Imágenes de páginas

* There is one kind of egotist which is very common in the world. I But the flow of morning beamed into the little chamber where their main those empty, conceited fellows, who repeat as sayings of their soven abildran lay in their beds asleep. Own, or some of their particular friends, several jests which were mado Then they gazed at the children one by one, and the mother said, belore they were born, and which every one who has conversed in the “Thoy aro rovon in number; alas ! it will be hard for us to find them Forld bas beard a hundred times over."-Spectator.

food." Thus sighed the mother, for there was a famine in the land. * Its pewnbroker receives plate or jewels as a pledge or security for Bat the father smiled, and said, “See, do they not lie there, all the tbe repayment of money lent thereon, on a day certain, he has thom Hoton P And they have all red cheeks, and the beans of the morning upan an express contract or condition to restore them, if the pledger stream over them, so that they appear lovelier than ever, like seven partorms his part by radcoming them in due time.”-Blackstone.

blooming roues. Mother, that shows us that He who creates the * A just, though terrible, judgment of God upon these play-hunters morning and sends us sleep, is true and unchangeable." nd prophaners of his holy day."-Prynno.

As thoy stopped from the chamber, they saw at the door fourteen "Somewhat allied to this (blasphemy), though in an interior degree, shoes in a row, growing smaller and smaller, two by two, a pair for is the offence of profane and common swearing."-Blackstone.

each child. The mother gazed at them, and when she saw that they * When one tossed his weaver's beam, and the other carded the WOTO so many, she wopt. rates of Gaza, they performed their prodigious feats by tender filaments, Bat the fathor said, “Mother, why dost thou weep? Have not all cbter than a cobweb, undiscernible with a microscope." --Search, the seven received sound and active feet? Why, then, should we be " Light of Nature,"

andions about that which covers them? If the children have conDefinite and definitive are synonymous, that is, words which Adence in us, should we not have confidence in Him who can do more

than we can comprehend ? coma Dear in meaning to each other; I say near in meaning, for there are few pairs of words that have exactly the same force. work with a cheerful countenance.”

“ Soe, his sun rises ! Come, then, like it let us begin our day's Dinite and definitive, as coming from finis, an end, agree


Thus they spoke and toiled at their labours, and God blessed the taat tbey both put an end to a matter : a definite answer pats work of their hands, and they had enough and to spare, they and their ab end to your question by speaking so clearly, and so exactly, seven children; for faith gives strength and courage, and love elevates as to leave no room for its repetition; but a definitive answer the soul. pata an end to the matter in issue as well as to the question. By a definite angwer I leave you in no doubt as to my meaning ;

LESSONS IN BOTANY.-XXIX. sed by a definitive answer I put a negative on your proposal. Honest men, and clear-minded men give definite answers; men

SECTION LXVI.-HAMAMELIDACEÆ, OR WITCH-HAZELS. who have come to a final conclusion pronounce a definitive Characteristics : Calyx tubular, adherent to the ovary; limb judgment

four to five partite; petals absent or inserted upon the calyx, * They never have suffered, and never will suffer, the fixed estate of and alternating with its divisions ; stamens indefinite in the the church to be converted into a pension, to depend on the treasury, apotalous genera, in the petaliferous genera double the number sad to be delayed, withheld, or perhaps to be extinguished, by fiscal of the petals, some sterile, and opposite to the petals, others culties." —Burke, French Revolution."

fertile and alternate; anthers square or semi-circular; ovary “And all their landes, goodes, and possessions were confiscate and half inferior, two-celled, úni- or multi-ovulate; ovules pendent, sused to ye kynge's vee (use)." —Hall, "Richard III."

“There are other subterraneous juts and channels, fissures and reflexed; two styles, two stigmata, both distinct ; capsule epages through which many times the waters make their way." - septicidal, having one-seeded cells. brian, " Physico-Theology."

The members of this natural order are trees or shrubs, ordi.

Leaves To refuse comes immediately from the French refuser. But alternate, petiolate, simple, bi-stipulate. Flowers almost sessilo,

narily covered with hair arranged in the form of stars. Ebence the French ? From refutare, says Richardson; certaimly refutare, both in good and in middle-aged Latin, disposed in panicles, capitula, or spikes.

