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In the above Sounds we may observe

the following Similarities.

[blocks in formation]

A is broad in moft Words before id, lk, ll, and lt; as, tald, walk, Il'all, Alfar: It has likewise the broad Sound, for the most part, between w and r, or t; as IVar, Water,

A is

A is narrow in all Words or Syllables that are lengthened by the final e; as, Babe, Blade, Fate, relate: It is likewise narrow in all words compounded with ation; as, Salvation, Relation.

In most other Words the middle Sound prevails.


E is for the moft Part narrow when it ends a Word; as, Epitome, Apoltrophe, me, he, she, be; as likewise in all Words compounded with be; as, below, bespeak.

E has most coinmonly the middle Sound when it ends a Syllable, or is net joined in Pronunciation to the following Consonants; as, Lever, Fever, elope, cfcape.

When E is joined to the following Consonants, it is generally pronounced broader ; as, fell, let, bend.

1. I is


I is always broad when the Syllable in which it occurs is made long by the final e; as, Pine, Bite, Lime Also generally when it goes before gh, gn, ld, mb, and nd; as, Sight, Sign, mild, climb, find.

The middle Sound of the I is ufed before rd; as, Bird, third, and occurs but feldom.

I is narrow when pronounced short with a following Contonant; as, Pin, Sin, Mill, till.


O has the second middle Sound when the Syllable in which it stands is lengthened by the final e; as, Tee, Doe, Lobe, Rolie.

For the other Sounds of this Letter, perhaps no certain Rules can be given.


U. The

U. The broad Sound of the U is used, when joined in Pronunciation to the following Consonant; as, unto, upon, Gun, Pun.

The middle Sound prevails in those Words that are lengthened by the final l; as, Mule, mute, refuse, abuse.

U is narrow when it comes after r, and is pronounced long, or not immediately joined to the following Confonant; as, rude, Ruby, Ruin.


r, at the End of a Word of one Syl. lable, or such as are accented on the last syllable, is broad; as, Sky, sly, try, comply: But in the end of words of more than one Syllable, and not accented on the last, it is generally narrow; as, poljibly, Folly, Poverty.

All, when pronounced foort and negligently with a following Con

fonant, fonant, in a Syllable not" accented, have nearly the same Sound; as, Altar, alter, Manor, Murmur, Satyr.



HEN two Vowels meet in the

fame Syllable, they make what is called a Diphthong.

There are no less than twenty Diphthongs in the English Language ; which with their Sounds are exprefled in the following Tables : Diph. Broad

Middle Narr. S. Balaam Ifaac ai. Praise

Author Aunt Gaugo aw,

Awl ay.


Beam Bread Heart ce.

fee ei. Vein

eight George Leopard People



* From dis, twice, Phthongos, a Sound,







B 2

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