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the 4th of October, 1823, he introduced himself to the brave and unfortunate Riego, who had the frankness to declare in the first interview, that he had very few officers on whom he could depend. On the 9th, he tried his sword in a skirmish with the French detachment, and, at the expense of a wound, procured for himself the distinction of being appointed the General's first aide de camp. On the 14th, all was over. The final overthrow of the shattered forces which still acknowledged Riego as their leader, is narrated in the following terms:

• In about an hour afterwards the drums beat to arms; I ran to the stable and bridled my horse, and then called the General, who was much alarmed at the drums beating. We mounted our horses and rode to the field ; our cavalry were formed upon the plains on the right, in order to charge the enemy as they advanced ; some of our infantry were lying in ambush in the vineyards, and some on the main road ready to form squares.

Our Guerilla parties were upon the heights; and as the enemy advanced, they fired in upon them, which had great effect and disordered them very much. But per. ceiving that our cavalry did not charge them, as they ought to have done, the enemy continued to advance : had our cavalry charged them, we should have dispersed them at the first onset ; but their neglecting to do so gave the enemy fresh courage; and finding that our army was disordered, they kept advancing in parties, to make us believe that they were much stronger than they actually were. I am sorry to confess that their stratagem had the desired effect; for on our cavalry seeing them, they shamefully turned round and fled. My poor brave Guerillas kept up a constant fire, until they had not a cartridge left; they were then obliged to throw away their arms, and make their escape as well as they could.'

The sequel is too well known. They were betrayed by the people of the first house in which they sought a lodging, and were ultimately transmitted under a strong guard to Madrid, where they arrived on the 2nd of October. On the 8th of the following month, Riego was basely and cruelly executed by order of the absolute monarch. His poor aide-de-camp was

oomed to pay the penalty of a ten days campaign, by a six months solitary incarceration in a gloomy and filthy dungeon, in which it was probably expected and intended, that he should terminate his life. He appears to have been indebted for his liberty to the good offices of Mr. Bowring. Mr. Matthewes appears to be an open-hearted, spirited, rash, impetuous young man, whose talents only want to be rightly directed, and his feelings to be guided into a proper channel, to make him an honour to his profession.

ART. XII. SELECT LITERARY INFORMATION.

In the press, and speedily will be pub- The Rev. Miles Jackson, Minister of lisbed, Schleusner's New Testament St. Paul's Church, Leeds, bas a new Lexicon, compressed into the form of a edition of his Sermons nearly ready, in Manual, comprising the whole of bis 2 vols. 12m0., in which will be included explanations and scriptore references; many new ones. and in general containing erery thing A poetical work, entitled The Bar, is Décessary for the vsual purpose of con- in the press, with Sketches of eminent sultation, as well as for academic in- Judges, Barristers, &c. and with copious struction. By J. Carey, LL.D. Author notes. of “ Latin Prosody made Easy,” and In the press, The Doctrine of Elecother popular school books.

tion, viewed in connexion with the Speedily will be published, a sinall responsibility of man. By the Rev. volume of Plain Sermons, chiefly for the William Hamilton, D.D. of Strathblane. use of Searnen ; dedicated by permis- In the press, Solid Resources for Old sion to the Right Honourable Viscount Age, or the ineans by which the EvenMelville. By the Rev. Samuel Mad- ing of Life may be rendered both Prodock, Vicar of Bishop's Sutton, and fitable and Pleasant. By the Author of Ropley, Hants.

