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the press (which is generally attended with unpleasant consequences to all parties) cannot be too strongly deprecated by all admirers of the art:' V. II. p. 90. Upon illegible writing, it is remarked :
Among men of learning there are some who write after such a manner, that even those who live by transcribing, rather shun than crave to be einployed by them: 'no wonder, therefore, if compositors' express not the best wishes to such promoters of printing it is not always the capacious genius that ought to be excused for writing in too great a hurry; for sometimes those of no exuberant brains affect' upcouth writing, on purpose to strengthen the common notion that the more learned the man, the worse is his hand writing'; which shews that writing well, or bad, is but a habit with those who can write. V. II. p. 95. Fewer mistakes would be made, were authors to endeavour to render their copy more legible, before they place it in the hands of the priciter. It can hardly be expected that the corrector, under whose inspection such a variety of subjects are continually passing, should be able to enter thoroughly into every one of them, and to guess so nicely at the author's meaning when the copy' is obscure and unable to afford him any assistance. Vol. II.
CORRECTİNG. By correcting, we understand the rectifying of such faults, omissions, and repetitions, as are made by the compositor either through inadvertency or carelessness. And though the term of corrections is equally given to the alterations that are made by authors, it would be more proper to distinguish them by the name of emendations ; notwithstanding it often happens, that after repeatedly mending the matter, the first conceptions are at lastre called for the truth thereof none can be better vouchers than compositors, who often suffer by fickle authors that know no end to making alterations, and at last doubt whether they are right or wrong; whereby the work is retarded, and the compositor greatly prejudiced in his endeavours; especially where he is not sufficiently satisfied for spending his time in humouring such whimsical gentlemen. Vol. II. p. 221. '
p Under the head of 'ANTIENT CHARACTERS AND HJERO
GLYPHICS, the Author gives a full account of the Rosetta stone, the Sarcophagus. of Alexander, and other curious inscriptions. These are illustrated by specimens of the characters; but, without these specimens, a transcription of the pages would be incomplete. 'We can therefore only refer to page 319 of Vol II. for an elucidation of this very interesting part of the subject.
The properties of the various presses are detailed, and repre sentations of them are given, even to their most' minute parts; also, the nature and qualities of inks, and the mode of using them, together with the duty of every member of a printing establishment. Tables of prices, and abstracts from the acts by which the trade is regulated, are also added.
STEREOTYPE AND MACHINE PRINTING. The Author inveighs loudly against these inventions, which, he says, have
, retarded the improvement of the art, and caused poverty and distress among the regular trade. We do not altogether coincide in opinion with him bere. Stereotype printing is, we believe, in a great degree confined to those works which it is of great consequence to the community to have rendered at the cheapest rate possible, for example, Common Bibles, Testaments, Religious Tracts, Spelling Books, and the most generally used of our School Books; and we think that these are far better printed now than they were before the introduction of Stereotype. Upon no other classes of literature will it answer the purpose of the publisher to employ it. It never can compete with the regular press in fine printing, nor, to any great extent, in standard works; because the taste of the public is constantly changing as to the sizes and appearance of such works. It must, therefore, be employed only upon works of which very large impressions are required, and where no alteration is admissible ; for stereotype will admit of no improvement in its pages,-a circumstance which must always be fatal to its general adoption. As to the other alleged evil, we are informed that there never was a period in which the presses of this country were more actively employed than the present.
In concluding our examination of Mr. Johnson's volumes, we can honestly pronounce them to be not less creditable to his talents as the compiler, than to his skill as the printer of them. They contain a vast deal of well arranged and interesting information; and, from the variety of types and embellishments employed, they may be adduced as a favourable specimen of the perfection to which the art of printing has been carried. The size, we confess, is too diminutive to please us, for, in consequence of this, the print is of course for the most part very small. The utility of our pocket Miltons and Shakspeares is obvious enough ; but a History of Printing is surely not likely to be so close and constant a companiori; and if it were, none but a Dutchman could accomplish the intention, since, comprising as they do nearly seven hundred pages each, the volumes are of 'necessity both thick and stumpy,--a most inconvenient pocket companion.
Art. VIII. The Bible Teacher's Manual : being the Substance of Holy
Scripture, in Questions on every Chapter thereof. By Mrs. Sherwood. Part III. Leviticus and Numbers. 24mo. Map. pp. 96.
Price 1s. London. 1824. The
'he first part of this very useful manual was noticed in a
former volume,* with the commendation which it deserved. Its author was a clergyman, whose name there can no longer be any propriety in concealing, since he has ceased to be numbered with the living ---the late Rev. Cornelius Neale, formerly Fellow of St. John's College, Cambridge. His name is known to the public chiefly as the author of a very elegant volume of lyricat poems, which appeared in 1819, and a tragedy entitled Mustapha, printed in 1814, which possessed no ordinary merit. He was a man, indeed, of a highly cultivated taste and true poetical feeling ; his mind was richly stored with the treasures of classical erudition, and he combined in himself the scholar, the poet, and the gentleman. Of his critical taste and acumen the pages
of this Journal would furnish abundant specimens, did we feel at liberty to specify his contributions. A few years before his death, Mr. Neale took orders; after which his literary pursuits, if they did not lose their attractions, were niade to hold a subordinate place, while he conscientiously addressed himself to the exemplary discharge of his clerical functions. In this point of view, the portion of the present work which he lived to complete, forms an interesting memorial of his zealous and amiable solicitude for the religious improvement more especially of the young, of his sound judgement and unaffected piety.