The fow species composing this natural order are dispersed pamarily signifies to put down, put back, refuse, and only deriTanimals to prove logically wrong. But this view makes to refuse over North America, Japan, China, India, Madagascar, and the

The Virginian hamamelis (Hamamelis Virginica) is a and to refute the same in origin. Besides, the t and 8 are not shrub having yellow fasciculated flowers, the ovary of which does CIehangeable. It seems less incorrect to derive refuse from re

not ripen until the second year. It is cultivated in gardens for and fando (fasus, fusion), which thus means a pouring or handing the sake of its oily farinaceous seeds; the decoction of its bark Back Refuse, the noun, signifying rubbish, comes from the same and leaves is charged with tannic bitter principles and a peculiar mot, only it takes its special import from a custom which pre- volatile oil. The alder-leaved fothergillia (Fothergillia alnifolia) ruled in some cathedral and collegiate churches, according to is a shrub, a native of Carolina, but cultivated in Europe.

Its trich those who held the benefices were required to put together inflorescence is a spike composed of white and odoriferous etery year into a common treasury, for the common use, some

flowers. Its fruits discharge their seeds with a considerable portion of their income. That portion was seldom the best, and noise. The Rhodoleia Championi (Fig. 218) is a small tree dis. bence the refusio, as the Latin name for the common contri- covered in China by Captain Champion, in the forests which 17200 was, refuse in English, came to have a bad character, sarroand Canton. It is cultivated with facility in the open air and to be nearly equivalent to our rubbish. Rubbish, or in an of Earopean countries. The leaves of this tree are persistent, corder form of the word, rubbage, is that which was rubbed off its flowers grouped in five, surrounded with roseate bracts, which (Latin, detritus), as refuse is that which is poured or thrown might be almost taken for a petaloid floral envelope. EXERCISES IN COMPOSITION.

SECTION LXVII.-PHILADELPHACEÆ, OR SYRINGAS. Hitorical Theme: The Mission of Moses to Pharaoh.Characteristics : Calyx adherent to the ovary, valvate in æsti. WORDS WITH THEIR PROPER PREPOSITIONS.

vation ; petals in number equal to the divisions of the calyx, Words. Foreign Representatives.

with contorted æstivation; stamens, a multiple number of that Coupelled to, pello, I drive.

of the petals; ovary, three or many celled; placenta central, Compbance with, plica, a fold.

multi-ovulate; ovules ascendant or pendent, imbricate, reflexed; Composed of, compono, I place together.

capsule many-seeded ; seeds enveloped in a loose testa; embryo cedo, I yield.

dicotyledonous, straight, in the axis of a fleshy albumen, the Cosceive of, concipio, I take together.

length of which it equals. The members of this natural order Concerned at, for, concerner, to regard.

are erect trees, having simple opposite leaves without stipules. curro, I run.

Their flowers are complete, regular, white, odoriferous, disposed damnum, injury.

either in oyme or panicle. descendo, I go down

The Philadelphus coronarius, or garland syringn (Fig. 220), is duco, I lead. fero, I boar.

indigenous to Central Europe, and a frequent garden ornament.

Its flowers are very odorous, and were formerly held in esteem as a Study and endeavour to reproduce the following gem from medicine. They contain a volatile oil sometimes employed as an German of Krummacher :

agent for the adulteration of oil of jasmine. The Deutzia scabra, THE SEVEN CHILDREN.

or rough-leaved deutzia, is a native of Japan, now cultivated in Baris in the morning, as the day began to dawn, the devont father botanio gardens. The Japanese employ the inner bark of this de Santils arose with his wife from the couch, and thanked God for three as a plaster ; its leaves are employed to impart a polish to se day, and for their refreshing slumber.


