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their claims; and if he afterwards dis- | vant in the family of a pious clergycovered that they did not worship under man, when informed in a letter of his the same roof, or that their children death, sent back to her mother the folwere not taught in the same school as lowing lines, which she had written on that with which he was more immedi- the occasion :ately connected, the discovery made no
Heaven has received another saint, alteration in the interest he It, or the
Within its jasper walls, kindness he exercised. This caused his Another follower of the Lamb,
Before the altar falls. death to be regarded as a general calamity by the poor. It was felt, that Jesus has called his servant home, though he might not be missed from To dwell with Him in heaven,
And now he wears a golden crown, the parties of conviviality and gaiety,
To him a harp is given. he would be missed in the cottage of the needy, in the lonely dwelling of the Not long ago he walked on earth, widow, in the chamber of the sick, or
A pilgrim travelling home,
And seeking always here to know at the bedside of the dying. The poor His Father's will alone. and the afflicted felt that they had lost a personal friend, and their grief was as
He taught the young to seek the Lord,
And many a poor one fed, sincere, as it was extensive. Multitudes
And with a sympathizing beart, followed with tears his mortal remains
Sought many a dying bed. to their last resting-place, over which
His body lives no longer here, a plain stone has since been erected,
Low in the grave it lies, bearing the following inscription :- Until the resurrection morn,
When it shall glorious rise.
To sing the everlasting song,
Before the eternal throne. affectionate husband, a humble and devoted servant of Christ, as well as a kind and con
Then weep not ye who mourn the loss
Of such a tender friend, stant friend of the poor.
He's entered on the eternal day, His influence was exerted chiefly for the benefit of others, cheered and supported by
That ne'er shall have an end. the hope of the psalmist—"I shall be satis- He rests within his Saviour's arms, fied when I awake with thy likeness." Psalm In Canaan's happy land, xvii. ver. 15th.
And never more shall shed a tear,
He's with the happy band. A sermon was preached to a large assembly in the Independent Chapel on
He never more can feel a pain,
His sufferings all have ceased, the following Sabbath, from the 4th
He now has on a glorious robe, chapter of the 2nd of Corinthians, 17th Fit for the marriage feast. and 18th verses, which he had himself
Watch then, and pray that you may be suggested as suitable, should it be
Prepared when Death shall come, deemed desirable to make any public To meet his message with a smile, reference to his decease. The children
And feel you 're going home. in the schools mourned his removal; And then you 'll meet your friend in and one, the daughter of a poor widow,
And all with Christ shall be a young girl, formerly a Sunday scholar
Singing Hosannah to the Lamb, in one of the schools, but now a ser- Throughout eternity.
SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF
ON THE JUSTIFICATION OF A SINNER BEFORE GOD. JUSTIFICATION, in its literal import, Justification, in its scriptural import, signifies the declaring or pronouncing supposes guilt, and stands opposed to a person innocent who has been falsely condemnation. Thus, God is said to accused of crime. He who is accused justify the ungodly—and those whom of crime must stand condemned as he justifies are freed from condemnablameworthy, in the opinion of all who tion. Sin, as an offence against God, believe the accusation as true. If, how- and a breach of his law, deserves his ever, on examination it shall be found displeasure: sinners, therefore, deserve that the accusation was false, and with to be excluded from his favour. But out any foundation in truth, the accused God, in justifying those who believe in party will then be clear: he will then Christ, frees them from condemnation, be acquitted from the charge of blame and places them in the same 'relative worthiness, and will be freed from all position as if they were not guilty; or condemnation. He will, in fact, be as if they could be pronounced innojustified, and his justification will be on cent. He fully and freely forgives all the ground of his own innocence. their sins, accepts them as if they were
But it must be obvious that this is not perfectly righteous, and makes them the import of the term, as used in Scrip- heirs, according to the hope of eternal ture in reference to the justification of a life. Thus, justification is a change in sinner before God. For by no process the relative position of a sinner; & whatever can any of the human family be change from condemnation to acceptpronounced really innocent. The accusa- ance,—from being a child of wrath to the tion of crime, brought against mankind, privilege of being an heir of glory. is not a false one. Our guilt is real. Now the Scripture assures us that The accusation brought against us is this change is effected through the reclearly proved. Conscience testifies to demption that is in Christ Jesus. The the truth of Scripture, " that all have work of Christ, then, is the ground of sinned and come short of the glory of justification, or that subject for the sake God.” Every mouth must be stopped, of which God justifies the ungodly. and the whole world pronounced guilty The reason of this method of justificabefore God. This, then, is the scrip- tion is worthy of consideration. If tural and acknowledged condition of the justice had been allowed to proceed in whole family of man.
its natural course, every sinner must Yet, as the term justification is used | have reaped the reward of his own iniin Scripture to denote the great and quity; the penalty due to his sins must important blessings obtained through have been inflicted on his own head. the work of Christ (for all that believe and thus the authority of the Great are said to be justified), we infer that Lawgiver might have been vindicated, there must be some resemblance be- and the stability of his laws maintained. tween the literal import of the term But God had designs of mercy to our and the scriptural one.
