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CASE I.

How to take parts for i of a cent, i of a yard, i of a ton, of a cwt. of a year, &c.

RULE.-Take the aliquot parts for { first, and then for \, and add the product together; or, multiply the given quantity by 3, and divide by 4. If it be \, divide by 4, for 5, divide by 2.

CASE II.

When the given price is dollars and cents.

Rule.-Multiply the given quantity by the dollars, and take aliquot parts of the cents, and add the products together.

CASE III.

When the given quantities are of various denominations, as cwts. qrs. and lbs.; yards, quarters, nails; or bushels, pecks, and quarts, &c.

RULE.-Set down the price per cwt., multiply it by the number of cwts. given, and take aliquot parts, for the quarters and lbs. &c.

Q. What is the amount of 15 cwt., 2 qrs, 7 lbs. of iron at $10 per cwt?

Operation $10.00

x 15

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$158.434 1. What will 36 yards of tape come to at of a ct. per yd. 66 96 66

7 3

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66 295 66 320 66 440 66 896

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CLOTH MEASURE.
yds. grs.

$ cts. 1. What is the value of 27 3 at $9.65 per yd. 267.79

yds. gr. nls.
860 1 at 84 cts.

$722.61 126 2 2“ $4.75

601.47 7 3 2 66 5.60

44.10 29 1 366 3.75

110.39 DRY MEASURE. bush. pks.

$ cts. 1. What is the value of 120

2 at 35 cts. per

42.17 bush. pks. qts. pts. 2.

780

3 2 0 at $1.17 per bush. 913.55 3. 1354 1 5 1 66 25

66

338.603 4. 325 3

621

203.592 5.

94
2
871

82.683 LIQUID MEASURE. 1. What will 784 gals come to at 84 cts pergal. $658.56 gals. qts. pts.

Ans. $ cts. 2.

765 3 1 at $2.187 per gal. 1675.35 3. 5 hhds. 31) gals. at $47.12 per

hhd. 259.16 4. 17 15 or 3 qts. 63.75

1116.934 5. 66 428 gals. 3 qts.

at 1.40

600.25 LAND MEASURE. A, R. P.

cts. 1. What is the value of 35 2 9 at $54.35 1935.54

A. R. P. 2. 146 3 10 at $35.10

5153 12 3. 750 1 12.25

9190.87 4. 175 3 126 52.15

9160.274 5. 196 232 66 44.10

8674.47 6. 189 3 398 49.99

9999.42 EXERCISES FOR THE SLATE. Tons. cwt. gr.

lbs. 19 19 3 271 at $99.99% per ton, Ans. $1999.93

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66

.

466

Now 20 tons at $100 per ton is

$2000.00

Deduct, 20 tons at cts.

$0.05 Again, we find that 1 lb, is too of a ton 4480) 99.99 75(==0.02

0.07

As before $1999.93 What will 29% yards come to at $4 per yd. Operation 30 yds.-=297

30 yds. at $4=$120.00 Deduct Ź of $4.00 0.50

193“ 44% 56 12 " 264 56

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$119.50 yds. 2. 30% at $2.40 per

Ans. $74.00 3. 1.75

34.561 4. 0.80

35.50 5. 3.15

39.77 6.

88.59 A merchant in Wilmington (Del.) bought the following bill of goods in Philadelphia for cash, and calculated to dispose of them, at 25 per cent profit.

First cost. 10 pieces Irish linen

236 yds. at

44 cts. $103.8+ 1 bale shirting muslin 400 6 15

60.00 19 pair shoes

1.75

33.25 12 66 boots

2.25

27.00 50 yards white flannel

44

22.00 50 ticking

20

10.00 120 bombazine

45

54:00

$310.09

77.52;

To gain 25 per cent. add i

$387.61 TO MARK GOODS, assume some word containing 10 let

ters; suppose the word Perthamboy Let these ten letters be represented by each of the nine

digits, with a cipher, viz: in order to obtain private marks
for the retail price of the goods.—Thus,

The Irish linen was purchased for 44 cts.
To gain 25 per cent, add i 11

55 retail price.
Hence the private mark is hh.
In like manner, the shirting cost 15 cts.
To gain 25 per cent., add i 3

18retail price.
Consequently it can be marked pb r-t.
Again, the shoes cost $1.75 per pair.
To gain 25 per cent. add 0.437

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$2.184 selling price.

e-pb r-t, private mark. The boots cost

$2.25 per pair. To gain 25 per cent. add

cent. add 0.561

$2.814 selling price.

e.bp p-t, private mark. The flannel cost

44 per yard. To gain 25 per cent. add i 11

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PROOF.
yds.

marked. 10 pieces Irish linen 236 at 55c. ( hh ) $129.80

1 bale shirting muslin 400 at 181 ( pb r-t) 75.00 19 pair shoes at

$2.181 (e.pb r-t) 41.564 12 6 boots at

2.814 (e.bp p-t) 33,75 50 yards ticking

0.25 ( eh ) 12.50 50 flannel

0.55 ( hh) 27.50 120 bombazine

0.564 ( ha p-t) 67.50

As before, $387.613 1. Bought 260 yards double milled cassimere at $3.00 per yd. Required the private mark at a gain of 20 per cent. profit.

Ans. $936.00 Selling price $3.60, private mark ".ay.

2. Bought 50 pieces domestic muslin, each 29 yards, at auction, at 10 cents per yard, which I disposed of immediately at 10 per cent profit, what is the "private mark,” and the selling price?

Ans. 11c. And the private mark pp.

CASE III.

per cwt.?

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1. What is the price of 5 cwt. 1 qr. 14 lbs. at $2.50

Ans. $13.43 cwt. qrs. lbs. 2. 10 2 7 at $10.25 per cwt.

Ans. $108.26. 3. 7 3 19 at 4.15

32.86. 4. 16 2 0 at 5.18

85.47. 0 2 14 at 27.10

16.93. 1. At 69 cents per yard, what will 60 yards threequarters come to?

Ans. $41.914. 2. At $1.46 per yard, what will 33 yards three-quarters come to?

Ans. $49.271. 3. At 43} cents per yard, what will 81 yards threequarters come to?

Ans. $35.77. 4. At $1.64 per yard, what will 104 yards, three-quarters, and 3 nails come to?

Ans. $172.091.

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