Concede to,

Coacur with, in, Coadetan to, Condescend to, Condace to, Conler on,


arid soils, and remain fresh by reason of the humidity they The genus Cephalotus, which Labillardiere placed amongst absorb from the air as well as the soil. Nearly all the mois. the Rosacea, and which other authors have annexed to the Saxi. | ture thus absorbed is retained, because the surface of these frages, is considered by Dr. Lindley as being likely to be ulti- plants suffer but little transudation, very few stomata or mately classed by botanists as a sub-family of the natural order evaporating pores existing in their structure. All the CrassuRanunculaceæ, or Crowfoots.

laceæ abound in a slightly saline aqueous juice containing malic It is constituted by certain perennial plants of Australia, acid. On account of these constituents, the Crassulace have having a short subterraneous stem and leaves united in a tuft, acquired some celebrity as medicinal agents. A few species are and offering two distinct forms; one form plane, oval oblong, edible. The purple stonecrop (Sedum telephium), the white the other situated a little below the preceding, composed of a stonecrop (Sedum album), and the yellow stonecrop (Sedum petiole dilated into a pair of labiate expansions, the lower one reflexum), as well as the house-leek (Sedum sempervivum), are being large, hollowed out like a cup, the upper one smaller, flat, frequently employed for stimulating wounds; the Mediterranean and serving as a cover. The stem is pseudo-cauline, on the Crassulæ possess similar qualities. The acrid stonecrop (Sedum extremity of which the flowers expand. The flowers are white acre), a plant which grows in sundry places in Europe, contains and small; the calyx is free, six-partite, petaloid, valvate in an acrid principle, in virtue of which it is rubefacient, or canses estivation, corolla absent. The twelve stamens are inserted a redness of the skin when externally applied, purgative and upon the border of the tube of the calyx. The six ovaries are emetic when administered internally. The root of the rose sessile upon a plane receptacle alternate with the sepals, uni- scented stonecrop (Sedum rhodiola), so called from the circumlocular, uni- or bi-ovulate. Ovules erect, reflexed. Fruit com.stance of its diffusing an odour similar to that of a rose, was

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posed of six achænia, which open circularly at their base. Coty. formerly used by medical practitioners and herbalists as > ledon small, straight, at the base of a fleshy albumen. One sedative. The Greenlanders boil this vegetable, and eat it as a species, the Cephalotus follicularis, or New Holland pitcher pot-herb. plant (Fig. 225), has been some years introduced into European The leaves of Bryophyllum calycinum, a species of house-leek, gardens.

a native of the East Indies, present a very curious physiological SECTION LXIX.-CRASSULACEÆ, OR HOUSE.LEEKS. phenomenon, the germs of this plant growing at the extremity Characteristics : Calyx freo; petals inserted upon the base of of the leaf-nerves. A single leaf laid on a damp surface will the calyx, in number equal to the divisions of the latter, free or throw out young plants all round its margin. coherent at the base ; imbricated in æstivation; stamens in. serted with the petals and ordinarily adherent to them; their

SECTION LXX.-MESEMBRYACEÆ, OR FICOIDS. number equal to that of the petals, or double ; free or attached Characteristics : Tubular calyx consolidated with the orary; to an axis, each furnished with a scale at its base, and pluri- petals indefinite, inserted on the calyx; ovary many-celled, plaovulate; ovules horizontal or pendent; follicules ordinarily free ; centa applied to the midrib of the carpels, and occupying the dehiscence ventral, sometimes attached to the capsule, in which lower part of the cell ; ovules numerous, curved; stigmas ses case the dehiscence is dorsal; seed dicotyledonous, straight, sile; capsule multi-valvular; seed dicotyledonous ; embryo sur exalbuminous, occupying the axis of a small fleshy albumen. rounding a farinaceons albumen.

The Crassulacea are in some cases subligneous herbs, more or The members of this natural order are herbs or small shrubs less charged with juicy matter ; leaves ordinarily simple, de- and are all natives of the Cape of Good Hope. Their leaves ar prived of stipules ; flowers terminal, corymbous, or in cymes, or feshy, their flowers axillary or terminal, solitary, or disposed i agglomerated, occasionally solitary (Fig. 221, 224).

the form of a cymous corymb. Capsule at first fleshy, the The Crassulaceæ grow in the warmer parts of the temperate almost woody ; its cells opening centrifugally. Epicarp thic regions of the Eastern Hemisphere. They thrive in the most and coriaceous, separated from the endocarp, which latter

persistent under the form of double membranous triangular below, and thus forming an elongated tube ; stamens numerous, leaf-like appendages (Fig. 223).