This re fallen race. His compassion was moved semblance, we maintain, is to be found towards mankind. Some expedient, in the consequences. God treats those therefore, must be devised whereby all whom he justifies as if they really were the ends of good government could be innocent; or as if they could be justi- answered, in the forgiveness of the fied on the ground of innocence. He guilty; and all the claims of authority grants them those privileges which per- and law vindicated, in accepting those fect innocence could always secure.
who deserve to die,—such an expedient
as shall leave the law of God in its full of the Divine testimony, but the belief or force, and maintain the authority of the persuasion that the death of Christ is lawgiver, as clearly and forcibly as if suitable and sufficient for salvation, and justice had its natural course in the that salvation through his death is free punishment of the guilty.
for all who desire to be saved thereby. Now this expedient we have in the The belief or persuasion of these subdeath of Christ for our sins. “God jects of the Divine testimony will be hath made him to be sin for us who accompanied with trust or confidence knew no sin, that we might be made in the promises of life in Christ; and the righteousness of God in him." | the surrender of the heart to the will of “ Him God hath set forth to be a pro- the Saviour. Those that believe may pitiation through faith in his blood, to not indeed see the reasons why God declare his righteousness for (or in) the should have chosen such a method of remission of sins." Christ suffered, the saving sinners, but they are sufficiently just one for the unjust. This, then, is convinced of the suitability of the plan, the grand expedient by which all the and of its being appointed by God, to ends of good government can be main- make it the ground of their confidence tained, all the rights of the lawgiver and the medium of their access to God. can be vindicated, and all the claims of Thus exercising faith in God's method authority and law sustained, when the of saving sinners, and making it the violations of the law are freely and fully ground of their hope, they are accepted. forgiven. It is the method whereby God By thus believing in the testimony of can be just, and yet merciful; righteous, God concerning Christ, they become and yet show himself ready to pardon : connected with Christ, and have fellowwhereby he condemns sin, and freely ship with him in the merits of his death, forgives the penitent sinner. It is, and the perfection of his righteousness. then, the method of salvation, which With the exercise of this holy principle commends itself to our reason and judg. of faith, God is pleased to connect the ment as well as to the feelings of our forgiveness of sin and a title to eternal hearts.
life. Such are justified, and being justi. Further, the justification of a sinner fied have peace with God through our is to be by faith, for those that believe, Lord Jesus Christ. and those only, are said to be justified. Hence, then, we conclude that the The simple fact of Christ's having suf- first, the primary evidence of our being fered in our stead, does not, in itself, justified, must be derived from the inplace any sinner in a state of justific ward consciousness of our belief in the cation. Though his death is that sub- suitability, the sufficiency, and the freeject for the sake of wbich God justifies ness of the work of Christ for our rothe ungodly, yet justification is ob- demption; or from the inward contained only on believing,-he that be- sciousness that we sincerely approve of lieveth is justified. The faith which God's method of saving sinners by the justifies, is the belief of the Divine death of his Son, and trust in it for our testimony concerning the person and own individual salvation. work of Christ. It is not, indeed, the
M. S., Falkenham. belief that Christ died for any one in July 18, 1851. particular; for this is not the subject
Examine yourselves whether ye be in the faith."-2 Cor. xiii. 5. SELF-EXAMINATION, it is to be feared, and felt of the Word of Life, ye will is a duty which has fallen into very have evidence enough of the Divinity great and very undeserved disuse. There of my mission. I give you a simple are the evidences on all hands, of a test, a plain piece of evidence, by which superficial, lukewarm piety. People you may judge,-evidence, moreover, seem to take for granted, that if they which is within the immediate reach of are not living in the habitual practice all of you: Examine yourselves, whether of some flagrant sin, or if they have but ye be in the faith.” the outward characteristics of piety, all
I. LET US EXPLAIN AND ENFORCE THE is well; and never for one moment DUTY OF SELF-EXAMINATION. imagine that it is necessary to subject
II. SHow ITS DESIGN. the inner man to a close and constant 1. Self-examination must have respect scrutiny. Such books as those of Mason to the thoughts and feelings within. on Self-knowledge, are among the anti- The mind of man is the source of life: quated things upon which our fore- it is the fountain of being. Perhaps it fathers might set great store; but we, is quite impossible for the best and the forsooth, are wiser than to spend our wisest to have a thorough acquaintance time in self-inspection, and flatter our with the windings and labyrinths of his selves that if we do but act with out- own heart. There is so much of cunning, ward decency and decorum, the springs of subtlety, of deceit, in the human of action may be left untouched, the heart, that holy Scripture may well proinner house will keep itself in order. It nounce it “ deceitful above all things;" was customary for the first teachers of and