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1829.] - Warner on Evangelical Preaching..

103 scription, it is a favourite contemplation of attainment of the true Christian,- And their own minds, and a frequent subject of now abideth faith, hope, and charity, these their pulpit instruction," that God has three, but the GREATEST OF THESE is chadealt with mankind (by eternally decreeing rity. Their representations, moreover, of all their moral movements) much in the what will shut out from the kingdom of same madber as an artist does with a watch God,' are equally rare, powerless, and inwhich he constructs; with this difference, distinct; of hypocrisy, or profession without however, that, whereas the artist frames his practice, so severely spoken of by our workmanship only for good, and regular, blessed Lord; of the unforgiving temper, and useful motions, the views of the Clergy pronounced by the same divine teacher to of whom I am speakiog, represent the be a sufficient cause in itself of God's rejecAlmighty as giving that direction to the tion of us; of spiritual pride, or a conceit human machine, which, by unavoidable of our own superior righteousness, and connecessity, leads bim into guilt and misery tempt of those who differ from us in their here, and predestinated damnation here- religious views, denounced in the parable of after. In other words, they hold forth to the Pharisee and Publican ; of that arrogant their hearers what is called CalVINISM; a faith, which (all worthless as we are) puffs scheme of faith which makes Prayer, an us up with a notion of our enjoying God's ordinance of God himself, unmeaning, special favour, and being assuredly sealed to (void,' and of none effect; a scheme so everlasting salvation, so clearly disapproved contrary to reason, common sense, personal by Jesus Christ in bis conversation with his experience, and Holy Scripture, as makes disciples; of that persecuting spirit which, it quite a marvel how it can he preached among the Papists, has too frequently purwith gravity, or listened to with patience. sued with fire and faggot, those whom they

“ Others of these Divines appear to lose could not proselyte by persuasion, and sigbt altogether of what men must do to which, in our own Church, leads some of be saved, by confining their pulpit in- its inembers to hate and calumniate all such struction' entirely or almost exclusively to as are not of their own communion, a spirit tbe subject of Faith, or what they must so sharply reprimanded by our merciful Rebeliete. Those • GOOD WORKS,' which deemer, in his speech to James and John; Christ and his Apostles speak of and enjoin and of those bad passions and emotions, so frequently and forcibly, make no figure envy, hatred, malice, and all uncharitain their public exhortations. The morals bleness,' which, ever rankling in the heart of mankind, whether good or bad, are sel of the bigotted, malignant, and unkind, dom specified or analysed: and never is the embody themselves on all occasions in acpractice of God's Commandments brought tion, disturbing the harmony of society, forward by them, as one condition of salva- and ruining the peace of private and domes-, tion. It will be readily admitted, indeed, tic life-passions and emotions, condemned, that in their own personal view of a' saving alike by the language and practice of Him faith,' the practice of all the graces of a who is at once our divine legislator, and our Christian life is included; but this most all perfect example, in conversation and important point of divinity is rarely, if ever, conduct. The duties, also, arising out of made intelligible to the hearer, or brought the different degrees and various regulahome with demonstration to his heart and tions, in which man is placed here below, conscience, Alarmed at the idea of man's are never specifically and fully brought forbuilding any clain to the Divine favour on ward by these Divines ; or, at least, never his own righteousness, (which no real enforced with an energy, to arrest the attenChristian can do, who cuofesses himself to tion and affect the heart; or to convince be, after all, but an unprofitable servant,') the bearer, that their fulfilment is indispenthe Clergy alluded to dever venture, like sably necessary to salvation ;' the duties their blessed Master, upon moral exhorta- of loyalty and subjection to the powers tion;' dever, as he and his Apostles did, that be,' so vitally important to the safety encourage the cultivation of all our best of the commonwealth: and the duties of feelings by pronouncing God's blessing natural affection and neighbourly obligation, upon the meek, the merciful,' and the whose observance pours into the cup of hupeace-makers ;3 by describing the compas man existence its most precious drops, and sionate and humane as the blessed of the makes men and brethren dwell together in Father;'4 by defining pure religion and unity' and love. Tostead, I repeat, of thus undefiled before God and the Father,' in encouraging their hearers to moral, social, the words of St. James, to visit the father and personal virtue, by a display of that less and widows in their affliction, and to approbation which God himself, in his infikeep ourselves unspotted from the world;'s nite mercy, has expressed towards such or by painting, like St. Paul, the virtue of conduct, and of that vast reward which, for charity, or brotherly love, as the sublimest the sake of Jesus Christ our Lord, he has

