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1705. Thorns, nor Figs of Thistles; wherefore by their Fruits

they are known: I deny it, says Priest Crawford (for that was the Name he went by here, he going under another elsewhere) that they are known by their Fruits, I answered, Then thou denies the plain and naked Truth of Christ. So I called aloud to the People to take Notice what a blind Guide they had ; and indeed he was wicked as well as blind, and his Fruits not good ; which may make one suppose, that he was not willing to be try'd by his Fruits : For soon after, News came that he had a Wife in England, and as he had another here, his Fruits were wicked with a Witness; and according to Christ's Doctrine, no Good could spring from his Ministry, therefore he proved himself by his evil Deeds to be no Minister of Jesus Christ. Near the aforesaid Place we got a Meeting settled, which is called Little-Creek Meeeting ; and about the same Time a Meeting was established, and a Meeting-house built at Duck-Creek. The People in those Parts about this Time began mightily to see through the formal Preaching of such as preach for Money or Hire, who love the Hire, though they don't love to be called Hirelings.

In the Year 1706, having some Concerns in the

Province of Maryland, I had divers Meetings as I Notting. travelled on the Road, as at Nottingham, Elk River, Maryland, Northeast, Susquehannah, Bus and Gunpowder Rivers

at some of which Places I don't know that there had been any Meetings before. At one of these Meetings were one Edwards a Priest, and a Lawyer the Attorney-General, and several of the Justices of the Peace. The Priest was angry, and said, It was an unlawful Assembly, the House not being licensed by Law. The Justices told him, That he and his People being there to hear, if any unwarrantable or false Doctrine was preached, he had a tair Opportunity to lay it open before all the People. So they desired him to hear patiently and quietly. He seem'd to like the Propo


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sition, and sat down by me. We had not sat down 1706. long before I stood up, and spoke to the People fome considerable Time ; and the Lawyer sat opposite to me, and took what I said in Short-Hand, for about Half an Hour ; but growing weary, he laid down his Pen, and took out of his Pocket a Bottle of Liquor, or Spirits, and said, Come Friend, here is to thee, (or you) you have spoke a great while, you need something to refresh you. So I made a Stop, and said to the People, here is your Minister, and here is some of the Fruits of his Ministry, of which he and all sober People may be ashamed. And then I went on again without any Opposition till I had done.; but afterwards they were in a Rage, and threatened what chey would do to me, if ever I came to have a Meeting any more there. But I told 'em if they had Power to take our Lives from us, they were not dear to us for the Sake of Christ and his Gospel ; and that we did not matter their Threatenings. I desired the Lawyer to give me a Copy of what he had written : He went about it, but did not do it ; neither was he candid in penning my Words ; for several of the Peo: ple then present did bear Witness he had not writ it Verbatim, nor truly taken the Sense of what I spoke, wherefore I charged him to be Juft, otherwise he had many Witnesses against him ; at which the Priest bent his fift, and held it up to me, but did not strike me, and away they went in a Fret. Soon after we had another Meeting at the fame Place, which was large and quiet. The Man of the House being an Attorney at Law, had got his House licensed, and tho' the Priest and Lawyer threatened hard, they came not.

Aquila Pica, High Sheriff for the County, living at the Head of Bus River, near the main Road, build a Meeting house at his own Charge, and had it licensed, at which we had many good Meetings. About this Time also was built a Meeting-house at a Place called Nottingham, which is a large Meeting, and greatly increases.




When I was travelling in those Parts I had a Concern on my Mind to visit the Indians living near Sufquehannah, at Conestogoe ; I laid it before the Elders of Nottingham Meeting, with which they expreffed their Unity, and promoted my visiting them. We got an Interpreter, and thirteen or fourteen of us travelled through the Woods about fifty Miles, carrying our Provisions with us, and on the Journey sat down by a River, and spread our Food on the Grass, and refreshed ourselves and Horses, and then went on chearfully, and with good Will, and much Love to the poor Indians ; and when we came, they received us kindly, 'treating 'us civilly in their Way We treated about having a Meeting with them in a religious Way, upon which they called a Council, in which they were very grave, and spoke one after another without any Heat or Jarring ; (and some of the most esteemed of their Women do sometimes speak in their Councils.) I asked our Interpreter, Why they fuffered or permitted the Women to speak in their Councils ? His Answer was, That some Women were 'wiser than fome Men. Our Interpreter told me, That they had not done any Thing for many Years without the Counsel of an ancient grave Woman ; who, I observed spoke much in their Council ; for I was permitted to be present at it; and I asked, What it was the Woman faid? He told me she was an Empress ; and they gave much Heed to what she said amongst them ; and that she then said to them, Sbe looked upon our Coming to be more than nalural, because we did not come to buy, or sell, or get Gain, but came in Love and Respect to them, and desired their Well-doing both bere and hereafter; and further continued, That our Meetings among them might be very beneficial to their young people, and related a Dream which she had three Days before, and interpreted it, viz. “ That she was in London, " and that London was the finest Place she ever saw it C was like to Philadelphia, but much bigger) and the 65. went acrots six Streets, and in the seventh the faw

