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ity was there in their supplications, 2 Cor. vii. 11; and would have made that it was impossible to say to what “rivers of waters" run down from particular section of the Church any your eyes, as copiously as they flowed one of them belonged; and at the from mine. Surely this was that“godsame time they were so copious and ly sorrow which worketh repentance distinct, that there was not the slight- unto salvation, not to be repented of.” est approach to anything like “vain Surely it was a presage of the speedy repetition.” Surely never was “the fulfilment of the promise of that copiSpirit of grace and supplication”. ous shower of blessing which shall be more evidently poured out; nor the poured out upon the Church of Christ promise more faithfully fulfilled in the last days, when the windows of & While they are calling I will answer, heaven shall be opened, and “there and while they are speaking I will shall not be room enough to receive hear.”
it.” (Mal. iii. 10.) Truly, I felt it I believe there was not a person “good for me to be there;" and who entered the room, who, although would greatly have rejoiced to have they thought it their duty to make had you and many others who are the attempt, had the least hope of a dear to me there also, that you might successful result; nor one who left it have been partakers of my joy! without thankfully acknowledging, Committees are now sitting at Lonthat “what is impossible with men, is don, Liverpool, Glasgow, Edinburgh, possible with God.”
and Dublin, for the purpose of preI have thus attempted to give you paring an authorized Report of the a faint outline of the blessed scene; proceedings, for publication; (as but it is utterly impossible for lan reporters were excluded, to prevent guage adequately to describe all that garbled reports from being circulated;) was done, and said, and felt on the and also to carry out the objects of occasion. Could you have heard and the conference, preparatory to a pubseen the honest confession of sin, lic meeting, which is intended to be and heart-felt sorrow and contrition, held in London next summer; and which were openly expressed, with previous to which a general meeting tears, by some of the most influential of the several committees is to held of the Dissenting ministers, who had here in January. in times past been the most violent You are at liberty to make what use in their abuse of our Church, and you like of this communication. And churchmen; and their determination, if I am spared, you shall be supplied by God's help, to do all henceforth in with further information, as it may a spirit of love and for the glory of arise. God; it would have reminded you, as Believe me always, very gratefully it did me, of the beautiful language of and affectionately, yours, contrition described by St. Paul in
THE NEW GERMAN REFORMATION.
The accounts which we are enabled
of a conqueror, and the inhabitants of Esslingen and Goppingen distinguished themselves in particular in the reception they gave to the hero of our days. Our town, where he is to stay for some days, would, however, not remain behind, and it has performed its duties of hospitality in the true spirit of Christian love and charity. A deputation of aldermen and distinguished citizens went out to
munity of German Catholics is daily increasing, and the offerings made by the Lutherans and Reformists, for the use of the New Catholic Church, are already very considerable.
meet him; and on his arrival in our town, he was received by the population with an almost endless shout of joy. The mayor welcomed him in the name of the inhabitants, and a young lady of noble birth, and the youngest member of the new community, offered him a crown of laurels. M. Ronge, and his fellow-labourer in the vineyard, M. Dawist, twice addressed the people from the hotel where they have taken up their residence, and were listened to with very great attention. Our common council has granted for the use of the German Catholics, 500 florins, of which 100 florins are to be employed in the fitting up of the Corn Exchange for a place of worship. However, this latter will no more be necessary, as the ministry has now granted the petition, signed by 1800 citizens, and allowed to the new community the use of the cathedral for Divine service. It is said that the King of Wirtemburg is much displeased with his ministers for having refused a similar request to the German Catholics at Stutgardt; and that it is owing to this that an order of a more favourable nature has been lately issued by the government of that country, according to which the German Catholics there are allowed the free exercise of their religious creed, except the permission for their ministers to officiate at the altar, and for the public papers to call their sermons other than speeches.
The government has refused the petition of the German Catholics to have a suitable place for Divine worship granted to them. All those, however, who having separated from the Church of Rome, desire to form a new Catholic community, are to be tolerated on the general principle of religious liberty established in the kingdom. However, this community is to be deprived of the rights of co-operation, and of legally nominating its chiefs. Its ministers are only there to be allowed to perform the ceremonies of baptism and marriages when the clergymen of the Established Church have refused to do it on being applied to.
No reason has been assigned why the government has refused to grant to the German Catholics a suitable place for performing Divine service, and the new community has been obliged to fix upon the prayer-room in the Protestant church-yard for that purpose. M. Cost, the officiating clergyman, prayed and preached in the German tongue, and administered the Sacrament to a great number of his congregation under both forms.
The private informations from this country agree in stating that the German Catholic Church is there making continual progress, and that in a short time the secession of its Roman Catholic inhabitants will be effected on a very large scale.
