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By Preaching of Repentance, and, By the Preaching Repentance, are both judged to be improper. These Sentences are partly elliptical, and partly not so, and from hence the Impropriety seems to arise. Preaching, in either Form, is a Substantive distinguished by the Sense, and a Preposition prefixt to it: Nor is the Noun following governed by the supposed verbal Force of the Word, Preaching, but by the Preposition expressed or understood.
" Well is Him. Wo is me. Wo unte. “ you."
These Sentences are all elliptical, and partly explain each other.
Well is, it for Him. Wo is to me. Wo is unto you.
To have Recourse to a fupposed dative Case is therefore quite unnecessary.
: - My Father is greater than I. She “ loves hiin better than me."
My Father is greater than I am. She loves him better than fbe loves me.
« To let Blood. To let down."
To let out Blood; or, To let Blood run out. To let it fall or side down.
“To go a Fishing. To go a Hunting.
To go a Fishing Voyage. To go on a Hunting Party.
“ To walk a Mile. To sleep all “ Night.”
To walk through the Space of a Mile. To sleep through all the Night.
“ A hundred Sheep.. A thousand * Men."
A Flock of one Hundred Sheep. A Company of one Thousand Men.
“That Man has a Hundred a Year."
That Man has an Income of a Hundred Pounds in a Year,
" A few Men. " Men.”
A great many
A Hundred, a Thousand, Few, Many, are to be considered as collective Nouns, and distinguished as such by the fingular Article.
A few (i. e, a small Number) of Men. A great many (i. e. a great Number) of Men.
“ He is the better for you. The " deeper the Well, the clearer the • Water."
An Article seems, for the most part, to be the Sign of a Noun either expressed or understood; and the above Sentences may be resolved thus:
He is the better Man for you. The deeper Well, the Well.is, the clearer Water, the Water is.
“ He descending, the Doors being * shut.”
This is commonly called the Case or State abfolute, and, in English, the Pronoun must be in the Nominative, The Sentence seems to be elliptical, and the Meaning is,
While he was descending, while the Doors were shut.
· He came into this World of ours."
“ I am justified in publishing any « Letters of Mr. Locke's.”
In the first of these Instances the genitive Case of the Pronoun comes after the Preposition, but cannot be governed by it, for then it would be the Accusative: It must therefore be governed by some other Word underfood in the Sentence.
He came into this World of our Dwelling, Habitation, &c.
And then omitting the Noun it will be, This World of ours, by the common Rules of Construction.
The other Şentence may be explained after the same Manner.
I am justified in publishing any Letters of Mr. Locke's Writing, Correspondence, &c. i. e. of the Writing or Correspondence of Mr. Locke,
The Use of the genitive Case, in such Instances, seems to be a little uncouth. And here I cannot but ob. ferve, that though, on some occasions, the Genitive has its Propriety and Elegance, yet it thould, in the General, be used with Caution, and much more sparingly, perhaps, than fome Authors have done,