No person could have been selected better qualified to complete Mr. Neale's plan, than the popular Author of “ Little
Henry and his Bearer” and “ The Fairchild Family.”
• It is remarkable,' says Mrs. Sherwood, that although unknown to the Author of Questions on Genesis, and not having received the slightest intimation of his purposes, the Writer of this little volume had formerly commenced an undertaking of the kind, not with a view to publication, but solely for the use of her own family; and had desisted from the work merely from the pressure of other business. It is, however, very probable, that she might have allowed these other and more secular occupations to have entirely diverted her from this more important concern, had not a voice as it were from the grave, urged her to proceed with the work.'
There are many persons,' it is added in concluding the preface,
* Vol. XIX. N. S. p. 188.
« who mean well, who have neither time, nor a proper knowledge of Scripture, to enable them to examine a child on the subject of a single chapter; but, with the help of a guide of the nature of this now presented to the public, one child may instruct another, and the subordinate teachers in any school may prepare pupils for the inspection of the superiors; and in this mauner a regular system of Biblical instruction may be carried on with little fatigue to the masters and uni. versal benefit to the pupils.'
It can hardly be requisite to give any specimen of the present Part, but we will make room for a short extract.
• Chap. III. 1. With what does this chapter commence?-. A. The law of the peace-offering.
• 2. Wherein did the peace-offering differ from other offerings ?A. The burnt offerings were wholly consumed on the altar, and the priests had part of the meat offering ; but the peace offering was divided between the altar, the priests, and the offerer, and formed a kind of feast, in which the Lord, the priests, and the people met together.
• 3. What was required respecting the animal which was to form the peace offering? i.
• 4. Of whom was this animal the emblem ?-A. Of him through whose death peace is made between God and the sinner.
• 5. Is there any verse in the New Testament which points out this interpretation? Rim. v. 1, 2.
• 6. What part was the offerer to take in this sacrifice? 2. f.
• 10. What were Aaron's sons to do with these parts of the ani. mal ? 6.
"11. What do you learn from this observance ?-A. This observance may probably denote that our inward feelings and affections must be sanctified through the sacrifice of Christ, if we would be accepted by God.
• 12. If the animal which was to be for the sacrifice was of the flock instead of the herd, what was required of this animal ? 6, 7.
• 13. Were the same ceremonies to be attended to respecting this last sacrifice as those before mentioned ? 8.
• 14. Which part of the aniinal was to be burnt ? 9, 10.
• 17. In this case what were the priests to do with the blood ? 13.1.
• 21. What was the use of this offering ?-A. It fed the sacred fire, and typified the satisfaction made for sin by the death of Christ, fat Vol. XXII. N. S.
being the emblem of fulness, and it being said of him, “ in him all ful ness dwells." * 22. How long was this command to be observed ? 17.' pp. 8, 9.
If we have any fault to find with this Part, it is that the phraseology is hardly simple enough to be intelligible to a child, and that the Writer is occasionally tempted to spiritualize without any sufficient warrant from the Scriptures. Some objectionable instances occur at page 22.
Art. IX. The Seats and Causes of Disease investigated by Anatomy,
containing a great Variety of Dissections, and accompanied with Remarks. By John Baptist Morgagni, Chief Professor of Anatomy, and President in the University of Padua. Abridged and elucidated with copious Notes, by William Cooke, Member of the Royal College of Surgeons, London, and one of the Secretaries of the Hunterian Society. 2 vols. 8vo. Price 1L 10s.
London. 1823. NO O science is less reducible to abstract rules than the
science of medicine. An immense range is presented before the student as it relates to objects of research, and after all, his practical success depends upon his own discernment and tact, more than upon any scholastic precepts, or axiomatic deductions from pathological or therapeutic principia. Every new case, it has been said, is a new study; and if this may be said with even an approach to truth, it is obvious that medicine taught merely as a science of semiology, must necessarily be much wanting in a very material part of its elementary organization.
Certain it is, that post mortem inspection often gives the direct lie to prior predication, and proves the impotence of nosology in its endeavours to fasten down disease to fixed and unalterable points. A considerable part, indeed, of the improvement which modern medicine lays claim to, consists in, or rather results from, the value it has learned to set upon a minute investigation of morbid structure, and its comparative disregard of abstract or systematic doctrine. To such an extent has this feeling been recently called into exercise, that we may question whether the re-action has not operated too strongly upon the present cultivation of the therapeutic art; whether it has not tended to induce an indisposition towards a just appreciation of those preceptive rules that are deduced from observation and experience. The knowledge of a mere anatomist would fall very far short of that which an efficient practitioner must possess ; and when the Dissecting Room is shewn to the student as the only place for the culti