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The Stranger, Widow, and Fatherless. Chap. XVII. poor, and to the stranger. Ch. xxv. 6. be their prey, and that they may rob the Deut xxiv. 19. Ruth ii. 2, 3.

fatherless. Matt. xxiii. 14. Deut. i. 16. Judge righteously between Jer. vii. 6, 7. If ye oppress not the every man and the stranger.

stranger, the fatherless and the widow; x. 19. Love the stranger; for ye were then will I cause you to dwell in this strangers in the land of Egypt. Ch. place. Ch. xxii. 3. Zech. vi. 10. xxvii. 7. 20.

Ezek. xxii. 7. In thee have they dealt xxiv. 17. Thou shalt not pervert by oppression with the stranger, they the judgment of the stranger, nor vexed the fatherless and widow.–Ver. 15. of the fatherless, nor take a widow's I will scatter them among the heathen. raiment to pledge. Ch. xxvii. 19. Cur. Ver. 29. 31. sed be he that perverteth the judg. xlvii. 22. Give the stranger his inhe. ment of the stranger, of the fatherless ritance. Ver. 23. and widow: and all the people shall say, Mal. iii. 5. I will be a swift witness Amen.

against those that oppress the widow and Job xxiv. 3. 9. The wicked drive the fatherless, and that turn aside the away the ass of the fatherless, and take stranger from his right. the widow's ox for a pledge. They 1 Tim. v. 3. Honour widows that are pluck the fatherless from the breast, widows indeed. and take a pledge of the poor. (Ver. Ver. 16. If they have widows, let them 21.) Ver. 23, 24. God's eyes are upon relieve them. their ways: They are exalted for a lit. James i. 27. Pure religion and unde. tle while, but are gone and brought filed before God and the Father, is this, low; they are taken out of the way, To visit the fatherless and widows in their and cut off as the tops of the ears of affliction, and to keep himself unspotted corn.

from the world. See Luke iv. 25. xxix. 12, 13. I delivered the poor that cried, and the fatherless, and him that CLXXII. Promises to the stranger, had none to help him. The blessing of fatherless and widow. Deut. x. 18. The him that was ready to perish came upon Lord doth execute the judgment of me; I caused the widow's heart to sing the fatherless and widow, and loveth for joy.

the stranger in giving him food and xxxi. 16, 17. 21, 22. If I have with raiment. held the poor from their desire, or Ps. x. 14. Thou art the helper of the have caused the eyes of the widow to fatherless. Ver. 18. fail-If I have eaten my morsel alone, Ixviii. 5. A father of the fatherless, and the fatherless hath not eaten there and a judge of the widow, is God in his of-If I have lift up mine hạnd against holy habitation. the fatherless : Then let mine arm fall cxlvi. 9. The Lord preserveth the from my shoulder blade.- Ver. 32. The strangers, and relieveth the fatherless stranger did not lodge in the street, and widow. but I opened my door to the travel. Prov. xv. 25. The Lord will establish

the borders of the widow. Ps. xciv. 6. The proud slay the widow Ezek. xi. 16. Thus saith the Lord and the stranger, and murder the father God, Although I have cast them far off less.- Ver. 10. He that chastiseth the among the heathen, and scattered them nations, shall he not correct you? among the countries, yet will I be to them

Prov. xxiii. 10, 11. Enter not into the as a little sanctuary in the countries field of the fatherless : For their Re- where they shall come. deemer is mighty; he will plead their Jer. xlix. 11. Leave thy fatherless cause.

children, I will preserve them alive, and Isa. i. 17. Judge the fatherless ; let thy widows trust in me. plead for the widows-Ver. 23, 24. Hos. xiv. 2. In thee the fatherless They judge not the fatherless, neither findeth mercy. doth the cause of the widow come un Jer. xxix. 7. Seek the peace of the to them. Therefore, saith the Lord, I city, whither I have caused you to be car. will ease me of mine adversaries. Jer. ried away captives; and pray unto the v. 28, 29.

Lord for it: for in the peace thereof shall x. 1. 3. Woe unto them that decree ye have peace. Ps. xxvii. 10. See 1 unrighteous decrees. That widows may Kings viii. 43. 2 Chron. vi. 33.



eye, &c.

