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139. When Thing or Things is Substantive to an Adjective, the Word Thing or Things is elegantly omitted, and the Adjective is put absolutely, or without its Substantive: as,
66 Who will Thew us any Good?” for, “ Who will shew us any good Thing?”
In many other Cases the Adjective is put absolutely, especially when the Noun has been mentioned before, and is easily understood, though not expressed.
140. In forming the Degrees of Comparison, the Adverbs, more, most, less, leasł, &c. are only used before Adjectives when the Terminations, er and eft, are omitted: as, “ More full, lefs beautiful.”
141. For better Sound's Sake, most Adjectives ending in ive, al, ful, ble, ant, /ome, ing, ish, ous, and some others, must be compared bythe Adverbs,more, mojt, less, leaft, &c as, “ Pensive, more pensive; substantial, more substantial.”
NOTE 141. Adjectives of more than one Syllable generally corne under this Rule.
142. When two Perfons, or Things, are spoken of in a Sentence, and there is Occasion to mention them over again, for the Sake of Distinction, that is used in Reference to the former, and this in Reference to the latter : as,
Self-love, the Spring of Motion,
acts the Soul; Reafon's comparing Balance rules
the whole : * Man but for that no Action could
attend, 69 And but for this were active to
143. That refers both to Persons and Things: as, “The Man that I respect; The Thing that I want, is not here.”
144. The relative Pronoun, who, whose, or whom, is used, when we speak of Persons only; which, when we speak of Things, or want to distinguish one of two or more Persons or Things: as, "I am bound to respect a Man, who has done me a Favor; though he be charge
able with Vices, which I hate. Which of the Men ? Which of the Roads will
145. Who and what also are used in asking Questions : Who, when we inquire for a Man's Name : as,
• IV ho is that Man?” What, when we would know his Occupation, &c.as, “ IV hat is that Man?”
146. The Adverb is always placed immediately before the Adjective, but most commonly after the Verb: as, “A very pious Man prays frequently."
147. The Comparative Adverbs,than, andas, with the Conjunctions, and,nor, or, connect like Cases: as, “ She loves him better than me; John is as tall He and I went together; Neither he nor she came ; Bring it to me or her.”
148. The Conjunctions, if, though, exeept, &c. implying a manifest Doubt or Uncertainty, require the subjunētive Form of Verbs: as, “ Though he play
me, yet will I trust in him; I will not let thee go, except thou bless me; Kiss the Son, left he be angry; If he but Speak the Word ; See thou do it not.”
149. Prepositions always govern the accusative Case of a Pronoun immediately after them: as, “ To me; for them, &c.''
150. After Verbs of fhewing, giving, &c. the Preposition, to, is elegantly omitted before the Pronoun, which, notwithstanding, must be in the Acm cusative: as, "I gave him the Book," ? for, “ I gave to him the Book.”
151. The Preposition, to, is always used before Nouns of Place, after Verbs and Participles of Motion: as, “ I went to London ; I am going to Town.” &c. But the Preposition, at, is always used when it follows the neuter Verb in the
NOTE 148. This form seems to be ellipti. fal, and may be thus refolved : “ Though he pould lay me; Left he should be angry; See thou must do it not, &c.";
fame Case: as, “ I have been at Lona don; I am at the Place appointed." We likewise say, “He touch'd, arriv'd, lives, &c. at any place."
152. The Preposition, in, is fet before Countries, Cities, and large Towns; especially, if they are in the Same Nation : as," He lives in Lon . don, in France, &c.” At is set before Villages, single Houses, and Cities that are in distant Countries: as, “ He lives at Hackney, &c."
153. The Interjections, 0, Oh, and Ah, require the accusative Case of a Pronoun in the first Person: as, “O me, Oh me, Ah me :" But the Nomia native in the second : as, “ O thou, O
No exalt Rules can be given for the Placing of all Words in a Sentence: The easy Flow and the Perspicuity of the Expression are the two Things, which ought to be chiefly regarded.