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God, tho? they had no qualities to answer that character; or believed they had some divine power lodged in them; which seems to have been the notion of the vulgar; so wretchedly stupid were men grown. And there are too many idolaters yet remaining among us; who worship silver and gold, (for covetousness is idolatry,) or who make a god of their belly. They please themselves with the expectation of happiness in these things; but there is a lie in their right hand, and they find nothing solid to support their souls upon. And thus many are also deceived in those things in which they trust for salvation. We should therefore often put this question to ourselves, “ Am not I deceived? is this not a lie in my right hand?' and should beg of God to search and try us, and see if there be any evil way in us.

3. The promises and hopes of pardon demand our warmest gratitude and joy. What a blessing is iť to have our fins forgiven and blotted out! that cloud, which sepa. rates between God and man, and intercepts the light of his countenance, dispersed! All nature is called upon to rejoice in the gospel promises of forgiveness; they are the best tidings to guilty creatures: and if we have any reason to beJieve our sins and iniquities are forgiven, our souls should for ever adore the grace of God, who is ready to forgive, and of Jefus Christ, thro' whose blood we receive the remiffion.

4. We learn from the whole chapter, what high and venerable thoughts we should entertain of the great God. We should think feriously and reverently of him, as the eternal Jehovah; the first and the last; as an omniscient Being, to whom future contingencies are known. He by his prophet foretold that Jerusalem and the temple should he destroyed; and named Cyrus, as the man that should deliver his people, and rebuild his temple. We should also adore him as an almighty Being, who maketh what use of princes he pleaseth, and can remove every hindrance to the execution of his purposes. Idols cannot do this, but our God can; let us therefore ever fear, reverence, and trust him; for whatever devices there are in the heart of man his counsel shall stand, and the moft powerful princes shall only execute his pleasure.


CHA P. XLV. In this chapter we have Cyrus's commission against Babylon, and

to restore the jews; an account of his success, with suitable admonitions to the Israelites. irTHUS faith the LORD to his anointed, to Cyrus,

whose right hand I have holden, to subdue nations before him ; or whom I hold fast by the right hand, that I may subdue nations before him; and I will loose the loins of kings, weaken their power, to open before him the two leaved gates; and the gates shall not be shut; that is, the gates of Babylon within the city, leading froņi

the streets to the river, which were providentially left open '2 when he surprised the city ; I will go before thee, and

make the crooked places straight; remove all difficulties

and obstructions : I will break in pieces the gates of brass, 3 and cut in sunder the bars of iron: And I will give

thee the treasures of darkness, and hidden riches of secret places, the secret wealth of princes and people, that thou mayeft know that I, the Lord, which call.[thee) by 4 thy name, (am) the God of Israel. For Jacob my

servant's fake, and Israel mine elect, I have even called thee by thy name Cyrus : I have surnamed thee, my hep

herd and anointed, though thou hast not known me. 5 1 [am] the Lord, and (there is) none else, [there is] - no God besides me: I girded thee with authority and 6 power though thou hast not known me: That they

máy know from the rising of the sun, and from the west, that (there is ] none besides me. I sam) the LORD, and [there is none else; intimating that the deliverance of the jews by Cyrus would promote the knowledge of God

. throi - Babylon had an hundred brazen gates.

9 Cyrus had subdued rich Crosus and other nations before he rock Babylon; and that was a most wealthy place; the treasures which he found there and in Sardis, amounted to one hundred and twenty fix millions two hundred and twenty four thousand pounds of our money.

? Josephus says that this prophecy was showed to Cyrus, and that he was much affected with it; he therefore honestly acknowledges, Ezra i. 2. The Lord God of heaven hath given me all the kingdoms of the earth.

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thay thro' many nations. I form the light, and create dark

ness: I make peace, and create evil : I the LORD do all

these (things;] I am the supreme governor of the natural 8 and morel world. Drop down, ye heavens, from above,

and let the skies pour down righteousness: let the earth open, and let them bring forth falvation, and let righ. teousness spring up together; I the Lord have created it: being determined to bring about their salvation, all nature mall seem to unite in promoting it. I will first shower

down righteousness, and then produce salvation ;. Ifrael shall 9 first be reforined, and then delivered. Woe unto him that

ftriveth with his Maker; woe to the Babylonians that hall oppress Ifrael, and strive against God; or to the Israelites that small distrust his power, and will not believe his promises. (Let] the potsherd [strive] with the potsherds of the earth. Shall the clay say to him that fashioneth it, What makest thou ? or thy work, He hath no

hands ? he hath no ability or skill, or acts as if he had none. 10 Woe unto him that faith unto [his] father, What be

gettest thou? or to the woman, What haft thou brought :

forth ? much more to the great Parent of the universe. 1. Thus faith the LORD, the Holy One of Israel, and his · Maker, Ask me of things to come concerning my sons,

and concerning the work of my hands command ye me; you may humbly enquire concerning these things; or rather,

