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when joined in a Sentence with the neuter Verb: as, “ It was written (not it was wrote) in Hebrew."

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125. That Form of the Tenses in Verbs, which is diftinguished by the aftive Participle, is used with strict Propriety, when we would express the Continuance of an Action: as, I have been writing a long Time; I Mall be writing all the Week.”

126. The auxiliary Signs, do and did, and their Inflections, doth, dofi, or does, and didst, ought to be used only for the Sake of Emphasis : as, “I do love; he did go."

127. Shall is used in the first Person barely to express the future Action or Event; as, “ I shall do it:” But, in the second and third, it promises, or commands; as, “ You shall do it.On the contrary, will, in the second and third Persons, barely exprefies the future Action or Event; as,

66 You will do it:” But, in the first, it promises, or threatens; as, 46 I will do it

128. The

128. The Terminations eth, ed; and the participial Form of the Verb, are used in the grave and formal Style: but s, 'd, and the form of the past Tense, in the free and familiar Style: as (gravely),

* He hath loved; 'The Man hath spoken, and still speaketh ;" (familiarly), “ He has lov'd; The Man has spoke, and still speaks."

129. When two Nouns come together with the Preposition of between then, denoting Pollefion, the latter may be made the genitive Cafe, and fet before the other: as, “ The Property of the Men; The Men's Property."

130. Pronouns must always agree with the Nouns for which they ftand, or to which they refer, in Number, Perfon, and Gender:

: as,

- The Sun thines, and his Raceisappointed to himn; The Moon appears, and

the shines with Light, but not her own; The Sea swelís, it roars,

NOTE 129. Nouns of the plural Number, that end in s, will not very properly admit of the genitive Cafe. H2


and what can repel its Force? This Man, These Women."

131: The neuter Pronoun, by an Idiom peculiar to the English Language, is frequently joined in explanatory Sentences with a Noun or Pronoun of the masculine or feminine Gender: : as,

" It is I; It was the Man, or Woman that did it.”

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132. When two or more Nouns or Pronouns, of different Persons, are joined in a Sentence, the Pronoun, which refers to them, must agree with the first Person in Preference to the fecond, and with the second in Preference to the third: as, Thou and thy Father are both in the same Fault, and ye ought to confess it; The Captain and I fought on the fame Ground, and after

Note 131. Though this seems to be an indefinite Ule of the neuter Pronoun, as expressive of some Caule or Subject of Inquiry, without any Respect to Person or Gender; yetg in ftrict Propriety, it cannot be so used with a Noun of the plural Number: thus, “ It was they that did it-" is an Impropriety.


wards we divided the Spoil, and shared it between us.

133. When two or more Nouns or Pronouns of the singular Number are joined together in a Sentence, the Pronoun, which refers to them, must be of the plural Number : as, The King and the Queen had put on their Robes."

134. The genitive Case of a Pronoun is always used, when joined to Noun, to denote Property or Podelion: as, “ My Head and thy Hand." The Head of me and the Hand of thee arc inelegant Expressions.

135. The genitive Cases of the Pronouns, viz. my, thy, &c. are used when joined with Nouns; but mine, thine, &c. when put absolutely, or without their Nouns: as, It is my Book;" or, omitting the Noun, “ It is mine."

The same Thing may be observed of other and others, in the plural Number: as, " The property of other Men;" or,


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without the Noun, " The Property of others."

136. Mine and thine are frequently put for my and thy, before a Word that: begins with a lowel: as;.Mine Eye” for 56

My Eye.”

137. Pronominal Adjectives are only used in the genitive Cale, when put absolutely : as, “I will not do it for tens Sake;"

138. The Adje&tive is usually set before its Substantive: as, “ The second Year; A good Man.” Sometimes, however, for better Sound's Sake, especially in Poetry, the Adjective comes often after its Subftantive : as,

“ The genuine Cause of every Deed


NOTE 135. Thou is used to denote the grealeft Refpeét: as, “ O Tbou most High!" And likewise to denote t': greatest Contempt: as, “ Thou worthless Fellow !"

139. When

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