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1 Tim. i. 10. The law is made for Prov. xxi. 7. The robbery of the whoremongers, for them that defile them- wicked shall destroy them. selves with mankind.

Isa. Ixi. 8. I the Lord hate robbery. 2 Tim. ii. 22. Flee youthful lusts. Ch. x. 2.-xvii. 14.

1 Pet. ii. 11. Abstain from fleshly Ezek. xxii. 28. The people have used lusts, which war against the soul. robbery, &c.—Ver. 31. Therefore have

I poured out mine indignation upon them,

saith the Lord. Ch. xviii. 10. 13. EIGHTH COMMANDMENT.

Amos iii. 10, 11. They store up vio. THEFT FOR BIDDEN.

lence and robbery in their palaces.

Therefore (saith the Lord) thy palaces CLII. Precepts concerning property shall be spoiled. and the use of riches in society. Exod. xx. Neh. iii. 1. Woe to the bloody city, it 15. Thou shalt not steal. Lev. xix. 11. is full of blood. 13. Deut. v. 19. Matt. xix. 18. Rom. xiii. 9. Eph iv. 28. 1 Pet. iv. 15.

CLV. Fraud and cheating

in commerce

forbidden. Lev. xix. 11. Ye shall not CLIII. Threatenings against theft. steal, neither deal falsely. Prov. xx. 14. Exod. xxi. 16. He that stealeth a man,

Ver. 35, 36. Ye shall do no unrighteous. shall surely be put to death. Deut. xxiv. ness in judgment, in meteyard, in weight, 7. 1 Tim. i. 10.

or in measure. Just balances, just weights, xxii. 1. If a man steal an ox or a sheep a just ephah, and a just hin shall ye have. he shall restore five oxen for an ox, and xxv. 14. If thou sellest aught unto four sheep for a sheep.

thy neighbour, or buyest aught of thy Ver. 2. If a thief be found breaking neighbour's hand, ye shall not oppress up, and be smitten that he die, there shall one another. Prov. xi. 26. no blood be shed for him.-Ver. 7. If the Deut. xxv. 13, 14. Thou shalt not have theft be found in his hand, he shall re- in thy bags divers weights, a great and a store double. Ver. 7. Prov. vi. 30. small. Thou shalt not have in thy house

Josh. vii. 11, 12. Israel hath sinned, they divers measures, a great and a small. have stolen and dissembled also. There. Ver. 15, 16. Thou shalt have a per. fore they could not stand before their fect and just weight, a perfect and just enemies, &c.

measure shalt thou have ; that thy days Ps. I. 18. When thou sawest a thief, may be lengthened in the land which the thou consentedst with him.-Ver. 21. Lord thy God giveth thee. For all they But I will reprove thee.

that do unrighteously are an abomination Prov. xxix. 24. Whoso is a partner to the Lord. with a thief, hateth his own soul.

Prov. xi. 1. A false balance is an abo. XXX. 8, 9. Feed me with food conve. mination to the Lord, but a just weight nient : Lest I be poor, and steal, and take is his delight. See Prov. xvi. Il.—xx. 10. the name of God in vain.

23. Hos. xii. 7, 8. 14. Amos viii. 6. Jer. vii. 9. Will ye steal, &c.-Ver. Mic. vi. 10, 11, 12, 13, 14. Hab. ii. 6. 15. I will cast you out of my sight. 1 Thess. iv. 6. This is the will of God,

Hos. iv. 2, 3. By swearing and lying, that no man go beyond or defraud his killing and stealing, they break out. brother in any matter ; because that the Therefore shall the land mourn.

Lord is the avenger of all such. Zech. v. 4. The curse (of the Lord] shall enter into the house of the thief, CLVI. Concerning property in lands. and shall consume it.

The law thereof. Deut. xix. 14. Thou Luke xii. 33. In the heavens, where shalt not remove thy neighbour's land. no thief approaches.

mark. 1 Cor. vi. 10. Neither thieves, nor xxvii. 17. Carsed be he that removeth covetous, nor extortioners, shall inherit his neighbour's land-mark: and all the the kingdom of heaven.

people shall say, Amen. See Job xxiv.