" William

51 « William Penn preaching to the People, which was 1706.

a great Multitude, and both she and William Penn “ rejoiced to see one another; and after Meeting the " went to him, and he told her, Thaç in a little Time is he would come over and preach to them also, of 6 which she was very glad. And now she said her 6. Dream was fulfilled, for one of his Friends was " come to preach to them." And she advised them to hear us, and entertain us kindly ; and accordingly they did. Here were two Nations of them, the Seneca's and the Sbawnese. We had first a Meeting with the Seneca's, with which they were much affected ; and they called the other Nation (viz. the Shawneje) and interpreted to them what we had spoke in their Meeting, and the poor Indians (particularly some of the Young Men and Women) were under a solid Exercise, and Concern. We had also a Meeting with the other Nation, and they were all very kind to us, and desired more such Opportunities ; the which, I hope Divine Providence will order them, if they are worthy thereof. The Gospel of Jesus Christ was preached freely to them, and Faich in Christ, who was put to Death at Jerusalem, by the unbelieving Jews; and that this same Jesus came to save People from their Sins, and by his Grace and Light in the Soul, thews to Man his Sins, and convinceth him thereof, delivering him out of them, and gives inward Peace and Comfort to the Soul for Well-doing, and Sorrow and Trouble for Evil-doing; to all which, as their Manner is, they gave publick Allents; and to that of the Light in the Soul, they gave a double Affent, and seem'd much affected with the Doctrine of Truth ; also the Benefit of the holy Scriptures was largely opened to them *

After * 'Tis worthy of Notice, that at at the first settling of Penryka vania, William Penn took great Care to do Justice to the Indians, and bought his Land of them to their Satisfaction, and letiled a Trade with them; so that whereas the Indians were destructive to other Colonies, they were helpful to Pensylvaniz; and to this Day they love to hear the Name of WILIAM PENN.


Ege Har. bour.

After this we returned to our respective Habitations, thankful in our Hearts to the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ. Several of the Friends that went with me express'd their Satisfaction in this Visit, and offered themselves freely to go again on the like Service.

I also was concerned foon after to visit the People about Egg Harbour and Cape-May, and had divers Meetings amongft them, and several Meetings were settled in those Parts, and the People somewhat reformed from what they had been before they were vifited by Friends, as themselves told me (after a Meeting we had with them) that they used to spend the Sabbath Days in Sporting and Vanity until Friends came among them, and now they met together to worship God, and his Son Jesus Christ. At our coming amongst them fome Backsliders and Apoftates were displeased. One in a very bitter Spirit) called us, Cursed and cruel Devils. Another wrote against

To him I sent an Answer, for which he scandalized ine in one of his Almanacks, and publickly belied me in Print; which Lies I swept away with a Small Broom, printed in this Year 1706, to which I never understood that he return'd any Answer, nor that he wrote against Friends afterwards, tho' he had made it his Practice before for several Years.

At Little Egg-Harbour liv'd a Friend whose Name was Edward Andrews, who, as he himself told me, had been a Leader of the People into Vanity and Folly, as Musick, Dancing, &c. "But the good Hand of the Lord being upon him, wrought a wonderful Reformation in him, and made him an Instrument to lead People into Truth and Righteousness, and gave him an excellent Gift of the Ministry of the Gospel of Chrift ; fo that he was made instrumental in the gathering of a large and growing Meeting, most of the People thereabouts being convinced, and a great Reformation and Change wrought in their Conversa


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