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LITERARY INTELLIGENCE.

Cambridge, June 28.— The annual prizes The Accidents of Youth; consisting of of 15 guineas each, given by the members short stories calculated to improve the for this University, to two Senior and two moral conduct of Children. Middle Bachelors of Arts, who shall com The Tale of Gismunda and Guiscardo; pose the best dissertations in Latin Prose, a Poem. By W. WILMOT, LL. B. are judged as follows:-Senior Bachelors :

Fredalia, or the Dumb Recluse ; a new Subject, Quænam fuerint Oraculorum vera Poem in three Parts. By W. FITZGERALD, indoles ac naturu C. J. Heathcote, of jun. author of the Siege of Carthage, a Trinity College. No 2nd prize adjudged. Tragedy. Middle Bachelors: Subject, Inter Veterum Rosamond, Memory's Musings, and Philosophorum sectas, cuinam potissimum Oiher Poems. By William Procter. tribuenda sit laus veræ sapientiæ ? T. F. Orient Harping, a Desultory Poem, in Ellis, of Trinity College. No 2nd prize two parts, by John Lawson, Missionary adjudged.

at Calcutta. To which are added Notes, July 5. The PORSON Prize, for the illustrative of several parts of the Poem. best translation of a passage from Shak. Also, the third edition of The Maniac, speare into Greek verse, was on Tuesday with other Poems, by the same Author. adjudged to Mr. Horatio Waddington, No Fiction : a Narrative, founded on Scholar of Trinity-college.—The subject recent and interesting Facts. was from Coriolanus, act 5, scene 3, part Cornubia; a descriptive Poem ; in five of Volumnia's speech, beginning with cantos. By George Woodley, Author “ Thou know'st, great son, the end of war's of Redemption. uncertain ;” and ending with “ Let us Preparing for Publication : shame him with our knees.”

An Historical and Descriptive Account Nearly ready for Publication : of the most interesting Objects of TopoThe History and Antiquities of the Ca- graphy throughout the whole of Ireland, thedral of York. By Mr. BRITION. to accompany

“ The Beauties of England A Geographical, Historical, Commercial, and Wales." By J. N. Brewer. This and Agricultural View of the United States Work will consist of two large volumes of America ; with an account of Upper octavo, to be published in Monthly num. and Lower Canada, illustrated by Maps bers, illustrated with Engravings from oriand Views.

ginal Drawings. In the prosecution of A full Explanation of the Commerce of this undertaking, which has long been a Russia, more particularly that of St. Pe desideratum in Topographical Literature, tersburg, with the last export and import every principal place in Ireland will be regulations. By Mr. BORISON.

personally inspected by the Author, and a The History of the Indian Archipelago. correspondence is established with many By John CRAWFURD, esq. F. R. S. late of the most distinguished characters in British resident at the Court of the Sultan that country. It may be reasonably exof Java; with illustrative Maps and En- pected that much curious novelty of intelgravings.

ligence will be disclosed in the Historical Reichard's Itinerary of Germany; with and Descriptive Account of Cities and Views, Map, and Plans. 12s. bound. Towns, Monastic and other Antiquities,

The History of Gog and Magog, the so little known even to readers with whom Champions of London ; containing an ac less interesting parts of the British Em. count of the origin of many things relative pire are familiar objects of topographical to the City ; with Plates.

discussion. Madame de Genlis' Manuel du Voyageur, A History of Waltham Abbey, Essex, in six languages; viz. English, French, from the earliest period to the present Italian, German, Spanish, and Portuguese. time, with Biographical Notices of the

Physiological Fragments; or Sketches various emivent Characters either born of various Subjects intimately connected there, or that have held high appointwith the study of Physiology. By JOHN ments in the Abbey. Translations from BYWATER. 8vo.

Records in the Tower, &c. &c. By JAMES The thirteenth quarterly Number of ILBERY. Annals of the fine Arts; containing Es A History of the County of Northumsays, &c. by Sir RICHARD Colt Hoare, berland. By the Rev. John HODGSON, of bart. Messrs. Hazlett, HAYDON, WEST, Jarrow. Prince Hoare, &c. &c. Catalogues of An Account of Eight Years Residence English pictures, at Sir George Beau- in Greenland, illustrated by Charts and mont's ; and reviews of all the public and Views. By Mr. Grieseke. private Exhibitions.

