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Gregorius Nazianzenus

28 25001., and an eminent bookseller at Homer

87 30001. The set of Newspapers, from Isocrates

11 30

the year 1603 to the present time, is Sophocles

16 102

valued at from 900 guineas to 1000% Another, and a very different branch

The books with manuscript notes, of this collection comprises a nume. together with Dr Burney's Variorum rous and rare series of Newspapers, from Compilation, including the Fragmenta 1603 to the present time, amounting Scenica Græca, are estimated by one in the whole to 700 volumes, which at 10001., and by another as high as is more ample than any other that is 1340l. ; who likewise computes the supposed to be extant. A large cole materials for the History of the Stage lection of between 300 and 400 vo

at 1401. lumes in quarto, containing materials The Prints are judged to be worth for a History of the Stage, from the sum of 450l. ; and the bookseller 1660 to the present time, and parti. above referred to, who has examined culars relating to the biography of ac- the whole (except the engravings) for tors, and persons connected with the the purpose of enabling the present stage, may be classed after these daily proprietor to set a value upon them, journals.

estimates the printed books in the li. Dr Burney's collection of Prints has brary at 90001., some other books in been principally made with reference his study adjoining, and a great numto this object, comprising the most ber of tracts at 5001. and the whole, complete series that probably exists of exclusive of the prints, at 14,5006 theatrical portraits, beginning in the A considerable expense would nelatter part of Queen Elizabeth's reign, cessarily attend the selling of this, or which is the period of our earliest en- any other library, by public auction, gravers of portraits, such as Geminie, * which usually amounts to either 15 or Hogenburgh, Elstracke, and the three 174 per cent upon the gross produce Passes, and continued to the present of the sale ; but your Committee hatime. The number of these theatrical ving questioned the last witness alluengravings is about 5000, many of ded to, Mr Payne, found it to be his which are bound together in ten vo- opinion, that the net money, price of lumes ; besides these, there are about the library in question, after deducting 2000 other engraved portraits, prin- all expenses, might amount to 14,500, cipally of authors, commentators, and The persons examined by your Conother learned persons.

mittee, as being particularly compeWith respect to the value of the tent to assist them in forming their manuscripts, the Homer is rated by judgment, have been Henry Ellis, Esq. the different witnesses at from 6001. the Rev. H. Barber, and Mr Smith, to 8001., and one of them supposed it from the British Museum ; Richard might even reach so high a price as Heber, Esq. the Rev. T. F. Dibdin, 10001.; the Greek Rhetoricians are the Rev. J. Cleaver Banks, Mr Payne, estimated at from 3401. to 5001. ; the and Mr Evans; the substance of whose larger copy of the Greek Gospels at testimony your Committee have eo2001. ; the Geography of Ptolemy at deavoured to put the House in posses65l., and the copy of Plautus at 50l. sion of. One witness estimates the whole of The importance of acquiring for the the ancient manuscripts at upwards of British Museum a library stored with

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such literary treasures as have been enumerated,' is sufficiently apparent

TREATY from what has been already stated ; but it is obvious, that in purchasing Between his Britannic Majesty and the entire collection much more will be his Catholic Majesty, for preventing bought than it will be necessary to re- their Subjects from engaging in an tain ; and that a considerable number Illicit Traffic in Slaves. Signed at of the printed books being duplicates Madrid the 23d of September, 1817. of those already in the British Mu. seum, must be sold again ; and that In the Name of the Most Holy this cannot be done otherwise than at Trinity !--It having been stated, in the expense of 174 per cent upon the the second additional article of the produce of such sales, whatever the

treaty signed at Madrid on the 5th of amount may be. It is also to be borne July, 1814, between his Majesty, the in mind, that, even if the purchase King of the united kingdom of Great should be completed without delay, Britain and Ireland, and his Majesty, these duplicates could not be sorted the King of Spain and the Indies, that and examined, so as to bring them to “ his Catholic Majesty concurs, in the sale in the course of the present sebe fullest manner, in ihe sentiments of his sion.

Britannic Majesty, with respect to the Your Committee therefore suggest, injustice and inhumanity of the traffic that for the ensuing year, the net in slaves, and promises to take into amount of such sale (which may be consideration, with the deliberation estimated at from 30001. to 40001.) which the state of his possessions in should be so far refunded to the pub- America demands, the means of act. lic, as to go in diminution of the an. ing in conformity with those sentinual grant to the British Museum ; ments; and engages, moreover, to proand also, that in consideration of so hibit his subjects from carrying on the ample and costly an accession being slave trade, for the purpose of supmade to the existing stock of books, plying any islands or possessions, exit may be proper to suspend or reduce, cepting those appertaining to Spain ; for a time, the annual grant of 1000l. and to prevent, by effectual measures to the book fund, with the exception and regulations, the protection of the of such parts of that annual sum as Spanish flag being given to foreigners are applied in subscriptions to works who may engage in this traffic, whenow in the progress of publication. ther subjects of his Britannic Majesty,

