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By place or choice the worthiest; they anon
τι ενθα. .
Ηυτε εθνεα εισι μελισσαων αδιναων. , Duky they spread, a clofe im-
And o'er the vale descends the *1, Βο τρυδον δε σετούλαι επ' ανθεσιν εια
living cloud. 917610ns,
There are such fimiles likewise in 'Ai gert sa adus TETOTNETAI, co de Virgil, Æn. I. 430.
Qualis apes æstate novâ per florea Milion has very weil express': the Exercet fub fole labor; cum genforce of BTPUO' by in clusters, as
Elucunt fætus, &c.
Such is their toil, and such their the original.
As exercite the bees in flow'ry As from some rocky clift the shep
plains; herd fees
When winter past, and summer Cift'ring in heaps on heaps the farc: begun driving bees,
Invites tiiein forth to labor in the Roling, and black’ning, fwarms
sun : fucceeding swams,
Some lead their youth abroad, c. Wi.n deejer murmurs and more hoarse alams;
Dryden. VOL. I.
In spring time, when the fun with Taurus rides,
And again, Æn. VI. 707.
--Cum prima novi ducent exaAc veluti in pratis, ubi apes æftate
Vere suo, ludetque favis emissa serena Floribus infidunt variis &c.
juventus. But our poet carries the fimilitude 777 Behold a wonder! &c.] The farther than either of his great paflage in the catalogue, explainmasters, and mentions the bees con- ing the manner how Spirits transferring their flate affairs, as he is form themselves by contractions or going to give an account of the inlargement of their dimensions, is consultations of the Devils.
introduced with great judgment, to
make way for several surprising ac769. In spring time, when the fun cidents in the sequel of the poem, with Taurus rides,} There follows one, at the very
of the firit book, which is what Candidus auratis aperit cum cor- the French critics call marvellous, nibus annum
but at the same time probable by Taurus. Georg. I. 237. In April. reason of the passage last men
Hume. cion'd. As soon as the infernal par
lace is finish'd, we are told the mul. Dr. Bentley reads in Taurus rides, titude and rabble of Spirits immeand says, Does Tauras ride too, a diately Ihrunk themselves into a constellation fix'd ? Yes, or else fmall compass that there might Ovid is wrong throughout his whole be room for such a numberless arFasti, where he describes the rising fembly in this capacious hall. But and setting of the signs of the zo- it is the poet's refinement upon this diac: See what he fays of the rising thought which I moit admire, and of Taurus, V. 603. and our author which is indeed very noble in itin X. 663. Speaking of the fix'd self. For he tells us, that notwithfars, says, Which of them rising standing the vulgar, among the with the fun or falling, &c. Pearce. fallen Spirits,
forms, those of the first rank and 770. Pour forth their populous dignity still preserved their natural youth about the hive
Aldijon. Virg. Georg. IV. 21.
Monsicur Voltaire is of a different
New rubb’d with balm, expatiate and confer
opinion with regard to the contri- thing would not fit exactly the vance of Pandemonium and the mock-heroic. Then I dare fay transformation of the Devils into that nothing is so adapted to that dwarfs ; and possibly more may ludicrous way of writing, as the concur with him than with Mr. Ad amorphosis is of the Devils indison. I dare affirm, says he, that to dwarts. See his essay on epic the contrivance of the Pandemo- poetry, p. 113, 114. I have been nium would have been entirely dif- favored with a letter from William approved of by critics like' Boi- Duncombe Esq; juftifying Milton leau, Racine, &c. That seat built against Monsieur Voltaire's objecfor the parlament of the Devils tions. As to the contrivance of seems very prepoiterous ; Since Sa- Pandemonium, he thinks it agreetan hath lummond them all toge- able to the rules of decency and ther, and harangu'd them jut bc- decorum to provide a faloon for fore in an ample field. The coun. his Satanic Majesty and his mighty cil was necessary; but where it was campeers (the progeny of Heaven) to be held, 'twas very indifferent. in some measure adapted to the
But when afterwards the De- dignity of their characters; and vils turn dwarfs to fill their places the description is not inferior to in the house, as if it was impracti- any thing in Homer or Virgil of cable to build a room large enough the like kind. We may farther to contain them in their natural add, that as Satan had his palace fize ; it is an idle story, which in Heaven, it was more likely that would match the most extravagant he fould have one in Hell liketales. And to crown all, Satan wife ; and as he had before haand the chief lords preserving their rangued the fallen Angels in the own monstrous forms, while the open field, it was proper for the rabble of the Devils Nirink into fake of variety as well as for other pygmies, hightens the ridicule of reasons that the council Mould be the whole contrivance to an unex held in Pandemoniun. As to the pressible degree. Methinks the fallen Angels contracting their true criterion for discerning what shapes while their chiefs preserved is really ridiculous in an epic their natural dimensions, Mr. Dunpoem, is to examin if the fame combe obferves with Mr. Addison,
