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TEXT. 1 It is not expedient for me, doubtless, to glory: I will come to

visions and revelations of the Lord. 2 I knew a man in Christ, above fourteen years ago, (whether in the

body, I cannot tell; or whether out of the body, I cannot tell: God knoweth) such an one caught up to the third heaven. 3 And I knew such a man, (whether in the body, or out of the body,

I cannot tell : God knoweth) 4 How that he was caught up into paradise, and heard unspeakable

words, which it is not lawful for a man to utter. 5 Of such an one will I glory: yet of myself I will not glory, but in

mine infirmities. 6 For, though I would desire to glory, I shall not be a fool; for I will

say the truth: but now I forbear, lest any man should think of me

above that which he seeth me to be, or that he heareth of me. 7 And, lest I should be exalted above measure, through the abundance

of the revelations, there was given to me a thorn in the flesh, the messenger of Satan to buffet me, lest I should be exalted above measure.

PARAPHRASE. 1 If I must be forced to glory a for your sakes ; (for me it is

not expedient) I will come to visions and revelations of the 2 Lord. I knew a man", by the power of Christ, above four

teen years ago, caught up into the third heaven, whether the

entire man, body and all, or out of the body in an ecstasy, 3 I know not ; God knows. And I knew such an one b,

whether in the body, or out of the body, I know not, God 4 knows, That he was caught up into paradise, and there heard 5 what is not in the power of man to utter. Of such an one I

will glory: but myself I will not mention with any boasting,

unless in things that carry the marks of weakness, and show 6 my sufferings. But if I should have a mind to glory in other

things, I might do it, without being a fool; for I would speak nothing but what is true, having matter in abundance : but I

forbear, lest any one should think of me beyond what he sees 7 me, or hears commonly reported of me. And that I might

not be exalted above measure, by reason of the abundance of · revelations that I had, there was given me a thorn in the flesh, the messenger of Satan to buffet me, that I might not be over

NOTES. 1 • Ei xavyä сbau 867, "If I must glory," is the reading of some copies, and is justified by ver. 30, of the foregoing chapter, by the Vulgar translation, and by the Syriac, much to the same purpose; and suiting better with the context, renders the sense clearer. 2, 3 \ Modestly speaking of himself in the third person. 6 - Vid. ver. 7. 72 “ Thorn in the flesh :” what this was in particular, St. Paul having thought

fit to conceal it, is not easy for those who came after to discover, nor is it very material.

TEXT. 8 For this thing I besought the Lord thrice, that it might depart from

me. 9 And he said unto me, “My grace is sufficient for thee: for my

strength is made perfect in weakness.” Most gladly therefore will I rather glory in my infirmities, that the power of Christ may rest

upon me. 10 Therefore, I take pleasure in infirmities, in reproaches, in necessities,

in persecutions, in distresses for Christ's sake: for when I am weak,

then am I strong. 11 I am become a fool in glorying ; ye have compelled me: for I ought

to have been commended of you ; for in nothing am I behind the very chiefest apostles, though I be nothing.


8 much elevated. Concerning this thing, I besought the Lord 9 thrice, that it might depart from me. And he said, My

favour is sufficient for thee: for my power exerts itself, and its sufficiency is seen the more perfectly, the weaker thou thyself art. I, therefore, most willingly choose to glory, rather in things that show my weakness, than in my abundance of glorious

revelations, that the power of Christ may the more visibly be 10 seen to dwell in me. Wherefore, I have satisfaction in

weaknesses, in reproaches, in necessities, in persecutions, in distresses, for Christ's sake. For when I looked upon in my

outward state, appear weak, then by the power of Christ, which 11 dwelleth in me, I am found to be strong. I am become foolish

in glorying thus: but it is you who have forced me to it. For I ought to have been commended by you ; since in nothing came I behind the chiefest of the apostles, though in myself I am nothing.


CHAPTER XII. 12, 13.

CONTENTS, He continues to justify himself to be an apostle, by the miracles he did, and the supernatural gifts he bestowed amongst the Corinthians.

TEXT. 12 Truly the signs of an apostle were wrought among you, in all pa-.

tience, in signs and wonders and mighty deeds. 13 For what is it wherein ye were inferior to other churches, except it

be that I myself was not burdensome to you? Forgive me this wrong.

PARAPHRASE. 12 Truly the signs, whereby an apostle might be known, were

wrought among you, by me, in all patience a and submission,

under the difficulties I there met with, in miraculous, won13 derful, and mighty works, performed by me. For what is

there which you were any way shortened in, and had not equally with other churches 5, except it be that I myself was not burdensome to you ? Forgive me this injury.

NOTES. 12 a This may well be understood to reflect on the haughtiness and plenty, wherein

the false apostle lived amongst them. 13 b Vid. I Cor. i. 4—7.