A Series of Portraits of the British The School of Improvement; two juve- Poets, from Chaucer to Cowper, copied nile Dramas. 18mo, with Plates.

from the most authentic Originals, and

engraved

engraved in the line manner hy ENGLE habitants of Greece. Authors had judged HEART, WARREN, WedgwOOD, &c. and in hastily from the dialects of the common size and selection peculiarly adapted to people, or they would have found that the the Illustration of Mr. Campbell's Speci- Grecian language had remained unchanged mens of British Poets. To be completed in substance century after century. In in about twenty-five Parts, each Part proof of this assertion, the Lecturer quot. containing six Portraits.

ed a passage from a modern writer, and The Army Medical Officer's Manual, compared it with one of Xenophon. The upon Active Service ; or, Precepts for his language was so entirely the same, that it Guidance in the various Situations in was impossible to distinguish which was which he may be placed ; and for the the antient and which the modern. The preservation of the health of Armies from last argument to which he should have reForeign Service. By J. G. V. MILIN course was the history of the language. gen, M. D. Surgeon to His Majesty's As our space will allow us only to give a Forces, &c.

very imperfect sketch of the lecture, we A new edition of his Practice of the can do little more than mention the periods Customs, to which will be added the new into which Mr. Calbo divided the history Consolidation Act, and other considerable of the Greek language: improvements. By Mr. Smyth, one of the First period - From the fabulous times Surveyors-Gen. of His Majesty's Customs. to the Trojan war. The Spectator in a Stage Coach.

Second period—From the Trojan to the Isabel of the Isles, or the Carr of Uah

Persian war. Viarnag ; a metrical Romance of the fif Third period—The golden era of Greek teenth century. By Mr. John Carter Hay learning, beginning from the Persian war, ALLEN. It will consist of nine Cantos, with and ending at the time of Alexander the notes ; the scenery is chiefly in the Hie. Great.. lands and Hebrides; the story is wholly a Fourth period – From Alexander the work of imagination, all the incidents be Great to the taking of Corinth by the ing fictitious, and most of the characters : Romans. an extract, as a specimen of the style, is Fifth period --From the taking of Co. given in our Poetry for the present month, rinth to the reign of Constantine the Great.

Sixth period — From Constantine the ANCIENT AND MODERN Greek. Great to the invasion of Constantinople by Some time ago the attention of the pub the Turks. lick was excited to a lecture on the antient Seventh period— From the taking of and modern language of Greece, delivered Constantinople to the present times. by Mr. Calbo, a native of the island of In the course of his remarks Mr. Calbo Zante. That lecture, with very little combated the prevailing opinions that the alteration, was repeated on June 28th. Greeks received their language from the On the 30th, Mr. Calbo read the Oration Egyptians and Phevicians, and subseof Isocrates for Archidamus, making ob. quently spoke the language of the Pelasservations philological, critical, and illus gians, and followed the bistory of the lantrative of the pronunciation of the modern guage and literature of Greece through Greeks. On July 3d, he delivered bis its progress and decay. In his observathird and last lecture, which contained tions on the 7th period, he begged bis au. inuch matter worthy of consideration. ditors to remember that the grammars and

The lecturer commenced by expressing reproaches of the rest of Europe were his deep sense of the difficulties attendant founded upon the language studied, and upon his task. To attack a firmly fixed facts collected, in places not entitled to be opinion which pervaded all Europe of the deemed the standard of the general or the extinction for many ages of a language, written language of the modern Greeksand to attempt to prove beyond a doubt, that the language of the seamen of some that it was still the vervacular tongue of islands had been compared with that which millions, was an effort which could not flourished in the third period, and the succeed without rare combination of general language with the uniform, reguqualifications in the individual who ven lar, fixed dialect of the writers of a single tured upon so arduous an undertaking. city and a single period. When the OtIn spite, however, of these difficulties, and toman Empire was established at Constan. the cautious advice of his friends, he had tinople, many' of the learned sought refuge been induced to press forward in behalf of in Italy, but the Clergy did not fy from his unhappy country, supported by the the capital; so that the Greek nation, conviction that her language and pronun- though it lost its political centre, preciation had been transmitted from sire lo served its religious one, and looked upon son, as the least perishable inheritance the Patriarch as their Chief, the Synod as that could be bequeathed. There did not Their Senate, the Old and New Testament, exist any grammar which could enable the Holy Fathers, and Plato and Aristotle the world to form a correct opinion of the as their classics. existing language of the more polished in. “ If we examine," said Mr. Calbo,

