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A. D. 64.
Heb. 18. 13–19.
A. D. 64.
himself in water, and shall be clean | εστίν όπως θανάτου γενομένου, εις απολύat even, Numb. xix. 2–19.
τρωσιν τών επί τη πρώτη διαθήκη παραβά. b And thus shalt thou do unto them, | σεων, την επαγγελίαν λάβωσιν οι κεκληto cleanse them : Sprinkle water of | μένοι της αιωνίου κληρονομίας. purifying upon them, and let them shave all their flesh, and let them
And for this cause a he is the mediator wash their clothes, and so make them- of bthe new testament, 'that by means selves clean, Numb. viii. 7.
of death, d for the redemption of the
transgressions that were under the first VER. 14.
testament, e they which are called f might Tjósm pãrdor tò alua toữ XpOTOū, os receive the promise of eternal inheritance. διά Πνεύματος αιωνίου εαυτών προσήνεγκεν
a See on chap. viii. ver. 6. clause 2. άμωμον τω Θεώ, καθαριεί την συνείδησιν
• See on chap. viii. ver. 8. clause 3. υμών από νεκρών έργων, εις το λατρεύειν
c See on chap. ii. ver. 14. clause 3. Deb qayti;
«See on Matt. xx.ver.28. clauses 3,4. a How much more shall the blood of e See on Rom. i. ver. 6. clause 2. Christ, b who through cthe eternal Spi
See on Matt. xix. ver. 16. clause S. rit doffered himself' (without spot to
VER. 16. God,'purge your conscience from 6 dead works h to serve the living God?
“Όπου γάς διαθήκη, θάνατον ανάγκη
φέρεσθαι του διαθεμένου. . • 01, fault.
For where a estament is, there must a See on Matt. xx. ver. 28. clause 4. also of necessity * be the death of the tesb See on Luke iv. ver. 18. clause 1.
tator. c See on Rom. i. ver. 20. clause 3. See on chap. vii. ver. 27. clause 4.
*Or, be brought in. e Ye shall offer at your own will a
VER. 17. male without blemish, of the beeves, of the sheep, or of the goats. But
Διαθήκη γαρ επι νεκρούς βεβαία· εσει whatsoever hath a blemish, that shall rahmots loxúei őre G o dia Ségevoç. ye not offer; for it shall not be ac a For a testament is of force after men ceptable for you, Lev. xxii. 19, 20. are dead: otherwise it is of no strength And thou shalt say unto them. This is at all while the testator liveth. the offering made by fire which ye shall offer unto the LORD ; two lambs
a Brethren, I speak after the manof the first year without spot, day by ner of men ; Though it be but a man's day, for a continual burnt-offering, covenant, yet if it be confirmed, no xxviii. 3. And if there be any blem- man disannulleth, or addeth thereto, ish therein, as if it be lame, or blind, Gal. iii. 15. or have any ill blemish, thou shalt not
VER. 18. sacrifice it unto the LORD thy God,
οθεν ουδ' η πρώτη χωρίς αίματος έγDeut. xv. 21. Thou shalt not sacri
κεκαίνισται· fice unto the LORD thy God any bullock or sheep wherein is blemish, or Whereupon neither the first testaany evil-favouredness; for that is an
dedicated without blood. abomination unto the LORD thy God, xvii. 1. See also on chap. vii. ver.
* Or, purified. 26. clause 3.
VER. 19. f Let us draw near with a true heart, in full assurance of faith, hav; | νόμον υπό Μωϋσέως παντί τω λαώ, λαβών
Λαληθείσης γαρ πάσης εντολής κατά ing our hearts sprinkled from an evil | το αίμα των μόσχων και τράγων μετά conscience, and our bodies washed | Εδατος και ερίου κοκκίνου και υσσώπου, αυwith pure water, Heb. x. 22.
το τε το βιβλίον και πάντα τον λαόν έρ& See on chap. vi. ver. 1. clause 5. See on Rom.i. ver. 1. clause 2.