A letter from Stutgardt, dated the 15th instant, says-“The arrival of M. Ronge attracted a numerous assemblage at the meeting held to-day. After a speech from the President, and a few words from one of the Stutgardt committee, Ronge got up, and, amidst the deepest silence, spoke as with an inspired voice. The President then proposed that Germany
The cause of the new Church is said to be taken up by the people there with the same ardour as the cause of Germany itself. The com
should be divided into western and what is now termed “The German southern provinces, and this was de Catholic Church.” clared by acclamation. Twenty-four Since then a mixed multitude have communes sent representatives. The attached themselves to the new comvotes were taken by communes, by munion. Various motives have opewhich several delegates had four votes, rated in producing secession, and all and several others had only one vote shades of doctrine have found a combetween them. The organization of mon home in the new Church. The the commune was reserved for ano- confessions which have been publishther meeting. There already exists a ed differ very considerably in many similar organization at Breslau, and most important points, and the charLeipsic, which will be taken for this. acter and standing of the members of The right of women to vote was adopt- the Churches differ still more. It is ed by a majority of 13 to 11. Inde essentially a middle class movement; pendent women, widows, and those it is mainly a city movement. The who are unmarried, may, consequent peasantry are not affected by it, and ly, take part in the discussions of the the nobility do not countenance it: it German Catholic commune. All the is chiefly sustained by tradesmen,mercommunes have the right of managing chants, and persons of limited but intheir own affairs according to their dependent incomes. The latest estilocal habits, manners, and interests, mate that has been made of their numA committee has been appointed for bers, reckons their churches, large and receiving the adhesions of Roman small, as amounting to about 160; Catholic priests, and for placing Ger and the number of seceders from the man Catholic priests in the different Romish Church at 50,000. communes. Elberfeld, Heidelberg, The amount of alienation from Ulm, and Saarbruck, form this com- Rome is, however, far greater than mittee. The next Concilium is to be can be represented by the actual held at Frankfort-on-the-Maine. It numbers of the separatists. A deep was further decided that a Synod and settled feeling of disgust pervades should be held annually, but more the middle classes generally in relaparticularly this year, on account of tion to the recent movements of the the quantity of business. The meet- Church of Rome, and hatred of the ing broke up at seven o'clock. The Jesuits mingles with aspirations after last assembly will be held at Cron- a greater amount of political liberty. stadt."
The great source of hope for the new reformation is the avowed adhe
sion to the Scriptures of the entire The exhibition of “the holy coat” at party. The paramount duty of EnTreves brought matters to a point glish Christians in relation to them, Ronge's appeal to Germany found an is to pray earnestly that they may be echo in innumerable hearts; and preserved from false doctrine, and be while multitudes who read it burned speedily led into all truth. The with indignation, not a few pondered friends of the Bible Society may now the matter more deeply, and deter- greatly rejoice that Dr. Pinkerton is mined to separate. Churches were so firmly established at Frankfort : almost simultaneously formed at and in the extent and success of his Breslau, Berlin, Dresden, Leipsic, labours they may find, if they need it; and many other places; and several an additional reason for supporting priests of respectable character and that admirable institution. standing joined in the formation of
Boulogne Sur Mer. travelled far, yet sometimes a detail of MY DEAR SIR,_Though I have not first impressions in another country
may be worth recording. Although this town, from the long residence of the English, has acquired, in some respects, an English character; yet there are, of course, some features of French nationality, that a stranger must observe. One of these is the exceeding quietness, goodnature, and politeness with which the common transactions of life are carried on among the multitude. I have been here a week, frequently walking the quays of this seaport, and never yet noticed a single quarrel, or a noisy raising of the voice. It is not to be supposed, for a moment, that this is the result of religious principle; or that the religion of the two countries, in respect to its practical influence, can be put on a level ; yet it is surprising how far superior, in this respect, the intercourse of the people with each other appears. If it is only conventional, if it is only the conclusion of prudence, that it is better to be good-natured than to dispute, that the stream of life runs smoother under the oil of a polite civility; it certainly is a gain, and might be imitated by us with profit. The Frank has the advantage of the Saxon.
Another characteristic of the people is neatness of dress. There is evidently a national good taste in dress, It is a matter of minor morals; but is certainly highly conducive to domestic comfort and happiness. The dress of the lower order of women is not at all expensive. It is of a coarse fabric; but the gown is neatly put on, the kerchief is gracefully folded round the head, the stocking is well drawn up, and the shoe neat. In the same class of people in our own country, how often we see much better things thrown on and hung on with carelessness and indifference; as if the day were utterly gone by when the wife thinks it necessary to please her husband. The national character of slatternly dress is as marked in England among the labouring classes, as is the reverse here.