NINTH COMMANDMENT. Eph. iv. 15. Speaking the truth in

| love, grow up unto Christ.

Ver. 25. Putting away lying, speak

every man truth with his neighbour. CLXXIII. · Of witness-bearing ; false Col. iii. 9. Lie not one to another, swearing, ge. Exod. xx. 16. Thou shalt seeing ye have put off the old man. Sce not bear false witness against thy neigh- Ps. xv. 2. Isa. xxxiii. 15. Prov. xii. 17. 19. bour. Deut. v. 20. Matt. xix. 18. Rom. xiii. 9.

CLXXV. Lying abhorred by God and Numb. xxxv. 30. One witness shall good men. Prov. vi. 16, 17. These not testify against any person to cause things doth the Lord hate : A lying him to die. Deut. xvii. 6.

tongue, &c. Deut. xix. 15. One witness shall not xii. 22. Lying lips are an abomination rise up against any man for any iniquity, to the Lord; but they that deal truly are or for any sin that he sinneth ; out of the his delight. mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth Job xxvii. 4. Job said, My lips shall of three witnesses, shall the matter be not speak wickedness, neither my tongue established. Matt. xviii. 16. 2 Cor. xiii. utter deceit. 1. 1 Tim. v. 19.

Ps. ci. 7. David said, He that telleth Ver. 16. 19. If a false witness rise up lies shall not tarry in my sight. against any man, to testify against him cxix. 29. Remove far froin me vanity that which is wrong ; (Ver. 17, 18.) and lying.–Ver. 163. I hate and abhor Then shall ye do unto him, as he thought lying. to have done unto his brother; so shalt Prov. viii. 7. Wisdom said, My mouth thou put the evil away from among you. shall speak truth ; wickedness is an abo. -Ver. 21. Life shall go for life, eye for mination to my lips.

xiii. 5. A righteous man hateth lying. Lev. v. 1. If a soul sin, and hear the Isa. lxiii. 8. My people (saith God) voice of swearing, and is a witness whe- are children that will not lie. ther he hath seen or known of it, if he do not utter it, then he shall bear his CLXXVI. Satan, and his children, are iniquity.

liars. John viii. 44. The devil * abode Prov. vi. 16. 19. These things doth not in the truth; he is a liar, and the fathe Lord hate : A false witness that ther of it. Ver. 45. speaketh lies, &c.

Acts. v. 3. Why hath Satan filled thine xiv. 5. A faithful witness will not lie; heart to lie to the Holy Ghost ? See Isa. but a false witness will utter lies.

xxviii. 15. 17.-lix. 3, 4. Jer. xxiii. 14. Ver. 25. A true witness delivereth souls, but a deceitful witness speaketh CLXXVII. Threatenings and prayers lies.

against liars. Ps. v. 6. Thou shalt de. xix. 5. A false witness shall not be stroy them that speak leasing. unpunished. Ver. 9.

xxxi. 18. Let lying lips be put to xxi. 28. A false witness shall perish. silence, which speak grievous things,

xxiv. 28. Be not a witness against thy proudly and contemptuously against the neighbour without a cause. See Prov. xii. righteous. 17.-xix. 28.-xxv. 18. Matt. xv. 19. xxxvi. 1. There is no fear of God be.

Instances : Of false witness given fore his eyes.-Ver. 3. The words of his against Naboth, 1 Kings xxi. 7, &c.— mouth are iniquity and deceit.—Ver. 12. Against David, Ps. xxvii. 12.—xxxv. They are cast down, they shall not arise. 17.-Against Christ, Matt. xxvi. 60,- Ps. x. 7. Against Stephen, Acts vi. 13.

1. 19. Thou givest thy mouth to evil,

and thy tongue frameth deceit.- Ver. 21. CLXXIV. Lying forbidden; truth com- I will reprove thee, saith the Lord. manded. Lev. xix, 11. Ye shall not lie lii. 2–4. Thy tongue deviseth mis. one to another. Zech. viii. 16, 17. chief like a sharp razor working deceit.

Ps. xxxiv. 13. Keep thy tongue from fully. Thou lovest evil more than good, evil, and thy lips that they speak no guile. and lying rather than to speak righteous1 Pet. ii. 10.

