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An Apostrophe [?] marked by a Comma at the Top of a Letter, shews fome Letter or Letters to be there left out; as, lov'd for loved, can't for cannot.
A Quotation ['_' or “_”] marked by inverted Commas, includes a Passage taken from fome Author, or spoken by some other Person.
A Diærefis or Dialysis [ ·· ] marked by two Dots over the latter of two Vowels, shews that what would otherwise be a Diphthong, must be divided into two diftinct Syllables ; as, Agijilaüs, Danaë.
A Hyphen [-] is used to join the Syllables of a Word together, especially such as áre partly in one Line and partly in another ; as, la-bor, befet. It serves also to compound two different Words into one ; as, all-powerful, self-rewarded.
A Careta denotes an Interlineation, and shews where to bring in
what had been omitted in writing. The same Mark when placed over a Vowel is called a Circumflex, and Thews that such Vowel is to be founded long; as, Euphrates, Ariftobulus.
An Elliphs [- -- or -] shews that Part of a Word or Sentence is left out by Design; as, K-g for King ; before I go hence
An Accent ['] placed over a Letter shews where the Stress or Force of a Word lies; as, constant, besét.
A Parenthesis ( ) to be avoided as much as posible, is used to include fome short Sentence within the Body of a larger one, which though not necessary to the Sense, yet should serve to explain or illustrate it,
Brackets or Crotchets [ ] are applied nearly to the same Purpose as a Parenthesis ; and they are also used to include a Reference to some Book or Part of some Book.
A Paragraph  is seldom used except in the Bible, and points out the Beginning of a new Subject.
A Section [S] is used to divide Books or Chapters into smaller Parts. Sometimes it serves also as a Mark of Reference to a Note.
An Index or Hand  points to Something remarkable, that should be particularly noticed.
An Asierisk [*], a Dagger or Obelisk [+], a double Dagger [#], parallel Lines [ll], &c. direct to fome Note or Remark in the Margin, or at the Bottom of the Page.
A Brace [da] couples Words or Lines together, that have a Relation to the same Thing; and is chiefly used in Poetry, where three Lines rhyme alike.
Direnions for writing CAPITALS.
Capitals or great Letters must never be written in the Middle or at the End
of any Word, but only at the Beginning, and in the following Cases:
At the Beginning of any Book, Chapter, Paragraph, Writing, Letter, or Discourse : At the Beginning of a new Sentence, after a Period or full Stop: At the Beginning of any Speech, netable Saying, or Quotation, though a full Stop does not immediately precede it : At the Beginning of all proper Names of Special Titles of Persons, Places, or Things: At the Beginning of the Names of the Trinity, or any Word or Term that signifies God: At the Beginning of every Line in Poetry, and every l'erfe in the Bible: In the Pronoun I, and the Interjection 0.
Some Authors, even of the first Eminence, choose to begin every Substantive with a Capital ; fome, the next Word after a Colon; and others, remarkable Adjectives, and such as are put absolutely: But this Method of writing is at present but very little folo lowed.
GRAMM A R*,
THE ENGLISH TONGUE.
N English there are tin Kinds of
Article, Noun, Adjective, Pronoun, Verb, Participle, Adverb, Conjunction, Preposition, and Interjection.
* From the Greek Word Gramma, a Letter: And is the Art of expreffing our Thoughts with Propriety, either in Speaking or Writing.