I have been equally pleased with the readiness of the people to communicate to strangers. I know enough of the language to place myself in communication with the
people of all classes; which I have done frequently because I really wanted information, and at other times because I wished to converse, I have met with no impatience of such approaches, but the greatest willingness to meet my enquiries with all the information that could be afford, ed, and that with a degree of kindness and gentility of manner that I fear a foreigner would look for in vain in our land. Why should such blame attach to the first country in the world ? Why should a country with whom moral and religious principle stands highest, be wanting to itself in these lesser matters?
Another pleasing feature of this place is the public institution for education, including a school for music and for drawing, and a museum, open at all times to strangers on application, and to the town on a certain number of days in the week. Bou. logne is only a provincial town, with about as many inhabitants as Northampton; yet here is a museum of minerals, coins, and natural history generally, which would do credit even to Liverpool. The collection of birds and their eggs is very good, and scientifically arranged. There is a very respectable collection of butterflies, beetles, and serpents. In fact, the whole assemblage is such as to afford extensive means of instruction. Which of our country towns, or even maritime towns, where of course the facilities of collection are greater, is in possession of such a source of pleasure and improvement? or rather where, in such localities, does the public spirit exist that would give rise to such an institution? It is true, that in some places, such as York and Leeds, under peculiar circumstances, there is an approach towards such a collection, but very much limited to the peculiarities of the locality; and also that there are in many of our towns Mechanics’ Institutions that make a sorry attempt at a museum ; but they are languishing for want of patronage, and they are viewed with jealousy by the aristocracy and the clergy; and in many such cases a beginning, which might well have been led on to something better, has ended in ridicule and
disappointment. It is to be feared ligently or otherwise, yet look to itathat a want of attention to general midst the overwhelming superstitions science in our higher orders, hangs of the Romish system. The statue of as a clog upon the eager progress of the Virgin is the grand delusion of the classes below them. This is a the whole scheme; turning away the dark feature of the times, and if it is mind from the true and elevated to be continued, and to increase, more notion of the incarnation of Deity, evil may arise from it than has been and fixing the devotional thought on generally anticipated.
female beauty and female influence, All these things, however, have and merging the true character of reference to this present world, and . Mediatorship—the power to interfere in these matters the people certainly exercised by one who, being possessed appear wiser than the Protestant chil- of both the divine and human natures, dren of light. But if you look for can “lay his hand upon both,”-in anything better, I fear we shall be the mere imaginary control of a mosadly disappointed. Speak to them ther, though finite, over the infinite of God, and of practical influences mind of her eternal and almighty Sun. from Christian truth telling upon the This is the essential idolatry of the life and the affections, and there system; and if there is any devotedseems no response, no community of ness to religion at all, it seems to thought. Religion seems with them consist, among the women, in the a mere formulary routine, altogether intensity of sympathy with a female disconnected with morals and duties, mind, and its intelligence of their and that system of forms is most particular sorrows; and among the melancholy.
men, in reverence for an abstraction I entered on a week-day the chief of female beauty. The third altar is and central church of the town. for the pietists, and the mystics, and Excepting at one end, it bore the the enthusiasts. The Romish clergy, aspect of an assembly room, in which who have much to do with the people, the route chairs in use the previous know well, that deep-seated in many evening were all scattered about. a heart, both in the freshness of But at the east end there were three morning life and unoccupied affechighly decorated altars. The means tions, and also among those whom of worship which is here provided, is the misfortunes of life have scathed intended to meet the tastes of different and blighted, there is a craving for classes of the people, and to supply some mighty object to absorb all the them with an object of reverential powers of the mind, and administer attention suited to the character of fulness where there was only emptitheir particular superstition. Over ness before. This yearning is the the central or high altar is a crucifix true consequences of the fall. It is as large as life; over the altar to the the absence of God. It is the want left, is a full length figure of the of return to the true rest. The Virgin, holding the infant Jesus, the priests feel intimately the reality of dress of both being highly silvered this emptiness; and though many and gilt; and over the third, is a of them in their own case have repicture, painted with some ability, course to very different means of and evidently intended to produce dispelling it, they find it necessary to excitement, of a human heart, in the supply to a certain portion of persons clouds of glory, bound with a crown naturally prepensed to enthusiasm, of thorns, a flame issuing from the a means of inflammatory religious top of the heart, and in the midst of devotion. This is the origin of “the it à cross. Beneath are two worship- worship of the sacred heart.” There pers, looking up to the heart, with an is something enthusiastic in it, which intensity of anguish and devotion serves where the worship of the Virexpressed in their countenances. The gin has failed to fix the wandering central exhibition is intendid to main- affections of the few who appear to tain the great feature of the Christian have any abstract and reflective devosystem, for those who, either intel- tion at all; and the sytem is provided