Imágenes de páginas

tion of abuses, and as the information the Appendix, that such deficiencies in the parochial returns is not sufi- have been supplied by the assiduity of ciently detailed respecting the state Mr Rickman, one of the clerks assistof education generally, a commission ant, in a way that will probably be should also be issued, either under an thought to render them sufficiently acact of Parliament, or by means of an curate for the purpose of comparison address to the Crown, for the purpose with those of subsequent years. Nor of supplying this defect.

is this the only advantage to be deriIo the course of their inquiries, your ved from those documents ; for it has Committee have incidentally observed, suggested a more summary method of that charitable funds, connected with obtaining similar information, if it education, are not alone liable to great should be required by the House, abuses. Equal negligence and malver- through the prompt and effectual sation appears to have prevailed in all means of the Post-office. other charities ; and although your The House have now also, at length, Committee have no authority, by their in their possession, the returns made instruction, to investigate the matter, under the Act 55 Geo. III. of the as and to report upon it, yet they should sessments for the years ending 25th deem themselves wanting in their du- March 1813, 1814, and 1815, embra ty, were they not to give this notice of cing an abundant and valuable mass of so important a subject, accidentally information. From these it will apforced upon their attention.

pear, that the abstract of the assess ment for the year ending 25th March 1815, which was returned to the Com.

mittee in the last session, and printed REPORT

in the Appendix to their Report, was

materially incorrect, in consequence of From the Select Committee of the Poor mistakes made in preparing it, and deLaws.

ficiencies existing at that time in the

returns, which were wholly unnoticed. The Committee appointed by the The whole sum raised by assessment House in the last Session of Parliament, in that year was stated to amount to having in their Report presented to the 7,068,9991. ; whereas it was really House such a comparative view of the 7,457,675l. ; the sum expended on the assessments for the relief of the poor poor was stated to be 5,072,0281. in. at different periods, as the materials stead of 5,418,845l. which they then possessed enabled The result of the whole of these them to form, are now to make some additions and corrections, will afford important additions and corrections to the following comparative view of the such statement. For they have been sums raised by assessment, and the furnished with some returns, made in sums expended on the poor at the difpursuance of the orders of the House, ferent periods to which those authentic of the assessments in the years 1748, documents relate :1740, and 1750, which were not known

Total raised. Expended on p. to exist, till they were discovered by Aver. 1748, 49, 50, L.730,135 1.689,971

Year 1776 1,720,316 the researches of Mr Speaker into the


Aver. 1783, 84, 85, 2,167,748 2,504,237 records of the House during the re- Year 1803

5,348,204 4,287,963 cess. And though those accounts, Aver. 1813, 14, 15, 8, 164, 196 6,129,814 from all the counties except four, ap- Your Committee have placed in the pear to have been more or less deficient, Appendix a summary of these latter yet it will be found, by a reference to retorns ; but to the voluminous details contained in these returns, they feel it of paupers relieved in 1813, was unnecessary to refer, except to express 971,913; in 1814, 953,995 ; in 1815, their apprehension, that the 8th co. 895,973. lumn, which states the number of pera The Appendix closes with some sons relieved from the poor rate per- important manently, not including the children

OBSERVATIONS. of such persons, must be, in a consi- 2. The number of persons relieved derable degree, calculated to lead to permanently, both in and out of any an erroneous conclusion, from the prea workhouse, on the average of the last valence of the practice of affording re- three years, appears to be 516,968 ; lief nominally to parents, though it be ditto, occasionally, being parishioners, really on account of their children.

423,663 ; total, 940,620, exclusive of Your Committee, upon their ap- any children of those permanently repointment in this session, proceeded to lieved out of the house. consider which of their former sug. 3. Four thousand and ninety-four gestions it might be expedient to sub. parishes or places maintain the greater mit to the House, for the adoption of part of their poor in the workhouses, Parliament, without further delay. No averaging, for the last three years, time has been lost in putting such mea. 93,142 persons. sures into the form of legislative enact- 4. The population of England and ments, and they have instructed their Wales, as taken from the abstract chairman to move for leave to bring laid before parliament in the year 1811, in a bill or bills, on those suggestions appears to have been 10,150,615 ; so (in the first instance) which, as far as that the number of persons

relieved they can judge, are most generally ap- from the poor's rates appear to have proved, and tend to amend the admi- been in each 100 of the population. nistration of the existing laws ; while 5. The total of the money raised they are proceeding to reconsider other by poor rates, or other rates, apparts of the subject, in which more

pears to have averaged, for the last doubt and difficulty may naturally be three years, the sum of 8,168,3401. expected to rise.