multi-serial, inserted upon the base of the corolla; ovary inferior, Many species of this natural order are cultivated for the beauty unilocular; placentæ parietal, multi-ovular; berry pulpy ; seeds of their flowers ; some, too, are useful. The succulent leaves numerous, dicotyledonous ; embryo straight or curved; albumen. contain many salts, especially oxalate of lime; some are sapid absent or scarcely visible (Fig. 219). and saccharine. The ice-plant (Mesembryanthemum crystal- The Cactacea are American plants; they are ligneous and linum), which is a very common growth in the Canary Islands fleshy; their stem is branched or simple by the suppression of and the Mediterranean region, is charged with gelatinous buds; cylindrical, fluted, flat, or globular, covered with teat-like

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vesicles, which causes it to appear, when shining in the sun's | tubercles, the representatives of abortive branches. The leaves rays, as if covered with a crest of hoar-frost. The inhabitants are generally absent, or at most indicated by a small cushion-like of the Canary Islands burn this plant for the purpose of ex- excrescence lying beneath a bud; sometimes perfect, plane and tracting soda from its ashes. The fruit of the Hottentot fig. petiolate, as in the case of the Pereskia, or Barbadoes goosemarigold (Mesembryanthemum edule) is eaten as food by the berry; the buds situated upon the axillæ of the abortive leaves Hottentots. Mesembryanthemum fulgidum is a favourite object are of two orders, the inferior ones are covered with spines, of culture on account of the extreme beauty of its deep purple whilst the superior ones are developed in branches or in flowers (Fig. 222).


The berries of many of the Cactus tribe are employed in medi. SECTION LXXI.-CACTACEÆ, OR INDIAN FIGS.

cine as a remedy for bilious affections. The Opuntia vulgaris, Characteristics : Calyx adherent to the ovary; with pluri-serial, or prickly pear, has long been naturalised in the Mediterranean petaloid limb, alınost confounded with the corolla ; petals nume- regions; also the Nopal plant, or Opuntia cochinellifera. Upon rous, pluri-serial, imbricated in æstivation, inserted upon the these plants thrive the valuable cochincal insect, from which summit of a calycinal tube, sometimes free, sometimes coherent carmine and carmine lake are extracted.




LESSONS IN GERMAN.-XXXIX. | 15. Dicies Buch hatte einen starten Abgang. 16. Der junge Kaufmann

erzählte mir, daß der Abgang bereutend zugenommen habe. 17. Je nach SECTION LXXVIII. -VARIOUS IDIOMATIC PHRASES

dem c$ mir in den Sinn komint, reise ich von hier ab. (continued).

18. Je nachdem

er gelaunt ist, kann er der leidlig ste, aber auch der unverträglichste Menit Der Schlag, " the blow, the stroke” (commonly connected with sein. 19. Je nachdem er es anfängt, wird der Erfolg sein. 20. In so fern rühren), often denotes palsy, apoplexy; as :-Er ist von dem Sốlag ich Dir nüßlich sein kann, will ich es von Herzen gern thun. 21. Er wird gerührt worden, be has been struck with the palsy. Er hatte einen mich mit seinem Rath unterstüßen, in jo fern es ihm möglich ist. 22. Scin Anfall vom Schlage, he had an apoplectic fit.

Vater versprach mir die Sache zu befördern, in so fern es in seiner Macht läge. 1. Abgeben=to go away, to leave; as :—Der Zug ist schon abges 23. So etwas ist mir nie eingefallen. 24. Das Concert geht um halb sieben an. gangen, the train has already left (started). Es geht gut ab=it 25. Mein Freund hatte einen herrlichen Einfall. 26. Es ist bei dem fröh. sells well ; as :- —Der Wein geht gut ab, the wine sells well (goes off lichen Deutschen ein Einfall scherzer als der antere. 27. Auf die Frage, well).

was ein Ginfall wäre, antwortete Einer : , wenn ein Haus einfällt.“ 2. Er läßt sich nichts abgehen=he lets nothing (advantageous) go

EXERCISE 151. from him, that is, he stints himself in nothing. 3. Je nachdem=ever after, or according as; as:-Je nachdem ich

1. My sister has a cold ; she took cold one wet evening. 2. Muße habe, werde ich Sie besuchen, as, or according as I have leisure That case does not concern me, and therefore I shall not trouble I will visit yon, etc.