ράντισι, , See on John v. ver. 26. clause 1. a For when Moses had spoken every
precept to all the people according to the VER. 15.
law, he took the blood of calves and of Kai Osà TOūTO diabóxenç sacens petitng goats, with water, band scarlet wool,
A. D. 64.
Heb. IX. 19-21.
1. D. 64.
Cand hyssop, and sprinkled both the a See on ver. 19. clause 1. book and all the people,
b For this is my blood of the new *Or, purple.
testament, which is shed for many for
the remission of sins, Matt. xxvi. 28. a And Moses came and told the people all the words of the LORD, and
VER. 21. all the judgments : and all the people Και την σκηνήν δε και πάντα τα σκεύη answered with one voice, and said, rñs des touglas tão aipati oreciws ipsár-. All the words which the Lord hath said will we do. And Moses wrote all the words of the LORD, and rose
a Moreover he sprinkled with blood both up early in the morning, and builded the tabernacle, and all the vessels of the an altar under the hill, and twelve ministry. pillars, according to the twelve tribes a And thou shalt cause a bullock to of Israel. And he sent young men of be brought before the tabernacle of the children of Israel, which offered the congregation : and Aaron and his burnt offerings, and sacrificed peace- sons shall put their hands upon the offerings of oxen unto the Lord. And head of the bullock. And thou shalt Moses took half of the blood, and put kill the bullock before the LORD, by the it in basons; and balf of the blood he door of the tabernacle of the congregasprinkled on the altar. And he took tion. And thou shalt take of the blood the book of the covenant, and read in 'of the bullock, and put it upon the horns the audience of the people : and they of the altar with thy finger, and pour said, All that the LORD hath said will all the blood beside the bottom of the we do, and be obedient. And Moses altar, Exod. xxix. 10–12. Then shalt took the blood, and sprinkled it on the thou kill the ram, and take of his people, and said, Behold the blood of blood, and put it upon the tip of the the covenant, which the LORD bath right ear of Aaron, and upon the tip made with you concerning all these of the right ear of his sons, and upon words, Exod. xxiv. S-8.
the thumb of their right hand, and • Then shall the priest command to upon the great toe of their right foot, take for him that is to be cleansed two and sprinkle the blood upon the altar birds alive and clean, and cedar-wood, round about. And thou shalt take of and scarlet, and hyssop. An the the blood that is upon the altar, and of priest shall command that one of the the anointing oil, and sprinkle it upon birds be killed in an earthen vessel Aaron, and upon his garments, and over running water. As for the liv- upon his sons, and upon the garments ing bird, he shall take it, and the ce of his sons with him : and he shall be dar-wood, and the scarlet, and the hallowed, and his garments, and his hyssop, and shall dip them and the sons, and his sons' garments with him, living bird in the blood of the bird that 20, 21. And he brought the bullock was killed over the running water, for the sin-offering: and Aaron and Lev. xiv. 46.
his sons laid their hands upon the head c And ye shall take a bunch of hys- of the bullock for the sin-offering. sop, and dip it in the blood that is in And he slew it; and Moses took the the bason, and strike the lintel and blood, and put it upon the horns of the two side-posts with the blood that the altar round about with his finger, is in the bason ; and none of you shall and purified the altar, and poured the go out at the door of his house until blood at the bottom of the altar, and the morning, Exod. xii. 22. Purge sanctified it, to make reconciliation me with hyssop, and I shall be clean, upon it, Lev. viii. 14, 15. Aaron Psal. li. 7.
therefore went unto the altar, and VER. 20.
slew the calf of the sin-offering which Λέγων: Τούτο το αίμα της διαθήκης, ής | Aaron brought the blood unto him,
was for himself. And the sons of ενετείλατο προς υμάς ο Θεός.
and he dipped his finger in the blood, a Suying, .This is the blood of the and put it upon the horns of the altar, testament which God hath injoined unto and poured out the blood at the botyou.
tom of the altar, ix. 8, 9. He slew VOL. III.
HEB. IX. 21-24.
