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When we are drawing any subject from nature, we are sup- lines upon that side of the building. The same practice must posed to be standing on an imaginary line which goes off directly be observed for the retiring end of the building : the arm must
our right hand and on our left, and therefore neither be extended in a parallel direction to it, the point fixed upon, advances nor retreats in its direction. Having thus placed and the building measured on the pencil as before, and the ourselves, we must look directly before us; consequently, the distance repeated till it reaches the object the arm pointed at. way we are looking, which we will call the direction of sight, (See Fig. 4, where it is repeated once and a half, first at d and will form right angles with this imaginary line upon which we the half at s, the object pointed at.) If we place ourselves are supposed to stand. Now this imaginary line indicates our further away from the building, its measured length would be position, and if we were engaged in tracing a landscape from repeated oftener to reach the vp. For an explanation of this nature upon a piece of glass (which would be the picture plane), see the remarks upon Fig. 39, “ Lessons in Drawing,” Vol. I., that glass or picture would necessarily be placed parallel to this page 137. Another method, or substitute for holding out the arm imaginary line that marks our position : therefore whatever line to find the vp, is to place the pencil or a long ruler between in nature is found to be perpendicular to the picture plane the eye and upon or coinciding with the retiring lines. Those would be perpendicular to the line oj position also; and similarly, , lines which are above the eye or HL will incline downwards, any line of the object which formed an angle with the one, those below the eye will incline upwards, all meeting at the would in like manner form an anglo with the other. To most same vanishing point. (See “Lessons in Drawing,” No. III., of our pupils this will no doubt be sufficiently clear, but as we Vol. I., page 72, explanation of the vp.) Suppose we are about wish to make it evident to all, if possible, we ask them to turn to draw the church (Fig. 5). As we are obliged to sit near to to Figs. 5 and 6, Lesson II. in Geometrical Perspective, Vol. II., it, we are compelled to make the point.of sight at a in order page 225, which will illustrate our remarks. It will be seen how to bring the whole subject within the angle of vision, 60°, the picture plane is situated with regard to the eye, E. It is and consequently make it a case of angular perspective. If we parallel with our position when we stand before it and look 'could have sat further away from it, we might have made it a directly towards it, and when a line from the eye E to the surface case of parallel perspective, and have fixed the point of sight of the picture will form right angles with the picture plane, at the vp of the end of the building. Under the present cir. as the line E PS with HL. Well, then, admitting this to be cumstances, if we hold out the arm parallel to the end of the the case, we can understand that if a line in the object is so building, we shall be pointing to the tree as the VP; this placed that each end is equidistant from the picture plane' would be the vanishing point also for the parallel retiring lines (that is, parallel with it), we have nothing more to do than of the porch. The ridge of the roof and all lines parallel with draw it across the paper; it has no vanishing point; but it would retire in the other direction, but being at a very small when the line has one end nearer to the eye than the other, angle with the picture plane or with our position, they would it then retires and is at an angle both with our position and meet the horizontal line at some distance out of the picture, so the picture plane: all lines similar to this must have their vanish. that it would be impossible to place the vanishing point within ing points.
the paper; therefore we must hold up the pencil horizontally After the above remarks, we now come to the object of the between the eye and the roof, like the line bc, by which we present lesson, namely, to give some general directions to our ascertain the proportion of the inclination. pupils how they are to proceed when they are drawing retiring! It is a very difficult task to give a written explanation of all lines from nature.