myself about it. 3. Has the train already left ? 4. No, it has 4. Einfallen signifies literally, to fall in, or into; hence, to fall not left yet. 5. Has the train left for Oxford ? 6. Two trains down, or to ruin, to decay, etc. With the dative it signifies, to have already left this morning for Oxford. 7. Did the debate come into the mind, to occur; as:-Gs ist mir nie eingefallen, so pass off quietly? 8. No, it was a very stormy one. 9. English etwas zu thun, it never occurred to me to do such a thing.

goods sell well in every country. 10. This grammar has a great 5. So fern, or in so fern=in so far as, if, in case ; as : -Idy sale. 11. According to your knowledge you will be rewarded. erlaube es dir, in so fern es von mir abhängt, I will permit it, so far as

12. Since he has been struck with the palsy, he has not been able it depends upon me. In so fern es die Zeit erlaubt, if, or in case the to attend to his business. 13. He was struck with the palsy time permit, etc.

during our visit to your house. 14. As far as it concerns me, I 6. Angehen, used intransitively, signifies, to begin; as :-Der shall take every precaution. 15. In spite of their poverty, Gottesdienst in Deutschland gebt gewöhnlich des Morgens um neun Uhr an,

these people stint themselves in nothing. 16. To mankind the church-service in Germany generally conimences in the morn: nothing is better than a good education. 17. I do not know ing at nine o'clock. Used transitively, it signifies, “ to concern,

whether he will grant my request. to be of consequence ;" as :-Das geht ihn an, that is his concern, SECTION LXXIX.-VARIOUS IDIOMATIC PHRASES or that concerns him. Das geht mich nichts an, that does not con

(continued). cern me (is of no consequence to me).

The obsolete word lei (sort, kind) still remains in combination VOCABULARY.

with the numerals, forming what are called the variatives; thus, Abgang, m, sale, mar. In so fern. (See 5, Sinn,


Ginerlei, of one kind, the same; Dreierlei, of three kinds ($ 48); ket ("run"). above.)

:-Dreierlei bringe ich zu dir, erwähle dir eines, three (sorts of) things Abfühlen, to cool.

I bring (to) thee, choose thee one. Ge ist ihm einerlei or eind, ob Kümmern, to concern, Sißung, f. session, An'geben. (See 6, trouble.


cr geht, oder bleibt, it is the same to him whether he goes or stays.

1. Geben, with the preposition über, is often used with the sigabove.) Leitlich, tolerable, sup- Un'verträglich, unsoci.

nification “to transcend, to surpass ;” as :Debat'te, f. debate. portable. able, intolerant.

-Zufriedenheit geht über Einfall, idea, Naß, wet.

Vorsicht, f. precau.

Reichthum, contentment surpasses wealth. thought. Rasch, quick, swift. tion.

Gin'fallen, to fall in, Schlag, (See Zuʼnebmen, to increase. Bogūnóstigen, to favour | Upmna'sium, n. gym. Stüc, n. piece.

Zusammenfallen, to Bonn, n. Bonn.

nasium, classical Teich, m. pond. Grfal'ten, to take cold. Schnupfen, m. cold (in tumble, to fall to- Einerlei', of one kind, school.

Trägheit, f. idleness. Gelaunt', disposed, the head).

gether, to fall to

the same.
Heilsam, beneficial.

Umge:bung, f. neighhumoured.

Erzie'hung, f. bringing Lūzner, m. liar.

bourhood, environs RÉSUMÉ OF EXAMPLES.

up, education. Nachtheil, m. disad. Un befümmert, unconDer Schlag rührte ihn auf der linken The palsy struck him on the Gnte, f. duck.


cerned, careless. Seite.

left side.


to re- Nußlos, useless. Universitāt', f. univerEr stand ta wie vom Schlag ge. He stood there as if struck with

Men'schengeschlecht', n. sity. rührt'. the palsy.

mankind. Fünfchen, n. sparklet.

Verhältniß, n. relaWo ging der Streit an? Where did the contest begin ?

Gang, m. direction, Pfeifchen, n. little pipe. tion,circumstance, Was gehn mich seine Freuden an? How do thy pleasures concern

Rindfleisch, n, beef. situation. (Götbe).


Gerul'dig, patiently. Schaß, m. treasure. Wildpret, n. venison. Das Dampsīchiff geht um vier Ilhr The steam-boat leaves at four Sefühl', n. touch. Schlafen, to sleep. Wobliabrt, f. welfare. ab.


