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In the above Sounds we may observe

the following Similarities.

[blocks in formation]

A is broad in moft Words before id, lk, ll, and lt; as, tald, walk, Il'all, Alfar: It has likewise the broad Sound, for the most part, between w and r, or t; as IVar, Water,

A is

A is narrow in all Words or Syllables that are lengthened by the final e; as, Babe, Blade, Fate, relate: It is likewise narrow in all words compounded with ation; as, Salvation, Relation.

In most other Words the middle Sound prevails.

E

E is for the moft Part narrow when it ends a Word; as, Epitome, Apoltrophe, me, he, she, be; as likewise in all Words compounded with be; as, below, bespeak.

E has most coinmonly the middle Sound when it ends a Syllable, or is net joined in Pronunciation to the following Consonants; as, Lever, Fever, elope, cfcape.

When E is joined to the following Consonants, it is generally pronounced broader ; as, fell, let, bend.

1. I is

I.

I is always broad when the Syllable in which it occurs is made long by the final e; as, Pine, Bite, Lime Also generally when it goes before gh, gn, ld, mb, and nd; as, Sight, Sign, mild, climb, find.

The middle Sound of the I is ufed before rd; as, Bird, third, and occurs but feldom.

I is narrow when pronounced short with a following Contonant; as, Pin, Sin, Mill, till.

0.

O has the second middle Sound when the Syllable in which it stands is lengthened by the final e; as, Tee, Doe, Lobe, Rolie.

For the other Sounds of this Letter, perhaps no certain Rules can be given.

B

U. The

U. The broad Sound of the U is used, when joined in Pronunciation to the following Consonant; as, unto, upon, Gun, Pun.

The middle Sound prevails in those Words that are lengthened by the final l; as, Mule, mute, refuse, abuse.

U is narrow when it comes after r, and is pronounced long, or not immediately joined to the following Confonant; as, rude, Ruby, Ruin.

Y.

r, at the End of a Word of one Syl. lable, or such as are accented on the last syllable, is broad; as, Sky, sly, try, comply: But in the end of words of more than one Syllable, and not accented on the last, it is generally narrow; as, poljibly, Folly, Poverty.

All Vow.ls, when pronounced foort and negligently with a following Con

fonant, fonant, in a Syllable not" accented, have nearly the same Sound; as, Altar, alter, Manor, Murmur, Satyr.

WHE

2a.

Of DIPHTHONGS*.
HEN two Vowels meet in the

fame Syllable, they make what is called a Diphthong.

There are no less than twenty Diphthongs in the English Language ; which with their Sounds are exprefled in the following Tables : Diph. Broad

Middle Narr. S. Balaam Ifaac ai. Praise

Author Aunt Gaugo aw,

Awl ay.

say

Beam Bread Heart ce.

fee ei. Vein

eight George Leopard People

Feud

few
ey.
Eye

Key
* From dis, twice, Phthongos, a Sound,

Diph.

au.

ea.

eo.

eu.

ew.

B 2

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