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esteem, the sycophancy to which he resorted | logy, as it aids in tracing the progress and in urging his claims, his flattery of mean changes of ancient Assyrian architecture, has and vicious persons, his cold-hearted forget- made great advances towards supplying accufulness of his best friends, his prodigal expen- rate data by which to judge of the actual conditure, his reception of bribes in the highest figuration of the palaces and temples of anoffice of justice, his slender moral remorse for tiquity as they originally stood. the commission of crimes which he ingenu- “ There is nothing," observes Mr. Fergusously confessed. Never wero littleness and son, more essential in an inquiry like the greatness so strangely blended as in the char- present, than to obtain as clear ideas as may acter of Bacon. We have been unable to re- be possible of the chronology of the objects press our tears as we have contemplated about to be discussed, not only relatively to the lights and shadows which fell upon his one another, but also, if possible, to ascertain chequered path.
the exact period that elapsed between the age Mr. Sortain has done ample justice to this of one and that of another. Without this, all great philosopher and statesman, without reasoning is vague and unsatisfactory in the committing the interests of religion or mo- extreme; and it is impossible either to underrality. In not a few cases in which Bacon stand what one sces, or to derive from it that has been unrighteously assailed, he has nobly instruction which a knowledge of its position and successfully defended him; and where he in a series most inevitably conveys. has felt himself unable to commend, he has, “ By far the most important results obwith a beautiful charity, looked at all the ex- tained in Egypt, by the translation of the tenuating circumstances. The volume he hieroglyphics, has been precisely this, that it has produced is a fine sketch of the history of has enabled us to classify the monuments, the times of Elizabeth and James, as well to see how one building and one style grew as a searching record of the life of Bacon; out of another,--and in what mode the naand, if we are constrained to ignore the reli- tional mind expressed itself at the various gious and moral consistency of his great hero, epochs with which we are now familiar. This we are placed by him in a position to form being accomplished, Egypt takes her place at accurate conceptions of his master-mind, and once in the world's history; and any one who of the boon conferred by him on the science knows her chronology can read her history of his own and every coming age.
more casily, by a simple inspection of the We think the Tract Society has well judged ruins still standing in that valley of wonders, in publishing this truly enlightened volume, than if it were written in printed volumes; which cannot fail to be popular, and to en- and her monuments now recal the past far hance the literary reputation of the accom- more vividly and distinctly than ever yet was plished author. It is one of the most vivid done by mere words. pieces of biography that has seen the light in "And so it will be with Assyria, when we modern times.
know the exact date of the various palaces
that have lately been disinterred, and can THE PALACES OF NINEVEH AND PERSEPO- assign to each its place in history, and know
LIS RESTORED: An Essay on Ancient As- the dynasty and race to which it belonged. syrian and Persian Architecture. By JAMES Not only shall we understand the arts of FERGUSSON, Esq., Author of " The True which it is the exponent, but the dynasties Principles of Beauty in Art,” “ Illustra- and races will become entities and living tions of Indian Architecture,” gc. fc. things; not mere lists of unmeaning names, 8vo. pp. 384.
as they have hitherto been, but voices of men, John Murray.
who lived, and acted, and who expressed their It is very gratifying to find that the recent feelings and their aspirations in those forms exploration of Assyrian ruins of cities and
we now gaze upon and are trying to underpalaces, while it reflects the highest credit on stand-standing face to face, as it were with the talent and industry of such men as Botta the Assyrian, who lived four thousand years and Layard, has called forth the zeal and ago, and who saw these figures grow beneath learning of a body of men, of whom Rawlin- the chisel of the sculptor, and read these inson and Fergusson are the types, who bid fair, scriptions as we do now. What he saw and at no distant day, to lay open to the view of felt we now see and may feel, if we will give mankind the meaning of Assyrian inscrip- ourselves the trouble to study and to undertions, and the architectural forms of beauty stand.” which distinguished the monuments of our This extract will give our readers some world's early history. Colonel Rawlinson idea of what Mr. Fergusson seeks to accomhas already done much towards deciphering plish. He despairs not of doing that for Asthe inscriptions which have been found in the syria which has already been done for Egypt. great Assyrian ruins ; and Mr. Fergusson, But we cannot follow him in his lengthened partly by his architectural skill, and partly | inductions. They are, however, those of a by a close attention to the question of chrono- mind of the first rank, and will be read by persons of intellectual taste and habit with believe it firmly, and to exercise powerful the greatest possible interest. With the aid | affections in view of it. He makes the truth of Rawlinson, Layard, and Fergusson, there efficacious, by bringing the heart effectually is every probability of our attaining to some- to love and obey it.” thing like accurate conceptions of the chrono- The fourth volume consists of " Letters to logical epochs of Ancient Assyria. He fol- Unitarians;" and other Letters occasioned by lows flerodotus, and not Ctesias. In this these, or connected with them. he differs from Rawlinson, but agrees with The fifth volume contains Letters to Young Layard.