Geschäft', n. affair, Schul-rigkeit, f. obli. Zu'bringen, to pass, Diese Waare geht gut ab. This ware sells well. (See 1.)


gation, duty. spend. Dieser Mann laßt sich nichts abgehen. This man does not stint him

RÉSUMÉ OF EXAMPLES. self. (See 2.)

Wie es dem Vogel nicht einerlei' ist, As it is not the same to the bird, Die Unterre'tung ging ruhig ab. The conference passed off

ob er sich in tem Kifige, oder in whether it is (finds itself) in quietly.

ter freien Lust b.rin'tet, so darf es the cage or in the open air, Je nachdem die Interhal'tung ist, ist According as the entertainment

einem Volfe auch nicht eins fein, so likewise can it not be the auch die Stimmung. is, so also is the humour. ob es in Sclaverei', oder in Frei

same to a nation, whether it In so fern Du Recht hast, werde ich As far as you are right, I will

heit ist.

is in slavery or in freedom. Dir nachgeben.

yield to you.
Dies geht mir über Alles.

This with me excels everything.

Dem Auf'richtigen geht nichts über To the upright nothing is better 1. Mein kleiner Vruter hat den Schnupfen ; er bat sich auf dem Eise die Wahrheit.

than the truth. stark erfältet. 2. Wer erhikt ist und sich gu raich abfübit, fann sich leicht Manchen Menschen geht nichts über With many persons, nothing ertälten. 3. Wir jellen und nicht um Dinge fümmern, welche uns nichts Bequem'lich feit und Rube.

goes beyond convenience and angehen. 4. In so weit mich diese Sadie angebt, habe ich die nöthigen

repose. Sdritte gethan. 5. Dieses geht Euch nichts an. 6. Bei vieser Kunte Wir gingen über Mefau nach Pe'. We went by way of Moscow to stand er wie vom Schlag gerührt. 7. Den alten Mann hat der Suhlag tersburg.

Petersburg. gerührt. 8. Der Mann ist vom Schlage gerührt worden. 9. Wie vom Der Feind ging bei Wien über die The enemy went Schlag gerührt sant jie nierer. 10. Diese Wanre geht gut ab. 11. Donau. .

Danube at Vienna. Wann geht das nächste Dampfschiff ab? 12. Ich sche nicht, daß sich Es ist unrecht, rie Zeit seiner Leben& It is wrong to pass one's life in dieser Mann etwas ab'chen läßt. 13. Ist rie Sißung ruhig abgegangen? in Abgeid iedenheit von ten ü'bris seclusion from the rest of 14. Nein, fie ist nitt rubig abgegangen-rie Debatte war sehr stürmisch. gen Menschen zuzubringen.







over the



Gs widerfährt' Manchem mehr Ehre, There happens to many a one 1. Er bringt seine Zeit mit Nichtsthun zu (93. 2). 2. Gr brachte

als er verdient'.

more honour than he deDen größten Theil seiner Jugend auf den Gymnasien (§ 19) und Ilniversitäten feines Bandet ju. 3. Die meiste Zeit bringt er mit nußlosen Bc. Der Vogel ist zum Fenster Hinaus“. The bird has flown out of the id iftigungen zu. 4. Viele Menschen bringen ihre Zeit mit Gssen, Trinken


window. unt Sdlafen zu. 5. Ginem jeden Menschen, der nur ein Fünfchen Gefühl Die Freunde entzwei'ten fich The friends quarrelled (sepabat, geht nichts über sein Vaterland und über die Wohlfahrt desselben.

rated themselves). 6. Es geht nichts über die Ruhe der Seele, und das Bewußtsein, seine Die Pflaume ist ein Steinobst. (The) plums are a stone fruit. Stultigfeit gethan zu haben. 7. Er sagte, seine größte Freude und sein Sie verlie'ßen sich darauf, daß er sein They relied upon his keeping größter Soaß seien seine Kinder, und nichts gebe ihm über dieselben. 8. Versprech'en halten würde.

his promise. Gin Matrose fagte, et gebe ihm nicht über ein Pfeifchen.