“the

" the political systeni, and the national fore Byzantine, and from which the learn-
character of the Turks, we must wonder ed of Europe should judge of the state of
at the number of writers who illumined the learning among the present Greeks —
the first years of our misfortunes. To. from this third style I look that specimen
wards the end of the year 1500, Panagi- which I read to you, in order to shew whe-
otacchi (a learned and well-informed man, ther the pure style of a modern could be
as is proved by his letter to Athanasius distinguished from that of an antient
Kirkero, upon the obelisk of Constanti author. From the works written in this,
nople), for our good fortune, was chosen we have a proof that those words which for
by the Sultan as bis dragoman. Alexan. a time had been forgotten are now again
der Maurocordato, with not less virtue and in circulation, and become familiar; and
still greater learning, succeeded to that that the use of foreign words and phrases
digoity. The efforts made by these Princes are discontinued. The Greek Newspapers
and their successors, joined to the efforts which are now published in Vienna, are
made by enlightened Patriarchs to reani. written in this siyle, which proves, that it
mate and brighten the lamp of literature, begins to be acknowledged by the whole
which, though burning dimly, was not nation as the standard of good style, and
extinct, have produced the happiest re as the general and written language.
sults witbin the last half century. Greece These Papers have been printed for these
has seen the number of its books and seven years past; a fact which proves
schools increased, and the names of many that their style is understood, and that
learned adorn a catalogue, too long to be the modern inhabitants of Greece commu-
read now. Among the living and most nicate their ideas pot by the means of a
justly esteemed authors are, Adamantius jargon, but by a language logically dif-
Coray, honoured and liberally pensioned ferent from that of the golden period of
by the French Government; Bamba, Pro Athens, but scarcely varying from it in its
fessor of Rhetoric, in Greece; Constantine grammatical construction.
Carateodoridi, bonoured and pensioned by “ Therefore, if you say that Homer and
the Russians, and Professor of Greek Lite. Aristophanes, Herodotus and Arian, are
rature at Odessa ; and Codrica, Professor writers of the same nation, and use the
of the Greek Grammar and Modern Lite. same language, by what arguments can it
rature at the Lyceum of Paris, on whom be proved that the present writers, be-
the French Government have justly be tween whom and Arian there is less dif.
stowed both rewards and digoities.

ference than between this author and He“The style of these writers be rodotus; by what sound arguments, I say, divided into three classes; the first, more can it be proved that they belong to any abounding in popular phrases, therefore,

other than the real Greek nation and a specimen of the general language, which language.” parlakes not only of the four dialects, but of the dialect of almost every district ; the An eminent bookseller of Germany, second, a bold style, modelled upon the named Cotta, is about to publish a geneaclassic of former ages, therefore, an ima. Jogy of his family, for the purpose of provginary style ; and the third, a faithful copy ing that he is descended from the ancient of the language of the Patriarchion, there family of that name in Rome.

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ARTS AND SCIENCES.
MACHINERY.

portative machine, by which a persoo
Mr. Owen stared at the recent meeting shipwrecked may support himself on the
in London (the Duke of Kent in the chair), water, and carry provisions, for several
when a Committee was appointed to in. days. The machine is 5 feet in diameter
vestigate bis plan, and report upon its and 3 inches high. By the use of it rivers
practicability, that 200,000 pair of hauds, can be passed. Two experiments were
with machinery, spun as much cotton now made on the Rhine on the 20th and 31st
as 40 years ago, without machinery, ult, and perfectly succeeded.
would have employed 20,000,000, that is, A boy, named Jobn Young, residing in
100 to 1'! That the cotton spun in a Newton-upon-Ayr, has constructed a piece
year, at this time, in this country, would of mechanism, of which the following is
require, without machinery, at least some account:-A box, about three feet
60,000,000 of labourers with single wheels! long, by two broad, and six or eight inches
and that the quantity of manufacturing deep, has a frame and paper covering
works of all sorts, done by the aid of ma erected on it, in the form of a house, so
chinery in this nation, was such as would that the box appears as the floor of the
require, without that aid, the labour of house. On the upper part of the box are
at least 400,000,000 of manufacturers !!! a number of wooden figures, about two or

A mechanic of Offenbourg in Brisgau, three inches bigh, representing people emnamed Xavier Michael, has invented a ployed in those trades or sciences with

