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studying, had expressed his approba- between 80001. and 90002. in MSS. tion of the manner in which the books and had thus incurred a debt of 40001. were kept and arranged.
chiefly in the purchase of a collection The Rev. William Webb, D. D. from Venice. The lately obtained (Vice-Chancellor of the University of MSS. consisted chiefly of some Greek Cambridge.)
classics, Greek and Latin ecclesiastical Dr Webb confirmed Dr Clarke's MSS., Latin classics, and Italian listatement as to the mode in which the terature, with some not reducible to selection of the books was made. Where any general head. He would not, as the University had subscribed before a curator, advise more than 1001. to 1814, they continued their subscrip: be applied to the purchase of English tion, and put aside the books received books. The Bodleian MSS. were under the act. Mr Ackermann had about fourteen thousand in number, got some returned, and Mr Lodge perhaps more. Unluckily Sir Thomas might, on application, receive back Bodley excluded dramatic works, so his “ Illustrious Portraits.” The only that they had not the first and second means which the University possesses editions of Shakespeare. It was imof buying books, is the Ruslat fund, portant to have all books, good and which does not exceed 3801. They bad, placed in the library for future are thus often unable to buy even va- reference. Thus, Thomas Paine's luable works. They had till very late works might be useful hereafter to an ly neither Heiderick’s nor Schreven historian of George III. Green's líus's Greek Lexicon; the works of “ Art of Coney Catching," is referred Dr Paley, though a member of the to in Johnson and Steevens's ShakeUniversity, were not in the library till speare ; and a foreign editor of Xenolast year. He thinks Mr Lysons would phon de Venatione has made use of an have sold more than 25 copies of his English Treatise on Hunting. The work, if he had sent it down to the library is open to all graduates of a University. The number of students certain rank, and every facility is given had increased 500 since the passing of to persons engaged in works of science the act ; they were now 3100. and literature. The University never
The Rev. Thomas Gaisford, (pro- subscribes for works; they would pro. fessor of Greek at Oxford.)
bably have purchased Dugdale's Mo. Mr Gaisford is a curator of the nasticon and Stephens's Thesaurus, Bodleian Library, generally believed when completed; but they would not to be the most extensive in the king, have taken them in. It is impossible dom. Almost all the books claimed to obtain complete lists of new works, under the act are deposited in the li- or to judge of them without seeing brary. Not one in a hundred, per. them. Being asked if he does not conhaps, is rejected, chiefly school books, ceive that the delivery of eleven copies such as Joyce’s Arithmetic. The Uni- of Gough's Sepulchral Monuments, versity had attempted to make distinc. which sell at 90 guineas, would not be tions in their demand of works, but a grievance, he observed, that a new found it impossible to judge of a work edition could not be published without by the title. The annual revenue ap- the University's permission, as they plicable to the purchase of books or have the plates. Hickes's Thesaurus manuscripts is about 1000l. It is em- was printed at the University press ; ployed chiefly in the purchase of fo. he does not think it would be a heavy reign works or manuscripts; within grievance on the author to deliver ele. the last ten years they had expended ven copies.
Joseph Phillimore, Esq. (Regius books, such as one entitled " A Pat Professor of Civil Law, and a curator from the Lion's Paw,” which had been of the Bodleian Library.)
at first rejected, but were afterwards Mr Phillimore confirmed the state- thought likely to become curious at ment, that the funds of the Bodleian some future time, in a political point Library did not exceed 1000l. chiefly of view. This had not been demandraised by a tax on the University, ed, in consequence of merely judging which had been lately doubled. He by the title, without seeing the book. believes mathematics to be the branch Rev. Launcelot Sharpe, (a governor in which the library is most deficient. of Sion College.) It is peculiarly rich in topography ; The court of governors of this col. and he conceived that even common lege consist of the rectors, vicars, coguides to watering places should be rates, and lecturers of the city of Losplaced there, as they may be of use don. It was opened for use in the hereafter. It being remarked, that year 1631. It is accessible every day Mrs More's Sacred Dramas were among of the week, except Sundays, Good the rejected books, he could not an- Friday, and Christmas day, and a swer as to every book.
month in the year for arranging it. The Rev. Bulkeley Bandinell, (li- Three-fourths of the books received brarian to the University.)
