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My Neighbour Daniel JVorthrington, accompanied 1726. me in this rough Travel, some Part of the Way being ^V-i hilly, and very stony and bushy, and the Weather wet. We had four Meetings, and rode about fourscore Miles; and though I had travelled much in this Province, I had never been at some of those Places before: But a few Nights before I set out, I had a plain Prospect of them in a Dream, or Night Vision, as I saw them afterwards, which I thought somewhat remarkable.
The People inhabiting this Province, are now become numerous, and make many Settlements in the Woods, more than I have observed in my Travels in any of the British Plantations; and there hath long been a Desire in my Mind that they might prosper in the Work of true and thorough Reformation; and a godly Fear and Concern being upon me, I have some^ times put them in Mind of the State of this Land, when their Fathers first came and settled in it; and to caution them of growing careless, and forgetting the Lord, lest he should forsake them, and turn their now fruitful Fields into a barren Wilderness, as this was 30 lately ; which it is easy with him to do, if he pleases, for the Sins of the People.
After my Return Home, I visited many Meetings, Miw*n. as Æington, (Youths-meeting) Philadelphia, and Che- vrhh'.*dtl~ ster. At Chester I was concerned to direct the People Chcjicr, to that Power in themselves, which is the Life of Religion, and to be careful not to rest in the best Forms without it; for if we had only the Form of Godliness, and had not the Life and Power of it, it might be as reasonable for People to turn'away from us, as it was for our Fore-fathers to turn away from other Societies.
In the Seventh Month I was at our Yearly-meeting held at Burlington, for the Provinces of New-Jersey and Pensylvania, which was a very large Meeting,
1726. there being Friends from New-England, Rhode-Island,
sS>T*mt and Europe.
Mve/bam. j first-day Morning I went to Evesham to the Burial of our serviceable Friend Jervis Stoekdale; he being in good Esteem, there was much People: The Meeting was in a good tender Frame, and continued several Hours so, in which divers Testimonies were delivered, in order to stir up People to Truth and Righteousness, and godly living, that they might die well. I lodged the Night before at Peter Fearon's, and in the Morning I was awaked out of my Sleep, as it were by a Voice, expressing these Words; He That Liveth
AND BELIEVETH IN ME SHALL NEVER DIE. This I
took to be the Voice of Christ, I do not know that it was vocal, but it was as plain as one. From these Expressions I had to observe to the People, the happy State and Priviledge of those who live and believe in Christ, and that such must not live in Sin.
During the Time of our Yearly-meeting, some rude People came up the River in a small Sloop, provided by them for that Purpose, and spent their Time in drinking, carousing, and firing of Guns, to the Grief and Concern of Friends, who were religiously discharging their Duty, in serving and worshipping the Almighty j and it is observable, that one of these disorderly persons had his Hand shot off at that Time, and that the chief Promoters and Actors in this riotous Company, were soon after cut off by Death, in the Prime of their Days.
After the General-meeting was over, which ended well, Friends in the Love of God departed in Peace for their several Habitations, praising and glorifying God.
In the Beginning of the Eighth Month, having some Business at Cape-May, I ferried over to Gloucester, and went the first Night to James Lord's, lodged there, got up before Day, it being First-day Morns*um. ing, and rode near thirty Miles to Salem, where we
had a good Meeting, and so went to Æoway's Creek, 1726. Cohanjy, and through a barren wilderness to Cape- w*v^ May9 where we had one Meeting, and returned by <Man6Way of Egg-Harbour home; in which Journey I travelled upwards of two hundred Miles. At Cape-May . . I was concerned to write a few Lines concerning Swearing, as follows, viz.
* Christians ought not to swear in any case, for Against
* these Reasons—P-ift. Because Christ, their Lord, for- weannfr 'bad it; unto whom the Angels in Heaven must b
4 subject, and doubtless, so must mortal Man, tt 'whom he gave the Precept. We must and ought to 'be subject to Christ, who is Lord of Lords, and King
* of Kings, and the Judge of the §>uick and the Dead: 'To him all Mortals must be accountable for their 'Disobedience. He says, in his Sermon on the Mount,
'thus, I fay, Swear not at all: Wherefore, how can Mat. r. a
'Christians (or such who are his Friends) swear, since
'he says also, le are my Friends, if ye do whatsoever 1Johnxr.i^.