2. Prov. xxii. 28.-xxiii. 10, 11. CLIV. Robbery forbidden, with threat- Exod. xxii. 5. If a man cause a field enings. Lev. xix. 13. Thou shalt not or a vineyard to be eaten, and shall put defraud thy neighbour, neither rob him. in his beast into another man's field, of

Ps. Ixii. 10. Become not vain in rob. the best of his own vineyard and of his bery. Ver. 12.

own field shall he make restitution,

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Exod. xxii. 6. If a fire break out and Ver. 20. 22. He that maketh haste to catch in thorns, so that the stacks of corn, be rich, shall not be innocent. He hath or the standing corn of the field be con- an evil eye, and considereth not that sumed, he that kindled the fire shall make poverty shall come upon him. restitution.

Isa. v. 8. Woe unto them that join house

to house, that lay field to field, till there CLVII. Concerning things found, lent, be no place, that they may be placed alone or entrusted with a neighbour to keep in the midst of the earth. Mic. ii. 1. The law thereof: Lev. vi. 1 to 6.—xxiv. xvi. 4. The oppressors are consumed 18. Exod. xxii. 9 to 16.

out of the land.

xxx. 12, 13. Because ye trust in op. OPPRESSION FORBIDDEN, &c.

pression and perverseness, &c. therefore

this iniquity shall be to you as a breach. CLVIII. Oppression forbidden, and xlix. 26, I will feed them that oppress duties to the oppressed. See Duties of you with their own flesh, &c. magistrates.-Duties of masters.

li. 23. I will put the cup of trembling Ps. xlii. 10. Trust not in oppression. into the hand of them that afHict thee. Prov. iii. 31. Envy not the oppressor,

lix. 13. In transgressing and lying and choose none of his ways.

against the Lord, in departing away from Isa. i. 17. Relieve the oppressed. our God; speaking oppression and revolt.

xxxiii. 15, 16. He that despiseth the - Ver. 15. The Lord saw it and it dis. gain of oppression, &c. : He shall dwell pleased him, &c. on high. Ezek. xviii. 5. 7. 9. 16.

Jer. vi. 6. This is the city to be vi. Iviii. 6. Is not this the fast that I have sited (by an enemy]; she is wholly opchosen to let the oppressed go free, &c. pression.

Jer. xxi. 12. Deliver him that is spoiled xvii. 11. He that getteth riches, and out of the hand of the oppressor.

not by right, shall leave them in the Luke iii. 13. John said to the publi- midst of his days, and at his end shall cans, Exact no more than that which is be a fool. appointed you.—Ver. 14. To the sol. xxii. 17-19. [Speaking of Jehoiakim] diers he said, Do violence to no man, and -Thine eyes and thine heart are not but be content with your wages.

for covetousness and oppression. They

shall not lament for him: He shall be CLIX. Restitution to the injured to be buried with the burial of an ass. made. Lev. vi. 5. 1 Sam. vii. 1. Luke xix. xxx. 20. I will punish all that oppress 8. Ps. xxxvii. 21. Gen. xliii. 12.---xliv. 8. them.

Ezek. xviii. 12, 13, 18. He hath opCLX. Threatenings against oppressors. pressed the poor and needy, &c.—haih Job xxvii. 13, 14. This is the heritage given forth upon usury-hath spoiled his of oppressors, which they shall receive of brother by violence : he shall die in his the Almighty. If his children be multi- iniquity. plied, it is for the sword : and his offspring Mic. ii. 2, 3. They covet fields, and shall not be satisfied with bread. See to take them by violence. Therefore, saith

the Lord, Against this family do I de. Prov. xx. 21. An inheritance may be vise evil. Isa. v. 8. See Eccl. v. 8. Also gotten hastily at the beginning, but the Isa. i. 17, 18. Hos. xii. 7. Amos iv. 1, 2. end thereof shall not be blessed.

Hab. ii. 6. Zeph. i. 9. Acts vii. 26. 1 xxii. 16. He that oppresscth the poor Cor. vi. 8. to increase bis riches, shall surely come to want.

CLXI. Prayers for the oppressed. Ps. Ver. 22, 23. Rob not the poor, neither xvii. 9. Keep me from the wicked that oppress the afflicted; For the Lord will oppress me. plead their cause, and spoil the soul of xlii. 9. Why go I mourning, because those that spoiled them.

of the oppression of the enemy. Ps. xliii. xxviii. 3. A poor man that oppresseth 2.-lv. 3. the poor, is like a sweeping rain which xliv. 24. Wherefore hidest thou thy leaveth no food.

face, and forgettest our affliction and our Ver. 8. He that by usury and unjust oppression. gain increaseth his substance, he shall liv. 2, 3. Hear my prayer, O God, gather it for him that will pity the poor. For oppressors seek for my soul.

ver. 19.