Ministers ; Essays on the Philosophy of the To those who take interest in the recent Mind ; and Remarks on Cause and Effect, in discoveries in Nineveh this volume will be a connexion with Fatalism and Free Agency. most acceptable boon.
These are followed by a considerable number
of Sermons, delivered on a variety of interestTHE WORKS OF LEONARD Woods, D.D., ing and public occasions. Many of them are
lately Professor of Christian Theology in the Funeral Sermons for distinguished men, or Theological Seminary, Andover, United States. eminent ministers, and will be lasting memoVols. 3, 4, and 5.
rials of the discriminating power of the auIt is with great satisfaction we can an. thor's mind, and of the kindly and benignant nounce the completion of these valuable affections of his heart; as well as of his involumes, and their appearance in this coun- tense love to the truth and to the cause of try. Last year we introduced to the public Christ. Several of the discourses, of peculiar the two former volumes, and recommended power and value, were delivered at ordinethem strongly to our readers, and especially tions; and not a few at the Chapel of the to students and to young ministers. The Theological Seminary. May it please God contents of the three remaining volumes fully long to spare the author of these valuable sustain the high estimation we before ex- works, in comfortable health, in happiness, pressed.
and in usefulness, although in comparative The third volume completes the Lectures retirement from his arduous and successful on Theology, which consist of one hundred labours; and may the spirit of his theological and twenty-eight Lectures. The third volume | lectures pervade all our colleges for the educommences with Lectures on Regeneration. cation of the rising ministry! The first of these replies, to the inquiry :“ Does the Holy Spirit, in Regeneration, ac THE RELIGION of GeoLOGY AND ITS CONdirectly on the Sinner's mind ?” Dr. Woods NECTED SCIENCES. BY EDWARD HITCHably maintains, “ thoi as the effect produced in COCK, D.D., LL.D., President of Amherst regeneration is in the mind itself, so must the College, and Professor of Natural Theology influence be which produces it." “ The dis- and Geology. 8vo. pp. 484. order to be remedied lies in the heart; and
David Bogue, Fleet-street. where but to the heart is the remedy to be Dr. Hitchcock's standing, as a writer upon applied? There is nothing faulty anywhere, scientific and religious subjects, is well known except in the mind itself; and the change to and highly appreciated. Geology has been be eilected must be effected there. Man's one of his favourite studies, for many years, disposition--the state of his affections --- is and long before it became popular in circles opposed to spiritual things. Ilis heart is de strictly reverential to the data of Revelation, praved. The Divine Spirit must act upon His earliest tractates on the subject were conthe heart itself. Do you say, lle acts uponceived and written in the true spirit of a the truths of religion, so as to render them Christian philosopher ; though then there ellectual ; that He imparts power to motives, were not a few enlightened men, in America so that they excite and persuade the sinner and in Great Britain, who were alarmed at to repent and believe? Let us examine this the conclusions, or rather tendencies, of the notion. Take the truth, that God so loved geological theories advocated by him and the world as to give his Son to die for us. others who thought with him. Many of the The text is before the eyes of the believer fears which then agitated the minds of inand the unbeliever. They both read it, and telligent and good men have gradually subread it alike. But the effect is different, and sided; and our increased acquaintance with that effect is in the mind. The precise differ- the actual state of the globe we inhabit has ence is this:-- the believer discerns the excel- led to the general conclusion, in intelligent lence of the truth, and loves it, but the un-circles, that the account given by Moses in believer does not. The power of Divine the Book of Genesis is perfectly compatible trutlı over the believer is precisely this:--he with the remote antiquity of the globe, which feels powerfully towards it-or las a strong the actual discoveries of geology seem to deaffeclin for it--lores it intensely. And the mand. In fact, the danger to Revelation Spirit of God gives power to the truth, by would seem to be more formidable in adcausing the mind to discern it clearly, to hering to ancient theories, than in admitting
what the geologist requires, --in era of this of this volume (for facts they are, and facts world's history ante-dating, many a long age, in Popish history), it might abate somewhat the existence of man. He asks not that the of his vaunting description of his intolerant origin of man should be regarded as different and persecuting community. Mr. Timpson from what Moses represents it to be ;-all he has done good service, in collecting into one demands is, that it should not be assumed portable volume, the best records extant of without proof, nay, in the midst of proof that iniquitous thing called the Inquisition, to the contrary, that there were no other which, thank God! could never have realized states or revolutions of the globe before man an existence, except under Roman Catholic became its inbabitant.