9. Dem Man soll nie cher in eine Sache One should never assent to a Glrichgültigen ist zwar Vieles einerlei ; wer aber sagt, es sei ihm Alles

ein'willigen, als bis man diesel'be thing before one has well coneinerlei, ist ein Lügner. 10. Was man versprochen hat, soll man halten,

wohl überlegt' hat.

sidered it (the same). einerlei, ob Nachtheil oder Vortheil daraus entsteht. 11. Dem Soldaten Ist es nicht, als ob dieses Volf mich Is it not as though this people mus im Kriege Alles eins sein. 12. Gin rechter Mann schict sich geduldig zum Gotte mache? (Schiller.) would make me a God ? in alle Berhältnisse ; e$ ift ihm Alles eins, was er thut, nicht aber, wie

EXERCISE 154. a es tout. 13. Seit dem Tode seiner Kinder ist ihm Alles eins ; er

1. Dieses Jahr ist das Obst, sowie alle Früchte, wohl gerathen. 2. ist gleichgültig gegen seine Umgebung, und unbekümmert um den Gang Dieser Baum trägt jedes Jahr sehr viele früchte. 3. Sind alle Früchte Obft? fener Geschäfte. 14. Gin jeder Mensch hat seinen freien Willen; deb. 4. Nein, nicht aue, sondern nur solche, die ($ 65. 2) an Bäumen wachsen. bulb geht es mich nichts an, wie er seine Zeit verwendet. 15. Id reiste

5. Dieser junge Mann verläßt sich zu viel auf seine Verwandten und zu iber Rotterdam und lonton nach Amerita. 16. Der Freund ging sueben wenig auf seine eigenen Fähigkeiten. 6. Er verläßt sich darauf, daß wir ihn über die Straße. 17. Der arme Knabe taucrte ihn, deßhalb nahm er ihn die nächste Woche besuchen. 7. Gr verließ sich darauf, daß ihm Gott helfen zu fich in fein Haus, und ließ ihm eine ordentliche Erziehung geben. 18.

werte. 8. Wer sich zu viel auf Andere verläßt, kann leicht getäuscht werden. Ben vas Vieh nicht dauert, und wer unbarmherzig gegen dasselbe ist, ten 9. Id halte (Sect. LXVIII. 2) viel auf meine Freunde. 10. Er hält bauert auch ein Mensch niớt.

viel auf ein gemächliches Leben. 11. Dieser Mann hält zu viel von fich EXERCISE 153.

und seiner Klugheit, weßhalb er den Rath wohlmeinender Freunde verschmäht. 1. Many people pass their time in idleness. 2. He spent the 12. Nur unter dieser Beringung fann ich dareinwilligen. 13. Ich willige greatest part of his life in foreign countries. 3. Any man who darein, in so fern (Sect. LXXVIII. 5) es keine üblen Folgen hat. 14. bas a touch of honour, renounces no duties which will benefitEr willigte darein, ohne mit allen Schwierigkeiten bekannt zu sein. 15. mankind. 4. He says his greatest treasure was God, and the Dieses Kind thut gerade, als ob es hier zu Hause wäre. 16. Der Matrosc whole world is as nothing compared to Him. 5. This man said, stellte fich, als ob er von Sinnen wäre. 17. Er geberdet sich, als ob ihm it were all the same to him whether his undertakings were suco das größte Unrecht widerfahren wäre. 18. Dieser Mann stellt sich, als ob cessful or not. 6. How many sorts of wine have you ? 7. I er beleidigt wäre. 19. Er stellt sich wie ein Kind von fünf Jahren. 20. have three sorts, you may choose which you like. 8. I go every Der Nachbar warf den Zudringlichen zur Thüre hinaus. 21. Der Anabe day twice over London Bridge. 9. Many go to Germany by way eilte zur Thüre hinaus, als ich dieselbe öffnete. 22. Zur Thüre hinaus, wer of Ostend. 10. I shall probably spend one month in Bonn. 11. sich entzweit! (Göthe.) 23. Gs hångt ganz von den Umständen ab, ob ich My neighbour has three different kinds of ducks in his pond ; ' schon nachftes Jahr nach Amerika reise oder nicht. 24. Es hängt sehr von they are very beautiful. 12. We have three sorts of roses grow.

den Umständen ab, wað er thun wird. 25. Ein To abhängiges Leben die ing in our garden. 13. When I am hungry, it is the same to Bauern in Deutschland führen, ein eben so unabhängiges führen sie in Ame me whether I have venison or a piece of beef before me. 14. He rika. 26. Ganz unabhängig vermag fein Mensch auf Erden zu werden. bought ribbons of three sorts of colours.


