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1 Cor. vii. 21, 22. Art thou called, poor and needy out of the hand of the being a servant ? care not for it: but if wicked. thou mayest be made free, use it rather. Prov. xx. 8. A king that sitteth in the He that is called in the Lord, being a throne of judgment scattereth away all servant, is the Lord's freeman.
evil with his eyes.- Ver. 26. A wise Eph. vi. 5–8. Servants be obedient to king scattereth the wicked, and bringeth them that are your masters according to the wheel over them. Ps. ci. 4. the flesh: not with eye-service, as men. Ver. 28. Mercy and truth uphold the pleasers; but as the servants of Christ, king; and his throne is upholden by doing the will of God from the heart; mercy. Ch. xvi. 2. Is established by with good will, doing service as unto the righteousness. Lord, and not to men: Knowing that xxi. 3. To do justice and judgment is whatsoever good thing any man doeth, more acceptable to the Lord than sacri. the same shall he receive of the Lord, fice. whether he be bond or free.
xxix. 14. The king that faithfully Col. iii. 22. Servants obey in all things judgeth the poor, his throne shall be esta. your masters according to the flesh; not blished for ever. with eye-service as men-pleasers, but in Isa. i. 17. Seek judgment, relieve the singleness of heart, fearing God. See oppressed, judge the fatherless, plead for ver. 23, 24, 25.
the widow.-Ver. 18. Though your sins 1 Tim. vi. 1. Let as many servants as be as scarlet, they shall be as snow or as are under the yoke count their masters wool. worthy of all honour; that the name of lvi. 1, 2. Thus saith the Lord, Keep God and his doctrine be not blasphemed. judgment and do justice. Blessed is the Ver. 2.
man that doeth this. Tit. ii. 9, 10. Exhort servants to be lviii. 6. 8. Loose the bands of wicked. obedient to their masters, and to please ness, undo the heavy burdens; let the opthem well in all things, not answering pressed go free, break every yoke. Then again. Not purloining, but shewing all shall thy light break forth as the morngood fidelity; that they may adorn the doc. ing. trine of God our Saviour in all things. Ixi. 8. I the Lord love judgment; I
1 Pet. ii. 18. Servants be subject to hate robbery. your masters with all fear; not only to Jer. xxii. 3, 4. Thus saith the Lord, the good and gentle, but also to the fro- Execute judgment and righteousness, and ward. Ver. 19, 20, 21.
deliver the spoiled out of the hand of the Servants are called faithful. Matt. xxiv. oppressor, and do no wrong: do no vio. 45.—xxv. 21. Instances : Abraham's ser- lence to the stranger, to the fatherless, vant, Gen. xxiv.-Jacob, Gen. xxxi. 6. nor to the widow; neither shed innocent See Ps. cxxxii. 2.
blood in this place. (Ch. xxi. 12.) Then Servants are wicked, slothful, unprofit shall there enter in by the gates of this able, Matt. xxv. 26. 30. Who knew his house, kings sitting upon the throne of Lord's will and did it not, Luke xii. 47. David, &c.
Ver. 16. He judged the cause of the
poor and needy; then it was well with MAGISTRATES.
Ezek. xlv. 9. Thus saith the Lord God, XCVII. Duties of the civil magistrate, Remove violence and spoil, and execute to administer justice impartially. Deut. judgment and justice; take away your i. 16. Judge righteously between every exactions from my people, saith the man and his brother, and the stranger Lord. that is with you. John vii. 24.
Hos. xii. 6. Keep mercy and do judg. xvi. 18. Judge the people with just ment: wait on thy God continually. Isa. judgment. Ezek. xviii. 8.
xvi. 4. In mercy shall thy throne be xix. 18. Make diligent inquisition. Job established. xxix. 16, 17. Prov. xxi. 2.
Amos v. 24. Let judgment run down xxv. 1. Justify the righteous, and con- as waters, and righteousness as a mighty demn the wicked.
Ps. Ixxxii. 3, 4. Defend the poor and Zech. viii. 16. Execute the judgment fatherless; do justice to the afflicted of peace and truth in your gates. Ch. and needy. (Ps. lxxii. 2.) Deliver the vii. 9. Exod. xviii. 16.—xxiii. 6, 7, 8.
Deut xvi. 19. See Lev. xix. 15. Amos 1 Kings iii. 3. Solomon loved the v. 15.
