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ing the children of Israel, as recorded in 1 Kings, iii. 7, 9; and the spirit of Solomon's prayer was earnestly recommended to Mr. Westall as the spirit in which he should look to the Lord to guide his flock; and Dr. Bayley concluded by invoking the benediction of the Lord Jesus Christ upon him and them.
Mr. Westall said: My very dear friends,—I can assure you that it is with feelings such as I have never before experienced, that I rise upon this occasion to reply in acknowledgment of this testimonial of your goodwill. It is very pleasing to have one's labours appreciated, for it gives a promise—a hope that those labours may not be altogether unfruitful in use; and I do assure you that for this expression of your respect and esteem, for the very small services I may have rendered to our school and church, I return you my most affectionate and grateful regard. But, my friends, you have enhanced the value of this very valuable gift, hy securing an opportunity for presentation when our good friend and former pastor, and in a large measure my educator, Dr. Bayley, could be here to present it; and thereby have you, this evening, brought before us a scene which to me is most deeply touching. These kindnesses at this time, and upon all occasions on which I have laboured with you, shall be treasured amongst the fondest of my remembrances, and the love which prompted them, I reciprocate to the fullest degree. I thank you most sincerely for this kindness to Mrs. Westall. Without the great assistance a good wife can render at home, but little can be done for the school or the church; and I can truly say that her delight has been, and is, in ministering to both. I also thank my friend, Mr. Whitehead, and through him those scholars of the first Bible-class I taught in our Sunday-school, for this manifestation of their affectionate remembrance. These books shall be a memento, not only reminding me of the many services in which I have been engaged with you, but also as a token of your sympathy and good wishes for me in entering upon the duties of the high and sacred position of the ministry. For the fulfilment of this exalted trust, I feel more and more feeble as the time draws near, and I shall need, and do crave, the forbearance of the society to which I am
going; but, above all, I pray for help to Him who alone can sustain me through all the trials, difficulties, and responsibilities of so elevated a trust.
The Rev. E. D. Rendell, on rising, said: It may be asked why I am here? I will tell you. It was by a mere incident that I happened to hear of your intention to present a testimonial to Mr. Westall, and so to express your attachment to him, and your good opinion of him and of his usefulness. I had before heard th at he was about to leave Accrington, to devote himself to the ministry of the New Church, and that he had accepted an invitation to that office by the society at Bolton. I therefore concluded that it might be encouraging and useful to surround him with as many friends as possible; and that the presence of one who had been engaged in his work for upwards of 30 years would not be regarded as an intrusion. I desire to sympathise with him in the work which he is about to undertake, and shall always be delighted to hear of his success. The meeting was opened with a very beautiful prayer, in which the Divine was besought to communicate to our young friend those graces which would render him an efficient and useful worker in the ministerial office. May that prayer be realised I I am much pleased to learn that he has been so diligent and careful a student of those divine things he will have to teach, because I am sure that knowledge and care in this respect are essential to success. Much will depend upon the clearness and force with which the divine truths of the Word are presented to the people. It will also be important to his usefulness that those to whom he ministers should affectionately cooperate with him in realising the religious duties he has undertaken to perform. The members of his society should carefully unite with him in all his labours to advance the welfare of the institutions of the church. They should work and wait together, leaving the results to Him who knoweth the times and the seasons. The growth of a society, a church, is a gradual process; it will have to pass through many stages in its upward path; it will not be always day; a night will sometimes come. Man, by nature, is prone to evil, and therefore he must be the subject of temptation before he can be regenerated. He will have to learn what are the foes of his own household, and to fight against
them. Our young friend will also have his external trials. The New Church ministry is not all roses and velvet; most of us have experienced some thorns and thistles in his path; and our young friend will do well if he prepare himself to meet difficulties which may arise. He will have much to learn which nothing but experience can properly teach. He will have many things to teach in private as well as public. His ministerial visitations will present him with many opportunities to inform, to comfort, to console, works which demand the exercise of much prudence* self-denial, and ability. He should also be ready with his kindly advice and assistance at all times, and feel it to be his duty to encourage cheerfully, even though he may sometimes find it requisite to discountenance eccentricity. The intellectual progress of a society will greatly depend upon the activity and intelligence of the minister. Our young friend should be as much as possible in his study, and embrace all suitable opportunities for becoming acquainted with the wants of his society. He should cultivate in himself, and stimulate in his people, a disposition to that quietness in which there is strength. A desire to learn on their part, a willingness to teach on his, those charities and duties by which peace may be maintained,—the peace which has its root in the love of goodness, and the rejection of evil, are essential to maintain a good understanding between them. He will remember the divine statement—-" The harvest truly is plenteous, but the labourers are few." This, indeed, may have some literal application to the present position of the church; but that is not its true meaning. The harvest denotes all those things of the church by which the soul is sustained in its spiritual life; and the labourers in this harvest are said to be few, because they are the humble; few denotes quality of mind, and not a limited number of persons. He will also remember that the Lord said—"Fear not, little flock." This might have a numeral reference to the early condition of the church; but its true meaning is not in numbers. The flock are all those whs are in charity, and the little flock are principles of humble charity J these do not fear, because they are at all times witnesses of courage and exaltation from the Lord. Humility, therefore, both on the part of the minister and the people, will be
an element of success, of peace and progress. Of the realisation of these things I shall be delighted to hear, and so also will the church at large. And in conclusion, sir, permit me to take your hand, and to give you a most hearty welcome to the publio work in the Lord's vineyard; and may the Lord bless and comfort you in every good and useful labour!