'command you. So consequently those who disobey his
'Commands, must be his Enemies. To this Com
* mand it is objected, that Christ only spoke against
I common or prophane Swearing: But this must needs be
* a great Mistake, because Christ says, It was said in Mat. r. 35. 'old Time, Tboushalt perform unto the Lord thine Oaths,
* (alluding to the Law ot Moses) which Oaths were 'solemn and religious; therefore Christ did not only
* prohibit vain and prophane Swearing, but all Swear
* ing: If we understand the Word, All, and what 4 all signifies, then all and any Swearing whatsoever,
* is not lawful for a Christian, according to Christ's
* Law and Command, which is positive to his Fol'lowers.
* 2dly. James (the holy Apostle of Christ, our Law
c giver, and our King) fays, Above all Things, tnyJam"r.ir
* Brethren, swear not, neither by Heaven, neither by the
* Earth, neither by any other Oath. Christ fays, Swear 'not at all; and James his Disciples and Apostles, says,
Swear not by any Oath; wherefore, if swearing the Bible be any Oath, or is swearing at all, it contrary to the express Doctrine of Christ, and Apostle James, as is plain from the above cit Texts.
3dly. The primitive Christians did not swear at a in the first Ages of Christianity. Query, WheriK our modern swearing Christians are better than d primitive Ones, who for Christ, and Conscience said could not swear at all, even before a Magistrates though legally called?
* 4thly. Many Christians have suffered Death, be cause they for Conscience sake, could not swear, ad so break the Command of Christ their Lord; and<)t not our modern Christians trample upon their Tern mony and Sufferings ? Some of whom suffered Deal for not swearing before the Heathen Magistrates, aa some were martyr'd by the Papists; judge then whe ther the Persecuted or Persecutors were in the right.
* 5thly. Many of our worthy Friends and Fore fathers (since the former) have suffered to Death a Goals for not swearing, when required by persecuting Protestants* because for Christ's fake and Sayings, tf above, they could not swear at all: And this had been a Testimony which our Society hath constanfl/f born ever since we have been a People, for the Reasons above, and more also, if there were occasion, which might be given.'
The 23d of the Eighth Month, I was at the Morning
Meeting at Philadelphia, on a First-day of the Week,
which was large, and I was concerned therein to exhort
Friends to labour to purge and cleanse our Society of
such under our profession who live in open Prophane
ness, and are riotous in their Conversations. I was at
the Bank-meeting in the Afternoon, where we had a
comfQrtable Time: And the next Sixth-day of the
Week I was at our Monthly-meeting, where it w.aS
unanimously agreed, in Consideration of some latein~
cent Conduct of some Persons pretending to be of 1726. ir Profession, that a Testimony from that Meeting U^V^O ould go forth against such disorderly Doings, and nchriftran Practices; and that all such Persons, who ere irregular in their Conversations, be disown'd to e of our Community, until they by Repentance maifest their Reformation ; which was accordingly soon fter published, and read in our First-day Morning- meeting, and in our Youths-meeting. And about his Time, our Governor issued a seasonable Proclamation against Drinking to Excess, Gaming, Swearng prophanely, Revelling, Night-walking, and Disurbing the Peace, and other Immoralities; which afforded some Satisfaction to sober and well-inclined ?riends, and others: Yet there remain'd a great Exsreise and Concern upon my Mind, that some young People, whose Parents had been careful in training them up, were grown so wicked, that by their extravagant Conduct, they not only disturb'd our religi- - t ous Meetings, but likewise became obnoxious to the peaceable Government we live under.
In the Ninth Month I was at divers Meetings, at Mtrio*. Meriou, German-town, Fair-bill, Abington, and Phila- Gtrmanielpbia ; in which were several Marriages solemnized ""*"*'*"• in a religious Manner. And in the Tenth Month, I went into the County of Salem, about my Affairs: ft happened to be at the Time of the Quarterly-meeting for Salem and Gloucester Counties; but I did not know of it, until I came to Salem, where Friends were glad Salen. to fee me, as also I was to fee them ; there were some of us whose Hearts were knit and united together as "Jonathan's and David's, the divine Love of God being much shed abroad in our Hearts at that Meeting: "When it was over, and I had finished my Business, I could not be clear in my Mind, without having some Meetings in the said Counties of Salem and Gloucester; and tho' it was a sickly Time, and People died pretty much in those Pares where we were going, James Lord
O * and