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was truly amiable, yet, whenever brought furnishing a bright specimen of the into collision with superior talents, overcoming influence of the religion of always showed signs of an envious and Jesus Christ. Oh! it is this which discontented state of mind. This, in- sanctifies the whole nature, body, and deed, rarely occurred, for the individual soul, and spirit, and makes the once referred to was herself highly gifted, proud and rebellious heart a fit resiand possessed beside many admirable dence for the Holy Ghost. qualities of mind and of heart. On such occasions, however, there might

“ These weapons of the holy war,

Of what almighty force they are, be seen the struggles of mortification

To make our stubborn passions bow, and wounded pride with the better prin- And lay the proudest rebel low! ciples of grace and love. The clouded Great King of grace! my heart subdue, brow, the flushed cheek, the stifled sigh,

I would be led in triumph too, the resistless tear, the petulant reply,

A willing captive to my Lord,

And sing the victories of his word." all told the triumph of envy. But, to the praise of grace be it told, after long May all our readers seek to possess and frequent battles between these an- themselves of these spiritual weapons! tagonistic principles-envy and grace- Then shall envy, hatred, malice, and all the latter prevailed. And now, hand uncharitableness, flee away, and give in hand, and heart in heart, walks forth place to love, kindness, gentleness, and this excellent and happy individual, liberality, and the cause of truth and alike weeping with those that weep, and righteousness be exalted in the earth. rejoicing with those that rejoice: and

S. S, S.




" Ye offer polluted bread upon mine altars, and say, Wherein have we polluted theep" -Mal i. 7.

" Remember therefore from whence thou art fallen, and repent, and do the first works; or else I will come unto thee quickly, and will remove thy candlestick out of his place, except thou repent."'--Rev. ii, 5. Rise, England's Church! and cast away

The unclean, unholy thing Which brands thy services impure,

And taints thy prayers with sin. Let not the blood of martyr'd saints

Cement thy walls in vain;
Let not apostate actions slay

The "Crucified" again.
Hurl from thy fold the sheep-clad wolves,

Which enter but to kill,
And captive lead the silly flock

Obedient to their will;
The fiend-form'd creed of Baptism's

Regenerating power,
And that the Eucharist can save

In life's departing hour;

That self-styled priests—frail, faulty men

Can mediate on high,
And bring the soul, by them confess'd,

To God, its Maker, nigh.
Rise, England's Church! and hurl thee back

Such deadly, dire deceit;
Rise! gird thee for the conflict now!

Arm thee for battle meet!
Plant Faith's pure standard proudly free

On battlement and tower,
And from each altar, pulpit, font,

Proclaim its unshared power.
Tell of the sinless, sole Fligh Priest

A righteous God can heed;
Then point to Calvary's cross-crown'd

As all a sinner's need.
Thus trample down Delusion's lie,

The arch-fiend's mock to lure
Unwary souls, who, blindly led,

Seal their damnation sure.
Arise and shine! Bride of the Lamb!

Thy light shall stirely come;
And soon the glory of thy Lord

Shall bear thee gladly home.


Review of Religious Publications.

FATHERS of INDEPENDENCY in SCOTLAND; | lishment to plans and agents who were deemed

or, Biographical Sketches of early Scottish irregular, and which, in some instances, were Congregational Ministers, A.D. 1798-1851. branded as a traitorous conspiracy against Small 8vo. Pp. 476.

the peace and good order of society, awakened A Fullarton and Co.

inquiry, and, after a time, brought the leaders In the annals of Religious Revival, the of the movement to feel that if they were to Congregationalism of Scotland must ever oc enjoy liberty for a free publication of the cupy a conspicuous place. It was itself the gospel, and a further promotion of Christian, in child of such revival ; and it became the opposition to worldly communion, they must instrument of an impulse which was power come out from the Establishment, and form fully felt from the Scottish border to the societies instinct with the spirit of self-governfurthest limits of the Shetland and Orkney ment. In this state of things, it is impossible Isles. In looking back to the closing period to say how much this incipient movement, of the French Revolution, it is not a little which was now beginning to convulse and interesting to find that, both in England and agitate all Scotland, was indebted to the proviScotland, there was a noble band of religious dence of God for raising up to its aid the men on whose minds God was graciously Messrs. Haldane, men of apostolic spirit, who acting to prepare them for producing a great were willing to consecrate their time, their impression upon the age in which they lived. talents, their property, for the evangelization

The era was signalised by the publication of their native country. of the EVANGELICAL MAGAZINE, and the We are old enough to remember the Penteformation of the London Missionary Society. costal times in which these events occurred.

