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appeared in sleep to Joseph in and his meat was locusts and Egypt,

wild honey. 20 Saying: Arise, and take 5 d Then went out to him the child and his mother, and Jerusalem and all Judea, and go into the land of Israel. For all the country about Jordan: they are dead that sought the 6 And were baptized by him life of the child.

in the Jordan confessing their 21 Who arose, and took the sins. child and his mother, and came 7 And seeing many of the into the land of Israel.

Pharisees and Sadducees.com22 But hearing that Arche-ing to his baptism, he said to laus reigned in Judea in the them: Ye brood of vipers, who room of Herod his father, he was hath showed you to flee from the afraid to go thither: and being wrath to come! warned in sleep retired into the 8 Bring forth therefore fruit quarters of Galilee.

worthy of penance. 23 And coming he dwelt in a 9 And think not to say within city called Nazareth : that it yourselves, We have Abraham might be fulfilled which was for our father. For I tell you said by the prophets: That he that God is able of these stones shall be called a Nazarite. to raise up children to Abraham.

10 For now the axe is laid to CHAP. III.

the root of the trees. Every tree The preaching of John: Christ is bay therefore that doth not yield tized.

good fruit, shall be cut down,

and cast into the fire. John the Baptist preaching

11 & I indeed baptize you in in the desert of Judea.

water unto penance, but he that 2 And saying; . Do penance: shall come after me, is mightier

b for the kingdom of heaven is at than I, whose shoes I am not hand.

worthy to bear; he shall baptize 3 For this is he that was you in the Holy Ghost and fire, spoken of by Isaias the prophet, 12 Whose fan is in his hand saying: • À voice of one crying and he will thoroughly cleanse in the desert, Prepare ye the way his floor: and gather his wheat of the Lord, make straight his into the barn, but the chaff he paths.

will burn with unquenchable 4 And the same John had his fire. garment of camels' hair, and a 13 . Then cometh JESU8 from leathern girdle about his loins: Galilee to the Jordan, unto John,

to be baptized by him. & A.D. 28.- Mark 1. 4. Luke 3. 8.-c Isaias 40. 3. Mark 1. 3. 3. 4.

d Mark 1. 5.-e Luke 3. 7.-f John 8.

39.--g Mark 1. 8. Luke 3. 16. John CHAP. III. Ver. 2.

1. 26. Acts 1. 5.- Mark 1. 9. • Penitentiam agite,' USTAVOELTE. Which word, according to the use of

Ver. 7. Pharisees and Sadducees. the scriptures and the holy fathers, These were two sects among the Jews : does not only signify repentance and

of which the former were for the most amendment of life, but also punishing part notorious hypocrites; the latter : past sins by fasting, and such like pe- kind of free-thinkers in matters of oitontial exercises.



Do penance.

, he and

14 « But John stayed him, 7 JESUS said to him, It is saying: I ought to be baptized written again: 8 Thou shalt not by thee, and comest thou to me? tempt the Lord thy God.

15 And Jesus answering, said 8 Again the devil took him up to him : Suffer it to be so now. into a very high mountain: and For so it becometh us to fulfil shewed him all the kingdoms of all justice. Then he suffered the world, and the glory of them. him.

9 And said to him: All these 16 And Jesus being baptized, will I give thee, if falling down forthwith came out of the water: thou wilt adore me. and lo, the heavens were opened 10 T'hen JESUS saith to him: to him: and he saw the Spirit Begone, Satan: for it is written: of God descending as a dove, and A The Lord thy God shalt thou coming upon him.

adore, and him only shalt thou 17 . And behold a voice from

serve. heaven, saying: This is my be- 11 Then the devil left him: loved Son, in whom I am well and behold Angels came and pleased.

ministered to him. CHAP. IV.

12 And when Jesus had heard Christ's fast of forty days: he is tempt- that John was delivered up,

ed. He begins to preach, to call dis- he retired into Galilee: riples to him, and to work miracles.

13 And leaving the city Nad spirit into the desert, to be Capharnaum on the sea coast, tempted by the devil.

in the borders of Zabulon and 2 And when he had fasted

of Nephthalim; forty days and forty nights, af

14 That it might be fulfilled terwards he was hungry. 3 And the tempter coming prophet:

which was said by Isaias the said to him: If thou be the Son of God, command that these land of Nephthalim, the way of

15 * Land of Zabulon and stones be made bread.

the sea beyond the Jordan, Gali4 Who answered and said: It

lee of the gentiles: is written, Not in bread alone

16 The people that sat in darkdoth man live, but in every word that proceedeth from the mouth of them that sat in the region of the

ness, hath seen great light: and to God.

shadow of death, light is sprung 5 Then the devil took him up

up. into the holy city, and set him

17 ! From that time JESUS upon the pinnacle of the temple,

6 And said to him: If thou be began to preach, and to say: the Son of God,cast thyself down, g Deut. 6. 16.-h Deut. 6. 13.-i Mark for it is written: I That he hath