Ps. lxxiv. 21. O let not the oppressed


Lending without usury. return with shame.

Exod. xxii. 25. If thou lend to any of cxix. 121. Leave me not to mine op- my people that is poor, thou shalt not be pressors. Ver. 122.

to him as an usurer, neither shalt thou Ver. 134. Deliver me from the oppres- 'lay upon him usury. See Lev. xxv. 35, sion of man.

36, 37. Deut. xv. 7 to 11.-xxij. 19, 20. Isa. xxxviii. 14. O Lord, I am oppress. Ps. xv. 5. Prov. xxviii. 8. Ezek. xviii. ed, undertake for me.

8. 13. 17.-xxii. 12, 13.

Ver. 26. If thou take thy neighbour's CLXII. Promises to the oppressed. Ps. raiment to pledge, thou shalt deliver it to ix. 9. The Lord will be a refuge for the him by that the sun goeth down. Deut. oppressed.

xxiv. 6. Job xxxi, 16. x. 17. - Thou wilt judge the oppressed. Ps. xxxvii. 26. The righteous is ever

xii. 5. For the oppression of the poor, merciful and lendeth; his seed is blessed. for the sighs of the needy, will I arise, cxii. 5. A good man sheweth favour saith the Lord.

and lendeth.—Ver. 9. His righteousness xxxv. 10. Lord, who is like unto thee, endureth for ever. 2 Cor. ix. 9. which deliverest the poor from him that Prov. iii. 28. Say not to thy neighbour, is too strong for him, and from him that Go, and come again; when thou hast it spoileth him?

by thee. Gal. vi. 10. lxxii. 4. He shall save the children of Matt. v. 42. Give to him that asketh the needy, and shall break in pieces the thee; and from him that would borrow oppressor.- Ver. 14. He shall redeem of thee, turn not thou away. their soul from deceit and violence, and Acts iv. 32. They that believed had precious shall their blood be in his sight. all things common.

ciii. 6. The Lord executeth judgment for all that are oppressed. Ps. CLXV. Giving alms : promises. Ps. cxlvi. 7.

xxxvii. 21. The righteous sheweth mercy Isa. ix. 4. Thou hast broken the rod of and giveth.- Ver. 24. The Lord uphold. his oppressor, &c.

eth him. xiv. 2. They shall rule over their op. xli. 1. Blessed is he that considereth pressors.

the poor. Ver. 2, 3. xix. 20. They shall cry to the Lord, cxii. 9. He hath dispersed, he hath because of the oppressors, and he shall given to the poor ; his righteousness redeliver them.

maineth for ever. 1 Cor. ix. 9. liv. 15. Thou shalt be far from oppres- Prov. iii. 9. 27. Honour the Lord with sion and from terror.

thy substance. Withhold not good from Jer. 1. 33, 34. They were oppressed. him to whom it is due, when it is in the Their Redeemer will plead their cause. power of thine hand to do it.—Ver. 10. See Ezek. xlv. 8. Zech. ix. 8.

So shall thy barns be filled with plenty, See deliverances from national oppres. &c. sion: Exod. iii. 9. Deut. xxvi. 7. Judg. ii. xi. 24. There is that scattereth, and 16. 18.-iv. 3.-vi. 9.—Chap. vii. and viii. yet increaseth, &c.—Ver. 25. The liberal -X. 8. 12.—2 Kings xiii. 4. 23. Isa. lii. 4. soul shall be made fat: and he that wa

tereth shall be watered himself also.

xiv. 21. He that hath mercy on the DUTIES OF THE RICH TOWARD poor, happy is he. THE POOR.

Ver. 31. He that honoureth his Ma,

ker, hath mercy on the poor. CLXIII. Hospitality. Rom. xii. 13. xix. 17. He that hath pity on the Given to hospitality. Ver. 8. 1 Tim. poor, lendeth to the Lord; and that iii. 2.

which he hath given will he repay 1 Pet. iv. 9. Use hospitality one toward him. another, without grudging. Ver. 10. xxii. 9. He that hath a bountiful eye

Heb. xiii. 2. Be not forgetful to enter. shall be blessed; for he giveth of his tain strangers.

bread to the poor, 1 Tim. v. 10. If she have lodged xxviii. 27. He that giveth to the poor strangers. See instances of hospitality, shall not lack. Gen. xviii. 1 to 19, Acts x. 23.-xxviii. 7. xxix. 7. The righteous considereth thọ 3 John 5, 6.

gause of the poor,



Duties of the Rich toward the Poor. CHAP. XVII. Eccl. xi. 1. Cast thy bread upon th xx. 35. Support ye the weak. It is waters; for thou shalt find it after many more blessed to give than to receive. days.

