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Nom. They


Acc. theirs, their thein.

26. Who, whoforver, and the pronoininal Adjectives, one, other, and another, are thus varied.

Singular and Plural.

Nom. Gen.

Acc. Who whose whom whosoever whofefoever whomsoever


Sing. Nom. Gen. One

ones other other's another anothers


other, others

nitive Cases of the primitive Pronouns ; and niy, thy, &c. to be pronominal Adjectives derived from them : But as his and its, which are confefedly genitive Cafes, are joined to Nouns, as well as my, thy; &c. I thought best to range them as I have done above, and full provide for the proper Ole of each Variation in the Rules of Syntax,

27. The 27. The following have, Of a VERB.*


Plu. This

these that

those myself, oneself, ourself | ourselves thyself, yourself yourselves himself, herself, itself themselves

28. Those that follow are further distinguished by their Genders. Masc. Fem. No Gender. He she

it his hers

its him

her himself herself itself

29. Pronominal Adjectives, such as ten, forty, fifty, &c. and some others, seem to have a genitive Case regularly formed by adding s to the Nominative: as, ten, tens.

Note. The other Pronouns, which, what, &c. have no Variation.

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Verb is a Word that fignifies

the Action or Being of a Perfon, Place, or Thing: as, the Man calls; the City stands; the Tree falls;


I am.

31. The Verb that signifies merely Being is Neuter : as, I am; he is. Verbs that fignify Doing are Active : as, I speak the Word; I wrote the Letter. Verbs that express Something suffered or sustained by the Object, are Passive: as, I am loved; Hannibal was conquered at last.

* From Verbum, a Word; a Verb being the principal Word in a Sentence.

Note 31. Properly speaking, there is no pafive Verb in the Englijb Language for though I am loved, is commonly called a paljive Verb, yet loved is no part of the Verb, but a Participle, or Adjective, derived of the Verb, love.

I am very sensible that the greatest Man,* perhaps, that ever wrote on this Subject, * Dr. Lowth, followed by Buchanan.

32. The Noun or Pronoun that stands before the active Verbs in the above Examples, may be called the Agent, and that which stands before the neuter, the Subject of the Verb: But the Noun or Pronoun that

follows the active Verbs,

is of a different Opinion. Hé savs, “ There « are three Kinds of Verbs ; active, pasive, 66 and neuter." And when he comes to the grammatical Resolution of this Senterce," In “ whom I am well pleased,” he tells us" That am is the indicative Mode, present " Time, and first Person singular of the neuter $6 Verb, to be; well, an Adùerb; pleased, sthe passive participle of the Verb, to please, « making with the auxiliary Verb, am, a pasive Verb." The Confideration of this, I must confess, could by no Means induce me to suppress the above Note.

In Parsing, every Word should be considered as a diftin& Part of Speech: For though two or more Words may be united to form a Mode, a Tense, or a Comparison ; yet it seems quite improper to uniie two or more words to make a Noon, a Verb, an Adjective, &c.

Verbs intransitive, or such as do not pass over or convey their Force to any Object, as Deep, walk, run, &c. are commonly, though perhaps not very properly, called neuter Verbs.



in the same Examples, may be called the Object of the Verb.

33. There are four Modes, * or Ways of using the Verb; the Indicative, the Imperative, the Potential, and the Infinitive.

34. The Indicative t expresses the Aětion or Being, direEtly and absolutely : as, I am; he loves.

35. The Imperative I commands or forbids: as, come; go ; fear him ; love him.

36. The Potential s expresses the Action or Being, as posible or impalible, fit or unfit: as, I may love; I may not love.

From Modus, a Manner. + From indico, to new, # From impero, to command. Ś From potentialis (à poflum), to be able.

Note 36. This Mode or Form of the Verb does not, I think, in any Case coincide with the Indicative. It always has fome Respect to the Power, Will, &c. of the Agent, by which,

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