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also the bullock and the ram for a sa thou cleanse and purge it. Thou shalt crifice of peace-offerings which was for take the bullock also of the sin-offerthe people : and Aaron's sons pre- ing, and he shall bum it in the apsented unto him the blood, which he pointed place of the house, without sprinkled upon the altar round about, the sanctuary. And on the second 18. And he shall take of the blood of day thou shalt offer a kid of the goats the bullock, and sprinkle it with his without blemish for a sin-offering ; finger upon the mercy-seat, eastward : and they shall cleanse the altar, as and before the mercy-seat shall he they did cleanse it with the bullock, sprinkle of the blood with his finger Ezek. xliii. 18—22. seven times. Then shall he kill the goat of the sin-offering that is for the
VER. 22. people, and bring his blood within the vail, and do with that blood as he did
Και σχεδόν έν αίματι πάντα καθαρίζεwith the blood of the bullock, and
ται κατά τον νόμον, και χωρίς αιμαΤεκsprinkle it upon the mercy-seat, and xusias où yirstai špeciso before the mercy-seat. And he shall And almost all things are by the law make an atonement for the holy place, purged with blood; a and without shedbecause of the uncleanness of the ding of blood is no remission. children of Israel, and because of their
a And he shall do with the bullock transgressions in all their sins: and as he did with the bullock for a sinso shall be do for the tabernacle of the offering, so shall he do with this : and congregation that remaineth among the priest shall make an atonement them in the midst of their uneleanness. for them, and it shall be forgiven And there shall be no man in the ta them, Lev. iv. 20. For the life of the bernacle of the congregation when he flesh is in the blood; and I have given goeth in to make an atonement in the it to yon npon the altar, to make an holy place, until he come out, and have atonement for your souls: for it is the made an atonement for himself, and blood that maketh an atonement for for his houshold, and for all the con the soul, xvii. 11. gregation of Israel. And he shall go out unto the altar that is before the
VER. 23. LORD, and make an atonement for it; and shall take of the blood of the bul. 'Ανάγκη ούν τα μεν υποδείγματα των lock, and of the blood of the goat, and | Év Tois oupavors, TOÚTOIS na Papierbar aúput it upon the horms of the altar | τα δε τα επουράνια κρείττοσε θυσίαις παround about. And he shall sprinkle på taúras. of the blood upon it with his finger a It was therefore necessary that the seven times, and cleanseit, and hallow patterns of things in the heavens should it from the uncleanness of the children be purified with these ; b but the heavenly of Israel. And when he hath made things themselves with beiter sacrifices an end of reconciling the holy place, than these. and the tabernacle of the congregation, and the altar, he shall bring the
a See on chap. viii. ver. 5. live goat, xvi. 14-20. And he said
bSee on ver. 11, 12, unto me, Son of man, thus saith the Lord God, These are the ordinances
VER. 24. of the altar in the day when they'shall Ου γαρ εις χειροποίητα άγια εισήλθεν make it, to offer burnt-offerings there- ó Xplotos, TUTA Tãy kandevæv, on, and to sprinkle blood thereon. | εις αυτόν τον ουρανόν, νυν εμφανισθήναι τα And thou shalt give to the priests the | προσώπων του Θεού υπέρ ημών» . Levites that be of the seed of Zadok,
a For Christ is not entered into the holy which approach unto me, to minister unto me, saith the Lord God, a young places made with hands, which are the bullock for a sin-offering. And thou figures of the true; but into heaven itshalt take of the blood thereof, and self, now to appear in the presence of put it on the four horns of it, and on
God for us : the four corners of the settle, and upon a See on chap. iv. ver. 14. clause 2. the border round about: thus shalt b. See on chap. vii. ver. 25. clause 4.
Α. D. 64.
Η ΕΒ. Ιx. 25-28.-x. 1-4.
Α. D. 64.
