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G6d knoweth your Hearts j for that which S Er M. is high/y esteemed among men, is abomina- X. tion in the sight of God. And by St Paul, k/>VNj 2 Cor. x. 12. We dare not make ourselves if the number; or compare ourselves with some that commend themselves, but they measuring themselves by themselves, and comparing themselves amongst themselves, are not noise: But we will not boast of

things without our measure; For not he

that commendelh himself is approved, but whom the Lord commendeth. And Gal. vi. 3. If a man think himself to be something, when he is nothing, he deceiveth himself And again, by our Saviour himself, Rev. Hi. 17. Thou say eft, I am rich, and increased with goods, and have need of nothing j and knowest not that thou art wretched and miserable and poor and blind and naked: speaking of a corrupt and prosperous state of the Church. The Humility opposite to This fort of Pride, is that of St Paul, 1 Cor. iv. 4. js know nothing by myself yet am I not hereby justified; but he that judgeth me, is the Lord. AndPhiLiii. 12. Not as though I had already attained, either were already perQ_2 feS i

r M.fetf ;—but this One thing I do; forgetting those things, which are behind, and reaching forth unto those things which are before, I press towards the mark, for the prize of the high calling of God in Christ Jesus. And that of Job ch. ix. 20. and ch. xlii. 6. If I justify rnyself my own mouth shall condemn me; If I say, I am perfect, it

shall also prove me perverse; Wherefore

I abhor myself and repent in dust and ashes. The meaning of all which, is, not that good men should speak or think of themselves, in the fame manner and fense as wicked men ought to do; but that when they consider the infinite purity of God and the perfection of his law, they should then humble themselves in a deep fense of their own many Follies and imperfections. 4thly, There is still a further degree of spiritual Pride, in pretending to Merit, at the hands of God; as those of the Church of Rome have presumptuously assumed to themselves to do. And in opposition to This fort of Pride, Humility consists in that Disposition of Mind, which is recorded of the good Centurion, St Luke vii. 6. and Mat. viii. 8.

Lord. Lord, I am not worthy, (I have no claim, S E R M. no pretence to expect,) that thou Jhouldst X. come under my Roof: Wherefore neither thought 1 myjelf •worthy to come unto thee; but speak the word, and my Servant Jhall be healed. And of St Paul, Eph. iii. 8. Unto me, who am less than the least of all Saints, is this Grace given; The. expression is hyperbolical j But the meaning is, that he had not any the least claim of Right or Desert to that singular Favour, of being made the Apostle to the Gentiles. And in like manner, of Abraham, Gen. xviii. 27. / have taken upon me to speak unto the Lord, which am but dust and ashes. And of Jacob, Gen. xxxii. 10. 1 am not worthy of the least of all thy Mercies. And accordingly our Saviour directs his Disciples; Si Luke xvii. 10. When ye stall have done all those things which are commanded you, fay, . We are unprofitable Servants; we have done that which was our Duty to do. Nevertheless, upon This Head of Merit, 'tis also to be observed, that there is a Fault even in the contrary Extreme j a pretended Humility, in imagining, that as we cannot Merit, so neither are we

3 able

Sir to Do any thing, but must leave the X. Grace of God to do All for us. Which Opinion, does as effectually destroy Religion in one extreme, as the doctrine of Merit does in the other. For, as, according to the Doctrine of Merit, the Reward is not of Grace, but by Claim of Rights so on the other side, if we are able to do nothing at all, then the Punijhment cannot be by Justice, but by mere arbitrary Power, which is inconsistent with the Attributes of God. $thly, There is yet a higher degree of this Spiritual Pridet in pretending to Wcrks of Supererogation* This also is a fond Pretence of the Church of Rome. And This seems to have been the Fault of the Young man in the Gospel; who when our Saviour had faid unto him, if thou wilt enter into lifet keep the Commandments; would needs reply further, St Mat. xix. 20. What lack I yet? This also is what St Paul so justly reproves, Col. ii. 18. Let no man beguile you of your reward, in a voluntary humility and worshipping of Angels, intruding into those things, which be hath not seen,

vainly puft up by his jleshly mind-,

which which things have indeed a Show of J-p^serm. dom, in will-worship and humility: But ~'True humility, in opposition to this false and proud appearance of it, consists, in making, not our own Will, but the Will of God, the Rule of our Dutyj casting down imaginations, and every high things that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God j and bringing into captivity every Thought to the Obedience of Christ, not, of Men but, of Christ. Lastly\ There is a Spiritual Pride, in seeking after and being fond of mysterious and secret things, to the neglect of our plain and manifest Duty; In allusion to which, the corrupt Church in the Revelations, is stiled, Mystery, Babylon the Great. And in opposition to This, true Humility is that which the Wiseman describes, Prov. iii. 7. Be not wife in thine own eyes; Fear the Lord, and depart from evil: And Moses, Deut. xxix. 29. Secret things belong unto the Lord our God, but those things which are revealed, belong unto us, and to our cbildren for ever, that we may do all the Words of this Law: And the IYalmist, Ps. cxxxi. I. Lord, mine heart is not haughty, nor mine Q_4 eyes

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