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be blown, and they shall come which were rçady to
perish in the land of Affyria, and the outcasts in the
land of Egypt, and shall worship the Lord in the holy
mount at Jerusalem ; referring to Cyrus's proclamation
for liberty; or the general alarm and summons to the con.
gregations of Israel, who were gathered together by trumpets, ..
and has a reference to their conversion in the latter day.

REFLECTIONS.

1. V E have reason to rejoice in God's care of the

V church, amidst all its dangers and distresses. It is valuable in itself, and dear to him. Many attempts have been made to hurt and destroy his vineyard, or to prevent its fruitfulness; but he guards it with a watchful eye, and waters it by his ordinances, his word, and fpirit, without which it would wither. If its enemies combine against it, he has a great and strong sword with which to punish them. We should therefore triumph in the fecurity of the church, and encourage ourselves in the Lord its God, when it seems to be in the greatest danger; and earnestly pray, that that part of the vineyard with which we are connected may be daily kept and watered by him.

2. We see what encouragement there is for finners to return to God. They are enemies to him, and he is angry with them: but peace may be made; and it is of the utmost importance that it be made in time. It becomes them to humble themselves before God, that the stroke of his mighty hand may be averted, and his strength employed for their defence and happiness. Fury is not in him, or who could stand ? He is willing to be reconciled; so that if finners continue enemies to him, it is their own fault, and he will destroy them as easily and entirely as fire does briers and thorns. Agree then with thine adversary quickly, and be ať peace, and thereby good Mall come unto thee.

3. We are again taught the nature and design of affliction. The end of God in his corrections is to take away fin, to lead men to put away their iniquities with shame and ,

detestation, and never return to them any more. Then, . our afflictions do us good when they purge away our info

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1,4. How gether for their are friendly; all

quity: and therefore when we are afflicted we thould fearch and try our ways, and turn again unto the Lord. To good men God moderates afflictions, prunes them in measure and mercy, and tempers the fury of the storm. Afflictions are quite different in their effects upon good and bad men; they are not smitten alike, tho' it may seem so to us. God's intentions to his children are friendly; all shall issue well, and work together for their good. In

4. How vain are all those hopes of finners which are only grounded on the mercy of God and his being their creator. It is very common for men to express a hope of being faved because God is their creator, and because he is merciful; while they go on in their trespasses, and are destitute of repentance and faith. But if that mercy be not earnestly fought, and those fins put away which disqualify them from being the objects of it, they will not find it: and tho'God formed them, yet as they do not answer the end for which they were made, but daily affront their Maker, he will show them no favour. Let us then not de. ceive ourselves, but labour to be wise, understanding what the will of the Lord is, and be stedfast and immoveable in our obedience to it.

but are not around the crown of lorious beanie fat valleys the

CHA P. XXVIII. The prophecies in this and the following chapters, to the thirtieth,

relate principally to the invasion of Judea by Sennacherib;

but are not arranged in the order they were delivered. IW O E to the crown of pride, to the drunkards of

Ephraim, whose glorious beauty [is] a fading flower, which [are] on the head of the fat valleys of them that are overcome with wine! that is, woe to the proud kingdom of the ten tribes, among whom drunkenness much prevailed; Samaria, so beautifully situated on a hill,

with a fine vale below it, shall be destroyed by the Asyrians, 2 Behold, the Lord hath a mighty and strong one,

(which] as a tempeft of hail (and) a destroying storm, · as a food of mighty waters overflowing, shall cast down

to the earth with the hand; as easily as an earthen vessel 3 is dasked to the ground. The crown of pride, the drun. 4 kards of Ephraim, shall be trodden under feet: And

the glorious beauty, which [is] on the head of the fat valley, shall be a fading flower, [and] as the hafty fruit before the summer ; it shall be as easily and quickly destroy. ed as early fruit; or it may be rendered, the glorious beauty on their head, that is, the garland, shall be a fading flower, and the fat valley Mall be as hasty fruit, that is soon ripe and foon destroyed : which (when] he that looketh upon

it seeth, while it is yet in his hand he eateth it up. 5. In that day shall the Lord of hosts be for a crown of

glory, and for a diadem of beauty, unto the residue of

his people, Judah Mall enjoy his favour and prote&tion, 6 And for a spirit of judgment to him that fitteth in judg

ment, and for strength to them that turn the battle to the gate ; Hezekiah and his counsellors shall be wise, shall repel the invaders, and carry the war into the country of

their enemies. . But they also have erred through wine, and through

strong drink are out of the way; Judah also is guilty of this detestable crime of drunkenness; the priest and the prophet have erred through strong drink, they are swallowed up of wine, they are out of the way through