been pleased to annex to itmeveo etercal 3 Matt. v. 7-9. 4 Id. xxv. 34. life; instead of thus particularizing and • James 1. 27.

denouncing those breaches of the Com104, Vindication of the Review in Gent. Mag. [Feb. mandments, which Christ solemnly declares anity, and does not afterwards obey render all i faith vain,' and all worship’ its precepts, his faith is ineffectual : an abomination, the Ministers of our Church he will not continue justified.(pp. to whom I now allude, dwell (as has been 258-263. before observed) almost entirely in their

Thus, a Giant in Theology, recompulpit instruction, on the necessity and

mended by all the Bishops as a study efficacy of Faith: a principle of vital importance, indeed, in the Christian character,

for orders, positively coniradicts your but, after all, forming only one of those

Correspondent's absurd dogma; which conditions, which a believer must fulfil in · in reason is no more than this, that urder to be saved." .

because faith may produce virtue, it This is a clear explanation of the necessarily does so. If so, how coines point at issue, between the Orthodox St. Peter io say, ' add to your faith vir. and the Evangelical parties. When I tue,' when one was included in the was ordained, nearly forly years ago, I other. was solemnly cautioned against preach. He is equally mistaken with regard ing sermons on faith in disjunction to the xrith Article. That Article is from works : and my University not not intended to vilify works; but only having been a conventicle, nor my because they are in se insufficient to Divinity Leclurer John Wesley, I beg salvation, to direct the MOTIVES to to make some reinarks on the perts that point which can insure it. See ness, buffonery, and pseudo-theology Bishop Tomline on the Article (p. of a Correspondent, who entilles him 276). His remarks on Art. XVII. conself “An Evangelical and no Antino-' sist of mere sneers and insults upon mian," as if he could answer for the the pillars of our church. effect of his doctrines upon his disci. Your Reviewer having advanced the ples. The attack is made upon your sound doctrines of the Church of Reviewer, who was called upon to England, and proved them to be so quote his authorities for affirmations by quoting his authorities, I cannot inade, which are taken from Episcopal see why any man, in equity or upcharges, and the writings of eminent rightness, is justified in blaming him men, of which he certainly was not for positions not his own, and posithe author. By adducing such autho. lions, moreover, allowed by the whole rities, he showed that he had only in Bench of Bishops. view his duty, that of not writing or

AN OLD CLERGYMAN. maintaining any doctrines contrary to those of the Church of England ; and

*** The object being merely to vindibeing a Clergyman, he could not do cale theReview from the asserlions of the otherwise without ruin. Instead of Suffolk Chronicle, that object is effected reason, this Correspondent adduces

by the publication of the Authorities ; only allegation and insult, and falsifies

and, the Gentleman's Magazine not the meaning and intention of the Ar- being an arena for polemics, the discus. cicles, and the Scripture itself. Heap. sion must here be closed. Edit. plies the filthy rags of Isaiah (LxIv. 6.) to morals, though only referable, because prophetic, to Pharisaic righteous. Mr. URBAN,

