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our minds that those streams fell into per limits, by summer drought ; the Macquarrie --and to view it be- its magnitude, when it should have fore it received such an accession, was received the streams we had crossed, our first wish. On the 19th, we were independent of any it may receive gratified by falling in with a river run from the east, which, from the bold. ning through a most beautiful coun- ness and height of the country, I pretry; and which I should have been sume, must be at least as many,well contented to have believed the ri. some idea may be formed, when, at ver we were in search of. Accident this point, it exceeded in breadth, and led us down this stream about a mile, apparent depth, the Hawksbury at when we were surprised by its junction Windsor. with a river coming from the south, “ Many of the branches were of of such width and magnitude, as to grander and more extended proportion dispel all doubts as to this last being than the admired one on the Nepean the river we had so long anxiously River, from the Warragamba to Emu looked for.
Plains. « Short as our resources were, we “ Resolving to keep as near the river could not resist the temptation this as possible during the remainder of beautiful country offered us, to re- our course to Bathurst, and endearour main two days at the junction of the to ascertain, at least on the west side, rivers, for the purpose of examining what waters fell into it,--on the 22d, the vicinity to as great an extent as we proceeded up the river, and be possible.
tween the point quitted and Bathurst, “ Our examination increased the sa- crossed the sources of numberless tisfaction we had previously felt ; as streams, all running into the Macfar as the eye could reach, in every quarrie ; two of them were nearly as direction, a rich and picturesque coun: large as that river itself at Bathurst. try extended, abounding in lime-stone, The country from which all these slate, good timber, and every other streams derive their source was moun. requisite that could render an uncul- tainous and irregular, and appeared tivated country desirable. The soil equally so on the east side of the Maccannot be excelled, whilst a noble river quarrie. of the first magnitude afforded the “ This description of country exmeans of conveying its productions tended to the immediate vicinity of from one part to another. When I Bathurst ; but to the west of those quitted it, its course was northerly, lofty ranges the country was broken and we were then north of the parallel into low grassy hills and tine valleys, of Fort Stephens, being in latitude watered by rivulets rising on the west 30° 45 south, and at 1480 58 east lon- side of the mountains, which, on their gitude.
eastern side, pour their waters direct. “ It appeared that the Macquarrie ly into the Macquarrie. had taken a N. N. W. course from “ These westerly streams appeared Bathurst, and that it must have re- to me to join that which at first siglit ceived immense accessions of water in I had taken for the Macquarrie ; and, its course from that place. We view. when united, fall into it at the point, ed it at a period best calculated to on which it was first discovered on the form an accurate judgment of its im- 19th instant. portance, when it was neither swelled “ We reached this place last evenby floods beyond its natural and usual ing, without a single accident having height, nor contracted within its pro- occurred during the whole progress of
the expedition, which, from this point, part of the country passed over, our has encircled within the parallels of mineralogical collection is but small. 34° 30 and 32' S., and between the Mr S. Parr did as much as could be meridians of 149° 43' and 143° 40% done in that branch, and throughout E.-a space of nearly 1000 miles. endeavoured to render himself as use
“ I shall hasten to lay before your ful as possible. Excellency the journals, charts, and « Of the men on whom the chief drawings, explanatory of the various
care of the horses and baggage devoloccurrences of our diversified route ; ved, it is impossible to speak in too infinitely gratified if our exertions high terms. Their conduct, in peshould appear to your Excellency riods of considerable privation, was commensurate with your expectations, such as must redound to their credit ; and the ample means which your care and their orderly, regular, and obeand liberality placed at my disposal. dient behaviour, could not be exceed.
“ I feel the most particular plea. ed. sure in informing your Excellency of “ It may be principally attributed the obligations I am under to Mr to their care and attention that we Evans, the Deputy Surveyor, for his lost only three horses ; and that, with able advice and cordial co-operation the exception of the loss of the dry throughout the expedition ; and, as provisions already mentioned, no other far as his precious researches had ex- accident happened during the course tended, the accuracy and fidelity of of it. I most respectfully beg leave his narration was fully exemplified. to recommend them to your Excel. It would perhaps appear presuming lency's favourable notice and consiin me to hazard an opinion upon the deration. merits of persons engaged in a pur. “ I trust your Excellency will have suit of which I have little knowledge. the goodness to excuse any omissions The extensive and valuable collection or inaccuracies that may appear in of plants formed by Mr A. Cunning- this letter. The messenger setting out ham, the King's botanist, and Mr Č. immediately, will not allow me to reFraser, the colonial botanist, will best vise or correct it. I have the honour, evince to your Excellency the un, &c. &c. wearied industry and zeal' bestowed “ J. Oxley, Surveyor-General. in the collection and preservation of them. In every other respect they “ To his Excellency Governor also merit the highest praise.
Macquarrie, &c. &c.” “ From the nature of the greater
OCCASIONAL AND FUGITIVE
WHICH APPEARED DURING THE YEAR.
LINES, BY MR ROSCOE,
On receiving from Dr Rush, at Philadelphia, a piece of the Tree under which William
Penn made his Treaty with the Indians, converted to tho purpose of an Inkstand. The Tree had been blown down in 1812.
FROM clime to clime, from shore to shore,
The war-fiend raised his hated yell,
Penn's honour'd tree of concord fell ;
And of that tree, that ne'er again
Shall Spring's reviving influence know,
Was sent—the gift of foe to foe !
Wave green beneath Columbia's sky,
And all its scatter'd leaves be dry;
A health-restoring flood shall spring,
May stoop to dip her dove-like wing
So once the staff the prophet bore,
By wondering eyes again was seen,
And bud afresh with foliage green.
The wither'd branch again shall grow,
Till o'er the earth its shade extend-
Becomes the gift of friend to friend.
Said to have been addressed by LORD BYRON to his LADY, a few months before