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that time ; it represents to them what sentiments they mould entertain, and how they should express them. It consists of two parts; in the first three verses there is a call to God's people to stir up themselves to the work of praise; in the other three verses they are direEted to stir up one another, and endea.

vour to engage all about them to join in it. : I A ND in that day thou shalt say, O LORD, I will

A praise thee: though thou wast angry with me, thine anger is turned away, and thou comfortedst me; tho' thou didst punish and disperse thy people, the tokens of .

thine anger are now removed, and their blelings restored; " 2 thou hast given them cause and hearts to praise thee. Behold,

observe it as a great, wonderful, and unexpeEted event, God [is] my salvation; he hath brought salvation suited to our circumstances, and every way worthy of God; I will trust, and not be afraid: for the LORD JEHOVAH, the eternal and unchangeable God, the author and giver of all our strength, [is] my strength and (my] song, that is, the subječt matter of my fong; he also is become my salvation; he hath manifested himself as our saviour in the most remarkable manner, and hall have all the glory. 3 Therefore, as the consequence of God's kind interposition,

with joy shall ye draw water out of the wells of salvation; ye shall have abundance of divine joy and comfort in attending upon ordinances, to which ye Mall be restored and

admitted; Springs of salvation Mall then break up, and ye 4 Shall receive refreshment with unutterable joy.° And in

that day shall ye fay, Praise the LORD, call upon his name, declare his doings among the people, make mention that his name is exalted; ye shall not only praise

him your selves, but tell the world what he has done for you, 5 and record it for the benefit of pofterity. Sing unto the

LORD; for he hath done excellent things: this [is] known in all the earth; the bleflings he hath bestowed are truly valuable, are not confined to the jews, but extend over,

the • Here is an allusion to the state of Israel in the wilderness; when thirsty and ready to perish, God caused springs to rise up. for them; and they received the water with joy and finging. Religious ordinances and communications of the spirit, are often represented under this image.

the whole earth. Compete expressions and he Holy One of

6 the whole earth. Cry out and shout, thou inhabitant of

Zion; use the strongest exprefons and demonstrations of thankfulness and joy: for great [is] the Holy One of Israel in the midst of thee; he hath manifested his greatness in thy deliverance, and his holiness too; his faithfulnefs to his promise and covenant; and he is still in the midst of, thee, to defend thee from danger, secure thy privileges, and prolong thy peace.

REFLECTION S. 1. W E are led from hence to ascribe the praise of

W all our peace and comfort, to God. Whatever deliverances we have, whatever comforts have been restored, or continued, all is owing to the care and favour of Jehovah. Let us cherish a grateful temper; fing praises to him with our voice, and not be low, dull, and lifeless in this most reasonable and delightful work.

; 2. The people of God should heartily join in presenting their publick thanks to him. Every one should say this for himself, and say it together, that God is our strength and salvation; especially is he fo in our redemption thro' Christ Jesus, that great salvation to which all the prophets bore witness. Let us be thankful, that it is an extensive as well as a glorious salvation ; that it is known throʻ all the earth, Let us speak of it one to another, and mention it to our children, that they also may thank God for his unspeakable gift.

3. Divine ordinances should be attended with pleasure. • Those wells of salvation are opened to us, there is no enemy to stop them or divert their course ; and we ought to come to them with as much relish as a thirsty, perishing traveller would come to a spring of water. Here we may drink, not only for our present refreshment, but to gain strength for the discharge of all the duties of life. How ungrateful to God is it to say, What á weariness is it! He expects that we be joyful in his house of prayer; he hath done every thing to make us so, and he loveth a cheerful worthipper. 4. Former experiences of God's goodness are an en


couragement to trust in him. He has often been our fal.. vation, when we have been in imminent danger; hath given us his son to be our faviour: and the Holy One of Israel is still in the midst of us, to guard his churches, and fecure the happiness of all his people. And while we -praise him for past favours, let us further call upon his name, and commit all our concerns to his good providence, for thus he commands us, Be careful for nothing ; but in every thing by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving make known your requests unto God.