1. 14, Luke 4. 14. John 4. 43.-k Isaias

9. 1.- Mark 1. 15. given his Angels charge over thee, and in their hands shall they bear

CHAP. IV. Ver. 8. Shened him, &c thee up, lest perhaps thou dash That is, pointed out to him where thy foot against a stone.

each kingdom lay; and set forth in

words what was most glorious and ad4 A.D. 30.-- Luke 3. 22-c Mark 1. mirable in each of them. Or also set 11. Luke 9. 35. 2 Pet. 1. 17.- A.D. before his eyes, as it were in a large Luke 4. 1. Deut. 8. 3. Luke

map, a lively representation of all those 44f Ps. 90. 11,



Do penance, for the kingdom of 2 And opening his mouth he heaven is at hand.

taught them, saying: 18 And 'ESUS walking by the 3d Blessed are the poor in sea' of Galilee, « saw two bre- spirit: for theirs is the kingcom thren, Simon who is called of heaven. Peter, and Andrew his brother, 4. Blessed are the meek: for casting a net into the sea (for they shall possess the land. they were fishers).

5 / Blessed are they that 19 And he saith to them : mourn : for they shall be comCome ye after me, and I will forted. make you to be fishers of men. 6 Blessed are they that hunger

20 And they immediately leav- and thirst afterjustice: for they ing their nets, followed him. shall have their fill.

21 And going on from thence, 7 Blessed are the merciful: he sawother two brethren, James for they shall obtain mercy. the son of Zebedee, and John 8 & Blessed are the clean of his brother, in a ship with Zebe- heart: for they shall see God. dee their father, mending their 9 Blessed are the peace-mak. nets: and he called them.

ers : for they shall be called the 22 And they forthwith left children of God. their nets and father, and fol- 10 ^ Blessed are they that lowed him.

suffer persecution for justice 23 And JESUS went about all sake: for theirs is the kingdom Galilee, teaching in their syna- of heaven. gogues, and preaching the gos- 11 Blessed are ye when they pel of the kingdom: and healing shall revile you, and persecute all manner of sickness and every you, and speak all that is evil infirmity, among the people. against you, untruly, for my

24 And his fame went through- sake; out all Syria, and they presented 12 Be glad and rejoice, for to him all sick people that were your reward is very great in taken with divers diseases and heaven. For so they persecuterments, and such as were posted the prophets that were besessed by devils and lunatics, fore you. and those that had the palsy, 13 You are the salt of the and he cured them:

earth. i But if the salt lose 25 6 And much people fol- its savour, wherewith shall it be lowed him from Galilee, and salted! It is good for nothing from Decapolis, and from Jeru- any more but to be cast out, and salem, and

from Judea, and from to be trodden on by men. beyond the Jordan.

14 You are the light of the CHAP. V.

world. A city seated on a mounChrist's sermon upon the mount. The

tain cannot be hid. eight beatitudes. ND seeing the multitudes, 61. 2.-g Ps. 23.4.-h 1 Pet. 2. 20. and 3.

d Luke 6. 20.-e Ps. 36. 11.-f Isaias and when he was set down, his disciples came unto him.

CHAP. V. Ver. 3. The poor in

spirit. That is, the humble; and a Mark 1. 16. Luke 5. 2. Mark they whose spirit is not set upon 1.7. Luke 6. 17.-CA.D. 31


A ,

15 a Neither domen light a can- | not kill. And whosoever shall dle and put it under a bushel, but kill, shall be in danger of the upon a candlestick, that it may judgment. shine to all that are in the house. 22 But I say to you, that who

16 So let your light shine be- soever is angry with his brother, fore men, that they may see shall be in danger of the judgyour good works, and glorify ment. And whosoever shall say your Father who is in heaven. to his brother, Raca, shall be in

17 Do not think that I am danger of the council. And come to destroy the law, or the whosoever shall say, Thou fool, prophets. I am not come to de- shall be in danger of hell fire. stroy, but to fulfil.

23 If therefore thou offer thy 18 . For amen I say unto you, gift at the altar, and there thou till heaven and earth pass, one remember that thy brother hath jot, or one tittle shall not pass anything against thee; of the law, till all be fulfilled. 24 Leave there thy offering

19 . He therefore that shall before the altar, and go first to break one of these least com- be reconciled to thy brother mandments, and shall so teach and then coming thou shalt ofmen, shall be called the least in fer thy gift. the kingdom of heaven. But he 25 8 Be at agreement with thy that shall do and teach, he shall adversary betimes, whilst thou De called great in the kingdom art in the way with him; lest of heaven.

perhaps the adversary deliver 20 For I tell you, that unless thee to the judge, and the judge your justice abound more than deliver thee to the officer, and that of the Scribes and Phari-thou be cast into prison. sees, you shall not enter into the 26 Amen I say to thee, thou kingdom of heaven.

shalt not go out from thence till 21 You have heard that it was thou repay the last farthing. said to them of old : Thou shalt 27 You have heard that it

a Mark 4. 21. Luke 8.16. and 11.33.

