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that is calculated to meet the longings of a soul that is praying and thirsting after righteousness. We once fell in with one of the great leaders of the party; and in a journey of 60 miles in a stage-coach, amidst constant conversation on religious topics, not one sentiment escaped from him in which we did not fully accord, or which was calculated to expose the Shiboleth of the party: and yet on discovering who the gentleman was, and hearing more about him, it was lamentable to learn that the mischief he has done on the Continent, where he chiefly resides, is incredible : unsettling and subverting the good work of grace in Switzerland, France, &c., and sowing the tares of discord in all directions. One really is at a loss to conceive how such a' character can turn with indifference from those who are sitting in darkness and the shadow of death, and devote his energies to a hurtful meddling with the companies of faithful Christians who are rising up around him. Yet we cannot forget that there were those in the apostles' days, who, instead of having their eyes fixed on the glorious and blessed object of winning souls to Christ, disturbed the Church by giving out that unless they were circumcised, Christ would profit them nothing. The selfishness of human nature unhappily manifests itself too often in religious zeal. The Plymouth Brethren are not singular in resolving the essence and vitality of religion into an assimilation with their own symmetry and rule. The spirit of exclusiveness may be seen elsewhere. Nor is there anything new in the restless dissatisfaction with existing Churches. We often think of the case of an elderly gentleman we met with some years ago, who had gone from town to town in search of a pure and unexceptionable Church to which he might attach himself with spiritual benefit. But all to no purpose. At length he was ready to proclaim his evonka–the faithful Church was discovered. He ventured to settle him. self for life; to build his house; and to hope for a quiet resting-place for the remainder of his pilgrimage. Sometime after, he was met in his

daily walk looking very disconsolate and pensive; and in getting into conversation, he confessed his disappointment. “That rascal of a fellow who seemed to be a pillar in our Church, and is one of our elders, he has cheated me at every point in the building of my house, and I am selling all up, and leaving the place in disgust."

How men forget, in an over-anxious study to weed and separate, that the tares must grow together with the wheat until the harvest! There will be symptoms of fallibility and imperfection in the best constituted churches. Our wisdom is to be thankful for what is good in that to which we belong, and to be willing to wait till we get to heaven for the Church which is without spot or blemish. The very spirituality which seems to prompt the movements of the brethren and others, we think should only lead to a directly contrary course; leading men to think less of external considerations, less of ecclesiastical imperfections and defects, and more of that divine and heavenly influence without which the most select church communion will be profitless, and with which a very imperfect and apparently inadequate channel will not fail to transfer the desired blessing. There is a grand defect in the apparent spirituality of those who are so ready to quarrel with ecclesiastical establishments. Real spirituality, they may depend upon it, would lead them to soar above the machinery. Real spirituality has its conversation, its business, its traffic, in heaven. It cannot waste its time in adjusting the channel-the water is what it longs for. Real spirituality looks chiefly to the ladder of faith, up which to send its aspirations, and down which to receive its needed succours; and every convenience and advantage beneath, which presents itself, is thankfully accepted and not hastily rejected, because it fails to prove perfect and infallible. It is essential to Protestantism to repudiate the boast of infallibility. Faults and imperfections there may be and must be in the Church of England, as well as in every human constitution; but before

it can be safe to wish for her destruc- moreover their leading principles, tion, we must bury in oblivion all such as having all things in common, recollection of our martyred reform and the levelling of all ranksand grades ers, and every trace of her faithful in society;the servant and her mistress testimony to the truth in her standing being put upon a par, dressing alike, articles for centuries; and every and eating at the same table; all thought of the thousands and millions this, however fine in theory, is found who, through her instrumentality, very awkward in practice; and like have been upheld and succoured amid Irvingism and other similar religious the storms of life, and landed on the eccentricities, we doubt not but that peaceful shore of heaven.

Plymouthism will speedily come to The Church of England may have nought. her defects, and she may often have Still, in the meanwhile, it is our suffered from the unworthy and trea- duty to check its progress, by detectcherous administration of her mem- ing its fallacy and unscriptural chabers; but with all their declensions, racter. And we know of no better and with all the dark clouds of error guide and help in this work, than the which have often overspread her body, little pamphlet now before us. Its the head has ever remained clear and appeal to Scripture is abundant scriptural; her articles, embodying and unanswerable; its spirit loy(their worst enemies being judges) ing and affectionate; its statements the purestevangelical truth, have never one would imagine irresistible. We changed; and her formularies of strongly recommend the adoption of worship have never failed to guide this pamphlet wherever these miseffectually the devotions of the truly chievous intruders are at work. It is spiritual worshipper.

admirably calculated to reclaim the With these convictions, we cannot wanderer. It presents a precious but wish to resist every effort to un- balm, not to break the head but to dermine the Church of England. We heal and soothe. May the great do not fear any very extensive mis- Head of the Church abundantly bless chief from the Plymouth Brethren; for it to the diminishing of one, at least, without articles or creeds to form a of the many hindrances to the peace standard of appeal, they have not the and well doing of our Zion! necessary material for duration : and


