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EXPLAINED AND DEFENDED,

SERIES OF SERMONS:

By

TIMOTHY DWIGHT, S. T. D. L.L. D

LATE PRESIDENT OF YALE COLLEGE.

WITH A

MEMOIR

of

THE LIFE OF THE AUTHOR.

IN FOUR WOLUMES.

NINTH EDITION.

WOL. III.

NEW H A V E N:
PUBLISHED BY T. Dwight & son,
AND SOLD BY LEAV ITT, LORD & Co.
180 BROADWAY, NEW YORK
1836.

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CONTENTS OF THE THIRD WOLUME.

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Page
ERMON LXXXVII. Regeneration. Its Consequenses: Perseverance.—
Prov. iv. 18. - - - - - - - - 5
SERMON LXXXVIII. Regeneration. Its Evidences: What are not Evi-
dences.—2 Cor. xiii. 5. - - - - - - 15
SERMON LXXXIX. Regeneration. Its Evidences: What are real Evi-
dences.—2 Cor. xiii. 5. - - - - - - . 27
SERMON XC. Regeneration. Its Evidences: Difficulties attending the
application of these Evidences to ourselves.—2 Cor. xiii. 5. - • 41
SERMON XCI. The Law of God. Its Perfect Character: Comprehended
in the Two Great Commandments.-Psalm xix. 7. - - 53
SERMON XCII. The Law of God. The First Great Commandment: Love
to God.— Mark xii. 28–30. - - - - - - 63
SERMON XCIII. The Law of God. The First Great Commandment: Rev-
erence of God.—Job xxviii. 28. - - - - - 73
SERMON XCIV. The Law of God. The First Great Commandment: Hu-
mility—1 Pet. v. 5. - - - - - - - 85
SERMON XCV. The Law of God. The First Great Commandment : Re- *
signation.—Luke xxii. 41, 42. - - - - - - 97
SERMON XCVI. The Law of God. The Second Great Commandment:
Love to our Neighbour.—Mark xii. 31. - - - - 110

SERMON XCVII. The Law of God. The Second Great Commandment:
The Effects of Benevolence on Personal Happiness.-Acts xx. 35. - 121
SERMON XCVIII. The Law of God. The Second Great Commandment:

The Effects of Benevolence on Public Happiness.-Acts xx. 35. - 136
SERMON XCIX. The Law of God. The Second Great Commandment:
Utility the Foundation of Virtue.—Acts xx. 35. - - - 150
SERMON C. The Law of God. Comprehended in the Decalogue: The
First Commandment.—Ex. xx. 3. - - - - 163
SERMON CI. The Law of God. The Second Commandment.—Ex. xx.
4–6. - - - - - - - - - 174
SERMON CII. The Law of God. The Third Commandment: The Na-
ture of Profaneness.-Er. xx. 7. - - - - • 186
SERMON CIII. The Law of God. The Third Commandment: The Guilt
of Profaneness.-Ex. xx. 7. - - - - - - 199
SERMON CIV. The Law of God. The Third Commandment: The Danger
of Profaneness.-Ez. xx. 7. - - - • 211
SERMON CV. The Fourth Commandment. The Perpetuity of the Sab-
bath-Er. xx. 8–11. - - - - - - - 222
SERMON CVI. The Fourth Commandment. The Perpetuity and Change
of the Sabbath.-Er. xx. 8–11. - - - - • 233

SERMON CWII. The Fourth Commandment. Objections answered.—Heb.
iv. 9. - - - - - - - - - 265

8ERMON CVIII. The Fourth Commandment. The Manner in which the Page

Sabbath is to be observed.—Is. lviii. 18, 14. - - - - 261

$ERMON CIX. The Fourth Commandment. Reflections on the Sabbath.-

Ex. xx. 11. - - - - - - - - 273

#ERMON CX. The Fifth Commandment. The Duty of Children.—Ez.
xx. 12. - - - - - - - - - 287
SERMON CXI. The Fifth Commandment. The Duty of Parents.-Prov.
xxii. 6. - - - - - - - - • 299
SERMON CXII. The Fifth Commandment. The Duty of Parents.-Prov.
xxii. 6, - - - - - - - - - 311
SERMON CXIII. The Fifth Commandment. The Duty of Rulers.-Ez.
xx. 12. - - - - - - - - - 323
SERMON CXIV. The Fifth Commandment. The Duty of Subjects.-Ez.
xx. 12. - - - - - - - - - 336

