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into the quite opposite Extreme: And inost of them, I think, have too much neglected the Peculiarities of the Langựage on which they wrote.

These Confiderations have induced me to suffer the following little Manuel to appear amongst iny Friends, in the Mannerit now does. How far it may anfwer the End proposed, I must leave them to determine. If it has any Merit, it must be found in Conciseness, Connection, and Application to the proper Genius of our Mother Tongue.

THE first Impression of this litile Treatise was attempted some Years ago, purely to oblige a few of the Author's Friends, who were eilgaged in the Education of Youth; and therefore, at that Time, no Means were made Use of to recommend it to the Public.

Two Editions, however, of this little Book have been fince published in London, under the Direction of the Reverend Mr. Ryland, of Northampton, who had, as he says, made full Trial of it in his School, for some Years before, with singular fuccess.

Thus recommended, it has been well received by the Public; and this Circumstance has induced ihe Author to revise the original Copy, to which he has now made some Amendments and Additions, which,

he

he flatters himself, will render it more acceptable and useful to those Gentlemen and Ladies, who may think proper to make Trial of it in their Schools or Families.

The Editor of the two Editions above mentioned was pleased to give this little Manual to the Public, as The Easiest Introduction to Dr. Lowth's English Grammar i which Title, in Part, it fill re. tains ; though the Author is apprehenfive it was firjt printed before the earliest Edition of that valuable Book : And if he has in some few Instances presumed to differ

from so great a Man, yet as he has done it on Principles which to him appeared to be satisfactory, he is confident the candid and critical Reader will not impute it to affectation or Vanity.

An

AN

INTRODUCTION

TO THE

GRAMMATICAL INSTITUTES.

Of the ALPHABET*, and the Sounds

of the Letters.

HE English Alphabet conGifts of

twenty-fix Letters, viz. a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o, p, q, r, s, t, U, V, W, X, Y, %.

T:

* From alpha, beta, the first two-Greek Letters.

Six

Six of these Letters, viz. a, e, i, o, u, y, are called Vowels, from Vox, a Voice or Sound, because they make diftinét sounds of themselves.

All the Letters in the Alphabet, except the Vowels, viz. b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, q, r, s, t, v, w, x, 2, are called Consonants, from consono, to found together; because they cannot be founded without some Vowel joined to them,

Each of the Vowels has at least three distinct Sounds; the broad or full, the narrow or sender, and the middle or intermediate, which will more fully appear from the following Tables

an

me

Vow,
A.
E.
I.
O.
U.
Y.

Broad. Mid.

Narrow. all

Ale
them her
bind Bird Bill
Tom Ton Tone Tomb

Ufe Rule
by Phylic Bully

us

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