Upon the whole matter, your Com- or of any other state or power.' mittee venture to recommend as the And his Catholic Majesty, conformresult of the best consideration, which ably to the spirit of this article, and they bave bestowed both upon the im. to the principles of humanity with portance and just value of the entire which he is animated, having never collection, that the proprietor, being lost sight of an object so interesting ready to dispose of it for the sum of to him, and being desirous of hasten13,5001., it will be a very material ad. ing the moment of its attainment, has dition to the public stock of litera- resolved to co-operate with his Bri- . ture, and purchased at a price which tannic Majesty in the cause of humacannot be deemed unreasonable. nity, by adopting, in concert with his

said Majesty, efficacious means for bringing about the abolition of the slave trade, for effectually suppressing


illicit traffic in slaves, on the part

of Art. 2.-It is hereby agreed, that their respective subjects, and for pre- from and after the exchange of the venting Spanish ships trading in slaves, ratifications of the present treaty, i conformably to law and to treaty, shall not be lawful for any of the subfrom being molested or subjected to jects of the crown of Spain to purlosses from British cruizers ; the two chase slaves, or to carry on the slave high contracting parties have accord. trade on any part of the coast of Afriingly named as their plenipotentiaries, ca to the north of the equator, upon viz. his Majesty the King of the Uni- any pretext or in any manner whatted Kingdom of Great Britain and ever ; provided, however, that a term Ireland, the Right Hon. Sir Henry of six months, from the date of the Wellesley, a Member of his Majes- exchange of the ratifications of this ty's Most Honourable Privy Council, treaty, shall be allowed for compleKnight Grand Cross of the Most Ho- ting the voyages of vessels which shall nourable Order of the Bath, and his have cleared out from Spanish ports Majesty's Ambassador Extraordinary for the said coast, previously to the and Plenipotentiary to his Catholic exchange of the said ratifications. Majesty; and his Majesty the King Art. 3.-His Britannic Majesty enof Spain and the ndies, Don Josef gages to pay, in London, on the 20th Garcia de Leon y Pizarro, Knight of February, 1818, the sum of 100,000/ Grand Cross of the Royal and Dis- sterling, to such person as his Cathotinguished Spanish Order of Charles lic Majesty shall appoint to receive the III., of that of Saint Ferdinand and of Merit, of Naples, of those of Saint Art. 4.—The said sum of 400,0001. Alexander Newsky and of Saint Anne sterling, is to be considered as a full of Russia, and of that of the Red compensation for all losses sustained by Eagle of Prussia, Counsellor of State, the subjects of his Catholic Majesty and First Secretary of State and of engaged in this traffic, on account of the General Dispatch ; who, having vessels captured previously to the exexchanged their respective full powers, change of the ratifications of the prefound to be in good and due form, sent treaty, as also for the losses, which have agreed upon the following arti- are a necessary consequence of the abo

lition of the said traffic. Art. 1.-His Catholic Majesty en- Art. 5.- One of the objects of this gages, that the slave trade shall be treaty on the part of the two governabolished throughout the entire do- ments, being mutually to prevent their minions of Spain, on the 30th day of respective subjects from carrying on May, 1820, and that, from and after an illicit slave trade; the two high that period, it shall not be lawful for contracting parties declare, that they any of the subjects of the crown of consider as illicit, any traffic in slaves Spain to purchase slaves, or to carry carried on under the following ciron the slave trade, on any part of the cumstances :- 1st, Either by British coast of Africa, upon any pretext or ships, and under the British flag, or in any manner whatever provided, for the account of British subjects, by however, that a term of five months, any vessel, or under any flag whatsofrom the said date of the 30th of May, ever. 2d, By Spanish ships, upon any 1820, shall be allowed for completing part of the coast of Africa north of the voyages of vessels, which shall have the equator, after the exchange of cleared out lawfully previously to the the ratifications of the present treaty; said 30th of May.

provided, however, that six months

cles :


shall be allowed for completing the ports which are now issued, signed by voyages of vessels, conformably to the the First Secretary of State of

his ca. tenor of the second article of this trea- tholic Majesty, and in the form prety. 3d, Either by Spanish ships, and scribed by the order of the 16th of under the Spanish flag, or for the ac- December, 1816, remaining in full count of Spanish subjects, by any ves

force for all vessels which


have sel, or under any fag whatsoever, af. cleared out for the coast of Africa, as ter the 30th of May, 1820, when the well to the north as to the south of traffic in slaves, on the part of Spain, the Line, previously to the exchange of is to cease entirely ; provided always, the ratifications of the present treaty. that five months shall be allowed for Art. 9.–The two high contracting the completion of voyages commenced parties, for the more complete attainin due time, conformably to the first ment of the object of preventing all article of this treaty. 4th, Under the illicit traffic in slaves, on the part of British or Spanish flag, for the ac- their respective subjects, mutually concount of the subjects of any other go. sent, that the ships of war of their

