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cord the enlightened benevolence of In the mean time, the income of the the town of Paisley, where an Auxi- past year, though not inadequate to liary Society has recently been formed, the stated expences of the Institution, though it never was visited by the pu. has not received any increase ;-inpils. This may serve to shew the im- deed, upon a comparison with that of pulse created on the public mind in the preceding year, it will be found to favour of the Institution, and the deep have diminished. But it will be oband permanent interest which is felt in served, that the Glasgow Society has its benevolent objects.

only remitted L.105 during the year, The Committee, therefore, may now a sum falling greatly short of their forventure to congratulate the friends of mer very liberal contributions. This the Institution, on its having taken its diminution, however, will, it is hoped, destined place, among the public esta- be only temporary.* blishments of Scotland. In that cha- It is also to be noticed, that the racter, it now solicits public support. Committee have abstained from inWhile its Managers acknowledge with creasing their funds by charity sergratitude the measure of public libe. mons, during the past year; being rality which it has already enjoyed, unwilling to encroach upon any of the they now presume to appeal in its be. sources of that extraordinary provision half, not to Edinburgh only, but to for the poor, which the lamentable Scotland. The sphere of its opera- exigencies of the past season rendered tions has no other limit, than that of so peculiarly necessary. the country

which it seeks to benefit. To compensate these deficiencies, From every district, and every consi. some seasonable aids have been receiderable town, in which deaf and dumb ved. By the northern journey, exclupersons can be found, it may with con. sive of the incalculable advantages alfidence solicit the means of restoring, ready enumerated, a clear proht was to comfort and usefulness to the en. derived to the funds of the Institujoyment of existence here, and the hope tion,* after paying every expence, of of happiness hereafter,-many who are no less than 1.77,

4s. 68. The exenow perhaps the sorest affliction of cutors of the late Dr James Nasmyth 'their parents and families, and the most of Hopepark, who were instructed to helpless and hopeless incumbrances of divide L.500 among the public charithe community.

ties of Edinburgh, allotted L.50 of The funds of the Institution have that sum to this Institution. Several not yet had time to experience the donations of L.10, 10s. have been readvantages of that extension of its ceived from benevolent individuals. field of usefulness, which has just been The Committee have also had the saopened. The measures, however, which tisfaction of adding the name of his are in the course of operation in diffe. Grace the Duke of Portland to the rent parts of Scotland, will speedily, list of annual subscribers for L.10, the Copimittee trust, add largely and 10s. permanently to its revenue.

Since the Report was prepared, an additional sum of £200 has been received from Glasgow.

+ From the almission of strangers to the examination of the pupils, at one shilling each.

.

.

The total receipts during the last most unqualified approbation. It is, year are as follow:

indeed, chiefly on the assurance of the Donations and Subscriptions

great benefits derived by the pupils in Edinburgh,

L.529 13 6

from his tuition, and the wonderful Remitted by Glasgow Com

change which it has introduced into mittee, .

105 0 0 the moral condition, that they solicit Collected at Annual Exami

the aid of a benevolent public. They nation,

28 11 0 entreat all, to whom the interests of Profits of Examinations du.

their fellow-creatures are dear, to visit ring Northern Journey, 77 4 6 the school, and to judge for them. Share of Dr Nasmyth's Le

selves. Let them first contemplate gacy, deducting tax,

45 00

the deaf and dumb in their natural and Total, L.785 90 unimproved state,_almost the lowest

condition in which a mortal being cao This fund has been managed with be placed, and then survey in our every attention to economy; and, school the effects of instruction. So though it has proved sufficient for the completely has it broken down the objects to which the Committee have barrier, hitherto considered insurbeen forced to restrict themselves, it mountable, which excluded all the falls short of enabling them to do all lights of truth, of reason, and of reli. the good which the Institution might gion, from the minds of these unforbestow. There is still, besides, a debt tunate persons ; that it is no exaggeof L.200 due by the Institution, for ration to say, that there is perhaps no the purchase of the property in Ches- class of persons in their station, who sels' Court. It is therefore incumbent are so thoroughly well educated, as on the friends of the Institution to as the pupils of this Institution. sist its funds ; not only in order to af. Independently of moral and religious ford the means of continuing and ex- instruction to which almost all other tending its usefulness, but even to pre- knowledge is but as the means to an serve it from embarrassment.

end--the pupils are taught to read and It will be obseryed, also, that the write their native language, to compose means which have been so successfully in it with ease and fluency, and even to employed for making it more general. use it in articulate speech. They are ly known throughout Scotland, cer- also taught arithmetic, and such other tainly involve the consequence of sub- branches of education as may fit them jecting it to the applications on behalf for the stations to which they are des. of many unfortunate persons, whose tined. There are, doubtless, situa. claims would have otherwise never tions and professions, from which their been heard of; and it would be useless infirmity necessarily excludes them ; to have extended its sphere of opera. but there is no condition in which tion, unless its means of meeting the they can find occupation, for which demands of humanity were extended they may not, and do not, receive the in the same proportion.

appropriate instruction in the InstituThe Report then notices the means tion, taken to repress the typhus fever in The pupils who belong to the lowthe school, and warmly express their er classes of society, are trained to obligations to Dr Keith.

those habits which are to make them Of the state of the school under the useful in their station. All the female charge of Mr Kinniburgh, the Com- pupils are taught sewing, and other mittee can still speak in terms of the peculiar branches of female education.