Lord.–Ver. 9. He prayed to God for
qualifications to govern the people. XCVIII. Qualifications of the civil Ver. 11. His prayer was
answered. magistrate. Exod. xviii. 21. Thou shalt | Ch. iv. 29. provide out of all the people able men, vi. 14. He built the house of God. such as fear God, men of truth, hating co- viii. 23. His prayer and exhortation vetousness; and place such to be rulers. at the dedication of the temple. 2
Deut. i. 13. Take you wise men, and Chron. viii. 14. He appoints the courses understanding, and known among your of the priests. tribes, and I will make them rulers over 1 Chron. xxix. 25. The Lord magni. you. Ver. 15.
fied Solomon exceedingly. xvii. 18, 19. The king shall write him 2 Kings xiii. 4, 5. Jehoahaz besought a copy of this law in a book. He shall the Lord, and the Lord hearkened un. read therein all the days of his life, that to him, and gave Israel a saviour. he may learn to fear the Lord his God, 2 Chron. xiv. 2. 4. Asa reforms abuses and to keep all the words of this law, in religion.—Ver. 11. He prayeth against and these statutes, to do them. Ver. the Ethiopian army.-Ver. 12. The Lord 15, 16, 17. 20. Josh. i 8.
smote the Ethiopians before Asa. 2 Sam. xxiii. 3. He that ruleth over xv. 8. He farther reforms the nation, men must be just, ruling in the fear of and takes an oath of the people to reGod. 2 Chron. xix. 6, 7.9.
form, and to seek the Lord. Ver. 12, Neh. v. 9. Ought ye not to walk in the 13, 14. fear of God?
xvii. 7, 8, 9. Jehoshaphat enjoins the Ps. ii. 10, 11. Be wise, ye kings: be princes and the Levites to teach the instructed, ye judges of the earth. Serve law of the Lord. the Lord with fear.
xix. 4. He reforms abuses and gives Prov. xxix. 2. When the righteous a religious charge to the judges. See to are in authority the people rejoice.
Examples. Jehoshaphat, 2 Chron. xx. xx. 6. He appoints a fast, prays 3. Nehemiah, Neh. v. 15.
against the enemies of the nation, and is
heard. See to ver. 24. XCIX. The magistrate's concern with xxx. 2. Hezekiah took counsel with religion. Numb. xiv. 17. Moses the the princes to celebrate the passover, chief magistrate prayeth for the people. which had been long neglected. Deut. ix. 26. He inquireth of God for Ver. 5, 6, 7. He writes letters, and the people. Exod. xviii. 15.
makes proclamation to assemble the Josh. vii. 6. Joshua prayeth for the people.- Ver. 18. He prays for the peopeople. Ver. 7.
ple. xxiv. 1 to 23. His religious exhorta- xxxi. 2. He appoints the courses of tion to the people.
the priests. 2 Sam. vi. 2. David's care of the ark xxxii. 20, 21. He prayed to God of God. 1 Chron. xxiii. 6. He divides against the Assyrian army; and the the priests into courses.
Lord sent an angel which cut of all the vii
. 2. He resolves to build an house mighty men of valour, and the leaders for the worship of God. Ver. 7, 8. 1 and captains in the camp of the king of Kings viii. 18.
Assyria. 2 Kings xix. 15. 20. Isa. 1 Chron. xxii. 3. He prepares mate. xxxvi. 1. rials for building the temple.
Ver. 22, 23. God saved Hezekiah ; 2 Sam. vi. 18. He blesses the people and he was magnified in the sight of all in the name of the Lord.
nations. xxiv. 17. He prayeth for the people. 2 Kings xxii. 3. Josiah's care for the Ver. 25.
house of God.-Ver. 13. He sends to 1 Chron. xxix. 19. He prayeth for inquire of the Lord. Solomon
xxiii. 2, 3. He reads the law to the 2 Sam. iii. 1. David waxed stronger people, and takes an oath of the people and stronger. Ch. v. 10. He grew great, to keep it; and reforms abuses in reli. and the Lord established him. Ver. 12. gion. Jer. xxii. 15. God was with him.
viii. 14. The Lord preserved him Ezra ix. 6. Ezra prays and reforms whithersoever he went.
abuses in religion. Ch. viii. 21.