These movements, originating with a few Everywhere were the Missionaries, as they apostolic spirits, full of zeal for a new and were opprobriously styled, spoken against; better state of things in the churches of yet everywhere did they prevail. The slumChrist, drew around them the great body of bers of the Establishment, and of other reevangelical men, north and south of the ligious bodies, were thoroughly disturbed. Tweed; and the Revival of Religion which The clergy fulminated, but the people would followed was shared alike by the friends of hear the itinerant preachers; and few were Christ, both in Scotland and England. They the districts in all Scotland in which many were, indeed, from the first, in close cor precious souls were not “ called out of darkrespondence with each other, and were acted ness into marvellous light.” It was “ a time upon by circumstances by no means dissi- of refreshing from the presence of the Lord,” milar in their ecclesiastical character and in which all rejoiced and sympathised, except tendency. In the South, High Churchmen, those who were wedded to pure formalism, or and frigid Dissenters, looked on with nearly where ecclesiastical prejudices took the lead equal scorn and derision upon efforts which of their better feelings and convictions. We they deemed to be irregular and enthusiastic; could wish nothing better for the indepen--and in the North, the cold-hearted bigotry dency of Scotland and England, than to see of Moderatism fulminated its anathemas upon the return of such “ days of the Son of man," all, in and out of the Establishment, who when thousands flocked to hear the gospel of ventured to disturb the repose of spiritual Christ; when “the Word of the Lord had free death. All honour be to the men, north and course and was glorified;" when dead and south of the Tweed, who came “ to the help of lifeless members of churches were led to distlie Lord--to the help of the Lord against the cover their false position ; when hardened mighty." The names of Newton, Hawes, and sinners “were pricked to the heart," and Venn, and Scott and Eyre, in the Episco were heard crying, “What must we do to be pate; of Hill, Wilks, Burder, Bogue, Waugh, saved ?” and when the gospel was extensively and Hardcastle, among various bodies of Dis- propagated and settled, where, for many a senters, in England; and of Drs. Erskine, Bal- long year, the trumpet had given an uncerfour, Davidson, and Wardlaw, and Messrs. tain sound. There may have been some misEwing, Innes, Haldane, Aikman, and others takes in the early management of Scottish in Scotland, will be had in everlasting remem- Congregationalism ; but, take it altogether, brance.

we see, as in the light of a sunbeam, after the When the flame of holy zeal for the salva- experience of fifty years, and when nearly all tion of perishing souls was kindled on the its fathers and founders have fallen asleep, bleak mountains of Caledonia, no express plan that it was God's express ordinance for arresthad been formed for the establishment of ing the progress of Moderatism and clerical churches on the Congregational plan. But bigotry; and for reviving the spirit of primithe opposition which sprung up in the Estab tive religion in the land of Knox, and Ruther

furd, and Boston, and Erskine, and Willison. | ander Arthur, of Dalkeith ; John Hercus, of We most thoroughly believe, that Scottish Greenock; William Orme, of Camberwell ; Congregationalism did more to help forward John Martin, of Forres ; John Aikman, of the religious reform in the Establishment, Edinburgh; John Elder, of Leven; Alexander which issued in the disruption, than the most Kerr, of Shetland; Archibald Miller, of Gategenerous of the Free Church party are dis- house ; John Smith, of Blackhills; George posed to admit. Be this as it may, we hope | Douglas, of Elie; William Henry, of Tooting; that now all good men in Scotland, whether John Campbell, of Kingsland ; Greville ranking in the Establishment, or belonging to Ewing, of Glasgow; William Lindsay, of communities supported by voluntary contri- Letham; Richard Penman, of Aberdeen; butions, will agree in thinking that the John Cleghorn, of Edinburgh; James Dewar, Fathers of Scottish Independency are worthy of Nairn ; John Watson, of Musselburgh ; of a monument to perpetuate the hardships Thomas Just, of Newport ; George Reed, of they endured, the toils they encountered, the Lerwick; Francis Dick, Edinburgh ; David virtues they displayed, and the good they Russell, D.D., Dundee ; Alexander Dewar, of effected throughout the length and breadth of Avoch ; Alexander Knowles, of Linlithgow; their native land.