VER. 28. Ουδ' ίνα πολλάκις προσφέρη εαυτόν, Ούτως ο Χριστός άπαξ προσενεχθείς εις ώσπερ ο αρχιερεύς εισέρχεται εις τα άγια το πολλών ανενεγκεϊν αμαρτίας, εκ δευτέκατ' ενιαυτόν εν αίματι αλλοτρίω, ρου χωρίς αμαρτίας, οφθήσεται τους αυτόν
* Νor yet that he should offer him- απεκδεχομένοις εις σωτηρίαν. self often, bas the High Priest entereth So Christ was once offered to bear into the holy place every year with the sins bof many; cand unto them the blood of others;
that look for him a shall he appear the
second time without sin unto salvation. a Who needeth not daily, as those High Priests, to offer up sacrifice, first a See on John i. ver. 29. clauses 1,2. for his own sins, and then for the peo
b See on Matt. XX. ver. 28. clause 4. ple's : for this he did once, when he See on 1 Thess. i. ver. 10. clause 1. offered up himself. For the law mak See on John xii. ver. 26. clause 3. eth men High Priests which have infirmity; but the word of the oath,
CHAP. X.-VER. 1. which was since the law, muketh the Σκίαν γαρ έχων ο νόμος των μελλόντων Son, who is consecrated for evermore, αγαθών, ουκ αυτήν την εικόνα των πραγΗeb. vii. 27, 28.
μάτων, κατ' ενιαυτόν ταϊς αυταίς, θυσίαις, b See on ver. 7.
ας προσφέρουσιν εις το διηνεκές, ουδέποτε
δύναται τους προσερχομένους τελειώσαι. VER. 26.
a For the law having a shadow of 'Eπει έδει αυτόν πολλάκις παθείν από good things to come, and not the very καταβολής κόσμου νύν δε άπαξ επί συν- image of the things, b can never with τελεία των αιώνων, εις αθήτησιν αμαρτίας, | those sacrifices which they offered year by δια της θυσίας αυτού πεφανέρωται. year continually make the comers there
For then musť he often have suffered unto perfect. since the foundation of the world: but a See on chap. viii. ver. 5. clause 1. now once a in the end of the world hath b See on chap. ix. ver. 11. clause 4. he appeared bto put away sin by the sacrifice of himself.
'Εσει ουκ αν επαύσαντο προσφερόμεναι ; *See on chap. i. ver. 2. clause 1. b See on John i. ver. 29. clause 2.
δια το μηδεμίαν έχειν έτι συνείδησιν αμαρ«But this man, after he had offered | τιών τους λατρεύοντας, άπαξ κεκαθαρμί. one sacrifice' for sins, for ever sat
For then * would they not have ceased down on the right hand of God, Heb. 1. 12. For he hath made him to be to be offered ? because that the worshipsin for us, who knew no sin ; that we pers once purged should have had no might be made the righteousness of more conscience of sine. God in him, 2 Cor. v. 21. And walk * Or, they would have ceased to be of in love, as Christ also bath loved us, fered, because, fc. and hath given himself for us an of. fering and a sacrifice to God for a
VER. 3. sweet smelling savour, Eph. v. 2.
'Αλλ' εν αυταίς ανάμνησις αμαρτιών Who gave himself for us, that he rat' [nautóv. might redeem us from all iniquity, and
a But in those sacrifices there is a repurify unto himself a peculiar people, membrance again made of sins every zealous of good works, Tit. ii. 14.
year. VER. 27.
a See on chap. ix. ver. 7. clause 1. Και καθ' όσον άπόκειται τους ανθρώπους
VER. 4. άπαξ αποθανείν, μετά δε τούτο κρίσις: 'Αδύνατον γαρ αίμα ταύρων και τράγων a And as it is appointed unto men once
αφαιρεϊν αμαρτίας. to die, b but after this the judgment : a For it is not possible that the blood of
a See on Rom. v. ver. 12. clause 2. brills and of goats should take away sins. See on John v. yer 22.
a See on chap. ix. ver. 9. clause 4.
HEB. X. 5-11.