The females of an inferior station are the Appendix, a state of the expence instructed, by Mrs Kinniburgh, in those of this department, from which it will occupations which qualify them fordo. be found, that no loss has arisen from mestic service. Those who prefer to it, but that, on the contrary, it has support themselves by labour, are been, to a small extent, a source of taught shoe-binding, and other works profit, which will doubtless increase, of that nature.

as the boys become more perfect in Similar attention is paid to the ap- their trade. It is proper to add, that propriate instruction of the boys. It a large stock of shoes, of different was mentioned in the last Report, that, qualities, the work of the pupils, is as a beginning of mechanical instruc- for sale at the Institution, by the purtion in the Institution, a number of chase of which, at the ordinary prices, boys had been taught shoemaking. its friends will materially benefit its This experiment has been remarkably funds, without increasing their own successful. The Committee annex, in contributions.

No. III.

REPORTS AND NOTICES,

ON

IMPORTANT SUBJECTS.

AGRICULTURAL REPORT.

The weather of 1818 was, upon the that grapes for making wine were whole, favourable to the labours of the brought to the London market in cartcultivator and the produce of the soil. loads, and sold at 7d. a pound; and The first two months of the year were the melody of the nightingale is said mild, though unsteady, and allowed to have been heard on the banks of the him to carry forward his work out of Forth. doors with little interruption. During The following is an abstract of a the sowing season, from the beginning register of the weather kept on the of March till the middle of May, it banks of the Tay, near Perth, which, was cold, occasionally boisterous, par- upon being compared with a similar ticularly in March, and sometimes very one for 1817, in our last volume, exwet, yet the seeds were in general de- hibits a higher temperature by 1.92 posited in a dry bed; and though ve- degrees, while the quantity of rain is getation had made little progress, even less by 1.109 inches. at the latter period the young plants remained in a healthy state. The last fortnight of May was remarkably genial, with an uncommonly high temperature, and fine weather may be said to have continued from that time to the end of October. In June, July, January

13 and August, the thermometer often February 16 12 1.219 35.2 stood at 80°, and even in October at

March

13 18 2.199 37.3 60°, without ever falling so low as to

April

2.462 40.3 approach the freezing point, a change June

20

2.786 50.3 21

1.725 58.6 which not unfrequently occurs during

July

13 18 3.983 60.0 the night, after some of our hottest

August .

0.690 56.6 days, to the great injury of the crops. September

2.660 52.8 The harvest was therefore early, and October

16

1.957 51.6 as August, and the greater part of

November 13

3.054 46.8 September, were dry, the crops were

December

22 9 1.804 38.5 all gathered and stored in the best condition. As a proof of the unusual heat

206 [159 |27.397 47.0 of this summer, it is worthy of notice,

Fair Days.

Rainy Days.

Quantity of

Rain.

Mean Temp.

18

2.858 36.8

21

9 11

25
13

17

All the crops, however, were not the month of May, the price had been equally benefited by this happy con- from 85s. to 90s. Barley and oats, trast to the seasons of 1816 and 1817. however, continued to support the ad. On dry thin soils, barley and oats suf. vance they had experienced in somfered from the want of moisture, espe, mer, and at the close of the year were cially in some parts of the South of considerably above the import rates. England, where less rain had fallen About the end of October, after there than in the North, and hay was uni. had been sufficient time to ascertain versally light. That description of the produce of the new crop, barley corn which always prospers best under was something about 60s., and oats such a temperature, is wheat, which above 35s. the quarter. In London was found accordingly to be the most the quartern loaf varied from 12 d. to productive crop; and for this reason 14d. ; and in Edinburgh from 10d. to its price, after the harvest, fell lower 13d. It was pretty steady at the highthan in the proportion which it usually est prices till June. maintains in our markets to other Sheep and cattle sold considerably grains.

higher than for several years before. The crop of 1817 turned out 60 de. In the month of June, they had nearly fective, that the ports were opened to reached the rates of the latter years of ! foreign grain for home consumption the war; and the advance extended to in February; and, with the exception all descriptions, to stock for the breed. of six weeks in October and Novem- er, as well as for the grazier and ber, during which wheat was exclu- butcher. Owing to the drought at ded from places between the rivers that time, the demand became someEider and Bidassoa, that is to say, what less, and a fall was the consefrom the ports of France and Holland, quence; but at the end of autumn, so they continued open till after the end great was the abundance of grass, of the present year. The aggregate from the remarkable mildness of the average by which importation is regu- season, that the supply appeared still lated, and which produced this partial inadequate, and prices resumed their and temporary exclusion, was less than former level, and even surpassed it

. 80s. only by Id. the quarter, for the Wool was never so high in our recol

. six weeks succeeding the 15th Au- lection ; South-Down sold for 9.s., gust,

Leicester, 2s., Cheviot, Is. 6d., and Prices, which began to rise soon that of the black-faced heath breed at after harvest 1817, continued to ad. from 10d. to Is. per pound, avoirdu. vance till the month of May in the pois. present year, when partly from the This prosperous state of agricul. importations of foreign grain, and ture had a very sensible effect on the partly, and perhaps principally, from value of land. Some large estates in ihe favourable change which then oc- this part of the island, for which ro curred in the weather, they began to offers had appeared for some years bedecline. During the three ensuing fore, were sold after an eager compe months, wheat fell gradually to near tition. Rents, which had been redethe import rate of 80s., round which ced in 1814 and 1815, rose again near. it veered for several weeks, and at last, ly as high as ever; and country la. about the end of the year, the ports bourers had full employment at wages having been still continued open, by corresponding to the prices of provithe November averages it settled down sions. to a few shillings less than 80s. Up to So favourable a change from the

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