Animal Welfare & Human Values

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Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press, 1993 M06 24 - 334 páginas

As the most populous province in Canada, Ontario is a microcosm of the animal welfare issues which beset Western civilization. The authors of this book, chairman and vice-chairman, respectively, of the Ontario Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, find themselves constantly being made aware of the atrocities committed in the Society’s jurisdiction.

They have been, in turn, puzzled, exasperated and horrified at humanity’s cruelty to our fellow sentient beings. The issues discussed in this book are the most contentious in animal welfare disputes — animal experimentation, fur-farming and trapping, the use of animals for human entertainment and the conditions under which animals are raised for human consumption. They are complex issues and should be thought about fairly and seriously.

The authors, standing squarely on the side of the animals, suggest “community” and “belonging” as concepts through which to understand our relationships to other species. They ground their ideas in Wordsworth’s “primal sympathy” and Jung’s “unconscious identity” with the animal realm. The philosophy developed in this book embraces common sense and compromise as the surest paths to the goal of animal welfare. It requires respect and consideration for other species while acknowledging our primary obligations to our fellow humans.

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Contenido

Introduction
1
The Status of Animals From Human Origins to Humanism
5
The Status of Animals From the Age of Humanism to the Twentieth Century
21
Animal Experimentation Prologue
45
Animal Experimentation The Debate
59
Animal Experimentation The Alternatives
73
Animal Experimentation Legislation and Assessment
85
Hunting Fishing and Fowling
103
Animals in Entertainment Zoos Aquaria and Circuses
185
Of Farms and Factories
211
Companion Animals
229
The Community of Sentient Beings
243
The Philosophy of Animal Rights
265
The Philosophy of Animal Protection
283
Epilogue Ode to Sensibility
307
Select Bibliography
317

Frivolous Fur Veneration and Environmentalism
123
Frivolous Fur Trappers Clubbers and Farmers
139
Animals in Entertainment Racing Riding and Fighting
161

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Página 19 - The Puritan hated bearbaiting, not because it gave pain to the bear, but because it gave pleasure to the spectators.
Página 292 - The community is a fictitious body, composed of the individual persons who are considered as constituting as it were its members. The interest of the community then is, what? — the sum of the interests of the several members who compose it.
Página 11 - Lo, the poor Indian! Whose untutored mind Sees God in clouds, or hears Him in the wind; His soul, proud science never taught to stray Far as the solar walk, or milky way...
Página 292 - Michael Sandel, Liberalism and the Limits of Justice (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982); William A.
Página 16 - Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth. And the fear of you and the dread of you shall be upon every beast of the earth, and upon every fowl of the air...
Página 277 - I do not put abstract ideas wholly out of any question; because I well know that under that name I should dismiss principles, and that without the guide and light of sound, well-understood principles, all reasonings in politics, as in everything else, would be only a confused jumble of particular facts and details, without the means of drawing out any sort of theoretical or practical conclusion.
Página 32 - ... because the well-spring of that communion is a natural delight which man hath to transfuse from himself into others, and to receive from others into himself, especially those things wherein the excellency of his kind doth most consist. The chiefest instrument of human communion therefore is speech, because thereby we impart mutually one to another the conceits of our reasonable understanding.
Página 265 - Nay, surely the saying holds good, that in practical matters the end is not a mere speculative knowledge of what is to be done, but rather the doing of it. It is not enough to know about virtue, then, but we must endeavour to possess it and to use it, or to take any other steps that may make us good.
Página 3 - Thou art the thing itself; unaccommodated man is no more but such a poor, bare, forked animal as thou art.
Página 31 - ... is it that should trace the insuperable line? Is it the faculty of reason, or perhaps the faculty of discourse? But a full-grown horse or dog is beyond comparison a more rationaL as well as a more conversable animaL than an infant of a day, or a week, or even a month, old. But suppose they were otherwise, what would it avail? The question is not. Can they reason? nor Can they talk? but, Can they suffer?

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