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The prophet proceeds to foretell the calamities of the neighbouring

nations, particularly those that Ifrael was some way or other

concerned with; and begins with Babylon, that would be a . cruel oppressor to them. IrTHE burden of Babylon, which Isaiah the son of 2 Amoz did see. Lift ye up a banner upon the

high mountain, to gather the foldiers together, exalt the
voice unto them, as they do that would enliji them, shake
the hand, beckon with the hand for them to come, that
they may go into the gates of the nobles; that they

may enlist under great officers; or it may refer to the seizing 3 of Babylon, and plundering its palaces. I have command

ed my sanctified ones, those whom I have called, separated,
and prepared for the service, I have also called my mighty
ones for mine anger, [even] them that rejoice in my
highness; who mall cheerfully execute those commands which

display my greatness and glory, tho' they do not consider it -4 as such. The noise of a multitude in the mountains,

like as of a great people; a tumultuous noise of the
kingdoms of nations gathered together, crowding together

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P A burden signifies in general, a weighty, important matter ; but sometimes, as here, a burdensome prophecy, that foretells the ruin of a country. It was near two hundred years after this, that Babylon was taken by Cyrus; its ruin, and that entire desolation which this chapter describes, was an event utterly beyond all human foresight, and exceedingly improbable to be conjectured.

to my standard: the Lord of hosts mustereth the hoft of 5 the battle. They come from a far country, from the end

of heaven, (even] the LORD, and the weapons of his indignation, to destroy the whole land; referring to the troops of Media and Persia, and the auxiliaries Cyrus had from inany other nations ; all regular and well disciplined soldiers, and God's instruinents to destroy the whole land of

Chaldea. 6 Howl ye; for the day of the LORD [is] at hand; it

shall come as a destruction from the Almighty, and as 7 such mall be irresistible. Therefore Thall all hands be

faint, not able to hold their weapons, and every man's

heart shall melt with fear, so that he Mall have no fpirit to 8 resist. And they shall be afraid: pangs and forrows

shall take hold of them; they shall be in pain as a woman that travaileth: they shall be amazed öne 'at another, thinking the city impregnable; and when it is taken, spreading consternation from one to another; their faces

[shall be as] flames, black and ghastly, as when scorched o by the flames. Behold, the day of the LORD cometh;

cruel both with wrath and fierce anger, to lay the land

desolate: and he shall destroy the finners, the idolatrous, 10 cruel, and luxurious inhabitants thereof out of it. For

the stars of heaven and the constellations thereof shall not give their light: the sun shall be darkened in his

going forth, and the moon shall not cause her light to • Thine; a common description in the prophets of the removal

of every thing that gives comfort and encouragement to a

nation; and here, of the universal gloom and melancholy 11 that Jould spread over the land of Chaldea. And I will

punish the world, or, the kingdom of Babylon, for their] evil, and the wicked for their iniquity; and I will cause

the arrogancy of the proud to cease, and will lay low 12 the haughtiness of the terrible. I will make a man, that

is, a common man, more precious than fine gold; even a man, that is, a gallant man, than the golden wedge ot Ophir. An elegant and beautiful description! There halı hardly be a man to be found, such havock Mall be made of

them; they shall be so scarce, that they cannot be hired for 33 any inoney. Therefore I will shake the heavens, and

the the earth shall remove out of her place, in the wrath of

the Lord of hosts, and in the day of his fierce anger;

such ball be their terror and confufion, as if the heavens and 14 earth were jumbled together. And it shall be as the

chased roe, and as a sheep that no man taketh up; those that used to be like roaring lions and ranging bears, shall be fearful and weak, like a roe or a peep: they shall every

man turn to his own people, and flee every one into 15 his own land; all their allies Ball desert them. Every

one that is found shall be thrust through; and every

one that is joined (unto them) shall fall by the sword. 16 Their children also shall be dashed to pieces before : their eyes; their houses shall be spoiled, and their

wives ravished ; thus cruelly they will use the jews, (Zech.

xiv, 2.) and thus Mall they be treated. The instruments of 17 this desolation are then mentioned. Behold, I will stir up

the Medes against them, which shall not regard silver,

and (as for] gold, they shall not delight in it; they Mall 18 act as if they only thirsted for blood. [Their] bows also

shall dash the young men to pieces; and they shall

have no pity on the fruit of the womb; their eye shall 19 not spare children. And Babylon, the glory of king.

doms, the beauty of the Chaldees' excellency, shall be

as when God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah; that is, :20 Shall be entirely destroyed. It shall never be inhabited,

neither shall it be dwelt in from generation to genera

tion: neither shall the Arabian' pitch tent there; nei. 21 ther shall the shepherds make their fold there. But

wild beasts of the desert shall lie there ; and their houses

shall be full of doleful creatures, and owls shall dwell 22 there, and satyrs shall dance there. And the wild

.. beasts ! This is a remarkable and moft wonderful prediction; for at the time when Isaiah prophesied there was no kingdom of the Medes, they were subject to the king of Assyria; but about nineteen years after this they revolted, set up a kingdom of their own, and became so powerful, that, in conjunction with the Per· Sians, they destroyed Babylon. '

'A wandering people, that carried their tents and cattle from place to place, where they could find most convenient food for them.

s What these creatures were, the learned have not agreed; but they were such that loved to dwell in defolate and ruined places.

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