Mr. Whitehead, of Heywood, then rose, and said:—One of the loveliest virtues in human character is gratitude, and one of the ugliest vices is ungratefulness. It seems to me a most delightful thing to think kindly of one another, and to entertain agreeable feelings towards each other. I don't envy the man who cannot look back with pleasure upon that period of life in which he was dependent upon others for everything he had. I would not care to exchange places with the man who has not any good will towards those who helped him to acquire the means of forming his character, and of making his way through life. Well, now, we are met to night to do something of this kind. We are here on purpose to tender our thanks to one who has endeavoured, both privately and before the public, to do his share of useful work in the world. We are here to thank him for what he has done, and to wish him God-speed in what he is going out to do. If there be any here who have occasion to join heartily in this, I am one. Looking back to a time when— 17 or 18 years ago—a number of us came into our friend's class in the Sundayschool,—the first, I believe, he had ever taken,—I cannot but feel a pleasure in thinking of the work we did under his direction,—the little exercises in composition, ths short essays that we wrote; and then, not satisfied with what was done on a Sunday, he used to have us at his father's house on Wednesday evenings, to teach us grammar, arithmetic, and other kindred subjects. I do think that work like this, that nobody ever knew of but those who were concerned in it, deserves to beacknowledged. It is worth a great deal more than we can ever calculate. It took us at a time when we were ripe either for mischief or for work, and it gave us a turn in the right direction,—a turn which, in many instances, has been permanent. Some of those are now gone into the eternal world; others are thousands of miles away in different parts of the world; and
some few are here; but I am quite sure that we all look back with grateful pleasure upon those times, and that we wish him as happy and as useful ones in the future. But, I think, we should not be doing right to neglect to remind you young people here to-night, that your opportunities are quite as great, and even greater, than any that were enjoyed in the past. We should be unfaithful if we did not tell you that your responsibilities are great too. We should be false to our trust if we did not tell you that it is only in the wise use of those opportunities that you can ever find any happiness worth having. Nobody ever was happy, or ever will be, except in the pursuit of a worthy object. You may follow after mere enjoyment until you become hardly anything but a mere animal; but you will never have any lasting pleasure in it. It is in improving yourselves spiritually and religiously as well as mentally, and in turning all your opportunities to good account, for other people as well as for yourselves, that you will have the best enjoyment of life. And then, again, it is not just for the sake of effecting a change in your worldly circumstances that I would urge self-improvement. It is because self-improvement gives you the greatest ohances of use; and it is in usefulness, and usefulness only, that happiness can be found. A man who does not care to be useful, who sucks all in and gives nothing out, is a mere wart upon society, and nobody cares how soon such a one is out of the way. If you want to be really and lastingly happy, make up your minds to be something and to do something that will make the world better* I often think of the intense earnestness with which our friend Mr. Cunliffe used to address the young people in my time upon the importance of seeking self-improvement; and it always brings into my mind that beautiful verse from Longfellow's Psalm of Life—
"In the world's broad field of battle,
I hope this is not the last meeting of this kind to be held here. There are numbers more with ability enough if they would only use it; and, certainly, the world has need of you and of all you oan do. In conclusion, I will only say that it is with indescribable pleasure that I have come to night to join with you in
wishing prosperity, and usefulness, and happiness to our friend. I hope also that numbers of the young people here may follow in his steps, and make themselves as useful in the world.
