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principles of the most exalted piety, never occur in our Church, we, relying and the sublimest virtue. With the on the fidelity and diligence of the exception of a few hours for neces Bishop of Ely for the time being, do sary repose and sustenance, their sta- appoint him Visitor of our Cathedral tutes enjoined them to devote their Church, requiring him to watch and be whole time to manual labour or
vigilant, that these Statutes and Ordito study, to their religious cere
nances be inviolably observed. All which
we will have understood according to monies and meditation, to the relief of
their obvious and grammatical sense.' the destitute, and the instruction of the ignorant. For these purposes a
The Statutes were revised by Queen large tract of waste land was granted Elizabeth, and again, after the Restoto the Monks of Ely: they drained ration, by Bishop Wren, under the the fens, they cultivated the desert, sanction of the reigning Monarch ; they built churches and schools, they and as these modified Staiutes are the raised a flourishing city, and collected latest which have been promulgated round them a prosperous tenantry. by Royal authority, and vary in some The Abbey of St. Ethelburga existed particulars from those of Henry VIII., in great splendour from the reign of I may be permitted to insert at length Edgar to the Norman Conquest, and those which relate to the subject unthe Conventual School was selected der enquiry *: for the education of King Edward the “ DE CHORISTIS ET EORUM MAGISTRO. Confessor. Ely was converted into
“We appoint and ordain that in our an Episcopal See A.D. 1109; and the aforesaid Church there shall be eight Cathedral Church has been fortunate Choristers, chosen and appointed by the in a succession of generous Prelates, Dean (or, in his absence, the Sub-dean and no less so in an Historian to and Chapter); boys of tender age, with record their liberal donations for the clear voices and musical talent, who increase of hospitality and the ad- sball attend, minister, and sing in the vancement of learning. The School Choir. For instructing these boys, and of the Cathedral, under their fostering instilling into them modesty of bebacare, continued in a flourishing state viour no less than skill in singing, we to the reign of Henry VIII. And the will that a proficient in music, of good reformation commenced by that Mo. conduct and character shall be appointnarch was bere, at least, unmarked ed, who shall carefully employ his time by the cruelty and rapacity which and in the instruction of the boys. But
in the performance of Divine Service, stained his subsequent conduct. The if he prove idle or negligent in teachrevenues of the Priory were almost ing the boys, let bim, after a third adentirely restored to the Protestant Ca- monition, be deposed from his office.” thedral; the Prior was continued in the
There is no provision for an Orgovernment, under the name of Dean; the superior Members of the Soci ganist in the Statutes of Henry VIII. ety were admitted as Prebendaries, of the Cathedral in those of King
but he occurs among the Members and eight of the junior Monks as Minor Canops. Such as were old
Charles. The Master of the Choand infirm were allowed to retire risters, in point of emolument is inwith ample pensions. The King re
ferior to the High Master, and takes established the School on a more libe. precedence of the Minor Canons and ral scale, and gave to the reformned second Grainmar Master. Establishment a Code of Statutes com
« De PuerIS GRAMMATICIS. piled under his own immediate inspec
“ That piety and literature may for tion, wherein he appoints the Bishop that there be always in our Church of
ever flourish and increase, we ordain of Ely Special Visitor :
ELY, elected by the Dean, or in his “No work," observes the King, “is absence the Sub-dean and Chapter, 24 so piously undertaken, so prosperously poor boys, for the most part destitute of executed, so happily completed, which friends, as far as may be of a good capamay not be easily undermined and sub- city for learning, who shall be mainverted by igence and want of care. tained out of the revenues of our Church. No statutes are made so strict and holy but that, in process of time, they sink * Harl. MS. 6885, mis-printed in the into contempt and oblivion, if not Index 6805. The Ely Statutes, with a watched over with the constant vigi- translation, were printed by Barnard lance of piety and zeal. That this may and Farley, 1817.
Whom, moreover, we will not have ad Latin verses, for which purpose five, mitted among the poor boys of our or at the most six years, were allowed. Church before they can read, write, and Henry Casar, or Adelmare, Dean are moderately versed in the first rudi.
of Ely, who died 1636, bequeathed ments of grammar, according to the
20001. for the benefit of the Choic judgment of the Dean, or in his absence
and the Schoolmasters, and for found. the Sub-dean and principal Schoolmaster.