SERMON CXV. The Sixth Commandment.—Killing; when Lawful; and

when Unlawful.—Ex. xx. 13. - - - - - - 347

SERMON CXVI. The Sixth Commandment. Duelling.—Ex. xx. 13. • 357

SERMON CXVII. The Sixth Commandment. Suicide.—Er. xx. 13. 369

SERMON CXVIII. The Eighth Commandment. Drunkenness-Eph. v. 18. 382

SERMON CXIX. The Seventh Commandment. The Origin, Nature, and

Benefits of Marriage.—Ex. xx. 14. - - - - - 395

SERMON CXX. The Seventh Commandment. Lewdness.-Er. xx. 14. 407
SERMON CXXI. The Seventh Commandment. Polygamy, Divorce.—

JMall. xix. 3–11. - - - - - - - 419

SERMON CXXII. The Eighth Commandument. Idleness. Prodigality.—

Er. xx. 15. - - - - - - - - 435

SERMON CXXIII. The Eighth Commandment. Fraud.—Ex. xx. 15. 448

SERMON CXXIV. The Eighth Commandment. Gaming.—Ex. xx. 15. 462

SERMON CXXV. The Ninth Commandment. The Nature and Importance

of Truth and Veracity.—Er. xx. 16. - - - - - 474

SERMON CXXVI. The Ninth Commandment The Nature and Causes of
Lying.—Ex. xx. 16. - - - - - - - 485
‘SERMON CXXVII. The Ninth Commandment. The Mischiefs and Pre-
- ventives of Lying.—Ex. xx. 16. - - - - - 496

*SERMON CXXVIII. The Ninth Commandment. Slander.—Ex. xx. 16. 514
SERMON CXXIX The Tenth Commandment. Contentment.—Er. xx. 17. 526
SERMON CXXX. The Tenth Commandment. Charity.—1 Tim. vi. 17–19. 537
SERMON CXXXI. The Tenth Commandment. Avarice.—1 Tim. vi. 9, 10, 548

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Phoverths iv. 18.-The path of the just is as the shining light, which shineth moro and more unto the perfect day.

IN the preceding discourse I observed that the text naturally teaches us the following doctrines : I. That the holiness of the Christian is a beautiful object; II. That it increases as he advances in life; III. That it continues to the end. The two first of these doctrines I have already examined. I will now proceed to a consideration of the third. As this doctrine has been, and still is, vigorously disputed; it will be necessary to make it the subject of a particular examination. In doing this I shall first adduce several arguments as a direct proof of the doctrine; and shall then answer the principal objections. 1st. It is irrational to suppose, that God would leave a work, towards which so much has been done, unaccomplished. To effectuate the salvation of such as believe in Christ, God has sent him, to become incarnate, to live a life of humiliation and suffering, and to die upon the cross. He has raised him from the dead, exalted him at his own right hand, and constituted him, at once, an Intercessor for his children, and the Head over all things unto the Church. He has also sent the Spirit of grace, to complete, by his almighty energy, this work of infinite mercy, in sanctifying, enlightening, and quickening, the soul, and conducting it to heaven. Now, let me ask, Is it not in the nature of the case incredible, that Jehov AH should commence, and carry on, this work, with such an amazing apparatus of labour and splendour, and leave it unfinished? Is it not incredible, that an Omniscient and Omnipotent Being should form a purpose of this nature; should discover in this wonderful manner, that he had it so much at heart; and should yet suffer himself to be frustrated in the end? Who can reconcile this supposition with the perfections of God? 2dly. The continuance of saints in holiness follows irresistibly from their Election. It is unnecessary for the purposes of this discourse, that I should inquire into the metaphysical nature of Election. It is sufficient for my design, that saints are declared, abundantly throughout the Scriptures, to be chosen of God. Thus, Rev. xvii. 14, the Angel declares to John concerning the followers of the Lamb, that they

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