that is to be observed when drawing from nature. The broad, The rule in Geometrical Perspective for finding a vanishing practical rules we have laid down we know to be simple in point is, “ Draw a line from the station point parallel to the themselves, and we have endeavoured to make our explanaground plan as far as the picture plane.” When drawing from tions equally so, hoping very few of our pupils will fail to nature, our practice must be founded upon this regulation when understand them, as we have written under a supposition that we desire to determine the vanishing points for the retiring the problems in Geometrical Perspective in these pages hare lines of buildings or other regular objects at whatever angle been studied, because through a knowledge of them many and they may appear before us; all of which can very easily be great difficulties will be rendered easy and our explanations done without the necessity of making a plan of the subject, intelligible. If the eye only is to be depended upon, as even were that possible. We recommend the practice of a few some maintain, what need is there for any assistance at all, very simple problems in Geometrical Perspective; for we can either from written instructions or from the lips of a master ? testify how much this branch of urt prepares the mind of the As we have said before, there is not a line in nature but is student of nature to perceive facts which might otherwise be subject to some especial rule for its representation; and unless lost to him. It gives him confidence in placing his lines, and the rule has been the guide for placing it, without fail that rule the proportions of the whole and parts of objects, so that when will become its judge to condemn it. a doubt arises he has a means at hand to dispel it; therefore we urge those of our pupils whose only desire is to draw from nature without having any intention to pursue any branch of art
LESSONS IN GERMAN.-XLI. in which geometrical drawing is indispensable, not to neglect SECTION LXXXIII.-IDIOMATIC PHRASES (continued). the advantages a little geometrical knowledge affords, as we know from long experience how it imparts à readiness and Berenfen tragen (to bear or have hesitation) may be rendered certainty in drawing lines which in thousands of hands would
“to hesitate, to doubt;" as :-Ich trage Bedenken, es zu tbun, 1 hesi. run wild without its guidance. Upon the same principle we
tate to do it. Gr trug Betenfen, es mir anzuvertrauen, he hesitated should, in Geometrical Perspective, "draw a line from the station to entrust it to me, point parallel with the ground plan:" so in like manner the
1. Ber compounded with verbs commonly expresses the idea student, when standing before his subject, should hold up his of away, a loss, wrong, etc. ($ 97, 3. 4.); as :-Treiben, to drive; arm horizontally and parallel with the retiring side of the build- vertreiben, to drive away. Srielen, to play; verspielen, to lose at ing he is about to draw, and if he then looks in the direction of play. Peiten, to guide; verleiten, to misguide (to guide urong) ; his arm he will find he is pointing to the vanishing point, which as
-Wie schnell verfließt eine frobe, glückliche Stunde, how quickly a probably may be marked by some conspicuous object in the joyful, happy hour passes away. Ich habe mich verhört, I have distance, perhaps a particnlar tree or cottage, which he must
i heard wrong (misunderstood), etc. Certain uses, however, of fix as a vanishing point. He must then hold up his pencil at this and many others of the same class (g 95, etc.) are best illusarm's length, and horizontally between his eye and the build trated by examples ; thus, seben signifies to see, and verjeben, to ing, and measure its length on the pencil, then see how many provide. Legen, to lay; and verlegen, to mislay: also, figuratively, of these lengths will be repeated between the end of the build to furnish, and hence to publish (a book), that is, to furnish the ing and the object which had been previously marked as
the necessary means for producing the book, etc. vanishing point. We will suppose it is repeated twice: he
2. Vor frequently answers to our “on;" as :—Was geßt hict mnst then commence by drawing the horizontal line, and then
vor ? what is going on here? decide upon the size of the building, or the space he intends it to
VOCABULARY. occupy in his drawing ; say from a to b (Fig. 4). Repeat that Neu'ßerung, f. at. | Anspruch, m. requisi- | Billard, n, billiards. space twice on the hu, first to c and then to e, which will be terance, expres- tion, claim, de Blasen, to blow, the vanishing point for all the parallel and horizontal retiring sion.
Butbändler, m. book. Farfe, f. harp. Spieler, m. player.
and lost all his money. 6. Will you play a game at chess with seller, stationer. Horn, n, horn. Stimmung, f. dispo- me? 7. No, I prefer a game at billiards, for I do not know Grra'tben, to guess, Instrument', n. instru- sition, frame of much about chess. 8. Do you play any instrument? 9. Yes, divine. ment.
mind, humour. play the harpsichord, and I think of learning the violin. 10. Saffung, f. self-com-' Klavier', n. harpsi. Un'bekannt, unknown. Is your sister skilful at the piano? 11. No, but she is excellent mand, counte- chord, piano. Verlagsbuchhandlung.f. at the harp. 12. At that question he lost all self-command, and
Partie', f. game. dance.
publishing-firm. knew not how to answer. 13. Mr. C. in London will publish. flite, j. flate.
Röthe, f. redness, red. Verle'gen. (See above, the history of the kings of England shortly.
SECTION LXXXIV.-IDIOMATIC PHRASES (continued). Fritid'lichleit, f. skil. Schach matt, check. Webwe'gen, wherefore, fulness, clever- mated.
for what reason.
Recht (right) and linf (left) are often used with zur ; as :-ZUT Söhnchen, n. little son.
Nechten, zur Linfen, for zu der rechten Hand, to the right hand; zu der :
linfen Hant, to the left hand. RÉSUMÉ OF EXAMPLES.
1. Gefallen, literally, to fall, or happen (acceptably), that is, Det Gejant'te trug Beren'ten, allen The ambassador hesitated to to be pleasing, or agreeable ; as :-Dieses Buch gefällt mir, this Betten des Mini'sters zu trauen. confide in all the words of book pleases me. Gefallen lassen = to submit to, “to put up the minister.
with ;” as :- :-Ich kann mir diese Behantlung nicht gefallen lassen, I canDicct Buð hantler hat Göthe's This bookseller has published not submit to this treatment—that is, cannot let this treatment sämmtliche Werke verlegt'.
the collected works of please me.