By CHARLES Louis Klose, Esq. 2 vols. Colburn. 1845. In great chemical operations, such as Young Pretender's history, and it borextensive crystallizations, the smallest rows openly, and very freely, from changes are watched with much in- Chambers's “ Jacobite Memoirs," but terest, as indicative of approaching it has thrown the narrative together in results to take place throughout the a readable and attractive form, and whole mass. The same vigilance is many will renew their interest in its necessary now in the religious and romance-stir up the embers of expolitical world. Little matters have piring feelings-look up their dusty at times a momentous connexion with relics, and look again with inexplicaconsequences of the first importance. ble flutter upon a " white cockade.” This book of memoirs, upon a subject But the book appears to have two once intensely interesting, but now objects. The first is to deprecate apparently forgotten, is probably one any harsh historical judgments of of those minor indications. It seems, Charles's principles and characternay, it is, a trifle-a book of very to exhibit him to the world as a more slight research and pleasingly written able and more moral man than he It contains little, if any, actually new really was, and to induce men even information on the subject of the yet to regret the disastrous retreat

the prince, and to leave it doubtful whether the fruits of that marriage are


from Derby, and to wish themselves again under the mild, unpretending, equitable, and constitutional government of the Stuart dynasty-in fact, to see all that any branch of this family could do, as being entirely couleur de rose;"and to think that any convulsionary change which might throw them again on the eddying surface of things, would be a national advantage. We are not now going to take up the question. We are content to look back with much thankfulness on that period of our national history, in which wise and salutary legislative restraint has kept us free from that arbitrary use of power, which the Stuarts always exercised whenever they had any.

But the book appears to have a second and less palpably avowed object -to take very cautiously the first step towards a glance at the possibility that the Pretender's family is not without legitimate living issue. Of course, with the utterly slender thread that there is to work upon, the first advances to

In the year 1818 or 1819, two lengthy young men made their appearance in Edinburgh, taking up prominent theatrical positions and attitudes in the Episcopal places of worship, and calling themselves by some name, not now exactly remembered. They gradually obtained access to a certain measure of society; changed their name to Sobieski Stuart, or something of that sort; assumed the Highland garb, and the manners of royalty; and asserted, at length, their descent from the Pretender's family. Those who know their whole history, are fully alive to the absurdity of the claim; but it is not the less likely that by and by it may be the subject of a longer Appendix to a third edition of these Memoirs. “The Tablet," a Roman Catholic periodical of some note, has endeavoured to call the public attention to their claim.

It would seem almost idle to waste

and unobtrusive; but they may not be it is impossible to say what the the less intentional, and intentionally Romanists may not think it desirable, guarded; and we shall be considerably in these changing times, to attempt. surprised if this is not found to be the There never has been a pretence set real object of the book—the postscript up to the crown of this Protestant to the letter, the sting in the tail. - nation, but the Pope and the Roman

It is well known that before Prince Catholic states of Europe, and the Charles's marriage with a German Romish Clergy of Britain and Ireland, princess, he lived in intimate domestic have supported it vi et armis. And relation with a Miss Walkenshaw, by the day may come again, when claims whom he is said to have had two as absurd as those of Peter Simnel children. None of the contemporay may be again maintained by them, notices of this fact approach, even in and, as then, the usurping impostor the remotest degree, the notion of a welcomed by this hierarchy with all legitimate marriage. It never was so the solemnities of a coronation. It declared. And it appears, on the face may be that, as this liberal age repuof this very memoir, that when the diates to its last shred the principles friends of Charles, fearing the com of the Protestant conservative system, promise of their own safety, as well it may suit the Jesuit system to push as that of their Samson, by the faith- up a pawn into the vacant square, and lessness of this Delilah, required that make some long-legged Charles, or she should be put away; he met it only James, or Sobieski the point of a new with the assertion that he would not game. It may suit them to say, that be interfered with by any one as to restrictions annihilated destroy some any step of his private life.

individual rights, and give a renewed The Postscript of these two vols. is life to others; and if they have not a very clumsy attempt to give conse- power to sap the foundations of our quence to Miss Walkenshaw; to throne as at present occupied, at least establish the fact of a legitimate and to raise confusion round it. recognized marriage between her and It is well then to be on our guard ; NOVEMBER—1845.

3 T

to watch the incipient ripple of the But to be serious. How precious moving mass; to bare the whole tissue ought our Protestant rights and imof the scheme from its outset, before munities to be esteemed. It is the the mystery of some 40 or 50 years style of modern liberalism to disrehas wrapped its bald and beggarly gard them. All the testimony of origin in cloud. This work may be centuries is now accounted but an old altogether innocent of such a purpose; almanac, and all its warnings, the but it looks very like a preliminary prophesying of a Cassandra ; but the step; like a lady's letter, which says day may come, and come speedily, the most momentous thing just at the when we shall measure the value of last. It says, Miss Walkenshaw was our national blessings by their irrethe wife of Charles Edward-she had trievable loss, and the value of simple, children. Look out. It may be easyunadulterated truth by the weight of to say by and by, “ Apropos des bottes the rushing host, and the bloody spur -Here is the very man."

of dominant error..

