cambridge. He al. to collect whatever was rare and vaready distinguished himself by his luable. knowledge of the Greek language ; Amid those studious habits and pur. with a view to further improvement suits, Dr Burney was alive to social in which, he removed to King's Col- enjoyment. His conversation display lege, Aberdeen, where, in 1781, he ed powers which would have ensured

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