VOCABULARY. 3t habe meine Schlüssel verlegt'. I have mislaid my keys. Aufstellen, to post, Gei'genspiel, n. violin- Rechts, adv. to the Tet junge Mann fönnte bei tiefer The young man may get into
right. frage in Berle'genheit fommen. difficulty by this question.
Beleidigung, f. offence, Guitar're, f. guitar. Still'schweigen, to be Twier Vert will Kegel mit ihm spies This gentleman wishes to play injury.
Liet, n. song, air. silent, to hold len; allein' er hat größere Lust, ten-pins with him, but he has Beichlic'ßen, to con- lint, adj. (See above.) eine Partie' Billard zu maden. (a) greater desire to take a clude, resolve, de- Linfs, adv. to the Untersu'dung, f. exegame of billiards.
mination. Ren Bruter srielt tag Fortepia'no, My brother plays the piano, Feu'ergloce, f. fire- Mozart, Mozart. Interwer'fen, to subNait (rielt) tie Flöte, und ver- blows (plays) the Aute, and bell.
Natür’lich, natural, ject, submit. fiebt die Trommel zu dlagen understands beating (strik. Gehö'rig, suitable, naturally.
Verwun'derung, f. &s(rübren). ing) the drum.
Recht, adj. (See tonishment, Erect Zir fräulein Schwester ir. Does your sister play any in.
prise. gear ein Instrument'?
strument? Sic inelte einmal auf der Guitar're, She played upon the guitar
RÉSUMÉ OF EXAMPLES. jest aber spielt sie nicht mehr once, but now she plays upon Es ist Schade, daß bei vielen Men. It is (a) pity that with many tarauf it no more.
schen dic guten Anlagen und men (the) good endowments Dicer Øer blast tas Waldhorn sehr This gentleman blows the Talen'te nicht besser aus gebildet and talents are not better itir. bugle horn very well.
developed. 34 erreth ten Au'genblic, was ihn I divined in an instant what Gs ist Schade, taß er nicht da war. It is (a) pity that he was not jo cuger fassung gebracht hatte. had brought him thus out of
That just suits me (is just as
I'd have it). That serves me 1. Er trug Berenfen, tem Fremten die gott:ne Uhr anzuvertrauen. 2.
right. Ter Vater truz Verenfen, Alles zu glauben, wie ihm sein Sohn erzählte. Dem fremmen Tobi'ne war Alles To the devont Tobias all was 3. Berju viel Betenten trägt, gewinnt wenig. 4. Sie hielten ihn für
recht, was Gott über ihn vers right that God ordained connxi mtentlichen Diensden. 5. Ich bielt ihn für ten Bürgermeister dieser
cerning him. giant 6. Wir hielten ihn für etwas ganz Anderes. 7. Der junge
Ein Verleum'ter muß es sich ge. A calumniator must submit to tambiarler bat ein neues Werf verlegt 8. Ist die neue Grammatit tos
fallen lassen, von seinen Ne'ben. be despised by his fellowfeira N. idcn verlegt worten? 9. Sie ist so eben in ter Verlagjöbud
menschen verachtet zu werden. barlang tei Herrn N. erschienen. 10. Ich bin sehr in Berlegenheit, was In dem Stübchen dieser armen al. In the little room of this poor en tiefer Sache thun joll. 11. Die Mutter ist in Verlegenheit, weil sie
ten frau saß zur Rechten die old woman sat distress at icz Namen ter Straße vergessen hat. 12. Grit in Berlegenbeit, woher er
Noth, und zur linken tas Glend. the right hand, and wretchedtie ebm feblenten zwangig Thaler nehmen soll. 13. Sie ist in Verlegen.
ness at the left. bet über das plößliche Gricheinen eines Unbefannten. 14. Wollen wir Rechte fieht man die Schafe auf der At the right are seen the sheep teze Partie Scach oter Billard spielen? 15. Id nehme lieber eine Partie
Wieje weiten, und links die Ziegen pasturing in the meadow, and Schade an, ta bei ricjem Sriele mebr rer Berstand, als die Geschidlich feit
an tem Berge flettern.
at the left the goats clamberInimrud genommen wird. 16. Spielen Sie Schach gern (Sect. XLIII.
ing upon the mountain. !!! 17. O, ja ; nur habe ich zu wenig Gelegenheit
, co zu srielen, wejMorgen über acht Tage reisen wir A week from to-norrow we de wcaen ich bei guten Sviclern sehr oft schach matt werde. 18. Srilen
von bier ab.
part (hence) from here. Eis ein Instrument?
