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any interference, and enables each to last, having appointed a committee, act with energy and decision. The consisting of fifty-eight persons, (with names of the committees are, 1. A power to add to their number,) and Committee of Accounts, to consist of subscribed the sum of 25)1.--the genthree members ; 2. A Committee of tlemen nominated met the next day at Election, to consist of one member the King's Head Tavern in the Poul. from each ward of the city, and from try, for the purpose of arranging a each of the adjoining districts and plan for carrying into immediate effect townships ; 9. A Library Committee, the intention of the meeting, which to consist of five members, for the pur- was—to clear the metropolis of the chase of books on the various branches destitute and diseased persons in the of public economy, &c.; 4. A Com- garb of seamen, who appeared in the mittee of the Poor Laws, to consist of streets and environs. twelve members, for examining the As these persons were known to be present system, suggesting alterations numerous, the Committee were desirous and improvements, &c. ; 5. A Com- of engaging premises for temporary of mittee on Public Prisons, to consist fices, in some convenient place ; but, of twelve members, for reporting im- on the very first day of their meeting, provements in the employment and 80 great was the throng, and so urgent maintenance of convicts, the manage the distress of the poor people, that ment of prisons, &c.; 6. A Commit. every other consideration gave way to tee on Domestic Economy, to consist that of affording them relief in the of twelve members, to report improve- shortest possible time ; and therefore, ments in the eaving of fuel, diet, and as Mr Bleaden liberally consented to clothing, &c. ; 7. & Committee on the allow the Committee to occupy the Suppression of Vice and Immorality, to requisite number of rooms, on very consist of twelve members, for examic moderate terms, (although he was exning the existing laws, and reporting posed to serious inconvenience by the such improvements therein as may be number of miserable objects who, for calculated to suppress tippling houses, several days, rendered his house almost and useless taverns, preserve the Sab. inaccessible) the committee have conbath from violation, and promote so- tinued to transact their business at his briety, virtue, and industry ; 8. A tavern. Committee on Public Schools, to con- Many gentlemen having offered them. sist of twelve members, for ascertaining selves as members of the Committee, whether the laws establishing public (which has at length increased to the schools are properly administered, and number of seventy) it was judged exto report improvements in the mode of pedient to divide and apportion the educating the poor.
duties to be performed, among them ; and accordingly the following subcommittees were immediately formed viz:
1st.--A Depot Committee; to whom ASSOCIATION FOR THE Relief OF was charged the care of providing tem
Distressed Seamen, in the City porary lodging and food for the men. OB LONDON.
zd.-An Examining Committee ;
(consisting principally of Captains and February 6, 1818. Officers of his Majesty's Navy; ComThe meeting held at the City of manders in the East India Company's London Tavern on the 5th of January Service; Elder Brethern of the Trini. ty House, and Masters of Merchant vessels, to be moored in convenient Ships,) to whom was entrusted the stations on the river ; who granted selection of such of the poor people the request without the delay of an as were really seamen in distress. hour.
3d.-A Finance Committee ; to re- It had been a very general belief, ceive subscriptions, audit accounts, and that a great proportion of the persons make payments.
appearing in the streets as distressed 4th. --A Shipping Committee; (con- seamen, were not really so, but had as. sisting chiefly of nautical men) who sumed that garb, the better to excite undertook to attend to the embarking compassion; but, either the idea was and making arrangements for the men without foundation, or the impostors on board the receiving ships; for which were deterred from making their apships application was made to the pearance, by the rigid scrutiny of the Lords of the Admiralty.
Examining Committee; the fact being, 5th.-A Clothing and Provision that very few men have presented Committee.
themselves, who have not served at 6th.-A Committee of Disposal. sea ; and the far greater part of them
By this arrangement, the inconveni. on board ships of war. ence caused by the press of gentlemen The examination of the men has offering their assistance and advice, been very strict, and conducted by cerwas as much as possible obviated; and tain rules, whereby the committee have those duties were assigned to them been enabled to obtain a registry of respectively, which, from circumstan- the age ; place of birth ; height; date ces, they were most competent or of service, and on board of what ships ; willing to perform.
date of discharge, and qualifications of In a few days it was found practica. each man. By a reference to this reble to consolidate these sub.commit- gistry, any one of the men may be tees into three, viz. :
identified upon any
future occasion. Examining, Shipping, and Finance ; As the applicants, in the course of By whom, under the direction of the the first few days, exceeded by some general Committee, the operations hundreds the number for whom it was of the charity has since been con- possible to provide lodging, without ducted.