auspices. It is assuredly the fitting appenDr. Hitchcock's Lectures, contained in the dage of an infallible church ; though, in its volume which we now introduce to our working, it has resembled more the work of readers, will be found very instructive on a fiends than of men. Let no one suppose that vast variety of topics connected with the the antichristian apostasy has ever parted discoveries of modern geology.
The difficul- with this instrument of terror, except when ties which arise in ordinary minds, in refer. compelled ; or that it will not resort to it ence to this branch of science, are handled whenever it dare. It is a persecutor at heart, with great skill and delicacy; and we should and on principle, and will always persecute hope that the result would be the removal when it can. So will all kindred systems, of many scruples; or at least a determina- when they have the
power. tion to become acquainted with the actual This is just the book wanted, in these state of facts which geology has disclosed to times——to show up Rome in her own frightful the view of mankind.
colours. The English mind needs to be reThe Lectures are XIV., on the following instructed in the history of the past, and to topics: I. Revelation Illustrated by Science. be warned against all sympathy with a sysII. The Epoch of the Earth's Creation un- tem which has fattened upon the wreck of revealed. III. Death universal law of Or- | humanity. ganic Beings on this globe from the beginning. Mr. Timpson's work “ contains the subIV. The Noachian Deluge compared with the stance of the valuable works of Limborch, LloGeological Deluges. V. The World's sup- rente, Dellon, Gavin, Buchanan, Bower, posed Eternity. VI. Geological Proofs of Newton, Gibbon, Watson, Ranke, Sismondi, the Divine Benevolence. VII. Divine Jones, Puigblanch, Edgar, Elliott, Mendham, Benevolence as exhibited in a Fallen World. Gresler, Dowling, D'Aubigné, De Costro, VIII. Unity of the Divine Plan and Opera- Achilli, and many others, regarding the Intion in all ages of the World's History. IX. quisition.” The Hypothesis of Creation by law. X. The historical accuracy of the work may Special and Miraculous Providence. XI. be relied on. Let Englishmen read it; and The future Condition and Destiny of the then side with Rome, if they think that its Earth. XII. The Telegraphic System of the Holy Inquisiton belongs to the mild and merUniverse. XIII. The vast Plans of Jehovah. ciful Redeemer. We believe it to be of its XIV. Scientific Truth, rightly understood, is father the devil. Religious Truth.
All these interesting topics are handled 1. SUGGESTIONS FOR A REFORM OF THE with great acuteness, and vast comprehension OFFICE OF BAPTISM. By an ATTACHCD) of mind. The only fault we find with the MEMBER of the Church of ENGLAND. volume is, that the Author has taken too 8vo. pp. 16. much for granted the knowledge of his
Hamilton, Adains, and Co. readers. Had he taken a little more pains to 2. AN ENQUIRY INTO THE TRUE PRINCIPLE explain principles, he would thereby have UPON WHICH BAPTISM IS ADMINISTERED adapted his book to a wider circle. But we TO INFANTS; in a Letter to a Member of the have a full conviction that his labours will Middle Temple. By an ATTACHED MEYtempt research; and, if so, there is an advan. BER of the CHURCH of ENGLAND. 8vo. tage even in his reserves.
Hamilton, Adams, and Co. THE INQUISITION REVEALED ; in its Origin 3. SCRIPTURAL REVISION OF THE LITURGY.