19. Ja, ich spiele Klavier, und habe seit einigen Er bezlei-tete seinen Gesang“ mit der He accompanied his song with Tizen angefangen, Geige zu spielen. 20. Sricien Sie Geige licber, als
the harp. Sizet? 21. Nein, ich spiele tas eine Instrument so gern, wie tas
Die Begleitung dieses Stickes ist The accompaniment of this Inlete. 22. Blasen Sie rie Flöte? 23. Nein, aber ich habe vor, das Horn
von rem berühmten Karl Mari'a piece is by the celebrated von Weber.
Charles Maria von Weber. 24. Wie lange blasen Sie flite? 25. Seit ungciábr nam Donate. 26. Ich habe jene Papiere verlegt; ich weiß nicht, wo sie unter solchen llm'ftinten wurde das Under such circumstances the 27. Die Schwester hat ihre Hanticube unt ihr Buch ver
Verspredh'en natür'lich gebrochen. promise was of course broken 28. Den sonst so rubigen Mann brachte ein solches Betragen gang
EXERCISE 162. ander Fassung, und seine furzen Antworten und rie Müthe feiner Wangen
1. Es ist Sdade, taş Sie nicht eine Stunde früher gekommen int. 2. Créen etratben, was in seinem Innern vorging. 29. Id) crrieth augen Macht es, wie ilir wollt, mix ist alles rectit. 3. Mir ist Niles recht, was bidiu rie Ursache, die diese Stiinmung in tem Genuitbe meines Breuntes die Versammlung bestilossen hat. 4. Gr muzte sich dicje Veleirijung stille bezzerzetuien hatte, und ließ es auch jenen errathen, damit er vorsidtiger in schweigent gefallen lassen. Er mußte sich Wicle8 gerallen lassen, was er fazen deugaungen sein micte.
sich unter andern Verhältnissen nicht hitte gefallen lasien. 6. Sie mufte EXERCISE 161.
ei rich gefallen lassen, verleumdet worten zu sein. 7. Zur Rechten hatten 1. He hesitated to entrust his attorney with the affair. 2. wir das Gebirge, und zur Linfen ten Fluß. 8. Rechts und links waren The mother hesitated to believe everything that her daughter feintliche Trurren aufgcitellt
. 9. Ihr dürft werer zur Rechten, nuch zur told her. 3. I have mislaid your book, and am therefore in linfen von diesem Weje abweichen. 10. Wer ist Schuit (Sect. LIX. mach tronble. 4. The child deccived its teacher, and he there. 2) an diesem Unglüde? 11. Unser Nahbar ist Schuld varan.
12. Der fore besitated to believe him again. 5. He played at billiards, Schüler ist Schuld taran, daß er bestraft wird. 13. Wir selbst sind
bizien zu lernen.
8. Der XT
Schuld daran gewesen. 14. Morgen über acht Tage fommt ein Dampf- beleidigte nicht nur mich, fontern auch meinen Oheim. 4. Diese Suche schiff von New-Yorf an. 15. Morgen über vierzehn Tage wird es ein bat mir schon viel Vertruß gemacht. 5. Der ungerathene Soon matt Jahr, raz iditin gesehen habe. 16. Gestern vor acht Tagen ist sein Vater rem Vater viel Verdruß. 6. Es vertrießt den Lehrer, eigensinnige Other gestorben. 17. Das junge Mädchen begleitete ihren Gesung mit der zu haben. 7. Diese Rete vertroz manche Anwesenden. Guitarre. 18. Der Freund begleitete mit dem Fortepiano das eigensriel drossene Sinabe ließ seine Arbeit liegen. 9. Es vertroß den Freunt, tas des Italieners. 19. Die Begleitung dieser Lieder ist von Mozart. 20. ich ihm seine Priese nicht beantwortete. 10. Ich verbanfe ihm meine Het Vieles würde uns natürlich erscheinen, wenn wir es einer gehörigen Unter, tuttg. 11. Somit vertanfe ict, ihm nächst Gett Alles. 12. Wenue suchung unterwerfen wollten. 21. Wir fanden es sehr natürlich, raß er nicht bald anders wirt, so laufe ich davon. 13. Bei solchen Ereignina gestern nid)t fam. 22. Ein natürliches Ereigniß erregt feine Verwun müchte man davon laufen. 14. Dem Knaben ist sein Fleiner Hund card. derung. 23. Haben Sie heute Morgen die Feuergloden gebört? 24. gelaufen. 15. Dem Richter geziemt es, nach der Ursache dieser Stitun Níürlic (Sect. LXXXII.), tenn ich war selbst bei tem Feuer. 25. 68 / zu fragen. 16. Es geziemt mir, über diese Sache zu schweigen. 17. De: ist natürlich, daß wir sterber müssen. 26. Ich begleite meine jungen Neugierige pflegt sich nach jeder Kleinigkeit umzusehen. 18. Ich ging in the Freunde nach Hause.