incurring considerable hazard, not on. Such was the forlorn and destitute ly to themselves, but also to the pubcondition of the poor people who líc health, (a very large proportion focked for relief, that the Committee being sick or diseased), it was deemed deemed it a most fortunate circum- advisable to admit into the general de stance, that, on the first day of their pot such only as were free from infec. meeting, they were able to engage tious disorders, giving those for whom room in a house belonging to Mrs such accommodation could not (from Hayes, of Newington, in which 200 those considerations) be immediately could be received, and sheltered from made, or for whom admittance into the weather.
the hospitals could not be obtained, a The London Workhouse also ad- daily supply of bread and money, unmitted 100 of the men.
til fit places could be procured for their In both these places, their immediate reception. wants were attended to.
In as short a time as it was possible While these measures were in pro- to get the Dromedary prepared for their gress, application was made to the accommodation, the sick mea were Lords of the Admiralty for receiving lodged on board her, under the care of Dr Robertson, and the necessary Fit for service,
Healthy men, but unfit for Such is a brief outline of the pro
the merchant service, 180 ceedings of the Committee.-They Infirm, and on that account purposely abstain from entering into unfit,
66 the minor details of the measures adopt- Foreigners, of whom 30 are ed by them to guard against the appli. fit for employ, the rest cation of the funds to the relief of
47 other objects than those for whom the Foreigners desirous of besubscription was entered into :-or the ing sent home,
12 influx of distressed seamen from other Black men, of whom 20 parts of the kingdom. They have also are fit for employ, the been cautious not to increase the ex
47 isting evil (which appears in a great Men wanting to be sent to measure to have been the consequence
8 of a temporary superabundance of seamen) by the adoption of measures for
711 obtaining immediate engagements for The Committee have great satisface these poor men in vessels outward. tion in stating, that it appears from the bound to the exclusion of other sea. report of the Examining Committee, men, who might thereby have been who daily visit the receiving ships, exposed to difficulty in obtaining em. that the men are in general clean; ployment.
as comfortable as circumstances will The general result of the proceed- admit ;-and, with very few excepings, which the public benevolence has tions, grateful. thus enabled the committee to adopt, The expense of victualling each man are as follows: 1230 men have been is about 5d. per day. received on board of the seven vessels A liberal issue has been made of granted by the Admiralty for that soap, razors, combs, brushes, &c.; purpose, and supplied with necessary and, besides an additional quantity of clothing. Of these,
clothing, each man has a blanket given 319 have been disposed of in the na- to him on joining a ship.
vy, in the merchants' service, or The establishment of officers on otherwise provided for ; and ma- board each ship, consists of a comny others are expected to be pro- mander, mate, and clerk ; and the
vided with ships in a few days. warrant officers of the ship remain on 162 are on board the Dromedary, board to assist in preserving discipline.
appropriated exclusively to the The average expence of this estasick ; of whom 61 are serious blishment, including table-money to
officers, is 17s. 10d. per day for each 3 have been sent on shore for mis- ship. conduct.
The expense of the medical depart5 have died.
ment is about 11. 12s. per day. 711 remain on board the receiving The Committee cannot make this ships (besides the 162 sick.) report without acknowledging the
prompt attention which has been paid 1230
to the several applications which the The number remaining may be Committee have had occasion to make thus classed, namely
to the Lords of the Admiralty, for vessels, stores, and medicines; to which
attention they feel that the success of plicant for the benefits of the charity, their exertions in speedily relieving the (of whom very few have lately predistress of the unfortunate objects of sented themselves ;) and that therefore their care, is very materially to be at. such as continue to infest the streets tributed. The committee have also of Westminster, and places at a disreceived 300 suits of clothing, from tance, from the immediate operations of the Secretary of State for the Home the Committee, may, generally speak. Department.
ing, if not always, be deemed impos
The Committee desire in conclusion, A certain number of gentlemen have to express a hope, that the means undertaken to superintend the employ- adopted by them, (due allowance bement of the seamen, and the Admiralty ing made for the little time allowed has given directions to the navy board for deliberation,) are such as the to supply a quantity of junk, to be public will approve. They can assure made into points, gaskets, &c. the subscribers that never was charity
The solicitude to be useful, (which bestowed upon objects of greater inhas been strikingly manifested by the terest, or by whom it was more want. attention of the nautical members of ed, or more gratefully acknowledged; the committee) has been confined to and, for themselves, the Committee can no particular class or sect. And the with truth add, never was their time Committee have not been unmindful employed more to the gratification of of the moral improvement of the men, the best feelings of their nature. the Rev. James Rudge, A.M. and Mr The Committee of Finance report, Maule, have repeatedly performed di- that the total amount of subscriptions vine service on board the several re. received by the treasurer is 11,938). ceiving ships—Bibles have been distri- 14s. 10d. buted—and the general conduct of the The monthly expenditure of the men during divine service has been establishment is about 1000l. exclusive most exemplary.-Dr Blake, R. N. of clothes, bedding, and ship chandlery. and Dr Rankin, of the Hon. E.I.C.S. As soon after the 14th current as have gratuitously contributed their the Committee shall be able to ascermedical aid.