Thou lovest all devouring words, Prov. iv. 24. A froward mouth and O thou deceitful tongue.-Ver. 5. God perverse lips put far from thee.

shall destroy thee for ever.


Ps. lv. 21. The words of his mouth | your sins have hid his face from you. were smoother than butter, but war was For your hands are defiled with blood, in his heart: his words were softer than and your fingers with iniquity; your lips oil, yet were they drawn swords. (Ver. bave spoken lies, your tongue hath mut. 12, 13. 15.) Ver. 23. Thou, O God, tered perverseness. Ver. 12, 13, 14, 15. shalt bring them down into the pit of Jer. ix. 3. They will deceive every one destruction. Ps. Iviii. 3, 4. The wicked his neighbour, and will not speak the are estranged from the very womb, they truth; they have taught their tongue to go astray speaking lies. Their

poison is speak lies, and weary themselves to comlike the poison of a serpent. (Ps. cxl. 3. mit iniquity.–Ver. 7. Therefore, thus 9.) Ver. 6,7. Break their teeth, O God, saith the Lord of hosts, Behold I will in their mouth. Let thein melt away melt them and try them. . like waters.

Ver. 8, 9. Their tongue is as an arrow lix. 7. They belch out with their shot out, and speaketh deceit: one speaketh mouth; swords are in their lips.

peaceably to his neighbour with his mouth, Ver. 12, 13. For the sin of their but in his heart he layeth his wait. Shall mouth, and the words of their lips, let I not visit them for these things ? saith them even be taken in their pride ; and the Lord: Shall not my soul be avenged for cursing and lying which they speak, on such a nation as this? consume them in wrath.

Hos. iv. 1, 2. The Lord hath a con. lxii. 4. They delight in lies; they troversy with the inhabitants of the land, bless with their mouth, but they curse because there is no truth, nor mercy, nor inwardly-Ver. 3. Ye shall be slain all knowledge of God in the land. By swear. of you.

ing, and lying, and killing, and stealing, Ixiii. 11. The mouth of them that they break out.–Ver. 3. Therefore shali speak lies shall be stopped.

the land mourn. cix. 2. They have spoken against me 1 Tim. iv. 2. Seducing spirits, speak. with a lying tongue: let them be con- ing lies in hypocrisy. demned.

Rev. xxi. 8. Liars shall have their cxx. 3, 4. What shall be given unto portion in the lake that burneth with fire thee? or what shall be done unto thee, and brimstone. thou false tongue? Sharp arrows of the Ver. 27. There shall in no wise enter mighty with coals of juniper.

into heaven anything that defileth or Prov. x. 18. He that hideth hatred worketh abomination, or that maketh a with lying lips is a fool.

lie. xii. 13. The wicked is snared with the xxij. 15. Without are dogs, and sor. transgression of his lips. Ch. xvii. 20. cerers, and whosoever loveth and maketh

Ver. 19. A lying tongue is but for a moment.

See the death of Ananias and Sapphira, xvii. 7. Lying lips become not a Acts 5. prince.

xix. 5. He that speaketh lies shall not CLXXVIII. The words of the wicked, escape; he shall perish. Ver. 9.

injurious and offensive. Ps. v.9. There Ver. 22. A poor man is better than a is no faithfulness in their mouth ; their liar. Ver. 1. Ch. xix. 1.

throat is an open sepulchre.-Ver. 10. xxi. 6. Getting treasures by a lying Destroy them, O God. tongue, is a vanity tossed to and fro of xxii. 7. They shoot out the lip, they them that love death.

shake the head. xxvi. 18, 19. As a madman who casteth lix, 7. They belch out with their firebrands, arrows, and death : so is he mouth, swords are in their lips ; for who that deceiveth his neighbour, and saith, (say they) doth hear us ?-Ver. 8. Thou, Am not I in sport.

O God, shalt laugh at them. Ps. Ixis. 3. Ver. 23. Lying lips and a wicked / -lxix. 26. heart are like a potsherd covered over cxl. 3. They have sharpened their with silver dross. Ver. 24, 25, 26. 28. tongues like a serpent; adders' poison is

Isa. Ivii. 11. Of whom hast thou been' under their lips.- Ver. 9. Let the mis. afraid, that thou hast lied, and hast not chief of their own lips cover them. remembered me, saith the Lord ?