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which the boy is familiar. The whole are bis greatest work, to which he has devoted put in motion at the same time by ma all his spare time during the last two chinery, within the box, acted upon by years. a handle like that of a hand-organ. A SCIENTIFIC EXPEDITION.-A steam-boat weaver upon his loom, with a fly-shuttle, is to be launched at Pittsburgh, to be uses his hands and feet, and keeps his eye employed in an expedition to the Yellow upon the shuttle, as it passes across the Stone-river, the object of which is to ob. web. A soldier, sitting with a sailor at a tain a history of the inhabitants, soil, change-house table, fills a glass, drinks it minerals, and curiosities. Maj. Long, of off, then knocks on the table, upon which New Hampshire, topographical engineer ; an old woman opens a door, makes her Mr. Graham, of Virginia ; Mr. W. H. appearance, and they retire. Two shoe- Swift, of Massachusets, from the Military makers upon their stools are seen, the one Academy; Major Biddle, of the Artillery ; beating leather and the other sewing a Dr. Jessop, mineralogist; Dr. Say, boshoe. A cloth-dresser, a stone-cutter, a tanist and geologist; Dr. Baldwin, zoolocooper, a tailor, a woman churning, and gist and physician; Mr. Peale, of Philaone teasing wool, are all at work. There delphia, landscape-painter and ornitholois also a joiner sawing a piece of wood, gist; Mr. Seymour, ditto ; and Major and two blacksmiths beating a piece of Fallow, of the Indian Department, form iron, the one using a forge-hammer and the Expedition. The boat is 75 feet long, the other a small hammer; a boy turning 13 beam, draws 19 inches of water, and a grinding-stone, while a man sharps an is well armed: she carries on her fag a instrument upon it; and a barber shav White Man and an Indian shaking hands, ing a man, holding fast by the nose with the Calumet of Peace and the Sword. Her one hand. The boy is only about 17 machinery is fixed to avoid the snags and years of age, and since the bent of his sawyers of the rivers.—The Expedition mind could be first marked, his only departs with the best wishes of the frieods amusement was his working with a knife, of science. making little mechanical figures; and this The Mausoleums of the three last is the more extraordioary, as he had no branches of the illustrious and unfortuopportunity whatever of seeing any per. nate House of Stuart, that is, of the Preson employed in a similar way. He was tender (James III.) his son Prince Charles tred a weaver with his father, and since Edward, and Cardinal York, his son, have he could be employed at the trade, has been opened in the Vatican at Rome, to had no time for his favourite study, ex the view of the publick. All the curious cept after the work ceased, or during the admire these master-pieces of the celeintervals; and the only tool be ever had brated sculptor Canova, which contain an to assist him was a pocket koife. In his expression, and evince a taste, that are earlier years he produced several curiosi. worthy of the age of Pericles, and do bonour ties on a smaller scale, but the above is to the munificence of the Prince Regent.

1

ANTIQUARIAN AND PHILOSOPHICAL RESEARCHES.
ResearCHES IN EGYPT.

The lanterns illuminated the massy figures In our Magazine for June (p. 529), we around; and having the prospect of viewintroduced some remarks relative to the ing them the next morning, I went on enterprizing spirit and successful re. with the hope of entering when supper searches of or Fitzclarence. Since was on the table ; but before I could at. which we have perused, with considerable tain the desired object, I had to pass two pleasure, bis “ Journal of a Route across large wooden figures, like porters, at the India through Egypt," &c. It contains door, from the tombs of the Kings of some interesting particulars respecting Thebes

While at supper, Mr. the labours of Belzoni, Salt, and Caviglia. Belzoni, of whom I had heard so much,

On the author's arrival at Cairo, he made his appearance, and I was greatly introduces us at once to some of the curi- struck with his person, being in the osities collected by Mr. Salt. At last,” Turkish costume. He was the handsomest says he, “ we reached the door of the man I ever saw, was above six feet six house I was in search of, and learned, inches high, and bis commanding figure with pleasure, that its owner was at home. set off by a long beard.