tain the number of individuals comThe Committee, considering that the posing the various classes described objects for which they have been ap- by their arrangement, they will report, pointed will have been effected by for the information of subscribers, the the 14th of this month, have given no- measures proposed for the ultimate tice, that after that day, no applica- disposal of the whole remaining on tion for relief will be attended to, ex- board. cept from such seamen as shall be ac
J. E. GORDON, Hon. Sec. tually diseased or disabled from la. bour by age, bodily defect, or infirmity,
EDINBURGH INSTITUTION, FOR THE The Committee consider it of im. EDUCATION OF DEAF AND DUMB portance that the public should be in- CHILDREN. ESTABLISHED JUNE formed of their having prolonged the 25th, 1810. period of their examinations to the above date, in order to afford an op. In laying before the Public a gene. portunity to every proper object with. ral view of the progress of this Instiin the metropolis, of becoming an ap- tution during the past year, the Com
mittee feel themselves authorised to since received the benefits of instruc. declare their conviction, that it is the tion in the Institution. most important year in its history, Encouraged by the successful issue
It was the anxious desire of its of the exhibition at Glasgow, the founders, to impart to it the character Committee informed the last General of a National Establishment. Ac. Meeting, of their intention to make cordingly, at the first meeting, 28th the Institution known, by similar May 1gio, it was resolved that appli- means, to the northern districts of cation should be made to Members Scotland. In the autumn of 1817, of Parliament connected with Scot. accordingly, Mr Kinniburgh, and a land, to the Counties and Corporate few of his pupils, were sent to the Bodies, and to the Clergy, for their north. His first public examination aid and exertions on behalf of this In- was at Dundee ; whence he proceeded stitution, “ which is for the general along the coast to Aberdeen and Inbenefit of Scotland, and it is therefore verness, and returned by Perth. He expected will meet the support of the exhibited the progress of his pupils at country at large.”
every considerable town upon this These liberal and enlightened views route ; and these exhibitions every of its founders were not speedily rea- where excited the most lively interest. lized. For some years, the support it Many gratifying testimonies of the gereceived was confined, almost exclu- neral feeling of applause and admirasively, to the capital. Indeed, its tion which they called forth, might be claim to a national character was per. extracted from the provincial newspamitted even to operate to its prejudice. pers. The teacher was every where It will be remembered, that in the dis- hailed, as a person whose exertions tribution of the large funds collected had been blessed, as the means of rein 1815 by the Musical Festival, the storing children to their families, and Institution for the Deaf and Dumb citizens to society, and servants to their was excluded, expressly on the ground God. that it was not one of the charita. The whole results of this journey ble Establishments of Edinburgh, for cannot yet be stated. But it is known, which alone their funds were destined, that meetings have been held at Dunbut a National Establishment. dee, Aberdeen, Elgin, Inverness and
At length it occurred to the Com- Perth, for the purpose of forming mittee, that public support was with. Auxiliary Societies in aid of the Parent held from the Institution, only because Institution. It is hoped, that this ex. the blessings it was calculated to con- ample will be followed in other towns ; fer were imperfectly understood. This and that the benefits of the Institution impression was brought to the test of will at length be claimed by every part experiment. In 1814, Mr Kinniburgh of the country, where a deaf and dumb went to Glasgow with a few of his person can be found. If the Commitpupils, who underwent two examina- tee shall be satisfied that this object can tions in public, in presence of crowd- be promoted, by repeating the examied meetings of the inhabitants. The nation of the pupils in the provincial success of this experiment is fresh in towns which they have already visited, the recollection of the public. An or in exhibiting their progress where Auxiliary Society was immediately the Institution is hitherto unknown, formed in Glasgow; by the aid of they will not fail to recort to these whose contributions a considerable measures. In the mean time, they are number of additional pupils have ever sincerely gratified to be enabled to re.
VOL. XI. PART js.