Prov. xii. 8. There is that speaketh lix. 2, 3. Your iniquities have sepa- like the piercing of a sword; but the rated between you and your God, and tongue of the wise is health.

a lie.

Prov. xvi. 27. An ungodly man dig. 1 Pet. ii. 1, 2. Laying aside all malice, geth up evil, and in his lips there is a and all guile and hypocrisies, and envies, burning fire. Ver. 30.

and evil speaking; as new born babes de xvii. 4. A wicked doer giveth heed sire the sincere milk of the word. to false lips, and a liar giveth ear to a iii. 10. He that will love life, and see naughty tongue. Ver. 7.

good days, let him refrain his tongue from xviii. 6. A fool's lips enter into con evil

. Ps. xxxiv. 13. See Ps. cxi. 11. tention, and his mouth calleth for strokes.-Ver. 7. His mouth is his de

TALKATIVENESS. struction, and his lips are the snare of his soul.

CLXXXI. Talkativeness; rashness xxiv. 2. Their heart studieth destruc- with the tongue. Job. v. 2. Should a man tion, and their lips talk of mischief. of much talk be justified ?

Eccl. x. 12. The words of a wise man's xlii. 3. Job said, Who is he that hideth mouth are gracious, but the lips of a fool counsel without knowledge ? therefore will swallow up himself.

have I uttered that I understood not; Lam. iii. 62. Thou hast heard the things too wonderful for me, which I lips of those that rise up against me.

knew not. Matt. xii. 34, 35. How can ye, being Ps. coi. 33. They provoked Moses' evil, speak good things ? An evil man spirit, so that he spake unadvisedly with out of the evil treasure of his heart, bis lips. bringeth forth evil things.-Ver. 37. By Prov. x. 8. A prating fool shall fall.-thy words thou shalt be condemned. Ver. 19. In the multitude of words there

xv. 18. The things that proceed out wanteth not sin, but he that refraincth his of the mouth, come forth from the lips is wise. Job xiii. 5. heart, and defile the man.

xiii. 3. He that keepeth his mouth 1 Cor. xv. 3. Evil communications keepeth his life; but he that openeth corrupt good manners.

wide his lips shall have destruction. James iii. 5, 6. The tongue is a little xiv. 23. The talk of the lips tendeth member, and boasteth great things. The only to penury, tongue is a fire, a world of iniquity; it de. xvii. 27. He that hath knowledge fileth the whole body. Ver. 8, 9, 10. spareth his words. Job xiii. 5.

2 Pet. ii. 12. These, as natural brute Ver. 28. Even a fool when he holdeth beasts, speak evil of the things they his peace is accounted wise. understand not.

xviii. 13. He that answereth a matter

before he heareth it, it is folly and shame CLXXIX. Words of the wicked against to him. God. Jude 14. The Lord cometh with xxi. 23. Whosó keepeth his mouth ten thousand of his saints; to execute and his tongue, keepeth his soul from judgment, and to convince all that are trouble. ungodly, of their ungodly speeches which xxix. 11. A fool uttereth all his mind : they have ungodly spoken against him. but a wise man keepeth it till afterward.

-Ver. 20. Seest thou a man hasty in his CLXXX. Evil speaking. Ps. xii. 3, 4. words ? there is more hope of a fool than The Lord shall cut off the tongue that of him. speaketh proud things: who have said, Eccl. iii. 7. There is a time to keep si. With our tongue will we prevail; our lence, and a time to speak. lips are our own, who is Lord over us? v.2,3. Be not rash with thy mouth.

xli. 5. Mine enemies speak evil of me. A fool's voice is known by the multitude Ver. 6.

of words. 1. 19. Thou givest thy mouth to evil. X. 14. A fool is full of words. -Ver. 21. I will reprove thee, saith Amos v. 13. The prudent shall keep God.

silence in the evil time. Eph. iv. 41. Let all bitterness, and Mic. vii. 5. Keep the door of thy wrath, and clamour, and evil speaking, mouth from her that liath in thy bosom. be put away from you, with all malice. James i. 19. Let every man be swift

Tit. iii. 2. 6. Speak evil of no man. to hear, slow to speak. Be not brawlers. 1 Pet. iii. 9.