Mr. BijtNES then said: Mr. Chairman and Friends,—At this late hour of the evening, I do not intend to trouble the meeting with any lengthy remarks, but it has occurred to me if we each only expressed our good wishes, it would be agreeable to our friend before leaving us. I remember him from a boy, and have looked upon his progress from time to time with great interest. I remember his first love being to investigate the various sciences, and it seemed that that would be his particular forte for life; but as he advanced in years, his taste changed for theology. The fact was, he commenced at the right point. His knowledge of science was a good groundwork for his spiritual reflections, and prepared as he is, I am glad he has resolved to undertake the duties of the ministry, because I do think that he will be a blessing. I think, also, that Accrington should do its portion towards supplying the New Church pulpit. We are sending one to that office. I feel pleased that we are commencing in the right direction; and I can assure Mr. Westall he will have my fervent wish for his prosperity, happiness, and usefulness in his sacred work.
Dr. Pilkington said: It was a late hour for him to attempt to make any remarks, for he observed it was then halfpast ten o'clock. He thought Accrington ought not only to send one young man out to the office of a minister, but many more, for he was positive the sooiety had plenty of talent in connection with its members, and it only needed a firm resolution like that of our friend Mr. Westall to say that they also would bow to the will of the Divine Being, and go forth and teach the truths that they have received from the Word, which they are sure are from Good. I might tell you, continued Dr. Pilkington, many pleasing circumstances that give me delight in my daily visits. I lent the Rev. E. D. Rendell's "Antediluvian History" to a Clergyman, and after he had read it, he lent it to another clergyman. Hearing where the book was, I asked the gentleman for it, as I wanted to let another person have it, when he said— "Do let me have the work a little longer, as I am delighted with it; and let me have any other book you have of a similar character." I will conclude by saying I wish Mr. Westall every success in preaching the glorious doctrines of the New Church.
The Rev. Dr. Baylet rose, in conclusion, and said: Before the meeting separated, he wished to express to them how highly he was pleased in being permitted to have had once again an opportunity of visiting them, and to find once more so many cheerful countenances amongst them. He wished to them all a hearty good-bye. I need not tell you, he said, what has been the opinion I have had of the excellences and fitness for a minister possessed by our young friend, Mr. Westall. I will, however, mention one fact as an illustration. At the time Mr. Hyde left Brightlingsea, I was applied to to find them a minister, when my choice at once fell upon our young friend. Brightlingsea Society, I always designate, said he, Accrington at the sea-side. At that time he had not made up his mind to take charge of a church; however, it gave him great pleasure, said the reverend Doctor, that Mr. Westall had now agreed to take the responsibility of a minister, and his fervent prayer would be with him in all his labours; and he trusted that the Lord would bless him, and give him good success.
Appeal By The Edinbubqh Society To Theib Brethren Of The Church. The additions which have been made to the New Church Society in Edinburgh, with the prospects of still greater increase, have forced upon its members the necessity of enlarging, altering, and improving their place of worship. The expense of the proposed enlargement, &c, will be about .£120. The society has already a debt upon the building of i6160. The interest on this sum, with ground rent and taxes, amounts to about i£20., besides which there is the minister's salary with incidental expenses to provide for. The society numbers 59 members, none of whom are rich, and some are scarcely able to contribute anything towards the expenses of the church. The society does not, however, ask their brethren to supply all the means necessary to effect the improvement of their place of worship. The members have subscribed among themselves £65. towards this object, which is the utmost
they are able to do. Under these circumstances they appeal to the liberality of their Christian brethren. Every contribution, however small, will be thankfully received and duly acknowledged.
(Signed) Chas. Gladwell, Minister. Thos. Isbistir, President, 2, Rutland-place.
Post office Orders made payable at the Post Office, Edinburgh.
We, the undersigned, consider the Edinburgh society deserving the assistance of the church to supplement their own exertions, and recommend their case to the liberal consideration of the friends.