Ezra x. 1. 5. He takes an oath of the Rom. xiii. 1. There is no power but people to reform.
of God; the powers that be are ordained Neh. i. 4 to 11. Nehemiah's prayer of God.—Ver. 2. The ordinance of and confession; on which deliverance God.- Ver. 4. The magistrate is the is obtained. See chapters 2d, 3rd, 4th. minister of God.
v. 6 to 9. He reforms abuses in reli. gion. Ch. xiii. 10 to 31.
CII. Sins of Magistrates. Perverting viii. 9. He teacheth the people. of judgment, respect of persons, partiality,
ix. 1, &c. A remarkable fast is kept, &c. Exod. xxiii. 6. Thou shalt not wrest with acknowledgment of mercies, hu- the judgment of the poor in his cause. miliation and confession of sins.
Yer. 2. x. 29. The people enter into a curse Ver. 7. The innocent and righteous slay and into an oath, to walk in God's thou not ; for I will not justify the wicked. law.
Lev. xix. 15. Thou shalt do no un. Jonah ii. 7. The king of Nineveh ap- rghteousness in judgment, thou shalt not points a fast.–Ver. 9, 10. God approves respect the person of the poor, nor honour thereof, and is entreated, and averts the person of the mighty. Prov. xxiv. 23. the evil which he had threatened against Deut. i. 17. Ye shall not respect perNineveh.
sons in judgment; ye shall not be afraid
of the face of man; for the judgment is C. Good magistrates, a blessing pro- God's. 2 Chron. xix. 6. The Lord is mised to God's people. Isa. i. 26, 27. I with you in judgment. Ver. 7. Rom. will restore thy judges as at the first, ii. 11. There is no respect of persons and thy counsellors as at the beginning., with God. Eph. vi. 9. Col. xiii. 25. Zion shall be redeemed with judgment, Prov. xvi. 12. It is an abomination to and her converts with righteousness. kings to commit wickedness.
xxviii. 6. The Lord shall be for a Zech. vii. 10. Oppress not the widow spirit of judginent to them that sit in nor the fatherless, the stranger nor the judgment.
poor. Job xxxi. 21. xxxii. 16. Judgment shall dwell in Isa. x. 1, 2. Woe unto them that de. the wilderness, and righteousness in the cree unrighteous decrees, and that write fruitful field.
grievousness which they have prescribxxxiii. 5. The Lord hath filled Zion ed; to turn aside the needy from judg. with judgment and with righteousness. ment, and to take away the right from
xlix. 23. Kings shall be thy nursing the poor of my people, that widows fathers, and queens thy nursing mothers. may be their prey, and that they may rob
xl. 16, 17. Thou shalt suck the breasts the fatherless. Jer. xxii. 3. 5. of kings. I will make thine officers peace, Ver. 3. What will ye do in the day and thine exacters righteousness.
of visitation ? See Deut. xix. 15. Job Jer. xxx. 20, 21. I will punish all that xxxii. 21. Ps. xciv. 20. Eccl. v. 8. Isa. oppress my people. Their nobles shall i. 10.-iji. 12 to 15.—xxviii. 14 to 18. be of themselves, and their governor Mic. iii. 1 to 4. Acts xxiii. 3. shall proceed from the midst of them; and I will cause him to draw near, and CIII. Perverting of judgment through he shall approach unto me: for who coretousness, taking gifts, gc. is this that engageth his heart to ap- Exod. xxiii. 8. Thou shalt not take proach unto me? saith the Lord.
a gift; for a gift blindeth the eyes of Ezek. xlv. 8. Princes shall no more the wise and perverteth the words of oppress my people.
the righteous. Deut. xvi. 9. Zech. ix 8. No oppressor shall pass Prov. xxix. 4. He that receiveth gifts, through them any more.
overthroweth the land.
xxiii. 23. A wicked man taketh a CI. Magistracy is of divine appoint. gift out of the bosom, to pervert the ment. Deut. xvi. 18. Judges and offi- ways of judgment. See persons threatcers shalt thou make in all thy gates, cned for this sin: 1 Sam. viii. 3. Isa. i. and they shall judge the pe Ch. 23, 24.-v. 22, 23. Jer. xxii, 17, 18, 19. xvii. 5. Numb. xi. 16, 17.
Ezek. xxii. 27. 31, Hos. iv. 18. Amos Prov. viii. 15. By me kings reign v. 12. Mic. iii. 11, 12.-vii. 3, 4. See and princos decree justice.
persons free from it: 1 Sam. xi. 3.
Neh. v. 14, 15. Promises to such, Isa. them. The child shall behave himself xxxiii, 15. Ezek. xviii. 17.
proudly against the ancients, &c.-Ver.