& Luke 12. 58. b1 Pet. 2. 12.-c Luke 16. 17.-d Jas. 2. 10.-e Luke 11. 39.-f Exod. 20. 13. punished by that lesser tribunal among Deut. 5. 17.

the Jews, called the Judgment, which

took cognizance of such crimes. Ver. 17. To fulfil. By accomplish

Ver. 22. Raca: A word expressing ing all the figures and prophecies; and great indignation or contempt. Shad perfecting all that was imperfect. be in danger of the council : That is,

Ver. 18. Amen. That is, assuredly, shall deserve to be punished by the of a truth. This Hebrew word, Amen, highest court of Judicature, called the 19 here retained by the example and au. Council, or Sanhedrim, consisting of thority of all the four evangelists, who seventy-two persons, where the highhave retained it. It is used by our est causes were tried and judged, Lord as a strong asseveration, and af. which was at Jerusalem.-Ibid.

Thoni firmation of the truth.

fool. This was then looked upon as a Ver. 20. The Scribes and Pharisees. heinous injury, when uttered with The Scribes were the doctors of the law contempt, spite, or malice; and thereof Moses: the Pharisees were a precise fore is here so severely condemned. set of men, making profession of a more Shall be in danger of hell fire: literally, exact observance of the law: and upon according to the Greek, shall deserve that account greatly esteemed annong to be cast into the Gehenna of fire. the people.

Which words our Saviour made use Ver. 21. Shall be in danger of the of to express the fire and punishment fudgment : That is, shall deserve to be of hell.


was said to them of old : . Thou 34 But I say to you not to shalt not commit adultery. swear at all, neither by heaven,

28 But I say to you, that who- for it is the throne of God: soever shall look on a woman to 35 Nor by the earth, for it is lust after her, hath already com- his footstool: nor by Jerusalem, mitted adultery with her in his for it is the city of the great heart.

king: 29 o And if thy right eye scan- 36 Neither shalt thcu swear dalize thee, pluck it out and cast by thy head, because thou canst it from thee. For it is expe- not make one hair white or dient for thee that one of thy black. members should perish, rather 37 / But let your speech be than thy whole body be cast in- yea, yea: no, no: and that which to hell.

is over and above these is of evil. 30 And if thy right hand scan- 38 You have heard that it hath dalize thee, cut it off, and cast been said: 6 An eye for an eye, it from thee: for it is expedient and a tooth for a tooth. for thee that one of thy members 39 But I say to you not to reshould perish, rather than that sist evil: A but if one strike thy whole body go into hell. thee on thy right cheek, turn to

31 And it hath been said, him also the other : Whosoever shall put away his 40 i And if a man will con. wife, let him give her a bill oftend with thee in judgment, and divorce.

take away thy coat, let go thy 32 But I say to you,

d that cloak also unto him. whosoever shall put away his 41 And whosoever will force wife, excepting the cause of for- thee one mile, go with him other nication, maketh her to commit

two. adultery: and he that shall 42 Give to him that asketh marry her that is put away, ofthee, and from him that would committeth adultery.

borrow of thee turn not away. 33 Again you have heard that 43 You have heard that it it was said to them of old, Thou hath been said, 'Thou shalt love shalt not forswear thyself: but thy neighbour, and hate thy thou shalt perform thy oaths to

enemy. the Lord.

f Jas. 5. 12.-g Exod. 21. 24. Lev. a Exod. 20. 11.- Mark 9. 46. Infra, 24. 20. Deut. 19. 21.--h Luke 6. 29.18. 9.-c Deut. 24. 1. Infra, 19. 7.- il Cor. 6. 7.-k Deut. 15. 8.2 Lev d Mark 10, 11. Luke 16. 18. 1 Cor. 19. 18. 7. 10.- Exod. 20. 7. Lev. 19. 12. Deut. 5. 11. Jas. 5. 12.

fence; but only to swear rashly, or pro

fanely, in common discourse, and with. Ver. 29. Scandalize thee. That is, out necessity. if it be a stumbling-block, or occasion Ver. 39. Vot to resist evil, &c. What of sin, to thee. By which we are is here commanded is a christian taught to fly the immediate occasions patience under injuries and affronts, of sin, though they be as dear tous, and to be willing even to suffer still or as necessary to us, as a hand or an more, rather than to indulge the de. eye.

sire of revenge: but what is further Ver. 31. Not to swear at all, 'Tis added does not strictly oblige accordnot forbid to swear in truth, justice, ing to the letter, for neither did Christ and judgment; to the honour of God, nor St. Paul turn the other cheek or our own or neighbour's just de. St. John xviii. and Acts xxiii.

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