135. 9 d. being at the rate of 16s. 1d. per head on the population, or 3s,

11d. in the pound, of the total amount The Appendix gives the assessment of the sum of 51,898,4231. 128. 64d. For the relief of the poor in 1748, 1749, as assessed on the property-tax in the and 1750, by which it appears, that on che average of these three years about 7. The amount of money expended 590,0001. per annum was applied to in suits of law, removals, and exhe relief of the poor; in the year penses of parish officers, for militia -776, the sum of 1,531,000l. was ex- purposes, and for all other purposes, ended on account of the poor ; in is, independent of the maintenance of 783, 4, and 5, the sum of 2,000,0001. the

poor, 2,162,7991. per annum ; in 1803, 4,268,0001. ; 8. The number of persons belonging end in 1813, 14, and 15, the average to friendly societies appears to be, for um of about 6,130,000l. per annuin the last three years, nearly 84 in the vas expended for the maintenance of 100 of the resident population. he poor. But the sums raised by 9. The area of England and Wales, poor's rates, and any other rate or according to the latest authorities, apates in these years, was, in 1813, pears to be 57,960 square statute miles, 3,651,4381. ; in 1814, 3,392,7281.; or 37,094,4000 statue acres ; wheren 1815, 7,460,855l. The number ore, the number of inhabitants in each

year 1815.

square mile containing 640 acres, aver- Your Committee then proceeded to ages 175 persons.

inquire as to the prevalence of this 10. The greater proportion of the contagious fever in the different hospipopulation of England and Wales ap- tals of the metropolis. pears to be employed in trade and ma- Dr Marcet, who is one of the phy. nufactures, there being 770,199 fami- sicians at Guy's, informed them that lies returned employed in agriculture, in the year 1817 about 50 patients and 959,632, in trade, manufactures, were admitted with cases of fever, and and handicraft; besides 413,316 other in that ending April 1818, 253. families.

In the London Hospital, Dr Yel. loly states, that the average number

of fever-patients may be taken at about REPORT

30 for the last five years ; that in 1817, From the Select Committee on the 97 cases were admitted ; and in the State of Contagious Fever.

first three months of this year, no less

than 35. Your Committee having summoned Your Committee have no regular rebefore them physicians from the prin- turn from St Thomas's; but Dr Cur. cipal hospitals in the metropolis, pro- rey, physician to that hospital, says, ceeded in the first place to inquire into that the number of fever-cases was the progress and extent of that conta- considerably greater than in the pregious fever which during the last 12 ceding years. months has been so prevalent. In or- At St Bartholomew's, the increase der to obtain correct information upon is also stated to be great ; but your this subject, they called for a return Committee have no return of the num. of the number of patients who have bers; for Dr Roberts informed them been admitted into a fever hospital that no register is kept in the hospital constructed in Pancras-road, and entit- to distinguish the different varieties of led a “ House of Recovery.” This es- disease. tablishment had its origin in the year At St George's, the same statement 1802, a period of great sickness among is made by Dr Young; and there also the poorer classes of society, it having no register is kept. been preceded by a scarcity of food In the Westminster Hospital, D: for two years. In the year 1803, 164 Tuthill informed your Committee, tha: patients, and in that of 1804, 185 were the ordinary average of fever-cases mas admitted into this hospital. The re- be taken at 25; while, from Lady. turn inserted in the evidence of Dr day 1817 to 1818,38 patients labourBateman, physician to the Institution ing under this disease have been adfor the last 15 years, shews that the mitted. minimum of sickness was in 1810, In the Middlesex Hospital, the ave: when 30 patients only were admitted ; rage number of contagious-fever case and that the average of the three years, is about 60 per annum; and last year preceding 1817, when the present the number amounted to 190. epidemic may be considered to have Your Committee having thus ascer. commenced, was somewhat more than tained the alarming increase of conta76 per annum; in the year 1817, 126; gious fevers in the hospitals of the meand from April in that year to same tropolis, proceeded to examine the phy. period in 1818, no less than 797 per. sicians of some of the principal dispersons were patients in this Infirmary. saries.

Dr Laird, physician at the Public “ The House of Recovery,” which is Dispensary of Carey-street, informed capable of containing about 69 pathem, that in the year 1815, 84 cases tients. of fever were entered in their books; This establishment has risen to its in 1816, 76 cases ; and in 1817, 147 ; extent and consequence by slow deand in the four months of the present grees ; it began in a small house in year, 59 cases of fever have been so Gray's-Inn-lane, which was capable of registered.

containing only a very limited number Dr Clutterbuck also states, that for of patients; and its augmented size is many years past not above 12 cases of a convincing proof of its acknowledgtyphus have been admitted on theired value, no less than its being neces. books; but, in the last year, there have sary to the increasing wants of the me. been above 200.