5th, By Spanish vessels royal navies, which shall be provided bound for any port not in the domi- with special instructions for this purnions of his Catholic Majesty. pose, as hereinafter mentioned, may

Art. 6.—His Catholic Majesty will visit such merchant vessels of the two adopt, in conformity to the spirit of nations as may be suspected, upon reathis treaty, the measures which are sonable grounds, of having slaves on best calculated to give full and com- board, acquired by an illicit traffic; and plete effect to the laudable objects in the event only of their finding slaves which the high contracting parties on board, may detain and bring away have in view.

such vessels, in order that they may be Art. 7.-Every Spanish vessel which brought to trial before the tribunals shall be destined for the slave trade, established for this purpose, as shall on any part of the coast of Africa hereinafter be specified. Provided alwhere this traffic still continues to be ways, that the commanders of the ships lawful, must be provided with a royal of war of the two royal navies, who passport, conformable to the model shall be employed on this service, shall annexed to the present treaty, and adhere strictly to the exact tenor of which model forms an integral part of the instructions which they shall rethe same. This passport must be writ- ceive for this purpose. As this article ten in the Spanish language, with an is entirely reciprocal

, the two high authentic translation in English an- contracting parties engage mutually, nexed thereto; and it must be signed to make good any losses which their by his Catholic Majesty and counter- respective subjects may incur unjustly signed by the Minister of Marine, and by the arbitrary and illegal detention also by the principal naval authority of their vessels. It being understood of the district, station, or port, from that this indemnity shall invariably be whence the vessel clears out, whether borne by the government whose cruizer in Spain, or in the colonial possessions shall have been guilty of the arbitrary of his Catholic Majesty.

detention; provided always, that the Art. 8.-It is to be understood that visit and detention of slave ships, spethis

passport, for rendering lawful the cified in this article, shall only be efVoyages of slave ships, is required on- fected by those British or Spanish vesly for the continuation of the traffic sels, which may form part of the two to the south of the line ; those pass- royal navies, and by those only of such vessels which are provided with the commissions shall reside—one in a por special instructions annexed to the pre. session belonging to his Britannic Masent treaty.

jesty-the other within the territories Art. 10.—No British or Spanish of his Catholic Majesty; and the two cruizer shall detain any slave ship, not governments, at the period of the es. having slaves actually on board; and change of the ratifications of the prein order to render lawful the detention of any ship, whether British or

sent treaty, shall declare, each for its

own dominions, in what places the Spanish, the slaves found on board commissions shall respectively reside such vessels must have been brought Each of the two high contracting par there for the express purpose of the ties reserving to itself the right of traffic ; and those on board of Spanish changing, at its pleasure, the place of ships must have been taken from that residence of the commission held with. part of the coast of Africa where the in its own dominions ; provided, how. slave trade is prohibited, conformably ever, that one of the two commissions to the tenor of the

present treaty: Art. 11.-All ships of war of the Africa, and the other in one of the

shall always be held upon the coast of two nations

, which shall hereafter be colonial possessions of his Catholic Madestined to prevent the illicit traffic in jesty. These commissions shall judge slaves, shall be furnished by their own the causes submitted to them without government with

a copy

of the instruc appeal, and according to the regulas tions annexed to the present treaty, tion and instructions annexed to the and which shall be considered as an integral part thereof. These instruc- considered as an integral part.

present treaty, of which they shall be tions shall be written in Spanish and English, and signed for the vessels of annexed to this treaty, and which form

Art. 13.-The acts or instruments each of the two powers, by the mini- an integral part thereof, ster of their respective marine. The lows :-No. 1. Form of passport two high contracting parties reserve the faculty of altering the said instruc- 2

the Spanish merchant ships, destined tions, in whole or in part,

according Instructions for the ships of war os to circumstances ; it being, however, both nations, destined to prevent well understood, that the said altera. illicit traffic in slaves. tions cannot take place but by the lation for the mixed cons common agreement, and by the con- are to hold their sittings on the coast sent of the two high contracting par. of Africa, and in one ties.

possessions of his Cattolic Majesty. Art. 12.-In order to bring to ad- Art. 14.-The present treaty, conjudication with the least delay and in- sisting of fourteen articles, shall be s. convenience, the vessels which may be tified, and the ratificacions exchanged detained for having been engaged in at Madrid, within the space an illicit traffic of slaves, there shall months from this date, or sooner i be established, within the space of a possible. In witness whereof the re. year at farthest, from the exchange of spective plenipotentiares have signed the ratifications of the present treaty, the same, and have thereunto affired two mixed commissions, formed of an the seal of their arms. equal number of individuals of the two drid, this 83d September, 1817. their respective sovereigns. nations, named for this purpose by (Signed) HENRY WEL LESLEY. (L. 8)



are as fol


No. 3. Rego

missions, which

of the colonial

of two

Done at Ma

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