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lieth upon watch; he is liable met thinks himlen e thou say,

31 of the world. Look not thou upon the wine when it is

red, when it giveth his colour in the cup, [when it moveth itself aright. A most lively and beautiful pasage, in which the wine is compared to a wicked woman, who puts

on her molt graceful and attractive airs to allure the un32 wary. At the last it biteth like a serpent, and stingeth

like an adder; it will be rank poison in thy veins, destroy 33 thy peace, and ruin thy soul. Thine eyes shall behold

strange women, and thine heart shall utter perverse things; thy lustful desires will be inflamed, and thine heart

or tonguè utter filthy, Scurrilous, blasphemous words, with34 out prudence, and without decency. Yea, thou shalt be as

he that lieth down in the midst of the sea, or as he that lieth upon the top of a mast, who falls asleep where he was set to watch; he is liable to be tossed off every moment,

and perish without remedy, yet thinks himself secure, and 35 Meeps foundly. They have stricken me, [shalt thou say,

and] I was not fick; they have beaten me, [and] I felt
[it] not: when shall I awake? I will seek it yet again;
notwithstanding all the dangers which the sot runs thro', and
the indignities and injuries he suffers in his drink, no sooner
doth he awake but he runs the same round of folly and ex- !"
travagance. This beautifully expresses the confidence and
obstinacy of drunkards, whose senses and understanding are so
stupified that they fear no danger.---An awful warning to us
all, to take heed, left at any time our hearts be overcharged
with furfeiting and drunkenness; for we may soon go from
bad to worse, and never be roused, till we fall into the lake
that, burneth with fire and brimstone, which is the second ::
death, and which the word of God asures us shall be the
portion of all drunkards; therefore let us stand in awe and
fin not. ..

CHA P. XXIV.
D E not thou envious against evil men, neither des

fire to be with them; do not think them so happy 2 as to wish thyself in their circumstances. For their heart studieth destruction, and their lips talk of mischief,

3 Through

3 Through wisdom is an house builded; and by under

Atanding it is established: that is, by prudence and dis

cretion families are supported and handsomely maintained: 4 And by knowledge shall the chambers be filled with all

precious and pleasant riches; all things necessary for con. 5 venience and ornament. A wise man [is] strong; yea, a

man of knowledge increaseth strength; he knows how to defend and secure himself, and is not exposed to so many dan. gers and perplexities as others. For by wise counsel thou fhalt make thy war: and in multitude of counsellers (there is] safety; it is prudent to think of important matters frequently and closely, and to take the advice of others. 7 Wisdom [is] too high for a fool: he openeth not his

mouth in the gate; he may be loud and noisy enough, among his vain companions, but when he comes among the judges, er to the places where wife men resort, he has nothing to say, or, if he speaks, he is treated with contempt. What an idea does this fcripture give us of a great many of those gay flut.

tering creatures, who think themselves to very considerable ! & He that deviseth to do evil shall be called a mischievous

perfon; a malignant wretch, who breaks in upon the com

forts of human life, and shall become odious and hateful to o mankind. The thought of foolishness [is] fin; it is

finful to harbour evil thoughts, and will expose-men to the condemnation of an heart searching God: and the scorner,

who openly makes a jest of fin, [is] an abomination to jo men. If] thou faint in the day of adversity, thy

strength [is] small; if thou fink into despair and melancholy, and art discouraged from thy duty, it shows the mind to be weak and unfortified. Great pains therefore should be taken to keep up the firmness of the mind, and not to fink under little difficulties and troubles. If thou forbear to do thy utmost to deliver (them that are drawn unto death,

and sthofe that are] ready to be flain, who are unjuftly 12 condemned, or violently asaulted; If thou fayeft, Behold,

we knew it not, either his danger, or innocence, or the way to deliver him; doth not he that pondereth the heart consider [it?] and he that keepeth, or preferveth, thy foul, doth (not] he know [it?] how far thy excuses and reasons are well grounded': and Thall ['not] he render to

[every) Çevery] man according to his works? Sins of million are charged to our account, especially a negleal of doing good

to others, and much more of delivering their fouls from de13 ftru£tion. My son, eat thou honey, because it is

good; and the honeycomb (which is sweet to thy

taste; you are determined in your choice of diet, by its being 14 agreeable to your taste : So [shall] the knowledge.of wif

dom [be] unto thy soul: when thou hast found [it, then there shall be a reward, and thy expectation Thall

not be cut off; it is not only delightful at present, but 15 Shall be abundantly rewarded. Lay not wait, ó wicked

[man, ] Secretly, against the dwelling of the righteous; 16 spoil not openly his resting place: For a juft (man) fal.

leth seven times, and riseth up again; he falleth into trouble many times, and God delivereth him: but the wick

ed shall fall into mischief, inte irrecoverable destruc17 tion. Rejoice not when thine enemy falleth into a

calamitous condition, and let not thine heart be glad 18 when he stumbleth: Left the Lord fee fit,) and it dif

please him, and he turn away his wrath from him, and 19 turn it upon thee, for thy malicious, wicked joy. Fret not

thyself because of evil [men,] neither be thou envious 20 at the wicked; For there shall be no reward to the evil