W. Bruce, Minister.
J. H. Smithson, Minister.
Hull. The society here has been visited by the Kev. E. D. Rendell, who delivered two sermons in its place of worship, the New Temperance Hall, St. Luke-street, on Sunday, June 14th. The subject for the morning's discourse was—" The Blessedness and Right of those who do the Commandments of the Lord;" and in the evening, —" The One God of Revelation ;"—also a lecture on the following Tuesday evening,—" The Opening of the Book that was sealed with Seven Seals;" and on Wednesday evening, in Mr. Bell's schoolroom, Derringham-street,—" The Dispensations of Revelation, and the Church of Prophecy," which to the New Church friends were a source of great delight, from the able and earnest manner in which the subjects were treated. Announcement being previously made by placard, there was a goodly attendance of strangers on each occasion, doubtless desiring to hear what could be taught concerning subjects of such deep import, so significantly intimated in the words of Scripture, and respecting which the teaching of the age is so spiritually deficient as to leave it enshrouded in darkness and mystery; and such, we feel assured, did not hear Mr. Rendell in vain, as the interest and attention of the audience throughout denoted. At the close of the last lecture, the Scriptural basis of the lecturer's views on the doctrine of the Atonement, the nature of the various Dispensations of the Church, and other points, were called in question by a gentleman present, a member of the Established
Church, whose remarks were ably replied to; and although the object of the lecturer was not to provoke public discussion, explanations were offered, whose tendencies were such as could not fail in some degree to arrest prejudice, and court an earnest and prayerful spirit of inquiry for more light and truth.
Liverpool.—Bedford-street. The anniversary meeting of this society was held on 8th July, when a larger gathering took place than had been the case on similar occasions for many years past. After a social conversation over tea, in the schoolroom, the friends adjourned to the church, at eight o'clock, when the minister was called to the chair, and the usual business of an annual meeting proceeded with. In the course of the evening several speakers alluded, in cheering terms, to the present hopeful state of the society, which augurs well for its future advancement and success, as an instrument for spreading abroad the knowledge of the New Jerusalem. Although the expenses have been great during the past year, the treasurer reported a respectable balance in hand to commence the new one with. The establishment of the Sunday-school, the progress of which had been satisfactorily tested at an examination of the scholars held the previous week, formed the subject of congratulatory remarks on the part of some of the friends. The propriety of continuing-the reading of the Psalms in alternate verses by minister and people, which was adopted by way of experiment some months ago, was discussed, and the question decided by a considerable majority voting against the practice. Several old friends were formally elected members, and a few new ones testified to their affection for the New Church by becoming connected with it in a similar manner. The committee and officers were all re-elected, showingahappyunanimity to exist in the society truly gratifying to contemplate.
Publication Of The Theological Writings In "Parts." To the Editor.
Rev. Sir,—I would beg leave to suggest an idea for the consideration of the Swedenborg Society, namely, the publication of the theological writings in "parts," monthly or otherwise, in a suitably attractive cover. The important
doctrines enucleated respecting the ways of God with men, as set forth in "The Divine Providence," appear particularly suitable and desirable to be issued in this form. By this scheme the writings might be brought more prominently under notice, and enabling persons of humble means to become possessed of them who could not afford to purchase a complete work at one time. The logical theses of Emanuel Swedenborg appear to me to be just what are required to arouse the slumberers and sleepers in the wilderness of the Old Dispensation; and to those who are thirsting for the clear, bright truth, freed from the mistiness that has been allowed to envelope it, they will be as "rivers in the desert whose waters fail not."—Yours respectfully, "Hope."
Letter From Dr. Tafel.
Tubingen, July, 18C8. To the Editor.
My dear Sir,—The long expected work of M. Matter, " Swedenborg, saVie, ses Ecrits, et sa Doctrine, 1863," I have twice read, with all the attention due to that celebrated man of great influence; and my impression is, that notwithstanding his many and grievous mistakes, which make it necessary to have a new biography, or rather the continuation of one which I have already commenced; it is well adapted to excite the public attention, and so remove many objections to Swedenborg. It is to be regretted that the illustrious man had not sufficient time to make himself sufficiently acquainted with the facts on which his statements and judgments are founded. If we see that he often draws from true facts false conclusions, not in agreement with the laws of logic and of justice, every thinking and impartial reader can himself make the necessary corrections; hut if the very facts are removed, or not seen, or disfigured, the case is quite different, as not every one has the means or opportunity of seeing the falsity or fallacy of the statement. Now one of the principal facts in the case of Swedenborg and his mission, which concerns the holy Scripture, is the existence of a principle or canon on which the foundation of the church rests, and upon which depends the possibility of changing the old into