we may well exclaim, in the words religion to tell their disciples to look of the psalmist, “Who can understand within for the evidences of the truth of his errors ? cleanse thou me from secret Christianity; convinced that, if the faults.” For a person to know himself Holy Spirit dwelt in the mind, and if has always been regarded as the highest truth was operative there, they might knowledge. Indeed, the injunction, "put to silence" all anxious doubt, and “Know thyself,” was held by the old unbelief, and fear. They were com- Greeks to be heaven-descended, -so manded to look for the "witness in much importance did they attach to that themselves;" and then they would be vast and complicated world within. In enabled to overcome the sneer of the a busy mercantile age like this, men are scornful, and the laugh of the sceptical, prone to content themselves with but a by the assurance, “I know whom I have smattering of any kind of knowledge believed." St. Paul was here seeking they may require; but we fear the great to convince these Corinthians that his bulk of men have not even a smattering mission was not of man but of God. of knowledge about themselves. The To prove his Divine legation, what plan habits of these times, it is admitted, are does he adopt? He does not, as we not favourable to the acquisition of this should suppose, or as they, perhaps, high knowledge. Too many pursuits desired, bring forth some extraordinary seem to occupy men's attention, all bearmanifestation of Divine agency, but ing them away from themselves. There contents himself with an appeal to them. are busy worlds without — worlds of selves :-" What sort of response do commerce, of science, of art—worlds of your hearts give? If ye have, indeed, pleasure, of dissipation, of amusement; tasted of the grace of God, and handled and each seems to vie with the other to
make man as oblivious of himself as he first uttered by the apostles or prophets. can possibly be. Still, we say to each It is as much a book for these times as man, “Know thyself, and thou art wise. for the first century of the Christian Be ignorant of thyself, and whatever It is as much adapted to a comother knowledge thou mayest have, thou mercial country like England, as to a wilt be a fool.” To examine and closely pastoral country like Judea. Now, if scrutinise all your prejudices, and evil all this be true, how important it is thoughts, and corrupt feelings—to pry that we should each be continually reinto the dark and secret recesses of those volving such questions as these—How chambers of imagery, where foul pas- close a resemblance do I bear to the sions sport and riot-to look yourself | holy men who are described for me by fully and fairly in the face, and be your the pen of inspiration? How much own bold and faithful interpreter-this, am I below the standard of Scripture ? it is confessed, requires much strong How far do the principles of the sacred nerve, and much Almighty grace. But volume operate upon my heart and life? banish all fear, and bravely and un. Let me compare the" spiritual things” in flinchingly "examine yourselves." my bosom with the "spiritual things” in
2. Self-examination must have respect this book. Let me not be continually to the inner state, as compared with the measuring myself with myself, or meaWord of God. It is an incalculable suring myself with some professed fel. blessing that we have “a sure word of low Christian, whose piety is as feeble prophecy,” to which we can always re and sickly as my own; but let me see pair. We have no irregular and fluc- whether I come up to the apostolic tuating standard of appeal, such as the standard and pattern. It is easy to say, voice of tradition, or the voice of the “I am not more irregular in my at church; but we have a constant, infal- tendance at the sanctuary, I am not lible guide, the Word of God. We con more remiss in my devotional duties, I ceive that we have the strongest war am not colder in my love to Christ, than ranty for taking Scripture as our guide, many of my fellow.disciples;" just as it in the fact, that “all Scripture is given is easy, and as it is common, for a bad by inspiration of God, and is profitable man to say, “O, I am not worse than for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, my neighbour, and I shall stand quite for instruction in righteousness, that as good a chance as he;" but neither the man of God may be perfect, the one plea nor the other will find acthoroughly furnished unto
every | ceptance at the hands of God. “Exagood work." In Scripture we have mine yourselves” by the light of holy great principles enunciated, we have Scripture. the lives of good, and even bad men, 3. Self-examination must have respect drawn for us by an unerring finger; we unto the life. It is well to subject our have the mind laid bare as it is unbared hearts to scrutiny, and to compare our nowhere else; we have light for the inner state of thought and feeling with understanding, for the conscience, for the teachings of revelation ; but after all, the heart; we have the broad compre- the proof of piety will be found in the hensive law of God, which relates to all life. After the closest scrutiny and selftimes, to all countries, to all races of inspection within, a person may be mis
One of the peculiarities of the taken; but the evidence of a lifetime Bible is, that it is not only an inspired, is so plain and palpable, that no one, but that it is also a universal book. It except the most perverse and obstinate, can never become antiquated. It can can be mistaken thereby. Our piety never grow obsolete. It speaks as truly cannot better be proved than by subto the heart of humanity now, as when Ijecting it to all the duties and respon