Start, um mich ein wenig barin umzusehen. 19. Mein Freund will fid nad EXERCISE 163.
ciner andern Wohnung umschen. 20. Ich lobe mir die alten Zeiten. 21. 1. It is a pity that your friend did not arrive half an hour Ich lobe mir die schönen Zimmer und die freundliche Bewirthung. 22. Die earlier. 2. I must submit to whatever my father resolves on. Pferde wurden scheu, und gingen mit und durch. 3. John's new book pleases me much. 4. One must submit in
EXERCISE 165. this life to many things. 5. I would not submit to it, if I were in your place. 6. To the right hand we had the river, and to
1. It does not become a child to contradict its parents. 2. the left hand the mountainous forest. 7. Right and left we
I went to the town for the purpose of looking about. 3. I adsaw nothing but enemies' troops. 8. This day week we go to mire these beautiful apartments and their pleasant situation. Berlin. 9. To-morrow fortnight my brother will arrive here. 4. The thief ran away with the money before it was possible to 10. A week ago yesterday a ship sailed for Australia. 11.
overtake him. 5. He ran away for fear they should take him Three days ago we had unexpectedly great pleasure. 12. It is in the act. 6. It is a vexatious affair that he has lost my a pity that the talents of this young artist are not better deve- money.
7. I perceive that this little present pleases you. 8. I loped. 13. Your sister accompanied me with the harp, and perceive that he has not spoken the truth. 9. Are you looking sang to the piano of my friend. 14. It is quite natural that about for your father ? 10. No, I am looking for my friends.
12. Do not fall, little everybody must die. 15. The accompaniment of this picce is 11: I praise theso intelligent scholars. by Handel.
child. 13. My brother shoots a bird from a tree at eighty paces. SECTION LXXXV.-DATIVE OF PRONOUNS, ETC. The dative of the personal pronoun of the first and second
THE UNIVERSITIES.-II. person (seldom translatable) is often employed in familiar style,
OXFORD.-II. to intimate in a wholly indefinite manner a participation or in. terest on the part of the speaker or the person addressed; as:
II. Advantages and Conditions of the University Curriculum. Ich lobe mir den Knaben, I praise (for myself) the boy. Gebe mir i. The course open to students, described in the University nicht aufs Gis, do not go upon the ice. In der blut'gen Shlacht bei statutes as non ascripti, more commonly known as unattached Lüßen ritt er Guch unter des Feuers Blißen auf und nieder mit füblem Wlut students. (Sciller), in the bloody battle of Lützen he rode amid the light- ii. Private halls. nings of the firing, up and down in cool blood,
ji. Collegiate education. 1. Davonlaufen=to run off, to run away; as:- -Er ist bei Nacht
I. UNATTACHED STUDENTS. und Nebel davon gelaufen, he has run away by night and fog.
Of the three conditions under which students can now matri. Durchgeben has sometimes a like signification ; as :-Der Diener culate in the University of Oxford, that of “ unattached students” ist mit dem Velde durchgegangen, the servant has run away with the is at once the most recent in point of time, and the most popular money. VOCABULARY.
as regards its requirements. By this it is not intended to be
inferred that the majority of the undergraduates of Oxford are An'merten, to perceive. Neu'gierig, inquisitive, Störung, f. disturb- unattached students, but that the condition is the most indeBewir'thung, f. enter. curious.
pendent, and likely to commend itself to those who would seek tainment, recep. Rettung, f. deliver- lim leben, to look
a university course rather for its educational than for its tion.
social advantages. For this reason it is treated of first in the Freundlich, friendly. Scheu, shy, skittish. Vertrieben, to grieve, second chapter on the advantages offered by the University of Gezie'men, to become, Somit', consequently,
Oxford. Its difference from the hitherto normal mode of passing beseem. therefore.
through the University being only social, and the exercises and RÉSUMÉ OF EXAMPLES.
examinations required for degrees being the same for all the Das Tanzen macht mir fein Ver. Dancing affords me no plea to all the three classes is given under this head; only that
three classes of students, all the information that is common gnü'gen. Ich merke es Ihnen an, taß Sie I perceive (Sect. LI. Sicht man,
which is peculiar to the other classes being placed under the nicht zufrie'den sind.
etc.) that you are not con
divisions respectively allotted to them. tented.
The statute which provides for the admission to the University Das ist eine vertriebʻliche Sache. That is a vexatious affair (or of the year 1863, the Rev. Francis Knyvett Leighton, D:D
independently of any college or hall, was passed in the summer
business). Die rede hat die Zu’hörer vertroj' The speech (lias) displeased the Warden of All Souls College, being Vice-Chancellor at the time. sen.