12. Children are their oppressors, woCIV. Perverting of judgment through men rule over them. Ver. 13, 14. drunkenness. Prov. xxxi. 4. It is not for Jer. li. 47. There shall come ruler kings to drink wine, nor for princes against ruler. strong drink; lest they drink and forget Lam. v. 8. Servants have ruled over the law, and pervert the judgment of us.
Neh. v. 15. any of the afflicted.
Hos. xiii. 11. I gave thee a king in mine İsa. xxviii. 1. 3. Woe to the drunkards anger, and took him away in my wrath. of Ephraim. They shall be trodden Joel. ii. 7. Give not thy heritage to the under foot.—Ver. 7. They have erred heathen, that they should rule over them. through wine, and through strong drink Ezra ix. 7. For our iniquities have we, are they out of the way. Ver. 8. -Ch. v. our kings and our priests, been deliver22. Woe to them that are mighty to ed unto the hand of the kings of the land, drink wine, and men of strength to mingle to the sword, captivity, spoil and confustrong drink. See Eccl. x. 16, 17. sion of face. Neh. ix. 24. See 1 Sam.
viii. 11 to 19. CV. The misery of being governed by weak or wicked ruler3. Ps. xii. 8. The CVII. Wicked rulers enemies to reli, wicked walk on every side when the gion. Ps. ii. 2. The kings of the earth vilest men are exalted. Eccl. x. 5, 6. set themselves, and the rulers took counsel
xciv. 20. Shall the throne of iniquity against the Lord, and against his Anointhave fellowship with thee, which frameth ed. Ver. 9. Acts iv. 26. mischief by a law.
Luke xxiii. 35. They derided Christ. Prov. xxviii. 15. As a roaring lion, and John vii. 48. Acts i. 26.—xii. 27. See a raging bear, so is a wicked ruler over also Ezra ir. 2. Neh. v. 7.-xiii. 11. poor people.- Ver. 16. The prince that Rev. xvi. 14. wanteth understandingis a great oppressor.
xxix. 2. When the wicked beareth CVIII. God's providence over kings rule, the people mourn.
and rulers, exalting or abasing them. Job Eccl. iii. 12. If a ruler hearken to lies, xii. 17, 18. He leadeth counsellors away all his servants are wicked.—Ver. 16. spoiled, and maketh the judges fools. I saw the place of judgment, that wick. (Isa. xliv. 25.) He looseth the bond of edness was there; and the place of kings, and girdeth their loins with a girrighteousness that iniquity was there. dle.-Ver. 21. He poureth conteinpt Mic. vii. 3, 4.
upon princes. Ps. cvii. 40. x. 16. Woe unto thee, O land, when xxxiv. 19. He accepteth not the per. thy king is a child.
sons of princes, nor regardeth the rich iv. 13. Better is a poor and wise child, more than the poor. than an old and foolish king, that will Ver. 24. He shall break in pieces no more be admonished.
mighty men without number, and set Isa. Jix. 14. Judgment is turned away others in their stead. backward, and justice standeth afar off; Ps. lxxv. 7. He putteth down one and truth is fallen in the street, and equity setteth up another. Ps.lxxviii. 6. Dan. ii. 21, cannot enter.
Ixxvi. 12. He shall cut off the spirit of Amos vi. 12. Ye have turned judg. princes, he shall be terrible to the kings ment into gall and the fruit of right of the earth. eousness into hemlock. Hos. x. 4.
Ixxxii. 1. God standeth in the congre
gation of the mighty, he judgeth among CVI. Such set over a people, as a pu- the gods. nishment for sin. Neh. ix. 37. The kings cxxxv. 10. Who smote great nations, whom thou hast set over us, for our sins, who slew great kings. have dominion over our bodies.
Isa. xl. 22, 23. He bringeth the princes Ps. cvi. 4. They that hated them, to nothing. ruled over them.
Prov. xxviii. 2. For the transgressions CIX. Particular instances of God's of a land many are the princes thereof. providence in exalting or debasing rulers.
Isa. iii. 4, 5. I will give children to be Acts xiii. 20—22. God gave them judges their princes, and babes shall rule over until Samuel the prophet. Afterward
he gave them Saul. When he had re. 1 Sam. xxvi. 9. David said, Destroy moved him, he raised up unto them Da- not Saul, the Lord's anointed. Ver. 11. vid. 1 Sam. xx. 30. Ps. lxxviii. 70.- Ch. xxiv. 6, 7, 8. lxxxix. 19.