POPULAR LITERATURE. The whole subject of popular litera, is daily stimulating the market. What ture requires the deepest considera- should we say, if a man had the power tion. The press is pouring out every of so volatilizing a grain of arsenic, day a tide of books, which distract that its effluvium should spread over the attention, weaken the judgment, a whole country, entering into every corrupt the taste, and defy the criti- house and penetrating to the most cism of the public, by their very vital part of the body? And yet, multitude. Every one, young or old, until it is shown that the human mind man or woman, fool or wise, thinks is good itself, and the source of good himself able to say something which --that is not what we know it to be, may catch the people's eye, to raise save only when purified by religion, himself either money or notoriety. corrupt itself, and a corrupter of The whole world has become a great others-this power, which every man school, where all the public have possesses, and which so many exturned themselves into teachers; and ercise, of diffusing their thoughts the ravenous appetite of an idle people, over the world, and insinuating them always craving for some new excite- into the heart of a nation, is, in reality, ment or amusement, and ready to the power of spreading a pestilential swallow the most unwholesome food, miasma.-Edinburgh Rev.

“ LITTLE FIRES.” We can do little more in a world like he and his associates met was oppoours, (says the Rev. Mr. Todd, in his site that in which Scott was writing. volume of excellent“ Hints to Young While thus assembled he used to Men,”) than to kindle little fires here watch that unknown hand turning off and there, which will continue to burn, sheet after sheet-untiring, unceasing. and which will light other fires, after In the midst of mirth and folly, he we have passed away and are forgot- would turn his eyes and feel a pang ten. You may give bias to the cha of severe reproof by that silent, unracter now forming, you may make known everlasting hand! How little an impression on the mind of some did Scott know that his diligence was companion, perhaps unknown to him rebuking and forming the character and to yourself, which will influence of a young man who would one day thousands yet unborn, for their good. even honour him by writing his life! I believe it is Lockhart, the accom. The hand that dropped the pebble into plished writer of Sir Walter Scott's the smooth waters has passed away, Memoirs, who mentions that in those and is forgotten, but the wake is days of mirth and revelry which came widening and spreading till it has been near being his ruin, the room in which felt in every part of the lake.



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MY DEAR FRIEND,--I am now about to proceed, in the fulfilment of my promise, to give you some particulars of the three glorious days we have lately enjoyed here in the truly “holy convocation” which was held in this town, for the purpose of promoting Christian union, on the first three days of this month:-which will be days greatly to be remembered by the Church of Christ, as a season when the Holy Ghost seems to have been as manifestly in the midst of us, (although not in visible tongues of fire) as He was in the midst of the Apostles on the day of Pentecost, guiding us at every step amidst the most conflicting opinions and statements, to come to an unanimous adoption of the simple truth of God's word, as the basis of union, and wonderfully making us all (although there were 17 different denominations of Christians present) of one heart and one mind, without a compromise of principle by any! So that it may be truly said, “ What hath God wrought!" The name of the proposed Christian Association is to be “THE EVANGELICAL ALLIANCE," (the term “Protestant” being advisedly excluded, as involving too much of worldly politics in its

general acceptation ;) and its object will be to accomplish all that the Plymouth Brethren have vainly attempted to do; namely, to gather all the people of God into one-but without their unscriptural rejection of the Sabbath, the sanctuary, or an ordained ministry; and also without requiring of any individual to leave that section of the Church of Christ to which he belongs! Do you ask, my dear friend, How can these things be? Our answer is, Come and see.

The basis of union, which may be called the creed, or test of discipleship, will be shortly published, and extensively circulated throughout the United Kingdom, the Continent of Europe, and America; and I will not fail, if spared, to send you a copy. It is so simple, that no one who holds sound evangelical doctrines can posa sibly object to it; and its extreme simplicity, especially considering the heterogeneous mass of opposite opinions and sentiments from which it has been extracted, was the astonishment of every one present; and thankfully acknowledged by all to be the entire work of the Spirit of Truth “guiding us into all truth," and abundantly poured out upon the meeting in answer to prayer.

There were about 250 persons present-ministers and laymen-of Churchmen the smallest number : but amongst them, dear Mr. E. Bickersteth, and Mr. Baptist Noel, who, I doubt not, were mainly instrumental in promoting the harmony which so happily prevailed. None of our influential local clergy attended, as you would conclude from Mr. Baillee's letter in the Liverpool Standard which I sent you; but there were several from Ireland, and other parts of the United Kingdom. Prayer was offered up by five successive ministers of different denominations, previous to proceeding in the object of the conference; and such an uniforme.

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