1. Last year the fruit did not turn out well. 2. This tree (continued).

yield fruits but seldom. 3. This young gentleman relies too Berlafsen, when used reflexively, signifies, “ to depend upon, to much upon his abilities. 4. No, he does not rely too much rely upon;" as:—Ich verlasse mich auf Ihr Wort, I depend upon your upon his abilities, but he knows it is not well be dependent word (I leave myself upon your word).

upon those of others. 5. I rely upon you that you will visit me 1. Abhängen, likewise, signifies, “to depend upon, to be depen. next week. 6. Do exactly as if you were at home. 7. The

8. This man as :--G8 hängt von Umständen ab, it depends upon criminal acted as if he were out of his sensos. circumstances. Thence is derived the adjective abhängig, depen- acts exactly as a child. 9. Where is your canary-bird ? It is dent; as:-Er führt ein abhängiges Leben, he leads a dependent life. flown out of the window. 10. How can I assent to a thing Tu Vereinigten Staaten erklärten sich als ein unabhängiges Volf, the which is against my inclination ? 11. Whoever quarrels shall United States declared themselves (as) an independent people.

be expelled the house. 12. It depends upon circumstances

whether I shall go to my friends. 13. Every man strives to VOCABULARY.

be independent. 14. Depend upon it that I shall not help you (See 1, Frucht, f. fruit. Kana‘rienvogel, m. ca- ! again. above.)

Geber'ren, to behave. nary-bird. Atbängig, dependent. Oemächlich, comfort- Definen, to open.

KEY TO EXERCISES IN LESSONS IN GERMAN. Betin'gung. f. condi. able, easy

Umstand, mi, circum

EXERCISE 104 (Vol. II., page 155). tion, stipulation. Gerarde, exactly.

stance. Tarein'villigen, to con- Gera'then, to turn out, Un‘abhängig, indepen

1. For this reason I left my fatherland. 2. He had saved nothing sent.

3. Several soldiers lost their lives in the battle.

except his bare life. succeed.


4. Our troops advanced towards the enemy. 5. Opposite the friend Entzwei'en, to fall out, Hinaus-,out,out there. Verschmå hen, to dis

sat the preacher. 6. The confederates came together in the night disunite, quarrel. Hinaus'eilen, to hasten dain, despise. upon the Rutli, conformably to agreement. 7. After the fall of Car. ma"higkeit, f. ability. out.

Wohl'meinen, to mean thage, the Roman empire hastened more and more towards its dissošrize, f. sequel, con. Hinaus'werfen, to throw well, wish well. lution. 8. Next to the general comes the colonel. 9, I have invited sequence. out. Zu'rringlich, obtrusive. Mr. N. with his children to dinner. 10. We shall visit you, with our

friend, the first opportunity. 11. The Indian goes a-hunting with bow RÉSUMÉ OF EXAMPLES.

and arrow 12. There have not been similar scenes since the Thirty 3d fann nicht tarcin'willigen

Years' War.
I cannot agree to it.

13. You may ask everything of me. 14. Looking toEt mil'ligte unverzügʻlich tarein'.

wards heaven, the sick man expired. 15. Next to him stood the king. He agreed (consented) to it un

16. Against the wish of his father he entered the army.

hesitatingly. Diese Leute stellen sich, ale ob sie von These people act (place them.

EXERCISE 105 (Vol. II., page 155). selves) as if they were out of 1. Ich fahre fort, gemäß meiner frühern Bewohnheit. 2. Mein Freund their senses.

ging meinem Feinde entgegen. 3. Mir gegenüber jaf meine Mutter, neben Ge witerfährt und in unserm leben Thero happens to us in our lives meinem Oheim. 4. Ich ritt turc ten Parf. 5. Er fragt nach meiner

(§ 15. 2. d.) manches Glüd und (many a) much happiness and Schwester. 6. Seit ich tort war, habe ich nichts mehr von der Sache gemanches Unglüd. many a misfortune.


7. Ich habe ihn seit gestern nicht gesehen. 8. Ich habe den Brief

dent upon ;

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at hängen.

Einnen wären.

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