He spoke Eng. I jumped off my donkey, and passing lish perfectly, and the subject which had through a narrow passage, entered engrossed our thoughts so long, that of court-yard of small dimensions ; and from opening the second pyramid, was brought the extraordinary figures against the walls on the tapis."--It was agreed that they around me, should have fancied I was in should set off next day to see the adjacent the catacombs, had I not recollected that wonders. I was in the sanctum sanctorum of an in: “I had much conversation with Mr. veterate and most successful antiquarian. Salt and Signor Belzoni respecting the

late

late discoveries in and near the ruins of ter being transparent, they appear upon , Thebes, which seem to surpass every a pellucid ground. It was found in what thing in the world except Ellora. The Mr. Belzoni supposes to be a tomb of the tomb lately opened by Mr. Salt was dis god Apis, and was most unaccountably covered by Mr. Belzoni, by what be calls placed across the top of a hollow passage a certain index, which has guided him in (which leads 300 feet beyond, into the opening the second pyramid: what this solid rock, and has not yet been explored index is I know not; but certainly he has to the utmost) with not above one inch been most successful, and cherishes the resting on one of the sides, so that, had intention, if supporte by our Govern.

it slipped, it would have fallen and ment, of doing much more. In my opi been shattered to pieces. We visited the nion, he is too valuable a man for us to court-yard which I had passed through permit to labour for any other nation. last night, and surveyed four statues of Pame appears to be the object for which black granite as large as life, with women's he is most anxious, though he has nothing bodies and heads of lions. They are in a to live on but the produce of a few statues sitting posture, with the emblematical key sold to the Comte de Forbin (who has of the Nile in one of their hands. Belbeen in this country travelling for the zoni discovered these, with about thirty French government), to replace those others, deep under the sand. They had various piches in the Louvre now vacant been deposited there without regularity, by our having forced them to deliver back as if to be concealed. Two of these he divers works of art to their original pos had sold to the Comte de Forbin for the sessors. Mr. Salt showed me soine beau. French Museum. Mr. Salt next drew my tiful speciinens of papyrus which he had attention to two wooden figures as large as himself taken out of the mummy wrap life, found at Thebes in a standing posipers. They all appeared to have at the tion. They were covered with a sort of top of the roll a representation of religious varnish, and had their eyes and part of worship, and the figures were painied in their bodies inlaid with some metal.” more than one colour. He pointed out On the 10th of March, 1818, the author some small wax figures; one with the set off with Messrs. Salt and Belzoni to head of a woman, one with an eagle's view the Pyramids. He pays a just tri. head, one with a monkey's, and another bute to Capt. Caviglia, who so successwith that of a ram : these were uniformly fully explored the well as it used to be found in the better kind of mummies. called in the great pyramid; to him and To prove that sculpture had been carried

Mr. Salt, in laying open the front of the to very great perfection among the antient sphinx; and to Belzoni, of whose labours Egyptians, he showed me a small leg and

in opening the second pyramid he gives thigh made of wood, about 10 inches long, some particulars.

" At a distance were most correctly carved, and equal to, if Arabs employed on the third pyramid, by not surpassing, any thing I had previously Belzoni; and certainly, if we may judge

He showed me also a piece of from his former success at Thebes, and linen covered with hieroglyphics, which the second pyramid, it is to be hoped he appeared exactly as if it had been printed. will not labour in vain.” Several mummies which he had opened

A few weeks ago, that accomplished had down the front of their person broad

and gallant officer, Col. Straton, of the pieces of leather, gilt, as fresh as the day

Enniskillen dragoons, presented to the they were made; and I have understood

Museum of the University of Edinburgh, that gilding has, in several instances, been

through Professor Playfair, an Egyptian proved to be well known to the Egyptians.

munimy, in a very high state of preservaBoth Mr. Salt and Mr. Belzoni

tion. It was brought from Thebes by the were enraptured with the sarcophagus

Colonel himself, along with several uther they had discovered ; and when I fully

Egyptian remains, which he has also precomprehended its beauty and value, my sented to the College.' This mummy, to feelings were congenial with theirs with.

judge from its triple inclosure, rich and out having seen it. A piece of alabaster

varied hieroglyphical orvaments, and si9 feet 3 inches long would in itself be a

tuation when in Thebes, must be the body curiosity; but when it is considered that

of a person of the highest rank, and which so much pains have been used in the ela.

was probably consigned to the catacombs borate carving of so fragile a material, it

3000 years ago. almost surpasses belief. It is inade some. thing in the form of a human body, but

ROMAN ANTIQUITIES. the sides of it are not above two and a half Twenty-eight Roman coios, some silver, inches thick, all deeply carved in minia and the other brass, were discovered a ture figures representing triumphs, pro few weeks ago inclosed in a small oaken cessions, sacrifices, &c. All these figures box, on Longton Moss, in Lancashire, by are stained in the deepest blue; and when a man employed in cutting turf. Those a light is placed in the inside, the alabas. which are legible are coins of Trajan,

Adrian,

seen.

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