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S E R M O N V.

On the RELIEF which the GOSPEL

affords to the DISTRESSED.

Preached at the Celebration of the Sa

crament of the Lord's Supper.

MATTH. xi. 28.

Come unto me, all ye that labour, and are

heavy laden, and I will give you rest.




HE life of man on earth is doom

ed to be clouded with various evils. Throughout all ranks, the afflicted form a considerable proportion of the human race; and even they who have a title to be called prosperous, are always, in some periods of their life, obliged to drink from the


cup of bitterness. The Christian reli- SERM,

V. gion is particularly entitled to our regard, by accommodating itself with great tenderness to this distressed condition of mankind. It is not to be considered as merely an authoritative system of precepts. Important precepts it indeed delivers for the wise and proper regulation of life. But the fame voice which enjoins our duty, utters the words of consolation. The gospel deserves to be held a dispensation of relief to mankind under both the temporal and spiritual distresses of their state.

This amiable and compassionate spirit of our religion conspicuously appears in the character of its great Author. It fhone in all his actions while he lived on earth. It breathed in all his discharges; and, in the words of the text, is expressed with much energy.

In the preceding verse, he had given a high account of his own person and dignity. All things are delivered into me of my Father ; and no man knoweth the Son but the Father ; neither knoweth any man the Father, fave.



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SER M. the Son, and he to whomsoever the Son will

reveal him. But lest any of his hearers
should be discouraged by this mysterious
representation of his greatness, he in-
stantly tempers it with the most graci-
ous benignity ; declaring, in the text,
the merciful intention of his mission to
the world, Come unto me, all ye that la-
bour and are heavy laden, and I will give

you reft.

The first thing which claims our attention in these words is, what we are to understand by coming unto Chrift. This is a phrase which has often given occafion to controversy. By theological writers it has been involved in much needless mystery, while the meaning is in itself plain and easy. The very metaphor that is here used serves to explain it. In the ancient world, disciples flocked round their different teachers,' and attended them wherever they went; in order both to testify their attachment, and to imbibe more fully the doctrine of their masters, Coming unto Christ,



therefore, is the same with resorting SER M. to him as our declared Master ; acknowledging ourselves his disciples, believers in his doctrine, and followers of his precepts. As Christ is made known to us under the character both of a Teacher and a Saviour, our coming to him imports not only submission to his instructions, but confidence also in his

It imports that, forsaking the corruptions of sin and the world, we follow that course of virtue and obedience which he points out to us; relying on his mediation for

pardon of our offences, and acceptance with heaven. This is what is implied in the scripture term Faith; which includes both the assent of the understanding to the truth of the Christian religion, and the concurrence of the will in receiving it.

power to save.

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WHAT next occurs in the text to attract our notice, is the description of those to whom the invitation is addressed. All those who labour, and are


SERM. heavy laden, that is, who, in one way

or other, feel themselves grieved and distressed, are here invited to come to Christ-Now, from two fources chiefly our distresses arise ; from moral, or from natural causes.

First, They may arise from inward moral causes; from certain feelings and reflexions of the mind, which occafion uneasiness and pain. A course of sin and vice always proves ruinous and destructive in the issue. But its tendency to ruin is often not perceived, while that tendency is advancing. For as sin is the reign of passion and pleasure, it forms men to a thoughtless inconsiderate state. Circumstances, however, may occur, and frequently, in the course of life, do occur which disclose to a vicious man the ruin which he is bringing on himself, as an offender against the God who made him. When fome occasional confinement to folitude, or some turn of adverse fortune, directs his attention inimediately upon


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