Robert Aikenhead, of Kirkaldy; Peter MacWe thank Mr. Kinniburgh for his season- laren, of Edinburgh ; Robert Caldwell, of able effort to carry down the names and the Howden ; and James Alexander Haldane, excellences of his brethren to posterity. He Edinburgh. All the Memoirs are arranged has done a good work, which will not only according to the order in which the deceased add to the peace and joy of his evening hour, brethren were called to their rest. but which will cheer and comfort many a Few volumes of the modern press are more Scottish fireside, while fathers and mothers fitted for a wide and useful circulation than read to their children the simple annals of the “Fathers of Scottish Independency." these “men of God," to whom they were indebted for the light and sanctity of their reli- THE LIFE OF FRANCIS LORD BACON, Baron gious life. If the author of this volume, of Verulam, Viscount St. Albans, and Lord dedicated to the memory of the “Fathers of High Chancellor of England. By the Rer. Independency in Scotland," has not attempted JOSEPH SORTAIN, A.B., of Trinity College, a series of original Biographies, he has at Dublin. Small 8vo., pp. 306. least availed himself of all authentic written

Religious Tract Society. documents extant, and has shed much light The veritable history of Lord Bacon has upon the path of his heroes, by observations in it all the characteristics of a romance. and facts which have come within the scope intellectual stature he was the prodigy of his of his own knowledge. The work is care- age, and, all things considered, perhaps the fully edited, and will prove extensively use- greatest man that England ever produced. ful and acceptable. We have read many of Yet how strangely dwarfish were his mcral its pages, with great emotion, as we have qualities, and what remarkable vicissitudes thought of men, once familiar to us, but whom attended his personal and political career! we shall never meet again till the heavens | We have always, by some unaccountable ten

But they still live; and the dency of our nature, been struggling to hide work of their hands shall never perish. May from ourselves, or to explain away, the moral we be followers of them who through faith phenomena of Bacon's life;—but, in spite of and patience inherit the promises !

ourselves, we have been compelled to sit in The Memoirs are Thirty-eight in number. judgment and to condemn; and have been We could have wished to see some other driven to the melancholy conclusion, that names of the deceased included, such as the great mental power, even when associated late Rev. Joseph Gibb, of Banff. But the with the most ardent and diligent application, author very justly apologises for this omission has no necessary connexion with a right state by stating that he was unable to procure the of the heart, and a due regulation of the moral requisite facts.

faculties. The notices, all interesting, are devoted to We fear it is impossible, with truth as our the following individuals, some of whom were gnide, to rescue the character of Bacon from men of the highest order of sanctified hu- the worst suspicions. With all his magnifimanity, and all of whom were greatly useful cence of intellect, with all his power of inin their day and generation :

ductive discovery, with all his just views of The Rev. Messrs. James Garie, of Perth ; much that pertained to religion, with all the G. Cowie, of Huntly ; James Hill, of Hadding- noble principles which he announced and inton ; Jaines Clerk, of Thurso; Peter Grant, culcated upon others, he was, nevertheless, the of Blairgowrie; Thomas Paton, of St. An-victim of infirmities, which, but for his great drew's; John Dunn, of Dumfries; George parts, would have covered him with everlastCowie, of Montrose ; William Brown, of In- ing scorn and contempt. It is impossible to verury; Thomas Smith, of Garliston; Alex- | deny his craving ambition, his over self

are no more.