And we will that these boys shall ing two Fellowships and four Scholarhe maintained at the expense of our
ships at Cambridge, to be chosen vut Church until they shall be moderately of the King's School at Ely. This skilled in the Latin grammar, and shait legacy, during the calamitous period have learned to speak in Latin and to that succeeded, was lent to the Crown, write in Greek, for which purpose the
and neither principal nor interest have
M. H. space of six years shall be allowed, or, if been hitherio recovered *. the Dean and principal Sehoolmaster think fit, seven years, and no more. Mr. URBAN,
June 21. But we will that no one (tbe Choristers
As you have inserted (in vol
. excepted) shall be elected a poor scholar LXXXVII. Part ii. p. 305) at of our Church, who bath not completed
my request, a Tour of a late respect. the 9th, or bath exceeded the 15th, year able Kentish Divine, in 1796, I now of bis age. And we will that no one, transcribe his Journal of another tour after be hath completed bis 18th year, in the following year.
N. R. S. shall remain any longer in our School.
Journal of a Tour in the Summer “ But if any boy be remarkable for
of 1797. dulness of apprehension, tben, after a long probation, we enjoin that be shall
June 13. To London by coach : be expelled and sent elsewhere, that he
ao agreeable fellow traveller. He was may not like a drone devour the honey the architect who refitted Maidstone of the bees.
Church; and has just finished the very “And we charge the consciences of elegant new spire at Faversham. the Masters that they use the utmost June 16. By coach to Oxford, diligence that all the boys make progress wbere I staid till Monday. At Lio. in learning, and not suffer any one who coln College ; on enquiring of the is noted for indolence to loiter unpro- porter when the Chapel opened, I fitably among the rest."
asked the man how loog he had been The conclusion of the Statute is
porter there, and he said 48 years. similar to the corresponding Statute Eight and forty years! then you must of Durbam, already published *. remember Mr. Parsonst ; yes, that By the regulations of Heory VIII.
I do, Sir, and you too, now I look at the candidates for admission as gram
you. At Baliol College. Sighed over mar-scholars must be "
the memory of Ridley and Latimer. less boys ;" but in those of Bishop On Sunday io St. Mary's Church ; the Wren the expression is qualified, and a
sermon by Dr. Finch.
He warn. greater latitude of choice is given to
much towards the
Two evenings were delightfully passBy the Statute of Elizabeth it is ed in the walks at Magdalen and Christ appointed that the boys shall be main
Church, the latter of which aboundtained at the expense of the Church
ed with company, aod the adjoining until they have acquired a fine hand river swarmed with boats. writing, a moderate knowledge of the
June 19. Left Oxford a little be. science of musict, and of the Latin,
fore nine: to Faringdon ; while the Greek, and Hebrew grammars; and chaise was preparing, walked into also have learned to speak and write the Church, in which there are some in Latin, and to compose Greek and elegant monuments, and an organ in
an odd situation, as it seems support* Gent. Mag. Vol. LXXXVIII. ii. 104.
ed by two long beams, between the + In the copy printed from the Harl. MS. the word numericæ has been erro * Bentham's History of Ely Cathedral. neously substituted; but the original is + Robert Parsons, of Lincoln College, obviously artis musice.
M.A. 1782. GENT. MAG, July, 1819.