from the stationers' company are put The library is always made as open in the shelves, and the rest kept in an as possible to authors, and even to adjacent room, where they are easy of booksellers. Mr Lysons, in his Bri- access. Many authors of eminence tannia, made frequent references to it. have resorted to the library. The late Mr Ruding, in his Coinage, received Drs Vincent and Goddard, Mr Nicholls, assistance, which he had handsomely Mr Malcolm ; it would be a waste of acknowledged. The editor of the new time to name all
. The library has no edition of Wood's Athenæ received funds for purchasing books, except most material aid, without which Mr one of 201., and the other of 61. Be. Bandinell does not think that working asked if novels were put into a licould have gone on. Mr Gifford made brary established for the benefit of acknowledgments in his late edition clergymen, he answered, he did not of Ben Jonson ; and many of Mr conceive it at all derogatory to a cler. Lodge's Illustrious Portraits were co- gyman, after having laboured through pied from the Bodleian ; the artists the day, to amuse himself with readwere admitted at all hours. Mr Lowe, ing a good novel. This library is not, who projected a continuation of Mace of course, so much frequented as the diarmid's Lives of British Statesmen, Museum ; one reason is, that the books was admitted into the library, with two are lent out. Any fellow may have any amanuenses, whom he kept constantly number he chooses. Books which, at copying. It would scarcely be be- one time, appeared trash, have proved lieved, but this gentleman often had afterwards valuable ; thus one, entitled down a hundred books in the day. “Greene's Groat's Worth of Wit,” is Mr Triphook and Dr Nott had been now worth six guineas. The library enabled, from the Bodleian, to com. could hold 20,000 volumes. plete their reprints of Anthony Baird's Mr Henry Hervey Baker, (of the « Book of Knowledge,” and of the British Museum.) “ Gull's Hornbook ;" the latter a very The British Museum has not been curious work, not corresponding with regularly supplied with books since its frivolous title. There
1814. The Messrs Rivingtons were
served with a writ, but terms were which it might be a burden, such as made with them. There are two writs the “ Public Records,” and the “ Bo. out at present, one against Mr Mur- dy of English Historians ;” but no inray, the other against Mr Baynes. dividual would in any case undertake There was a general notice circulated such works. He never knew an inthrough the trade soon after the act stance in which a very expensive work passed, which Mr Murray received 'had a large sale, or was reprinted. very ungraciously, and used very intemperate language to Mr Baker upon the occasion; he did not, therefore, think it necessary to give a second no
REPORT tice. Messrs Longman and Company always delivered their books regularly. Of Committee appointed to inquire inSome doubt arðse as to the liability of to the propriety of purchasing Dr two collections of tracts, the Archaica Burney's Library for the British and Heliconica, but the publishers ul- Museum. timately judged it expedient to deliver them.
The Committee have directed their Mr Baker lamented that the British attention, in the first place, to inquiMuseum was not so accessible to the ring into the component parts or prinpublic as it ought to be. Admissions cipal classes of literature, of which this were formerly given to any person library consists ; secondly, into their bringing a proper recommendation with value; and thirdly, as to the importhim; but, in consequence of the mis- ance of purchasing the whole, at the behaviour of one individual, it had been public charge, for the purpose of addordered that none should be admitted ing it to the collection now existing unless known to a trustee or librarian. in the British Museum, having ascere This rule was not very rigidly adhered tained, that Dr Burney's executor was to; the librarians found it painful to unwilling to separate one portion from refuse, and often took the responsibili- the rest, or to treat for the sale of the ty on themselves. Persons sometimes collection otherwise than as entire and applied for information as to the works undivided. they wanted to consult ; a good deal One of the large classes consists of of the time of the librarians was spent manuscripts of classical and other an. in giving such information. He la cient authors; among which that of mented also that there was not suffi. Homer's Iliad, formerly belonging to cient accommodation in the rooms for Mr Towneley, holds the first place in the numbers who came there.
This the estimation of all the very compenumber fluctuated from 10 to 30 in tent judges, who were examined by the day, and the room was sometimes your Committee ; although not supover-crowded. About 50 or 60 dic- posed to be older than the latter part tionaries are placed in the sitting-room, of the thirteenth or beginning of the so as to be consulted without an ap- fourteenth century, it is considered as plication to the librarians; it might be being of the earliest date of the MSS. desirable that more books were so pla. of Homer's lliad known to scholars, ced. The Museum is now engaged and may be rated as superior to any in publishing a fac-simile of the Alex. other which now exists, at least in andrian Manuscript ; the delivery of England ; it is also extremely rich in eleven copies will not be any burden scholia, which have been hicherto but on that work. There are others on partially explored.
There are two copies of the series a very fine copy of Pappas Alexa of Greek Orators, probably written nus' collection of Mathematical T in the fourteenth or fifteenth centuries, tises, of similar date ; and a m of which that upon vellum was brought script of the Asinus Aureus of A to this country by Mr Cripps and Dr leius, an author of extreme rarity, Clarke, and is esteemed as extremely serve also particular notice. The valuable: an account of the Orations number of manuscripts amount toat contained in it was drawn up by Dr 385, but those above mentioned Raine, late Master of the Charter. the most important and valuable. house, and of the collations, which he Exclusive of the manuscripts alrea had made in comparing it with the Al- noticed, there is a very large num dine edition.