esteem, the sycophancy to which he resorted | logy, as it aids in tracing the progress and in urging his claims, his flattery of mean changes of ancient Assyrian architecture, has and vicious persons, his cold-hearted forget-made great advances towards supplying accufulness of his best friends, his prodigal expen- rate data by which to judge of the actual conditure, his reception of bribes in the highest figuration of the palaces and temples of anoffice of justice, his slender moral remorse for tiquity as they originally stood. the commission of crimes which he ingenu- " There is nothing," observes Mr. Fergusously confessed. Never were littleness and son, more essential in an inquiry like the greatness so strangely blended as in the char- present, than to obtain as clear ideas as may acter of Bacon. We have been unable to re- be possible of the chronology of the objects press our tears as we have contemplated about to be discussed, not only relatively to the lights and shadows which fell upon his one another, but also, if possible, to ascertain chequered path.

the exact period that elapsed between the age Mr. Sortain has done ample justice to this of one and that of another. Without this, all great philosopher and statesman, without reasoning is vague and unsatisfactory in the committing the interests of religion or mo- extreme; and it is impossible either to underrality. In not a few cases in which Bacon stand what one sees, or to derive from it that has been unrighteously assailed, he has nobly instruction which a knowledge of its position and successfully defended him; and where he in a series most inevitably conveys. has felt himself unable to commend, he has, “ By far the most important results obwith a beautiful charity, looked at all the ex- tained in Egypt, by the translation of the tenuating circumstances. The volume he hieroglyphics, has been precisely this, that it has produced is a fine sketch of the history of has enabled us to classify the monuments, the times of Elizabeth and James, as well to see how one building and one style grew as a searching record of the life of Bacon; out of another,—and in what mode the naand, if we are constrained to ignore the reli- tional mind expressed itself at the various gious and moral consistency of his great hero, epochs with which we are now familiar. This we are placed by him in a position to form being accomplished, Egypt takes her place at accurate conceptions of his master-mind, and once in the world's history; and any one who of the boon conferred by him on the science knows her chronology can read her history of his own and every coming age.

more easily, by a simple inspection of the We think the Tract Society has well judged ruins still standing in that valley of wonders, in publishing this truly enlightened volume, than if it were written in printed volumes; which cannot fail to be popular, and to en- and her monuments now recal the past far hance the literary reputation of the accom- more vividly and distinctly than ever yet was plished author. It is one of the most vivid done by mere words. pieces of biography that has seen the light in " And so it will be with Assyria, when we modern times.

know the exact date of the various palaces

that have lately been disinterred, and can The PALACES OF NINEVEH AND PERSEPO- assign to each its place in history, and know

LIS RESTORED: An Essay on Ancient As the dynasty and race to which it belonged. syrian and Persian Architecture. By JAMES Not only shall we understand the arts of FERGUSSON, Esq., Author of " The True which it is the exponent, but the dynasties Principles of Beauty in Art," " Illustra- and races will become entities and living tions of Indian Architecture," gc.gc. things; not mere lists of unmeanin 8vo. pp. 384.

as they have hitherto been, but voices of men, John Murray.

who lived, and acted, and who expressed their It is very gratifying to find that the recent feelings and their aspirations in those forms exploration of Assyrian ruins of cities and we now gaze upon and are trying to underpalaces, while it reflects the highest credit on stand-standing face to face, as it were with the talent and industry of such men as Botta the Assyrian, who lived four thousand years and Layard, has called forth the real and ago, and who saw these figures grow beneath learning of a body of men, of whom Rawlin. the chisel of the sculptor, and read these inson and Fergusson are the types, who bid fair, scriptions as we do now. What he saw and at no distant day, to lay open to the view of felt we now see and may feel, if we will give mankind the meaning of Assyrian inscrip- ourselves the trouble to study and to undertions, and the architectural forms of beauty stand." which distinguished the monuments of our This extract will give our readers some world's early history. Colonel Rawlinson idea of what Mr. Fergusson seeks to accomhas already done much towards deciphering plish. He despairs not of doing that for Asthe inscriptions which have been found in the syria which has already been done for Egypt. great Assyrian ruins; and Mr. Fergusson, But we cannot follow him in his lengthened partly by his architectural skill, and partly inductions. They are, however, those of a by a close attention to the question of chrono- mind of the first rank, and will be read by


persons of intellectual taste and habit with | believe it firmly, and to exercise powerful the greatest possible interest. With the aid affections in view of it. He makes the truth of Rawlinson, Layard, and Fergusson, there efficacious, by bringing the heart effectually is every probability of our attaining to some- to love and obey it." thing like accurate conceptions of the chrono- The fourth volume consists of " Letters to logical epochs of Ancient Assyria. He fol- Unitarians;" and other Letters occasioned by lows Herodotus, and not Ctesias. In this these, or connected with them. he differs from Rawlinson, but agrees with The fifth volume contains Letters to Young Layard.