Policy, Cruelties, and Ilistory, with Memoirs A Remedy for Anglican Assumption and
R. Groombridge and Sons.
THESE three pamphlets are distinct sigus Ir Cardinal Wiseman would "read, mark, of the times. They are the productions of learn, and in wardly digest,” the terrible facts Episcopalians and of Churchmen ; but as
Nonconformists we are interested in them. I look to tradition equally, in their different We know that if the Establishment is not ways, as their only sure stronghold. greatly changed, it will become an enormous instrument for evil to our country and man- Paul's “ MAN OF Sin,” Identified with Papal kind. We hail honest reformers, therefore, Antichrist, by John MORISON, D.D., LL.D., within its pale; and would not judge them of Brompton. pp. 70. harshly, because they have liberty of con
London: W. F. Ramsay. science to remain at their posts. If they This discourse is founded on Paul's probelieve not in baptismal regeneration, they phetic passage respecting the “ Man of Sin," must be reformers, or dishonest men. Would and is one of the most masterly expositions that their numbers were multiplied a thou- of that passage we remember to have seen. sand-fold! It would minister to the good of It enters into a thorough analysis of the our country. But there is an awful and phraseology of the apostle; traces the rise, portentous hush among the evangelical clergy. progress, and consummation of the Papal They seem afraid to speak out. But, if deli- system; and shows in a manner singularly verance is to be wrought for them, they must conclusive that, beyond any other form of speak out much more boldly. They have superstition, it unites in itself all the attribeen, as we think, wasting their opportunities; butes and characteristics of the “Man of and one is sometimes tempted to think that Sin.” After an able and pertinent introducthey would be willing to let the Puseyites tion, the following are the topics which Dr. remain in the Establishment, if the them- Morison discusses :—Paul's Warning as to the selves were not excluded. Much more deter- Coming of the Lord; The Apostasy to precede mined measures, and a more intense love of the Coming of the Lord; The Advent of an cardinal truths, must obtain, if either the Agent opprobriously designated as the Result Liturgy or the discipline of the Episcopate is of the Apostasy; The Prophetic Attributes of to be reformed. The assumptions of aposto- the “ Man of Sin;" The Predicted Destiny of lical succession, the priestly status of the the Adverse Power Described; Prophetic Notes clergy, the whole theory of sacramental of the Great Apostasy. The discussion of grace, must be abandoned, if any thing worthy these important and deeply interesting points of the name of reform is effected.
is wound up with a solemn and trumpetBut we are delighted to find some good toned appeal to Protestants, on the duty and and holy men beginning to speak out. We necessity of striving to withstand the progress wish them all success, though they are not of Popery, whether found creeping and hisswith us.
If they prevail, the advantage willing serpent-like among the Puseyites, or be for the Christian world at large, and we flaunting like a bedizened harlot among the shall have our share of the benefit. But the avowed Romanists. task is a mighty one, and can only be effected But instead of entering into anything like by combination, a spirited press, and deep and a lengthened eulogy as a commendation of this strong conviction on the part of those who discourse, we shall present an extract or two, move in the great and salutary reform. which will attest its excellence beyond any
The pamphlets named at the head of this remarks we might offer. On the head, “ The article are the productions of persons whom Advent of an Agent opprobriously designated we know to be right-hearted, and who sigh as the Result of the Apostasy,” the Doctor and mourn over the existing state of things. observes:The proposed reform of the baptismal service, “ Let us look at the titles of this terrific if not so searching as we could wish, would agent, and then try and ascertain who he is. vitally alter the revolting and objectionable First, he is called the man of sin.' The office as it now stands in the Book of Common phrase is Jewish, and denotes a man prePrayer.
eminently flagitious—an example of concenThe second tract contains much that we trated and insufferable depravity. The use approve, in treating of the grounds of Infant of the article, as in the case of the apostasy, Baptism; though we know not how, upon intensifies the appellation, and seems to point the principles advocated, baptism could be to him as a person who should be well known administered to the children of the ungodly in the history of the Christian Church for his parents of a whole parish.
deeds of unexampled infamy and crime. The third and largest work is a bold and “ His next title is, the son of perdition.' honest attack upon all high-church notions; It is not a little remarkable that this is the and is well calculated to lay open the vul- very title given to Judas, the arch-betrayer, nerable parts of the Anglo-catholic system, by the Holy One of God’ (John xvii. 12). which has no defence to set up against Rome; The phrase, like the former one, is Jewish, the only way to pull down Rome and it too, and denotes one who is given over to destrucbeing to take at once to the weapons of the tion. But as the fearful doom of Judas arose Bible. Against these, neither Dr. Wiseman out of his crime, we are mainly reminded, in nor Dr. Pusey can stand; and hence they the appellation given to him, of the heinous
ness of his offence in betraying the Son of man being, however tremendous in personal man with a kiss,' and selling him to the Jews attributes, but rather a representative agent for thirty pieces of silver.' And so in look and head of some huge system of religious ing at the phrase, the son of perdition,' as apostasy ; produced whenever the apostasy applied to the representative of the predicted had power to do so, and perpetuated and reapostasy, we tix our indignant gaze upon him produced as long as the apostasy was suffered, as the betrayer of Christ, under the guise of in God's moral government, to survive. “The pretended friendship.