Choice Pleasures for Youth. Part I. has just been published, price In the press, Advice to Cottagers; 45. 6d., of Selections from Horace, with shewing the means by wbich they may English Notes.

become rich, honourable, useful, and This Work is intended for the Use of happy. By J. Thornton. 18mo. Schools, and for those persons who may Also, Piety Exemplified in the Lives wish to renew their acquaintance with of Eminent Christians. Collected from the Classics; and the chief object is to authentic sources, and compiled chiefly present to the reader a Selection from for the instruction of youth. By the the Latin Classical Puets, which sball, Rev. J. T'hornton, 12mo. within a moderate size, and at a mode- The Gaelic Dictionary, by Mr. Armrate expense, comprise the most impor- strong, that was announced to be pubtant and interesting portions of the lished by subscription, and which was works of those elegant and justly ad- destroyed at the late fire at Mr. Moyes's, mired writers, and which shall at the will be but little delayed by the accisame time be free from those parts dent, the publisher having made ar. which are not fit to meet the eye of the rangements for the reprioting the sheets youthful student. The notes are in- destroyed, at the same time that the tended to elucidate the general meaning other pari of the work is going on. of the writers, and to fix in the mind of The Rev. Mr. Fry's History of the the reader those points, whether histo- Christian Church, which was nearly rical, geographical, or moral, which are ready for publication, and which was most deserving his notice. A short ac- destroyed at the late fire, is again at count of each author is prefixed, with press, and will shortly make its appearsuch particulars of the time and circum

A new edition of the Exposition stances connected with his writings as of the Romans, and Translation of the appeared necessary to illustrate the Cauticles, is also in the press. main purport of them. The female wbo The Rev. J. R. Pitman of the Foundhas been at the pains of acquiring a Jing and Magdalen, will shortly publish a knowledge of the Latin tongue, may course of Sermons for the Year ; conread these Selections with perfect confi- taining two for each Sunday, and one dence, that she will find nothing that for each Holiday; abridged from emican give a moment's pain to the most nent Divines of the Established Church, delicate and chaste feelings. This Part and adapted to the Service of the Day. contains Fifty Odes, Six Satires, Ten For the Use of Schools and Families, Epistles, and the Ars Poetica,

In one large volume.

ance.

Art. XIII. LIST OF WORKS RECENTLY PUBLISHED. BIOGRAPHY.

was betrayed and treated until impriThe last Military Operations of Gene.

soned at Madrid; to which is added, a ral Riego; also the manner in which he

Narrative of the Sufferings of the Au

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THE

ECLECTIC REVIEW,

FOR NOVEMBER, 1824.

Art. I. 1. Travels in Brazil, in the Years 1817–1820. Undertaken

by Command of H. M. the King of Bavaria. By Dr. John Bapt. Von Spix, and Dr. C. F. Phil. Von Martius. 2 Vols.. 8vo. pp. xxii. 626. (Plates.) Price 11. 4s. London. 1824. 2. Journal of a Voyage to Brazil, and Residence there, during Part of the Years 1821, 1822, and 1823. By Maria Graham. 4to. pp. 336. (Plates.) Price 21. 2s. London. 1824. 3. Travels in Brazil, in the Years 1815, 1816, 1817. By Prince Maximilian, of Wied Neuwied. Illustrated with Plates. Part I.

4to. pp. 336. London. 1820, OF F all the acts of the late Emperor of the French and of

Elba, that which has been followed by the most permanently important and beneficial consequences, is his invasion of Portugal,--an unprincipled, unprovoked aggression, from which he derived no advantage, but which, by compelling the Prince Regent to seek an asylum in his transatlantic dependencies, produced the sudden transformation of a feeble, disorganized colony into a kingdom. That kingdom, lost to Portugal through the same madness and wickedness in her.cortes and ministers, that had before been displayed by an English administration with similar results, has now become an independent empire, gigantic in extent, of almost boundless physical resources, the second only in importance, if not in population, of the mighty three which almost share among them the New World. Mexico boasts of nearly double the population of Brazil, but this proportion is not likely to continue long; and in every other respect, in its geographical position, its diversified surface, its fine climate, its innumerable springs and navigable rivers, its fertile soil and rich variety of productions, the dominions of Don Pedro the First comprise the most valuable portion of the western continent.

Yet, for upwards of fifty centuries was that vast continent Vol. XXII. N.S.

2 I

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