CONTENTS. He farther justifies himself to the Corinthians, by his past disinterestedness, and his continued kind intentions to them.

TEXT. 14 Behold, the third time I am ready to come to you; and will not be

burdensome to you ; for I seek not yours, but you: for the children ought not to lay up for the parents, but the parents for the children.


14 Behold, this is the third time I am ready to come unto you;

but I will not be burdensome to you; for I seek not what is yours, but you : for it is not expected, nor usual, that children should lay up for their parents, but parents a for their children,

NOTE. 14 a Vid. I Cor. iv. 14, 15.

TEXT. 15 And I will very gladly spend, and be spent, for you, though the

more abundantly I love you, the less I be loved. 16 “But be it so, I did not burden you : nevertheless being crafty, I

caught you with guile.” 17 Did I make a gain of you by any of them whom I sent unto you? 18 I desired Titus, and with him I sent a brother. Did Titus make a gain

of you? Walked we not in the same spirit ? Walked we not in the

same steps ? 19 Again, think you that we excuse ourselves unto you? We speak be

PARAPHRASE. 15 I will gladly lay out whatever is in my possession, or power;

nay, even wear out and hazard myself for your souls b, though

it should so fall out that the more I love you, the less I should 16 be beloved by you“ “ Be it so, as some suggest, that I was

not burdensome to you; but it was in truth out of cunning,

with a design to catch you, with that trick, drawing from you, 17 by others, what I refused in person.” In answer to which, I

ask, Did I, by any of those I sent unto you, make a gain of you? 18 I desired Titus to go to you, and with him I sent a brother.

Did Titus make a gain of you ? Did not they behave themselves with the same temper that I did amongst you? Did

we not walk in the same steps ? i. e. neither they nor I re19 ceived any thing from you. Again“, do not, upon my men

NOTES. 15 b Vid. 2 Tim. ii. 10.

c Vid. chap. vi. 12, 13. 19 d He had before given the reason, chap. i. 23, of his not coming to them, with

the like asseveration that he uses here. If we trace the thread of St. Paul's dis. course here, we may observe, that having concluded the justification of himself and bis apostleship by his past actions, ver. 13, he had it in his thoughts to tell them how he would deal with the false apostle and his adherents, when he came, as he was ready now to do. And, therefore, solemnly begins rer. 14 with “ behold;" and tells them now, “the third time,” he was ready to come to them to which joining, (what was much upon his mind) that he would not be burdensome to them when he caine, this suggested to his thoughts an objection, viz. that this personal shyness in him was but cunning; for that he designed 10 draw gain from thein by other hands. From wbich he clears himself, by the instance of Titus, and the brother, whom he had sent together to them, who were as far fron receiving any thing from them as he himself. Titus and his other messenger being thus mentioned, he thought it necessary to obviate another suspicion, that might be raised in the minds of some of them, as if he meotioned the sending of those two as an apology for his not coming himself. This be disclaims utterly; and to prevent any thoughts of that kind, solemnly protests to them, that, in all his carriage to them, he had done nothing but for their edification ; nor had any other aim, in any of his actions, but purely that; and that he forbore coming merely out of respect and goodwill to them. So that all froin “Behold, this third time I am ready to come to you," ver. 14, to "this

TEXT. fore God, in Christ: but we do all things, dearly beloved, for your

edifying. 20 For I fear, lest, when I come, I shall not find you such as I would,

and that I shall be found unto you such as ye would not: lest there be debates, envyings, wraths, strifes, backbitings, whisperings,

swellings, tumults. 21 And lest, when I come again, my God will humble me among you,

and that I shall bewail many, which have sinned already, and have not repented of the uncleanness, and fornication, and lasciviousness, which they have committed.

PARAPHRASE. tioning my sending of Titus to you, think that I apologize for my not coming myself: I speak as in the presence of God, and as a Christian, there is no such thing: in all my whole carriage towards you, beloved, all that has been done, has

been done only for your edification. No, there is no need of 20 an apology for my not coming to you sooner: For I fear,

when I do come, I shall not find you such as I would, and that you will find me such as you would not: I am afraid that among you there are disputes, envyings, animosities, strifes,

backbitings, whisperings, swellings of mind, disturbances : 21 And that my God, when I come to you again, will humble me

amongst you, and I shall bewail 'many who have formerly sinned, and have not yet repented of the uncleanness, fornication, and lasciviousness, whereof they are guilty.

NOTE. third time I am coming to you," chap. xiii. 1, must be looked on as an incident discourse, that fell in occasionally, though tending to the same purpose with the rest; a way of writing very usual with our apostle, and with other writers, who abound in quickness and variety of thoughts, as he did. Such men are often, by new matter rising in their way, put by from what they were going, and had begun to say; which, therefore, they are fain to take up again, and continue at a distance; which St. Paul does here, after the interposition of eight verses. Other instances of the like kiud may be found in other places of St. Paul's writings.

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