Prov. xx. 2. The fear of a king is as 1 Chron. xxix. 1. Solomon whom alone the roaring of a lion. thou hast chosen.
xxiv. 21. Fear thou the Lord and the Isa. xix. 18. The princes of Zoan are king; and meddle not with them that are become fools. (Ver. 14.) The Lord hath given to change. mingled a perverse spirit in the midst of Eccl. x. 20. Curse not the king, no Egypt.
not in thy thought. xxii. 3. 5. All thy rulers are fled to. 1 Pet. ii. 17. Fear God; honour the gether : for it is a day of trouble and of king. treading down, and of perplexity from 2 Pet. ii. 9, 10. The Lord knoweth the Lord.
how to reserve the unjust to the day of xxix. 10. The Lord hath poured upon judgment to be punished. But chiefly you the spirit of deep sleep, and hath them that despise government, and are closed your eyes; your rulers hath he not afraid to speak evil of dignities. covered.-Ver. 14. The wisdom of their Jude 8. These filthy dreamers despise wise men shall perish, and the understand. dominion, and speak evil of dignities. Ver. ing of their prudent men shall be hid. 11. See Prov. xxv. 6, 7. 15. Eccl. viii. 4.
xliv. 1. Thus saith the Lord to his See the respectful behaviour of Nathan anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I to David, 1 Kings i. 23, 24.–Of Daniel have holden, to subdue nations before to Darius, Dan. vi. 21.–And of Paul to him. Ch. xliv. 28. 2 Chron. xxxvi. 2. Agrippa, Acts xxvi. 1, 2, 3.—Miriam and Ezra i. 1 to 7.
Aaron their disrespectful language to Jer. xxi. 4. Thus saith the Lord, 1 Moses, Numb. xii. 1, 2; and their punish. will turn back the weapons of war in ment, ver. 9, 10, 11. your hands.—Ver. 7. I will deliver Zede. kiah king of Judah, and the people, into CXII. Obedience to magistrates. Eccl. the hand of Nebuchadnezzar. Ver. 5, 6. viii. 2. Keep the king's commandment,
xxvii. 6, 7. I have given all these lands and that in regard of the oath of God. into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar, the (See Ezek. xvii. 12 to 20.) Ver. 5. He king of Babylon, my servant. All na. who keepeth the commandments shall tions shall serve him, and his son, and feel no evil thing. his son's son. Jer. xxviii. 14. See further Matt. xvii. 26, 27. Jesus said, Then concerning Nebuchadnezzar, Dan. ii. are the children free. Notwithstanding 37.-iv. 17. 30 to 33.—v. 18, 19. 23. 28. lest we offend, take and give the piece of Isa. xiv, 12.
money) for me and thee. Ezek. xxviii. 2. 7, 8. Say unto the xxii. 21. Render unto Cæsar the things prince of Tyrus, Thus saith the Lord which are Cæsar's. God, because thine heart is lifted up, and Rom. xiii. 1. Let every soul be subthou hast said, I am a god: I will bring ject to the higher powers.--Ver. 5. Be strangers upon thee, and they shall bring subject not only for wrath, but also for thee down to the pit.
conscience' sake.-Ver. 7. Render to all
their dues ; tribute to whom tribute is CX. Duties toward governors. Praying due, &c. for them. Ps. xxii. 15. Prayer shall be Tit. ii. 1. Put them in mind to be made for him continually.
subject to principalities and powers, to 1 Tim. ii. 1, 2. I exhort, that suppli- obey magistrates. cations, prayers, intercessions, and giving 1 Pet. ii. 13. Submit yourselves to of thanks be made for all men; for kings, every ordinance of man for the Lord's and for all that are in authority, &c.— sake; whether it be to the king as suVer. 3. This is good and acceptable in preme, or unto governors that are sent the sight of God.
by him, for the punishment of evil-doers,
and for the praise of them that do well. CXI. Honour and respect to be shewn See Deut. xvii. 11. Matt xxiii. 2, 3. Prov. to their persons, in words and actions. xxv. 15. Eccl. x. 4. Exod. xxii. 28. Thou shalt not revile the gods, nor curse the ruler of thy people. CXIII. Rebellion against magistrates Acts xxiii. 5,
in lawful authority; the sin and punish