The delegacy appointed under the statute for the special superEr ist davon' gelau'fen. He has run away.
vision of students of this class consists of the Vice-Chancellor Sehen Sie sich nach einer Wolmnung Are you looking about (you) Kitchin, M.A., of Christ Church, and the Rev. G. S. Ward.
and Proctors (who are delegates ex officio), and the Rev. G. W. um ?
for a residence (boarding M.A., of Magdalen Hall, who have been elected by Convocation,
place) ? 98 geziemt' mir niớt, tem Orcise zu It does not become me to con.
Such students keep terms by residing in Oxford, either with widersprech'en.
tradict the aged man.
their parents or in lodgings which have been duly licensed. Ich habe ihn nie mit irgend einem I have never offended him by a attached students must apply to the delegates for licensing
Persons who desire to be admitted to the University as unWorte belei'oigt.
single word. Der Jahzorn machte Aleranter dem Sudden passion caused Alexan. lodging-houses; and the delegates must be satisfied that the Großen viel Wertrugó.
der the Great much sorrow.
candidates are of good character, that they have the consent Ich lobe mir jenen Glʻronmann. I praise that man of honour.
of their parents or guardians to their living in lodgings, and
that they are of sufficient attainments in classics and matheEXERCISE 164.
matics. 1. Vielen Menschen scheint so ein Vergnügen zu machen, Andere zu ben Twenty-five students were admitted in the first instance leidigen. 2. Ich merfte es ihm an, vaj er sich beleitigt fühlte. 3. er under these conditions, and more have since been matriculated.
The subjects of the examination are as follow :
six weeks is required by the statutes to keep each of the two Three books of Homer, or one Greek play.
first named, and three weeks for each of the other terms; but 2. Three books of Virgil's "Æneid," or three books of the these last may also be kept jointly by residing for forty-eight *Odes" of Horace.
days. 3. Translation from English into Latin.
Under the statute "De Scholarium Residentiâ," no student 4. The Elements of Greek and Latin Grammar.
can reside in any lodgings which have not been duly licensed. 5. Arithmetic, including Fractions, Decimals, and Proportion. [It may be well to state in this place that this provision applies
6. Euclid, books i. and ii., or Algebra, to Simple Equations, to collegiate and aularian as well as to unattached students.] inclusive.
The following means of education are open to unattached Each candidate must forward to the delegates (under cover students :to the Rev. G. W. Kitchin, M.A., Christ Church, or to the Rev. 1. All professorial or public lectures. [A list of these lectures 4. S. Ward, M.A., Magdalen Hall) at least one week before the is published terminally, and may be seen on a notice board in ay appointed for the examination
the schools' quadrangle.] 1. A testimonial of good conduct and character.
2. The University Museum, with the lectures, etc., on Physical 2. A certificate that his parents or guardians consert to his Science. [Information to be had at the Museum.] ring in lodgings.
3. The Bodleian Library and the Radcliffe Reading Room When a candidate has satisfied the delegates in the examina- are open to all undergraduates. [Apply, with recommendation tion, he is required by the statutes to have a tutor, whom he from a M.A., to the Rev. H. 0. Coxe, M.A., the librarian.] may select for himself from a list of graduates who have been 4. The Taylorian Library of Foreign Literature, the Taylorian approved by the delegates to act in that capacity. Finally, he Galleries, and the Art Sehool, are open to all undergraduates, will be matriculated by the Vice-Chancellor as an unattached under due restrictions. tadent of the University; and he can then at once begin to In addition to these advantages, which are provided by the keep terms.
larger body of the University, Oriel and Queen's Colleges have The following is a list that has been published of graduates opened their lectures on certain conditions, which may be who are willing to act in the capacity of tutors, from whom learned on application to the provosts of those societies, and unattached students may make their selection:
for a very moderate cost, to such unattached students as may T. Arnold, M.A., Exeter College (Laleham, St. Giles's Road be recommended by their tutors for such assistance. East).
Several resident Masters of. Arts, among whom are Mr. J. Res, T. Chamberlain, M.A., Student of Christ Church. Y. Sargent of Magdalen, the Rev. 0. Ogle of Lincoln, the Rev. D. P. Chase, M.A., Principal of St. Mary Hall.
Rev. S. J. Hulme of Wadham, and the Rev. G. W. Kitchin Rev. R. F. Clarke, M.A., Fellow of St. John's College. of Christ Church, have expressed their readiness to give lectures Rev. E. Cooper, M.A., Queen's College (70, High Street). in various branches of University study. Rev. H. B. George, M.A., Fellow of New College.