strong drink; they err in vision, they stumble [in] 8 judgment; they neither teach nor judge aright. For all

tables are full of vomit [and] filthiness, so that there 9 is) no place [clean.) Whom shall he, that is, any man,

teach knowledge ? and whom shall he make to understand doctrine? (them that are] weaned from the milk, Tand] drawn from the breast; notwithstanding their ad

vantages they are but like children learning their first rudijo ments. For precept (must be] upon precept, precept

upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, (and) there a little; the fame things must be often

inculcated upon them, in the plainest manner, and yet all in 11 vain: For with stammering lips and another tongue

will he speak to this people; he will send foreign enemies 12 among them, whose language they shall not understand. To.

whom * The apostle applies this to the abuse of the gift of tongues, which made that a curse which was intended for a bleming. .

apon Pro Line; and fall

whom he said, This [is] the rest (wherewith] ye may cause the weary to rest; and this [is] the refreshing; tho' he had told them their duty often and plainly, had given

then great encouragement, and had promised them rest ana 13 refreshment, yet they would not hear. But the word of

the LORD was unto them precept upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, [and] there a little; that they might go, and fall backward, and be broken, and snared, and taken ; re

jetting God's word and despising his methods of instruction, 14 will be the cause of their calamity... Wherefore hear the

word of the LORD, ye fcornful men, that rule this

people which [is] in Jerusalem ; ye chief magistrates, that 15 scorn my threatenings. Because ye have said, We have made

a covenant with death, and with hell are we at agreement; we have taken as effe&tual methods to secure ourselves from danger, as if we had done fo ; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, it shall not come unto us : for we have made lies our refuge, and under falsehood, that

is, idols and foreign alliances, have we hid ourselves. 16 Therefore thus faith the Lord God, I will direft you

to a surer refuge, Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner (stone,] a fure foundation : he that believeth shall not make haste;

mall not hurry to and fro, Mall not be confounded. 17 Judgment also will I lay to the line, and righteous.

ness to the plummet; that is, I will deal with you in strict justice; an allusion to builders : and the hail fhall sweep away the refuge of lies, and the waters shall overflow

the hiding place; my judgments Mall be like a storm of hail, 1,8 or a flood that carries all before it. And your covenant

with death shall be disannulled, and your agreement with hell shall not stand; when the overflowing scourge

shall pass through, then ye shall be trodden down by 19 it; it shall suddenly overwhelm you like an inundation. From

the time that it goeth forth it shall take you: for morning by morning shall it pass over, by day and by night. and it shall be a vexation only [to] understand the report; when you think you have put it by, it shall turn again with greater fury: even the report of its coming upon others

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Jhall Sall vex you, and occasion painful fears. Some render it,

nothing but vexation will make you understand instruction, 20 For the bed is shorter than that sa man] can stretch

himself son it:) and the covering narrower than that he can wrap himself (in it.] A proverbial expression, as

if he had said, All your stratagems and confederacies fall 21 fail. For the Lord shall rife up as (in) mount Pera

zim, where David New the Philistines, he shall be wroth
as [in] the valley of Gibeon, where Jofbua destroyed the
Canaanites, that he may do his work, his strange work;
and bring to pass his act, his strange act; when God's
professing people are hypocrites, he will treat them as he used
to do their enemies; though this is strange work, disagreeable :

to him, and such as his people hath not been used to feel, yet 22 it is necessary. Now therefore be ye not mockers,

lest your bands be made strong ; left you be brought under a foreign yoke : for I have heard from the Lord God of hosts a consumption, even determined upon the whole

earth, or the whole land, that is, against the two remaining · tribes, as well as the ten which I have prophesied against be

fore. The prophet then concludes with a beautiful parable; which is designed to show, that as the husbandman has times and methods for ploughing and manuring the ground, rowing and threshing the grain, and the like, so God has seafons of mercy and judgment, and takes different measures for amend

ment or destruction. 23. Give ye ear, and hear my voice; hearken, and hear 24 my speech. Doth the ploughman plough all day, or

every day, to sow? doth he every day open and break the clods of his ground? When he hath made plain the face thereof, doth he not cast abroad the fitches, and scatter the cummin, and cast in the principal wheat and the appointed barley, or, the wheat in the principal place, and

barley in the appointed place, and the rye in their place? 26 For his God doth instruct him to discretion, [and] 27 doth teach him. For the fitches are not threshed with

a threshing instrument, neither is a cart wheel turned about upon the cummin; but the fitches are beaten out with a staff, and the cummin with a rod; different kinds of threshing instruments are used, according to the kind and

Strength

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