Ministers ; Essays on the Philosophy of the To those who take interest in the recent Mind; and Remarks on Cause and Effect, in discoveries in Nineveh this volume will be a connexion with Fatalism and Free Agency. most acceptable boon.

These are followed by a considerable number

of Sermons, delivered on a variety of interestTHE WORKS OF LEONARD Woods, D.D., I ing and public occasions. Many of them are

lately Professor of Christian Theology in the 'Funeral Sermons for distinguished men, or Theological Seminary, Andover, United States. eminent ministers, and will be lasting memoVols. 3, 4, and 5.

rials of the discriminating power of the auIr is with great satisfaction we can an- thor's mind, and of the kindly and benignant nounce the completion of these valuable affections of his heart; as well as of his involumes, and their appearance in this coun- tense love to the truth and to the cause of try. Last year we introduced to the public Christ. Several of the discourses, of peculiar the two former volumes, and recommended power and value, were delivered at ordinathem strongly to our readers, and especially tions; and not a few at the Chapel of the to students and to young ministers. The Theological Seminary. May it please God contents of the three remaining volumes fully long to spare the author of these valuable sustain the high estimation we before ex- works, in comfortable health, in happiness, pressed.

and in usefulness, although in comparative The third volume completes the Lectures retirement from his arduous and successful on Theology, which consist of one hundred labours; and may the spirit of his theological and twenty-eight Lectures. The third volume lectures pervade all our colleges for the educommences with Lectures on Regeneration. cation of the rising ministry! The first of these replies, to the inquiry :“ Does the Holy Spirit, in Regeneration, act | THE RELIGION OF GEOLOGY AND ITS CONdirectly on the Sinner's mind ?" Dr. Woods NECTED SCIENCES. By EDWARD HITCHably maintains, " that as the effect produced in COCK, D.D., LL.D., President of Amherst regeneration is in the mind itself, 80 must the College, and Professor of Natural Theology influence be which produces it.” “ The dis- and Geology. 8vo. pp. 484. order to be remedied lies in the heart; and

David Bogue, Fleet-street. where but to the lieart is the remedy to be Dr. Hitchcock's standing, as a writer upon applied? There is nothing faulty anywhere, scientific and religious subjects, is well known except in the mind itself: and the change to and highly appreciated. Geology has been be effected must be effected there. Man's one of his favourite studies, for many years, disposition—the state of his affections—is and long before it became popular in circles opposed to spiritual things. His lieart is de strictly reverential to the data of Revelation. praved. The Divine Spirit must act upon His earliest tractates on the subject were conthe heart itself. Do you say, Ile acts uponceived and written in the true spirit of s the truths of religion, so as to render them Christian philosopher ; though then there effectual; that He imparts power to motives, were not a few enlightened men, in America $0 that they excite and persuade the sinner and in Great Britain, who were alarmed at to repent and believe? Let us examine this the conclusions, or rather tendencies, of the notion. Take the truth, that God so loved geological theories advocated by him and the world as to give his Son to die for us. others who thought with him. Many of the The text is before the eyes of the believer fears which then agitated the minds of inand the unbeliever. They both read it, and telligent and good men have gradually subread it alike. But the effect is different, and sided; and our increased acquaintance with that effect is in the mind. The precise differ- the actual state of the globe we inhabit has ence is this:-- the believer discerns the excelled to the general conclusion, in intelligent lence of the truth, and loves it, but the un-circles, that the account given by Moses in believer does not. The power of Divine the Book of Genesis is perfectly compatible truth over the believer is precisely this:-he with the remote antiquity of the globe, which feels powerfully towards it-or has a strong the actual discoveries of geology seem to deaffection for it-loves it intensely. And the mand. In fact, the danger to Revelation Spirit of God gives power to the truth, by would seem to be more formidable in adcausing the mind to discern it clearly, to hering to ancient theories, than in admitting

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