At any time the Revs. G. W. Kitchin and G. S. Ward may E. M. Geldart, B.A., Balliol College (North Parade).
be consulted in any difficulties which may occur to unattached Rev. E. Hatch, M.A., Vice-Principal of St. Mary Hall. students, the delegates as a body exercising over students of Rev. C. H. Hoole, M.A., Senior Student of Christ Church this class the same authority which is exercised by the heads (Museum Villas).
of colleges and halls over their students. Rev. S. J. Hulme, M.A., Wadham College (Felstead House, The chief information now required is a brief view (1) of St. Gilea's Road East).
such further fees as the bulk of those who go through a course Rev. J. D. Jenkins, B.D., Fellow of Jesus College.
are liable to be called on to pay; and (2) of the principal subjects Rev. J. R. King, M.A., Merton College (Backworth, St. Giles's for examination. Road East).
Fees. Per. O. Ogle, M.A., Lincoln College (20, Park Crescent, Park Before admission to the status of S.C.L. or S.M., £7 109.; Town).
degree of B.A., £7 10s.; ditto, if previously S.C.L. or S.M., Rev. J. Rumsey, M.A., Pembroke College.
£2; degree of Mus. Bac., £5; degree of M.A., £12; degree J. Y. Sargent, M.A., Tutor of Magdalen College (Headington of B.C.L. or B.M., £6 10s.; degree of B.D., £14; degree of Hill).
D.C.L., M.D., or D.D., £40; degree of Mus. Doc., £10. S. B. Smith, B.A., Mathematical Lecturer, St. Alban Hall.
The sum of £1 per annum is also to be paid for University F. W. 0. Ward, B.A., Charsley's Hall (7, Museum Terrace). dues by all persons of the degree of M.A. who wish to remain The tutor is required to watch over the conduct and cha
on the Register of Convocation, and to retain membership of racter of the pupil, and to satisfy himself that he is receiving the University and the right of voting. This annual payment instruction in the studies of the University, and if a member
can be compounded for by a single payment fixed by a scale of the Church of England, especially in matters of faith. For according to the age of the compounder. these services the tutor will receive a remuneration from the
[It may be mentioned in this place, in order not to have to University; but this remuneration does not provide for in
recur to fiscal matters, that a further annual payment is restruction.
quired from all persons who retain their names on the books The fees and dues to be paid by unattached students are, of any college or hall, to be made to the bursar or other upon matriculation, £5, and subsequently £3 10s. per annum.
official of such society. This payment varies slightly in the These payments entitle them to the advice and supervision of different colleges and halls.] their tutors, and to all the University advantages which are
Exercises and Examinations for Degrees. the privilege of undergraduates.
Students in the University of Oxford are required to pass The following fees are also charged, viz.:
£ 9. d.
three distinct examinations, viz. :-(1) Responsions, before the On entering the same for Responsious
0 Masters of the Schools (commonly known as the “ Little-go"); First public examination
0 (2) the First Public Examination before Moderators (commonly Second public examination
“ Moderations "); and (3) the Second Public ExFinal school
amination, before the Public Examiners (commonly known as It is practically found that the expenses of unattached stu- the “Great-go"). dents for board and lodging average about £1 15s. per week
'1. Responsions. while in residence.
This examination is held three times in each year, printed Twelve terms must be kept in residence by every student notices being circulated of the times at which one of the Proctors before he can take the degree of B.A.; and twenty-six-for will receive the names of candidates, and the list of subjects in none of which (after the B.X. degree) any residence is required which they wish to be examined. Similar notice is given of all --for the degree of M.A., which can be taken on the first approaching examinations. Each candidate for Responsions is day of the twenty-seventh term, or on any subsequent degree required, in order to obtain the Testamur, to satisfy the masters day.
of the schools, partly in writing, partly viva voce, of his proThere are four terms in the academical year — namely, ficiency in Latin and Greek grammar; the translation of a Michaelmas, Lert, Easter, and Trinity Terms. A residence of passage of some English writer into Latin prose (usually an
extract from the Spectator); Arithmetic, as far as Square Root Honours are also awarded in Mathematics as well as in Classics, inclusive ; and either the first two books of Euclid, or Algebra the examination being confined to Pure Mathematics; but no as far as Simple Equations inclusive. These subjects of exami- honours, either classical or mathematical, can be awarded later nation never vary. In addition, each candidate must offer a in the University course than the end of the tenth term from portion of one Latin or one Greek author. The following are matriculation. Subject to this condition, candidates may offer recommended to choose from :-
themselves for mathematical honours in a different term from In Greek.
that in which they have been examined in classics. A Testamur,
similar to that given at Responsions, is awarded to all who Homer.-Any five consecutive books.
satisfy the Moderators, the names of the successful candidates One of the Dramatists.--Any two plays. (Those offered are
for honours being divided into three classes (both in the Clas. most usually selected from the Hecuba," Alcestis," and
sical and Mathematical Schools), the names in each class being * Medea of Euripides; or from the “ Ajax,” “ Philoctetes,” arranged alphabetically. The names of those who satisfy the and “Antigone” of Sophocles.)