Ver. 26. If any man among you seemJames iv. 11. Speak not evil one of eth' to be religious, and bridleth not his another.

tongue, that man's religion is vain.


Flattery, Tale-bearing, 8.c.Reproach. Chap. XVII. FLATTERY.

2 Cor. xii. 20. I fear lest there be

among you whisperings, swellings, &c. CLXXXII. Flattery. Job xvii. 5. He that speaketh flattery to his friends, even

BACK-BITING. the eyes of his children shall fail.

CLXXXV. Back-biting. Ps. xv. 1. xxxii. 21, 22. Let me not accept an man's person, neither give flattering titles Lord, who shall abide in thy tabernacle?

who shall dwell in thy holy hill ?— Ver. to men. (1 Thess. ii. 5.) In so doing 3.

He that back-biteth not with his my Maker would soon take me away:

tongue. Ps. v. 9. They flatter with their

Prov. xxv. 23. An angry countenance tongues.- Ver. 10. Destroy them, O

driveth away a back-biting tongue. God. Ps. xli. 6.

Rom. i. 28. The wicked have a repro. xii. 2. With flattering lips and a dou- bate mind.Ver. 29. Filled with all un. ble heart they do speak.–Ver. 3. The

Back-biters, Lord shall cut off all flattering lips.

righteousness.-Ver. 30. lxxviii. 36, 37. They did faiter God &c. See 2 Cor. xii. 20. with their mouth, and lied unto him. For

SLANDERING, &c. their heart was not right with him. Isa. xxix. 13.

CLXXXVI. Slandering, 8c. 5. Prov. xx. 19. Meddle not with him Whoso privily slandereth his neighbour, that flattereth with his lips.

him will I cut off. xxvi. 28. A flattering mouth worketh Prov. x. 8. He that uttereth a slander ruin.

is a fool. xxix. 5. A man that flattereth his

Ps. xxxi. 13. I have heard the slan. neighbour spreadeth a net for his feet. See ders of many, while they take counsel Prov. ii. 16.-vi. 24.-vii. 21.--xxviii. 23. against me. Ezek. xii. 24. Dan. xi. 21. 32. 34.

1. 20, 21. Thou slandereth thy own mother's son. I will reprove thee, saith God.

Jer. vi. 28. Grievous revellers, walk. TALE-BEARING.

ing with slanders.

ix. 4. Every neighbour will walk with CLXXXIII. Tale-bearing. Lev. xix. slanders. Ver. 7, 16. Thou shalt not go up and down as a 1 Tim. iii. 11. Deacons' wives must not tale-bearer among thy people.

be slanderers. See Pg. xxxi. 13. Rom. iji. 8. Prov. xi. 13. A tale-bearer revealeth secrets, but he that is of a faithful spirit

REPROACH. concealeth the matter. xvii. 9. He that covereth a transgres.

CLXXXVII. Prayers and complaints sion sceketh love, but he that repeateth a against it. Neh. iv. 4. Hear, o our God, matter separateth very friends.

for we are despised; turn their reproach xviii. 8. The words of a tale-bearer upon their own head, and give them for a are as wounds, they go down into the in- prey. nermost parts of the belly. Ch. xxvi. 22. Job xvi. 10. They have smitten me

He that goeth about as a reproachfully. tale-bearer revealeth secrets; therefore Ps. xxii. 6. I am a reproach of men, mcddle not with him that flattereth with and despised of the people. his lips.

xxi. 11. I was a reproach among all xxvi. 20. Where there is no tale. mine enemies, and especially among my bearer the strife ceaseth.


xxxix. 8. Deliver me from all mine ene

mies; make me not the reproach of the WHISPERING,


xlii. 10. As with a sword in my bones CLXXXIV. Whispering. Ps. xli. 7. mine enemies reproach me. All that hate me, whisper together xliv, 13. Thou makest us a reproach against me.

to our neighbours, a scorn, and a derision Prov. xvi. 28. A whisperer separateth to them that are round about us. chief friends.

lv. 12. It was not an enemy that re. Rom. i. 29. They (the wicked] ‘are proached me, then I could have borne full of envy, murder, debate; whisperers. I it.--Ver. 15. Let death seize upon them.

XX. 19.

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