Eph. iv. 28. Give to him that needeth. Isa. xxxii. 8. The liberal deviseth libe. 1 Tim. vi. 17-19. Charge them that ral things, and by liberal things shall he are rich in this world, that they be rich stand.

in good works, ready to distribute, will. Iviii. 6, 7. Is not this the fast that I ing to communicate ; laying up in store have chosen ? (saith the Lord :) To deal for themselves a good foundation against thy bread to the hungry, and that thou the time to come, that they may lay hold bring the poor that are cast out to thine on eternal life. house? when thou seest the naked, that Heb. xiii. 16. To do good and com. thou cover him; and that thou hide not municate forget not ; for with such sacri. thyself from thine own flesh ?-Ver. 9. fices God is well pleased. Then shalt thou call, and the Lord will CLXVI. Alms to be done in secret. answer.

Matt. vi. 1.
Ver. 10, 11. If thou draw out thy soul men, to be seen of them.

Do not your alms before to the hungry, and satisfy the afflicted Ver. 3, 4. When thou doest thine soul; then shalt thy light rise in obscu. alms, let not thy right hand know what rity, and thy darkness be as the noon. thy left hand doeth, &c. ; that thine day. And the Lord shall guide thee alms may be in secret; and thy Father, continually, and satisfy thy soul in which seeth in secret, shall reward thee drought, and make fat thy bones: and

openly. thou shalt be like a watered garden, Rom. xi. 8. He that giveth, let him and like a spring whose waters fail not, do it with simplicity. Ver. 12. See Job xxxi. 16 to 20, and ver. 32.

CLXVII. To be given to the poor of Ezek. xviii. 7. Hath given his bread every denomination. Luke vi. 30. Give to the hungry, and hath covered the na- to every man that asketh. ked with a garment.-Ver. 9. He shall Ver. 35, 36. Love your enemies, and surely live, saith the Lord.

do good, and ye shall be the children of Mark x. 21. Jesus said, Sell whatsoever the Highest; for he is kind to the un. thou hast, and give to the poor; and thou thankful and the evil. Be ye therefore shalt have treasure in heaven. Luke xii. merciful as your Father is merciful. See 33.-xviii. 22.

an instance, chap. x. 29 to 38. xii. 42–44. A poor widow threw in

Rom. xii. 20. If thine enemy hunger, two mites. Jesus said, This poor widow feed him. hath cast in more than they all. She

Gal. vi. 10. Let us do good unto all did cast in all that she had. 2 Cor. inen, especially to them who are of the viii. 12.

household of faith. Luke iii. 11. Jesus said, He that hath CLXVIII. To be be given to poor two coats, let him impart to him that Christians especially. Matt. x. 42. Whohath none; and he that hath meat let soever shall give to drink unto one of him do likewise.

these little ones, a cup of cold water only, vi. 38. Give, and it shall be given unto in the name of a disciple, verily I say unto you.

you, he shall in no wise lose his reward. xi. 41. Give alms of such things as Mark ix. 41. See above, Gal. vi. 10. you have; and, behold, all things are Matt. xxv. 34 to 46. See Christ's re. clean unto you.

markable sentence at the day of judg. xiv. 13, 14. When thou makest a ment, and the reasons given for it. feast, call the poor, the maimed, the Rom. xii. 13. Distributing to the nelame, and the blind. And thou shalt be cessity of the saints. blessed; for thou shalt be recompensed 1 Cor. xvi. 2. Upon the first day of at the resurrection of the just.

the week, let every one of you lay by xvi. 9. Make to yourselves friends of him in store, as God hath prospered him. the mammon of unrighteousness. Mark iii. 4. For it is lawful to do good

Acts x. 2. Cornelius gave much alms on the sabbath. to the people, and prayed to God always.- 1 See instances of such liberality to Ver. 4. The angel said unto him, Thy Saint Paul, and other saints : Rom. xvi. prayers and thine alms are come up as a 2. Phil. iv. 10. 2 Tim. i. 16. 18. Heb. memorial before God.

vi. 10. 3John 5, 6.-Collections made for

the saints at Jerusalem; Rom. xv. 26.1 CLXX. Of the uncharitable to the poor. 1 Cor. xvi. 3. 2 Cor. 8th and 9th chap- Deut. xv. 9. Beware of hardness of heart ters.

toward thy poor brother. . Ch. xxiv. 15.