Moderators in the Pass Schools are also printed in alphabetical Xenophon's Anabasis.-Any four consecutive books.
order. In Latin.
3. Second Public Examination. Virgil.--The “Georgics;" or any five consecutive books of the This examination is held twice in every year, notice being * Æneid;" or the “Bucolics” with any three consecutive books given of the approach of the time in a similar manner to that of the “ Æneid.”
adopted previously to the other examinations, and students Horace.-Any three books of the “Odes” (the “ Epodes " enter their names before the Proctor as before, producing their counting as a Book of the “Odes”), and “ De Arte Poeticâ ;” Testamur for the First Public Examination. The examination or the “ Satires," with “De Arte Poeticâ ;” or the “ Epistles, embraces four schools, or sets of subjects--namely, Classics, or with “ De Arte Poetica."
Literæ Humaniores; Mathematics ; Law and Modern History; Juvenal.—The whole, except “Satires” ii., vi., and ix. and Natural Science--and, as before, is conducted partly in
Cicero.—The four “Orations against Catiline," or any other writing, partly viva voce; and pass-men, as a rule, must satisfy four “Orations ;' or two books “ De Officiis;" or three books the public examiners in two schools. If, however, a candidate of the “ Tuscnlan: Disputations ;” or “ De Amicitiâ ” and “ De has previously passed in not less than three books in the First Senectute."
Public Examination, and obtains a place in at least the third 2. First Public Examination.
class in any one of the four schools, and has also satisfied the This examination is held twice a year. Every candidate who examiners in Divinity (or its substitute, if not a member of the passes it must have entered his name on the Proctor's list as
Church of England, a provision being made in this examination previously to Responsions, producing at the same time his also similar to that which has been mentioned in connection Testamur for Responsions, and must satisfy the Moderators in with the First Public Examination), nothing further is required
of him. Latin and Greek Grammar; in either Logic or Algebra, with (in either case) three books of Euclid; the four Gospels in to obtain the Testamur, must satisfy the public examiners in
In the Classical School, or Literæ Humaniores, every candidate, Greek; and translation from English into Latin prose. These subjects never vary; and the examination, as with Responsions, Divinity (or its substitute),
and in at least one Greek and one is partly in writing, partly vivá, voce. Sach students as are not Latin author. The term “ Divinity” comprises the four Gospels members of the Church of England may substitute for the four and the Acts of the Apostles in Greek, the whole range of Bible Gospels a Greek author equivalent in extent. In addition to the History, the Thirty-nine Articles, and the Evidences of Religion. fixed subjects, each candidate must offer a portion of one Latin of the two authors, one must be a philosopher, the other an and one Greek author at least, of which one must be a poet and historian, and neither may be the same with either of the two the other an orator, and neither of which may be the same with which the candidate brought in for Responsions, unless he now either of the two offered for Responsions, unless he now brings themselves for the honour examination, must choose their two
offers as many as four authors. Candidates, unless offering in as many as four authors. Candidates, unless offering them. books from a list of philosophers and historians which is issued selves for the honour examination, must choose their two or three books from a list of poets and orators which is issued every year in Easter Term. every year in Easter Term.
Among the authors usually offered to candidates from which Among the authors usually offered to candidates from which to make their selection, are the following. As before, only to make their selection, are the following. Portions only of specified portions are required :each author are usually required, both in the Pass and Class
Latin, Schools, which are duly specified:-
The following additional books are mostly offered by candi.
dates for honours only :-
Bacon's “Novum Organon."
Bishop Butler's "Sermons” or “ Analogy."
Some one or more of the Apostolical Epistles. The books under the line are especially for those who take
Ecclesiastical History. in more than two authors. The following additional books are mostly offered by candi
Candidates for honours may make np their lists from either dates for honours only :
or both of the above lists. Logic, also, is indispensable for
either the first or second class in the honour list. The examinaGreck.
tion in Ancient History includes Chronology, Geography, and Æschylus.
Antiquities; and Latin and Greek Composition is also within
In the Mathematical School every candidate, to obtain the
Testamur, must satisfy the examiners in the first six books of Candidates for honours may make up their lists from either Euclid, or in the first part of Algebra. The examination for or both of the above lists, but may not offer a larger number honours comprises the whole range of Mixed as well as Pure of historians than of orators.
Mathematics;. Mechanics, including Dynamics of Material Accurate critical and philological scholarship, Greek as well Systems, Hydro-mechanics, Optics, and Astronomy, being usually as Latin Prose Composition and Versification, both in Latin offered by candidates for the highest honours. and Greek, with a view not only to accuracy but elegance, In the School of Law and Modern History, the pass-subjects are also required in candidates for honours. Logic is indis consist of either English History to the end of the reign of pensable for either the first or second class in the honour list. Henry VII., and that part of English Law which relates to