Now less than smallest dwarfs, in narow room
that Milton had artfully prepared the hint till he has raised out of it the reader for this incident by some glorious image or sentiment, marking their power to contract or proper to inflame the mind of the inlarge their substance; and Milton reader, and to give it that sublime seems to have intended hereby to kind of entertainment, which is diftinguish and aggrandize the idea suitable to the nature of an heroic of the chieftains, and to describe poem. Those, who are acquainted in a more probable manner the with Homer's and Virgil's way of numberless myriads of fallen An- writing, cannot but be pleased with gels contain'd in one capacious this kind of structure in Milton's hall. If Milton had' represented similitudes. I am the more partithe whole host in their enormous cular on this head, because ignofizes, crouded in one room, the rant readers, who have formed fiction would have been their taste upon the quaint fimiles Mocking and more unnatural than and little turns of wit, which are as it stands at present. These ar so much in rogue among modern guments seem to carry some weight poets, cannot relish thele beauties with them, and upon theie we
which are of a much higher namuft rest Milton's defense, and ture, and are therefore apt to cenleave the determination to the fue Milton's comparisons in which reader.
they do not see any surprising 780.- like that pigmean race &c.] points of likeness. Monficur PerThere are also feveral noble fimiles rault was a man of this vitiated and allusions in the first book of relith, and for that very reason has Paradise Loit. And here I mu!t endevor'd to turn into ridicule leobserve that when Milton alludes veral of Homer's fimilitudes, which either to things or persons, he ne he calls comparuulons à longue queute, ver quits his fimile till it rises to long-teil'd coma isins. Ithal confome very great idea, which is of- clude this paper on the first book ten foreign to the occafion that of Milton with the answer, which gave birth to it. The resemblance Monfieur Boileau makes to Perdoes not, perhaps, lait above a line szult on th's occasion, “ Compaor two, but the poet runs on with “ risons, lays he., in odes and epic
Or dreams he fees, while over-head the moon
poems, are not introduced only fort fables, and their similes so “ to illustrate and embellish the many hort episodes; to which you " discourse but to amuse and re may add, if you please, that their “ lax the mind of the reader, by metaphors are so many fort fi.
frequently disengaging him from miles. If the reader considers the too painful an attention to the comparisons in the first book of
principal subject, and by leading Milton, of the fun in an eclipse, “ him into other agreeable images of the sleeping leviathan, of the “ Homer, says he, excell'd in this bees swarming about their hive, of “ particular, whole comparisons the faery dance, in the view where“ abound with such images of na- in I have here placed them, he
as are proper to relieve will eatily discover the great beau“ and diversify his subjecti. He ties that are in each of those pas“ continually instructs the reader, fages. Addison. “ and makes him take notice, even in objects which are every 783
fees, day before our eyes, of such cir Or dreams he fees,] Virg. Æn.VI. “ cumstances as we should not
454 “ otherwise have observed.” To this he adds as a maxim univer Aut videt, aut vidisse putat— sally acknowledged, “ That it is “ not neceffary in poetry for the 785. Sits arbitress, ] Arbitress here " points of the comparison to cor- fighties witness, fpectatress. So Hor.
repond with one another ex- Epod. V. 49.
actly, but that a general resom“ blance is sufficient, and that too
O rebus meis “ much nicety in this particular
Non infideles arbitre " favors of the rhetorician and Nox et Diana. Herlin, “ epigrammatist.” In short, if we look into the conduct of Homer, 785
- and nearer to the earth] Virgil and Milton, as the great This is said in allufion to the superfable is the foul of each poem, so stitious notion of witches and faeto give their works an agreeable ries having great power over the variety, their episodes are so many moon.