(as the Seventy) Will you question me, or give me a laws 12 I have made the earth, and created man upon it: I,

[even] my hands have stretched out the heavens, and

all their hoft have I commanded, and therefore I am able 13. to fulfil my promises. I have raised him up in righteous.

ness, and I will direct all his ways; he shall build my

city, and he shall let go my captives, not for price nor. 14 reward, faith the Lord of hosts. Thus faith the LORD,

The labour, or wealth, of Egypt, and merchandise of Ethiopia, and of the Sabeans, men of stature, shall come over unto thee, and they fhall be thine: they

fhalt This is designed to expose the notions of the antient Persians, who held that there were two independent principles or beings, the one good, and the other evil, by which all things were made, and who were represented by light and darkness,

fhall come after thee; in chains they shall come over, and they shall fall down unto thee, they shall make fupplication unto thee, liké submisive captives, [saying, ]

Surely God [is] in thee; and (there is) none elle 15 (there is) no other God. Verily thou [art] a God that

hidest thyself, O God of Israel, the Saviour; tho thy providence in affli&ting and delivering is often dark and my

terious, yet thou art the God of Israel, and the Saviour. 16 They shall be ashamed, and also confounded, all of

them : they shall go to confusion together (that are]

makers of idols, tho' they unite their attenipts to support 17 the credit of their deities. But Ifrael shall be saved in

the Lord with an everlasting salvation : ye shall not be

alhamed nor confounded world without end, to the 18 ages of eternity. For thus faith the LORD that created

the heavens ; God himself that formed the earth and made it; he hath established it, he created it not in

vain, he formed it to be inhabited; much less then will he Suffer Judea, his own inheritance, to lie desolate : I [am] 19 the LORD; and (there is none else. I have not spoken

in secret, in a dark place of the earth; another proof that I am Lord alone, I have revealed my will plainly by the law and the prophets; not like the heathen mysteries, that were carefully concealed from the vulgar; nor like the oracles that were uttered with a hollow, muttering voice from holes. and caves: I said not unto the feed of Jacob, Seek ye me in vain; I answered the prayers of my people, which idols could not do: I the Lord speak righteousness, I declare things that are right; my laws are just, my answers direct,

and my promises are faithful, but their's are not. 20 Assemble yourselves and come, ye recovered jewus;

draw near together, ye (that are] escaped of the nations: they have no knowledge that set up the wood of

their graven image, and pray unto a god (than] cannot 21 save. Tell ye, and bring (them) near; yea, let them take counsel together: who hath declared this from

. antient ! Cyrus, having conquered Egypt and part of Arabia, aslifted the Israelites to rebuild and beautify the temple out of the fpoils of those nations; and many became profelytes, and were brought to acknowledge the only true God, when they saw that he appeare. ed so wonderfully for the jews.

antient time? [who] hath told it from that time?, (have) not I the Lord? and (there is no God else besides me; a just God and a Saviour; (there is none besides me; let them consult together to produce an in

stance of foretelling such future events, and maintain the cause 22 of their idols. Look unto me, and be ye saved, all the

ends of the earth; ye jews, wherever dispersed, and ye

gentiles, when ye hill hear my gospel: for I (am] God, 23 and (there is) none else. I have sworn by myself, the

word is gone out of my mouth [in] righteousness, and shall not return, That unto me every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear, that is, profess allegiance : many, nations ball become my worhippers and servants, and at

length all the world, and at the day of the last judgment every 24 creature shall be subjeet to me, Rom. xiv, II. Surely, shall

[one] and another, that is, all those that shall be converted from idolatry, whether jews or gentiles, say, In the LÖRD have I righteousness and strength : [even] to him shall [men,) that is, Ifrael, the church and people of God,

come, and all that are incensed against him shall be 25. ashamed. In the LORD shall all the feed of Israel, ali

converted jews and believing gentiles, be justified, and shall glory, that is, be pardoned, and boast of their relation to him.

REFLECTIONS. 1. W E see the design of God in his various dispensa.

W tions to the church and world; in his dealings with Israel and other nations. He can set up kingdoms, and pull them down; raise up Cyrus, from a low beginning, to conquer great and mighty nations, and to deliver Ifrael. The design was, to bring Cyrus to know him, and the nations round about to acknowledge his supremacy and to worship him; as well as to cure the jews of their idol.. atry: and were we as well acquainted with the history of ather nations, as with that of Israel, we should see the fame design carried on in the revolutions of states and kingdoms, and the great events of the world. 2. We see the danger of impatience and murmuring


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