Prov. xi. 26. He that withholdeth corn, GOD'S CARE OF THE POOR. the people shall curse him.

xvii. 5. Whoso mocketh the poor reCLXIX. Promises to the poor. Job v. proacheth his Maker. 15, 16. He saveth the poor from the sword, xxi. 12. Whoso stoppeth his ears at from their mouth, and from the hand of the cry of the poor, he also shall cry the mighty. So the poor hath hope, and himself and shall not be heard. Ver. iniquity stoppeth her mouth.

10. 26. xxxvi. 15. He delivereth the poor in xxviii. 27. He that hideth his eyes from his afliction, and openeth their ears in the poor, shall have many a curse. oppression.

Isa. xxxii. 7. The instruments of the Ps. ix. 18. The needy shall not always churl are evil, to destroy the poor. Prov. be forgotten; the expectation of the poor xxiii. 7. Eat, saith he, but his heart is shall not perish for ever.

not with thee. Ixviii. 10. Thou, O God, hast prepared James ii. 15, 16. If a brother or sister of thy goodness for the poor.

be naked, and destitute of daily food, and lxix. 33. The Lord heareth the poor. one of you say unto him, Depart in peace, lxxii. 2. He shall judge thy people be you warmed, and filled; notwithstand. with righteousness, and thy poor with ing ye give them not those things that be judgment.— Ver. 12, 13. He shall deliver needsul, what doth it profit? the needy when he crieth; the poor also, 1 John iii. 17. Whoso hath this and him that hath no helper. He shall world's good, and seeth his brother have spare the poor and needy, and shall save need, and shutteth up his bowels of comthe souls of the needy.

passion from him, how dwelleth the love cii. 17. He will regard the prayer of the of God in him ? destitute, and not despise their prayer.

cvii. 41. He setteth the poor on high from affliction, and maketh him families THE STRANGER, WIDOW, AND like a flock.

FATHERLESS. cix. 31. He shall stand at the right hand of the poor, to save him from those CLXXI. Duties towards them, and that condemn his soul.

threatenings against those thut oppress cxiii. 7. He raiseth up the poor out of them. Exod. xxii. 21. Thou shalt not the dust, and lifteth the needy out of the vex a stranger nor oppress him; for ye dunghill.

were strangers in the land of Egypt. Ch. cxxxii. 15. I will satisfy her poor with xxiii. 9. 12. Lev. xix. 33. bread.

Exod. xxii. 22-24. Ye shall not af. cxl. 12. The Lord will maintain the flict any widow or fatherless child. If right of the poor.

thou afflict them in any wise, and they Isa. xiv. 30. The first-born of the poor cry at all unto me, I will surely hear their shall feed, and the needy shall lie down cry; and my wrath shall wax hot, and I in safety.

will kill you with the sword, and your Jer. xx. 13. Sing unto the Lord; children shall be fatherless. praise ye the Lord, for he hath delivered Lev. xix. 10. Thou shalt not glean thy the soul of the poor from the hand of vineyard, neither shalt thou gather every evil-doers.

grape of thy vineyard; thou shalt leave Luke xvi. 25. Abraham said, Son, re- them for the poor and the stranger. Lev. member, that thou in thy life-time receiv. xxiv. 20, 21.-xxvi. 12. edst thy good things, and likewise Laza- Ver. 34. The stranger that dwelleth rus evil things; but now he is comforted, with you, shall be unto you as one born and thou art tormented.

among you, and thou shalt love him as James i. 9. Let the brother of low thyself. degree rejoice in that he is exalted. xxiii. 22. When ye reap the harvest

ii. 5. Hath not God chosen the poor of your land, thou shalt not make clean of this world, rich in faith, and heirs of riddance of the corners of thy field, neither the kingdom, which he hath promised to shalt thou gather any gleaning of thy them that love him? Ps. lxxiv. 21. harvest; thou shalt leave them unto the

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