[man ;] the candle of the wicked shall be put out; all 21 his comfort and hopes shall be lost at once. My son, fear

thou the Lord and the king: [and] meddle not with 22 them that are given to change :. For their calamity shall

rife suddenly, by precipitate measures men may ruin them. felves and those about them: and who knoweth the ruin of

them both ? of those that fear not God and the king. 23 These [things] also [belong] to the wise, who may re

ceive further instruction. [It is] not good to have respect of persons in judgment; it is enormously wicked to consider

their relation, wealth, greatness, friendship, connections, ar 24 any thing but the merits of the case. He that faith unto the wicked, Thou art] righteous; him shall the people

curse, i We are not here forbidden to attempt a change in a bad government when providence gives an opportunity; it is only a general intimation of the imprudence of attempting it without juft grounds and reasonable expectation of faccess.

to the wickedsdle of the Walt at once.

,, {man ;] thed. For there shall neither be thou

curse, nations shall abhor him; his countrymen ånd other 25 nations that hear of his crime, pall abhor him: But to

them that rebuke (him] shall be delight, a faithful-re. prover hall be honoured, and a good blessing, the blessing

of a good man, or the blessing of the wicked who become good, 26 shall come upon them. [Every man] Thall kifs (his)

lips that giveth a right answer; he will be greatly esteem. 27 ed for his prudence and good understanding. Prepare thy

work without, and make it fit for thyself in the field; : and afterwards build thine house; this is capable of two

fenfes, and both very important. Prepare for thy work a booth or hut in the field, and afterwards build a house; begin low and live sparingly, and afterwards build. An important maxim which few attend to, tho they see others ruined for want of regarding it. Or it may refer to prudence in undertaking any great work, and be a caution not to begin a great, expensive undertaking, till there be sub

stance to compleat it, and the necessary materials be prepared. 28 Be not a witness against thy neighbour without caufe;

and deceive (not) with thy lips; do not endeavour by

crafty insinuations to draw others into an ill opinion of him, 29 tho. he has injured thee. Say not; I will do so to him as

he hath done to me; I will render to the man according to his work; our having been injured or deceived by others, gives us no toleration to injure and deceive them.

The rest of the chapter is a beautiful and instructive para. 30 ble. I went by the field of the slothful, and by the

vineyard of the man void of understanding; these are 31 synonymous terms; And, lo, it was all grown over with .. thorns, (and) nettles had covered the face thereof, and ...the stone wall thereof was broken down: we see many

people's fields and gardens in this condition, and we often see

the like within doors as well as without; many persons are 32 in a continual litter and confusion thro' mere idleness. Then

I faw, [and] considered [it] well: I looked upon sit, and] received instruction; the wisest men may and ought to learn instruction from impertinent, idle, useless creatures ; if

we will consider their example and condut well, we may 33 learn to avoid their errors, and do better ourselves. [Yet] a little sleep, a little slumber, a little folding of the

hands hands to sleep a little longer, and then I will put my good 34 resolutions into practice: So shall thy poverty come as]

one that travelleth, filently, insensibly, and unexpectedly, and thy want as an armed man; at length it mall feize thee in a powerful, irresistible manner. -We have too many such instances as this before our eyes : let us look upon them; consider them well; and receive instruction: God intends that we should do so. Industry is a duty we owe to God, to ourselves, to our families, and to society. As we defire to secure our substance, our comfort, our credit, our useful. ness, and the favour of God, let us not be fothful in bufi. nefs, but fervent in spirit, serving the Lord.

CH A P. XXV.
THESE [are] also proverbs of Solomon, which

I the men of Hezekiahk king of Judah copied 2 out. (It is] the glory of God to conceal a thing, the rea

fons of his judgments and decrees : but the honour of kings

Tis] to search out a matter ; to search out secret contri3 vances and intricate cases. The heaven for height, and

the earth for depth, and the heart of kings [is] un. Searchable to vulgar minds, and prudently concealed from others. These two ver ses are an important lesjon to princes not to indulge themselves in an idle life, but to enquire di

ligently into things, and make necesary remarks upon them, 4 and yet maintain a prudent reserve. 4 anaye maracain a pruun Toni

Take away the dross

ancamay learn from the silver, and there shall come forth a beautifulu 5 vefsel for the finer. Take away the wicked from] be

fore the king, and his throne shall be established in

righteousness; remove wicked ministers, and then the pub6 lick affairs will go on prosperously. Put not forth thyself

in the presence of the king, and stand not in the place of great [men;] do not appear too splendid for one of thy

; . rank, # These were probably some prophets that Hezekiah selected out of the publick schools, to attend in his court as domestick chaplains; they copied these proverbs out of some private collec. itions, and published them for general instruction. "A useful de. fign, as many of them contain as much important sense and Solidity as any that were before made publick.

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