body of the Church and the Chancel. amined it at leisure. It is a fine To Fairford ; in this Church are 28 building; and, among the monuments, windows full of painted glass ; it is in that of Mrs. Morley is particularly general very beautiful, but so much beautiful and affecting. After tea, as injured by time, though many of the the rain abated, took the opportunity colours are strong and brilliant, and of walking through the principal the historical figures extremely ex streets, and round by the couoty. I pressive. To Cirencester ; the place cannot leave Gloucester without noseems large and rich, and the ap- ticing the great civility of the lower pearance of the Gothic foundation of sort of people, of which I met with the steeple singular aod grand. From many instances. “ If you like en, this place the road for nine miles to take en, Sir,” said a poor woman gether was very remarkable, and evi. with a flower in her basket, which I dently a Roman work. It was per- admired: nor will I omit to note the fectly strait, very wide, and highly ind where I slept; where the attendance elevated : this continued to a village was obliging and ready, while the bill called Birdlip, at the end of wbich, the was the cheapest and most reasonable driver dismounting, and seeming very
I ever met witb. busy about his wheels — is any thing June 21. Left Gloucester a little the matter, friend, said 1? what are before ten to Rodborougb, intending you about? Chaiping the wheels, to go by Tetbury and Malmesbury; Sir; for what? because we are going but the mistress of the inn strongly to descend an hill about two miles recommended nie to go by Pettit long. He remounted and went on; France, and through the Duke of Beauin a few minutes such a scene opened fort's park at Badminton. I agreed, upon ve ! how shall I describe iti On and went that road to Chippenbam, the left, I look down upon and over ao and to Devizes for the night. Why extensive valley, abounding in woods the landlady pointed out this road, I and in pastures ; and on the right, do not understand, for Pettit France look up to towerings and cliffs very was nothing but a pitiful inn, the near and very high. This domestic road to and through the park ordiview continued nearly to the end of nary, the park nothing extraordinary, the hill, within about six miles of and the view of the Duke's house disGloucester, where I arrived about six tant and contracted. But a prospect o'clock, and drove to the King's on this road was particularly pleasing ; Head. After tea walked to the Ca it was at the village of Nailsworth, thedral, and then to the Quay, where where, on ascending a steep hill, a I was much disappointed. The Se scene like fairy ground presented itvern, of which I had heard and read self. Look down on the right hand ; so much, appeared bere a mean river, observe a river gliding at the bottom, with a small stream creeping between on the rising banks of which you see very steep baoks; and the quay pre a delightful intermixture of numerous sented a dirty coal-dust scene, with a white buildings, among tall and thick few strauded small vessels on the
trees; and at ihe summit a quantity of shores, and ordinary buildings about
red and white flavnels stretched on it. I learned afterwards that my disap- frames, which seem to serve as borpointment arose from the time I was derings to this enchanting picture. there. The case is very different at the The slow motion of the carriage up seasons of the new or full moon; then the steep asceni, allows full leisure the river soon fills its steep banks, to contemplate the scene. Dined and the tide rolls up with an unex at Chippenham, which is large, neat, pected swell, and a roaring poise, and elegant: reached Devizes at five; which may be heard at a considerable walked into two of the Church-yards distance; and the quay is filled with in the evening, which are gravelled ships that come up with the tịde. round, and shaded with lime trees :
June 20. Walked before breakfast in the ramble, entered a workshop, to see a noble building, which proved and saw the whole process of making to be the county jail. After break
and dressing fast, to a pin-maker's, and was shewn June 22. Left Devizes at nipe for the wbole process of the work, from Salisbury. Soon came to the Plain, the first wire to the finishing the pió. which though it is very long and has At eleven to the Cathedral, and ex a great deal of sameness, was yet
occasionally and pleasingly varied by tachment to prevailing usages, re.
diction was virtually disallowed, and
the parishioners were left to the choice Mr. URBAN,
of their own pastors.
The other three are under the ti.