A. D. 64.
hosts, neither will I accept an offerVER. 5.
ing at your hand, Mal. i. 10. Διό εισερχόμενος εις τον κόσμον, λέγει: Θυσίαν και προσφοράν ουκ ήθέλησας, σώμα
VER. 7. δε κατηρτίσω μοι»
Tóta eltrovo 'Idoù ñxw" (iv nepaaid: BiWherefore when a he cometh into the | βλίου γέγραπται περί εμού) του ποιήσαι, και
Θεός, το θέλημά σου. world, he saith, 6 Sacrifice and offering thou wouldest not, but a body * hast thou a Then suid I, Lo, I come (in the prepared me:
volume of the book it is written of me,) to • Or, thou hast fitted me.
do thy will, O God. a See on Matt. xi. ver 3.
a See on John iv. ver. 34. b Sacrifice and offering thou didst bAnd I will put enmity between pot desire; mine ears hast thou
thee and the woman, and between
opened: burnt-offering and sin-offering thy seed and her seed: it shall bruise hast thou not required. Then said 1, thy head, and thou shalt bruise his Lo, I come : in the volume of the book heel, Gen. iii. 15. And in thy seed it is written of me, I delight to do thy shall all the nations of the earth be will , O my God : yea, thy law is with blessed; because thou hast obeyed my
voice, xxii. 18. See also on Luke in my heart, Psal. xl. 6-8.
xxiv. ver. 44. clauses 2—4. • See on John i. ver. 14. clause 1.
'Ανώτερον λέγων· "οτι θυσίαν και προσ. “Ολοκαυτώματα και περί αμαρτίας ούκ | φοράν και ολοκαυτώματα και περί αμαρευδόκησας: :
τίας ουκ ήθέλησας, ουδε ευδόκησας: (αίτινες a In burnt-offerings and sacrifices for sarà tòy rópecs mpos péportas) sin thou hast had no pleasure.
Above when he said, Sacrifice and ofa To what purpose is the multitude fering and burnt-offerings and offering of your sacrifices unto me? saith the for sin thou wouldest not, neither hadst Lord: I am full of the burnt-offerings pleasure therein ; which are offered by of rams, and the fat of fed beasts; and the law; i delight not in the blood of bullocks,
VER. 9. or of lambs, or of he-goats. When ye Τότε είρηκεν· 'Ιδού ήκω του ποιήσαι, και come to appear before me, who hath | Θεός, το θέλημά σου. 'Αναιρεί το πρώτον, required this at your hand, to tread ive TÒ SEÚTegov othon, my courts ? Bring no more vain obla
Then suid he, Lo, I come to do thy tions; incense is an abomination unto will, O God. a He taketh away the first, me; the new-moons and sabbaths,
establish the second. the calling of assemblies, I cannot away with ; it is iniquity, even the so a See on chap. viii. ver. 8. lemn meeting. Your new-moons and
VER. 10. your appointed feasts my soul hateth :
'Ενω θελήματι ηγιασμένοι εσμέν οι διά they are a trouble unto me; I am
της προσφοράς του σώματος του Ιησού weary to bear them, Isa. i. 11-14.
Χριστου εφάπαξ. .
a By the which will we are sanctified God ? shall I come before him with through the offering of the body of Jesus burnt-offerings, with calves of a year
Christ once for all. old? Will the LORD be pleased with a And for their sakes I sanctify mythousands of rams, or with ten thou- self, that they also might be sanctified sands of rivers of oil? shall I give my though the truth, John xvii. 19. first-born for my transgression, the bSee on chap, vii. ver. 27. clause 4. fruit of my body for the sin of my soul ? Micah vi. 6,7. Who is there even
VER. 11. among you, that would shut the doors Και πάς μεν ιερεύς έστηκε καθ' ημέραν for: nought ? neither lo ye kindle fire | λειτουργών, και τας αυτάς πολλάκις προς on mine altar for nought. I have no | φέρων θυσίας, αίτινες ουδέποτε δύνανται pleasure in you, saith the Lord of tegieasív ápaagtlase