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Of an ARTICLE..
N Article is a part of Speech
set Nouns to fix their vague Signification: as, a Man, the Man; an, House, the House. The Articles are, an, a, and the.
Of a NOUN.
Name of any person, place, or Thing: as, John, London, Honor, Goodness.
4. There are two Numbers : The Singular, which speaks of one ; as, a Man. a Troop: and the Plural, which speaks of more than one ; as, Men, Troops.
5. The Plural is usually formed by adding s to the Singular : as, Noun, Nouns ; Verb, Verbs.
* From the Latin Word Articulus, a Joint, or small Part.
† From Nornen, a Name.
6. When the Singular ends in o, s, *, ch, or sh, the Plural is formed by adding the Syllable es : as, Cargo, Cargoes; Miss, Miles; Box, Boxes; Peach, Peaches ; Brush, Brushes.
7. When the Singular ends in f, or fe, the Plural is formed by changing the f, or fe, into ves: as, Half, Halves; Life, Lives: except Dwarf, Grief, Hoof, &c. which take s only to make the Plural. Words that end in ff make the Plural likewise by adding ? only : as, Muff, Muffs ; Bailiff, Bailiffs ; except Staff, which makes Staves.
8. When the Singular ends in y, or ey, the Plural is formed by changing the y, or ey, into ies; as, Lady, Ladies; Valley, Vallies: except Alley, Alleys; Convoy, Convoys ; Covey, Coveys.
9. Sometimes the Plural is formed by adding the Syllable en; as, Ox, Oxen : sometimes by changing the Vowel; as, Man, Men: and sometimes by changing the Vowels and Consonants; as, Penny, Pence; Moufe, Mice.
10. Some few Words, coming immediately from the Hebrew, form the Pural by adding im, or in, to the Singulur; as, Cherub, Cherubim, or Cherubin ; Seraph, Seraphim, or Seraphin. Some from the Greek, ending in on, change the on into a: as, Phænomenon, Phenomena. Some, from the Latin in us, change the us into i: as, Radius, Radii ; Magus, Magi.
11. Some Nouns have no Plural; as, Wheat, &c. others no Singular ; as, Ashes, &c. and some are the same in both Numbers; as, Sheep, &c.
12. There are two Genders*; the Masculinet, and the Feminine.
13. The Masculine denotes the Hea kind : as, a Man ; a Prince.
14: The Feminine denotes the Shea kind : as, a IVonian ; a Princess.
* From Genus, a Sex or Kind.
From Fencina, a Woman.
15. Nouns signifying Things without Life, are properly of no Gender : as, a Pen; a Table.
16. By a common Figure in the English Tongue, the Sun is of the Majculine ; the Moon, the Churih, Ships, and frequently Countries and Virtues, such as France, Spain, Faith, Hope, &c. are of the feminine Gender.
17. Here likewise it may be necefsary to observe,
Masc. Bullock Cock Count Duke Dog Deacon Drake Elector Executor Emperor Father Friar Governor Gander Husband Horse Heir Hunter Jew King Lord Lad Loi Marquis Man Master Milier
Woman - Mistress Spawner