posed by Mr. Hamilton, in the tular Bishop of Antipbilæ, who is
of the native Christians in Bom- of the forty-two Archbishops who bay the far greater part are what are are subject to the patriarch of Echusually termed Portuguese, chiefly miazin; the far greater part of these from their frequenting the Portu. Archbishops are only titular Prelates, guese chapels ; for, excepting a few, each of whom may clain the obeconstituting the higher and inore re dience of four or five suffragans, aod spectable classes, the great mass of whose chief duty is the visiting of Portuguese population throughout their numerous Churches dispersed India, forming the luwer orders of over the Eastern world. Beside the Christians, are iu general the spu- Church at Bombay,they have Churches rious descendants of the several Eu- at Surat, Bussora, Bagdat, and Buropean settlers by native women, and shire. the numerous converts who have There are many native Christians united with them; these, from neglect, on the islands of Salsette and Carauand the want of a decent education, jah; on the former the population are but little acquainted with the is estimated at 50,000, of which proHoly Religion they profess; and bably one-fifth are Christian, prothrough ignorance, and a blind at- fessedly members of tbe Portuguese
Church; and the few more respectable of two Syrians, Marsapor and Manpejohabitants among them are the re dosis. "On the arrival of the Portumains of the Portuguese families who guese, these Christians," says Mr. Gibsettled on the island: the lower or bon, "in arms, in arts, and possibly in ders consist of fishermen, cultivators virtue, excelled the natives of Hin. of the land, and bhaudaries, or draw dostan; the husbandman cultivaled ers of toddy; these, as may be sup the palm-tree, the merchants were posed, are but indifferent Christians; enriched by the pepper trade, the sol. and, while they are in the habit of diers preceded the Nairs or Nobles of attending any Christian sanctuary, Malabar, and their hereditary privistill retain in their houses many sym- leges were respected by the gratitude bols of the Hindoo mythology, and or the fear of ihe King of Cochin, and enter indiscriminately into the perni- the Zamorin himself. They acknowcious ysages of a deplorable super. ledged a Gentoo Sovereigo; but they stition.
were governed, even in temporal conBesides these, there are also resi- cerns, by the Bishop of Angarwala or dent at Tannrah, the capital of the Cranganvre. He still asserted his island, about 100 or more European ancient title of Metropolitan of India ; soldiers, with their families, wbo have but his real jurisdiction was exercised heen invalided, or have retired from in 1400 Churches, and he was intrusted the service, and who prefer spending with the care of 200,000 souls. It was the remainder of their lives in India the first care of the Ministers of Rome to returning to their native country. to intercept all correspondence with
On Caravjab, at Surat, at Kaira in the Nestorian Patriarch; and several Guzerat, and at Seroor in the neigb- of his Bishops expired in the pribourhood of Poonah, une English Sons of the holy office. The flock clergyman is now stationed. South- without a shepherd was assaulted by ward of Bombay, at Cananore, Mahé, the power of the Portuguese, the and at Cochin, there are numerous arts of the Jesuits, and the zeal of Christians.
Alexes de Menezes, Archbp. of Goa, locluding the islands, the Portu- io bis personal visitation of the coast guese territory round Goa is about of Malabar. The trading companies 40 miles in length, by 20 in breadth; of Holland and England are the and within the province there are
friends of toleration, but if opprescomputed to be 200 Churches and sion be less mortifying than contempl, Chapels, and above 2000 Priests. the Christians of St. Thomas have
The dialect most prevalent is a reason to complain of the cold and mixture of the European with the silent indifference of their brethren of Kanara and Mahratta languages; but Europe.” the European is still well understood, The Syrian Churches have been and spoken by a great proportion, presented with a few copies of the and from every account of their dis- Syriac Gospels from England. Bepositions, it is conceived that the fore the French Revolution the conlower orders, and even the Priests,'will gregation de propagandå fide used to readily accept copies of the Scrip- furvish such of them as adopted the tures.
doctrine, and ackoowledged the juBut of all these places, Cochin is risdiction of the Roman Pontiff, with the most interesting here the an- copies of the Syriac Testament; but cient Syrian Churches, as well as the the distracted state of Europe has a more recent remnants of the Dutch, long time deprived them of this source. claiin peculiar favour and protection. Beside the Syrian Churches there are The Christians of St. Thomas bad at Cochin a greal population of Probeen long seated on the coast of testants—the remains of the Dutch Malabar when the Portuguese first colonists. Among the Christians who opened the navigation of India : they have settled in ludia the Dutch have were probably converted to Chris- very justly the merit of having done tianity about the middle of the 5th a great deal towards the promotion of century by the Syrian Mar-Thomas, a Christianity; wberever they went Nestorian, who has been confounded they established and provided funds with the apostle St. Thomas ; during for the inaintenance of public schools; the 7th century their Church was they caused the New Testament, and copsiderably ipcreased by the labours a great part of the Old, to be translated