tropolis. It is supported by voluntary Your Committee thought fit to contributions, the amount of which transmit a series of questions to the may be taken at 450l. per annum. different physicians belonging to some This institution possesses besides, a of the dispensaries of London, and to fund of 2000l. in Exchequer Bills, the answers of which they beg leave 26821. in the 3 per cent consols ; to refer. Dr Davies, physician to the the annual income bring thus someLondon Dispensary, averages the num. what above 5401. per annum. The ber of cases of fever in the establish- expences of the three years preceding ment to which he belongs, for a pe. 1816 amounted annually to 5731. riod of eight years, to be about 100 while those of the year ending April, annually ; while in the last year they 1818, reached the enormous sum of amounted to 309. In the Finsbury 17001. ; to meet this increase of exDispensary, the mean number of fever. penditure above income, the generosi cases is 66 ; but from the 1st of May, ty of the public was appealed to, and 1817, to the same day, 1818, 168 cases the sum taken as part of the capital were registered. Mr Burgess, apo- stock of the Hospical, and which is thecary to St Luke's Work-house, now held in Exchequer Bills, was substated, that he attends, on an average scribed at a public meeting, summonof common years, about 150 cases of ed for that purpose ; to this fund must fever; in the last year the number rose be added a further grant of 10001. to 600.

which has recently been made by the Dr Lincoln states, that his parochi- Treasurer to this Hospital. al patients have increased from the or- Your Committee have learned, with dinary average of 48 and 50, to 250 great satisfaction, the nature of the and 300.

excellent arrangements which have Your Committee, having thus been been adopted in this institution. The informed of the extent of this epide. zeal and assiduity of its medical attendmic, and the severity with which it has ants entitle them to the praise and grafallen on the poorer classes of society, titude of all who can estimate the forproceeded to inquire into the nature titude, the risk, and the active benevoand extent of the means afforded, in lence which characterize the profession the way of medical relief, to those af- to which they belong. But the obflicted with this calamity.

jects of this institution are not limited The benevolence of some individuals, to attendance on the sick, and to the aided by a considerable grant of money removing persons from the sphere of on the part of the public, has con- contagion ; a portion of its funds is structed a Fever Infirmå:y, called expended in cleansing the apartments VOL, XI. PART II.


of the poor, who, crowded in close coaches or sedan chairs ; one of the courts and unventilated rooms, are as- means by which the contagion is cirsailed by fever; this practice is pecu- culated is thus checked, and they hope liar to this establishment, and in the the other hospitals will see the neceslast year no fewer than 151 rooms were sity of adopting some such arrangethus whitewashed. Your Committee ment. Indeed, from the indifference refer generally to the evidence of Dr to contagion which seems to exist in Bateman, to establish the necessity of some of these establishments, it is a a speedy removal of the poor from their matter of surprise to your Committee own dwellings when attacked with con- that more fatal results do not occur. tagious fever, as well as to demonstrate Your Committee have learned with the benefits derived in the last year, by great pain, that in all the hospitals of the existence of this institution, when, London a great proportion of patients from the crowded state of the hospi- are weekly refused admission, in most tals, and their known unwillingness to of them for want of room; in one of receive fever cases at all, the greatest them (the Middlesex Hospital) from danger would have been incurred, of a deficiency of funds. Any plan, therethe spreading into a larger focus the fore, that would lighten the burthen sphere of this contagious disorder. In which would now lay down these esta. one house, the disease continued seven- blishments, would, to the minds of teen weeks-part of the family were your Committee, be of great public attacked with it three different times— usefulness. But if the entire removal and it was only arrested by the de. of cases of fever from all the hospitals struction of all the furniture in the may be considered injurious to them apartment. Thus, it may be said, the as schools of medicine, the diminution sufferers became diseased through their of the number of such admissions own contagion ; and your Committee might ease the finances of some esta. cannot contemplate, without serious blishments, and leave room in others apprehension, what might have been for patients suffering under diseases of the result of this epidemic daily gain- a different character. Your Commiting strength, if it had not been check- tee have been informed, that it is the ed in its malignant growth by the ef- practice in all the hospitals to mix cases forts of the Fever Institution. Your of contagious fever indiscriminately Committee wish also to remark, that with other patients ; it has, however, this establishment is open to all appli. been stated to them by some medical cants, at all days and hours. A medi. authorities, that, practically speaking, cal certificate of disease is stated to be no evil has arisen from their intermixrequired; but the practice is to admit ture ; but with due deference to such all who are attacked by the complaint opinions, the acknowledged fact, that upon the first application ; and the in some hospitals the fever has been only impediment thrown in the way generated ; that patients admitted ushas been one which it is the aim of der one disease have caught in the your Committee to remove-a want of hospital another ; that the medical sufficient room for the admission of pa- practitioners and attendants have been tients.

attacked themselves by the disease ; Your Committee wish to observe, and that most fatal effects have been that a more salutary system is adopted therefrom produced; all these facts here, viz. the transport of the patients fully satisfy your Committee that the in a litter belonging to the establish- practice above alluded to, if not allo

. ment, thereby preventing the use of gether abandoned, ought to be resort

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