of Memoranda and Criticisms, in This manuscript of the Rhetori. Burney's own hand, (exclusive of cians is indeed one of the most im- Fragmenta Scenica Græca, and bos portant manuscripts ever introduced with Dr Burney's own notes ;) the into this country, because it supplies or four articles of which seem pear more lucanæ than any other manu- prepared for the press. In this part script ; there is contained in it a por. the collection, there are several sa tion of Isæus, which has never been Lexicons of the Greek Dialects, w printed: there is only one printed ora- numerous remarks on ancient author tion of Lycurgus in existence, which the merit of which, though certain is imperfect, and this manuscript com- considerable, can only be thoroug pletes it; there is also an oration of appreciated by patient investigation. Dinarchus, which may be completed There are also many original lettere from this manuscript.
of Isaac Casaubon, who maintained an Among the rarer manuscripts in the extensive correspondence with me collection, there are two beautiful co- of the learned men of his time, whet pies of the Greek Gospels, of the tenth letters to Casaubon have never been and twelfth centuries. The Geogra. published. phy of Ptolemy is another of the fi. Among the printed books, the whok nest manuscripts, enriched with maps, number of which is from 13,000 10 which, although not older than the 14,000 volumes, the most distinguishfifteenth century, yet, from the cir. ed branch consists of the collection of cumstance of all the other known co- Greek dramatic authors, which are arpies of this work in the original lan- ranged so as to present every diversity guage being in the collection of dif- of text and commentary at one view ferent public libraries abroad, the pos- each play being bound up singly, and session of this copy is rendered parti. in so complete but expensive a marcularly desirable. There is likewise ner, that it has occasioned the sacrifice a valuable Latin manuscript of the of two copies of every edition, and in comedies of Plautus, written in the some instances of such editions as are fourteenth century, containing twenty very rare ; the same arrangement has plays ; which is a much larger num. also been adopted with regard to Harber than the copies already in the Mu- pocration, and some of the Greek seum, or those in foreign libraries in grammarians ; and both the editions general contain, most of which have of, and annotations upon, Terentianus only six or eight, and few, compara. Maurus, are particularly copious and tively speaking, more than twelve plays. complete. It appears indeed, that this A beautiful and correct manuscript of collection contains the first edition of Callimachus of the fifteenth century; every Greek Classic, and several of the
arcest among the Latins, and that any future edition these remarks and e series of Grammarians, Lexicogra- additions would prove a most interestters, and Philosophical writers, in ing acquisition. Another important »th languages, is unusually complete. portion of this collection may be callhe books are represented to be ge. ed the Variorum Collection; this is, rally in good, though not in what perhaps, one of the most remarkable ay be styled brilliant, condition; the series of books in the whole library ; hole being collected by Dr Burney in it, Dr Burney has so brought toimself, from the different great libra. gether the comments and notes of es, which have been of late years many celebrated scholars upon several rought to sale, beginning chiefly with Greek, and particularly the dramatic le Pinelli Collection.
writers, that at one view may be seen To enable the House to form an almost all that has been said in illuspinion upon this branch of the col. tration of each author ; it extends to ction, your Committee subjoin the about 300 volumes in folio and quarto. lords of one of the witnesses, whom One portion of this remarkable col. hey examined ; who says, “ The great lection consists of a regular series of eature of this eminent scholar's libra. 170 volumes, entitled Fragmenta Scey is that part which relates to Greek nica, which comprises all the remains Literature, whether ancient or more of the Greek dramatists, in number ecent. In this respect it is probably not less than 300, wheresoever they he most complete ever assembled by could be traced.” iny man, as it comprises all the mate- The great copiousness of Dr Burials requisite for classical criticism. ney's library in Greek literature may in Latin Classics, and in the criticism be collected at once from the followconnected with Roman Literature, it ing comparative statement of the edi. s not so copious'as in the Greek ; tions of several authors in that collec. Jut nevertheless it contains a number tion, and in the library of the British of rare and valuable books, which Museum : would considerably enrich the stores deposited in the Museum.”
AUTHORS, &c. MUSEUM. DR BURNEY. The same witness, with reference to Works entire or in part. the collection of Memoranda above al- ' Æschylus
13 luded to, further says,
26 “ The books with manuscript notes Anthologia
19 may be divided into three portions; Apolonius Rhodius first, those which have their margins
Aristænetus more or less crowded with remarks, collations, &c. in the hand-writing of
Atheneus many very eminent scholars, viz. Bent.
Athenagorus ley, Burmann, Casaubon, &c.; second- Callimachus .
16 ly, the books with manuscript notes by Chrysoloras
16 Dr Burney. The greater portion of Demetrius Phalereus 4 10 the books thus enriched, are the Greek Demophilus
18 50 Tragedians and the ancient Greek Demosthenes
Etymologicum Magnum 2
46 166 of the ancient Lexicographers, Dr Bur
1 21 ney seems to have directed the great- Gnomici Scriptores 6 14 est portion of his industry ; and to Gregorius Corinthus 13
VOL. XI. PART II.
4 2 3 23 6 4 7 2
30 12 5 6 74 10 9