man of sin’ of whom Paul speaks, was ready “ Doubtless he is the son of perdition,' as in his day to be revealed; he would then doomed to the due reward of his crimes ; but have found his place and his status, if somehe stands out, in the language of the apostle, thing had not stood in the way ; but that branded with all the infamy of the arch-be- something—and we shall see what it was trayer of the Son of man.'
prevented his advent. Ile could not, then, “ The third title applied by Paul to the be an individual isolated man ; nor could he atrocious character of whom he speaks is, be a character whose advent was to be de
that wicked, or the wicked one;' for again ferred to the end of the world, for the elethe article is used, which is a sort of special ments of his manifestation were all at work ; mark, indicative of the horrible depravity and whenever an existing impediment was which he either embodies or sanctions in the removed out of the way, he was to be fully system over which he presides.
revealed. Where, then, are we to look in history for “I can find these conditions nowhere but this agent, whose formidable status, yea, whose in the Papal system ; the great Roman aposvery existence, according to Paul, arose out tasy, with its accredited head. In Paul's use of the early corruptions of the Christian faith? of epithets which imply personality, there is As we contemplate the man of sin,'—the nothing inconsistent with the theory which son of perdition,'—' that wicked one,' we we adopt. Rome, ever since it became apostrace his originating cause in that. mystery tate, has always been represented by a living, of iniquity, of which the apostle tells us that personal, human head, who embodies its auit did already work' in his day. It is not a thority, and administers its laws. Let me mere sequence of events of which Paul here also remark that, to speak of a successional speaks; but a connected series of relative head as if he were an individual person, manifestations of the same great system of though he may be multiplied and reproduced moral and spiritual evil, tracing back to that indefinitely, is by no means inconsistent either apostasy, or falling away from the simpli- with common or scriptural usage. The king city that is in Christ Jesus,' which began or head of a political dynasty or kingdom to operate with such baneful effect in the never dies, though all kings are mortal ; just apostolic age.
because the law has provided for a successor, “ If, then, we cannot find this extraordi- with all his legal attributes, that the throne nary agent of evil in palpable relationship to ' may never be strictly vacated. Thus, in the that ' mystery of iniquity' which had begun Book of Daniel, the 7th and 8th chapters, to operate in the days of Paul, we shall de- and in the 13th chapter of the Apocalypse, spair of finding him at all, or of his ever a single beast represents a kingdom or embeing found at any future period in the his- pire, though that empire passes through a tory of the world. Something prevented his series of successive changes and revolutions. revelation in Paul's day ; and but for that The woman, too, arrayed in purple and scarsomething, there were elements at work which let, of whom we read in the Book of Revelawould have produced his revelation. I gather tion (chap. xvii. 4), refers to no single wotwo conclusions from this fact : the first is, man, but is the meretricious counterfeit of that the 'apostasy,' and the revelation of another symbolic woman clothed with the "the man of sin,' are events which stand in sun, with the moon under her feet. Indeed, the relation to each other of cause and effect; the word 'king' is employed by Daniel the apostasy' was the parent of the man of (chap. vii. 2; ix. 36) in two passages, to sin. My second conclusion is, that the man which I cannot but think Paul refers in the of sin' cannot be some individual isolated text, to portray a succession of kings, all man, who was to perform the part assigned representing and upholding the same huge to him in the great drama of prophecy, and system of moral and spiritual turpitude. then to pass off the stage of time like any “ I conclude, then, from all these and other other man, having done his dreadful work. considerations, that a successional, and not an The apostle's language, unless it were con- individual' man of sin’ is predicted by Pan). structed to deceive, forbids this ; for he tells The work assigned to the agent described is the Thessalonians that his man of sin' would not that of a single human lite, but of various even then be revealed, but for an intercepting and successive persons, occupying the same power. Such a man of sin,' then, as he de position, and representing the same system. scribes, could not be any singlo isolated hu. Where can we find one so notorious as Paul's