Feb. 2. . ness. He maintains, that those who

TN your Magazine for October, 1791, have faith cannot sin; as if the very

I p. 893, is an extract from a leiler devils did not acknowledge Christ, or. St. Paul hinsell did not fear that he

said to have been written by the Rev. George Plaxton, dated « Trenthain,

Cero might be a cast-away: and he makes

St. Peter's day, 1716." This extract faith (an involuntary aci) the primum mobile, which is FALSE; for Bishop

attributes 10 Dr. Johnson's father a

hop station in society quite inconsistent Tomline says, (Art. XI. of The Justi

with all the other accounts of Mr. fication of Man,)“ neither WORKS

RKS Michael Johnson. As I have never NOR FAITH can justify (i. e. absolve) been able to meet any confirmation of us. It can only be the ATONEMENT

the authenticity of this letter, I should (pp. 258, 259). St. Paul means, when

be much obliged if you would invite

he he speaks of Justification by faith only,

ly, any of your Correspondents who may the faith in Jesus Christ, in opposition to the Mosaic law : and St. James, as

be able to throw any light on that mes; is

sabi to faith without works being dead,

subject, to be so good as to do so. nierely that, if a man adopus Christi

Yours, &c.

W.

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1829.]
Wolvesey Palace, Winchester.

105 Mr. URBAN,

Feb. 4. The picturesque remains of this THE venerable Episcopal residence episcopal and castellated Palace, as

1 at Winchester called Wolvesey they now appear, are faithfully repreCastle, situate at a short distance from septed in the subjoined engraving (see the College, was erected on the site of Plate 1.) They are of considerable a more ancient palace, by Henry de extent, but without any prominent Blois, Bp. of Wiuchester, about the architectural feature. Heaps of ruined year : 1138. . Its strength was soon walls, none very lofty, and nearly all evinced by the siege which it with clad with ivy, or concealed by shrubs stood against the united forces of Ro." and trees, compose the subjeci of these bert. Earl of Gloucester, and David remarks. Wolvesey Palace has for King of Seotland; and Henry the Se. ages supplied materials for the builder, cond, on his coining to the Crown, who has not scrupled to detach the caused it to be dismantled. The cas- firm and well-constructed masonry ile, however, soon became again a from the solid walls which it faced, place of great strength, and continued thereby leaving fragments as rough to be the residence of the Bishop of aud shapeless as rocks. These heedWinchester till it was finally destroy- less dilapidations have heretofore been ed by order of Croinwell in 1646.., permitted among the noble, ruins of

The principal ruins that now re, our ancient edifices, and perhaps no 'main, belonged to the keep. Their one exhibits more strikingly the efappearance about thirty years since is fects of this mischief and economy thus described by Dr.Milner, in his than Fountains Abbey; but in this History of Winchester ::

instance the injury is no longer per

initied, though it is still allowed at “The keep appears to have been an im perfect' parallelogram, extending about 250

Cowdray, the remains of whose anfeet east and west, and 160 north and south.

cieni mansion are not inferior in point The area, or inside of the quadrangle, was

of interest, and in the elegant variety 150 feet in length, and 110 in breadth,

of its architecture, to any in the kingwhich proves the wings of the building to dom. have been 50 feet deep. The tower which But to return to Wolvesey Palace. flanks the keep to the S.E. is square, sup- Though its architecture has few enrichported by three thin. buttresses, faced ments, it possesses sufficient interest to with stone. The intermediate space, as command notice. The antiquary will well as the building in general, on the out be gratified by the examination of the side, is composed of cut Aints, and very mutilated carved work of its windows hard mortar, a coat of which is spread over the whole : 'the N.E. tower, which advances

and arches; there is scarcely one of beyond its level, is rounded off at the ex

either entirely perfect, and the massy tremity. Iu 'the centre of the N.'wing,

stone and Aint walls of its towers are which has escaped better than the other

observable for their strength, and the wings, is a doorway leading into a garden,

neatness of their construction. which is defended by two'small towers, and

Wrought in the solid walls, and ochas a Pointed arch. Hence there is reason

casionally disclosed, are fragments of to suspect that it is of more modern con early Norman sculpture, which we struction than the rest of the building. The may fairly presume to have belonged inside of the quadrangle, towards the court, to the palace built by William the was faced with polished free-stone, as ap- Conqueror near the north-west corner pears from the junction of the north and of the cathedral churchyard, and which east wings, which is the most entire morsel

was uiterly demolished by Bp. Henry in the whole mass, aud exhibits a specimen de Blois, who rebuilt the palace of of as rich and elegant work as can be produced from the twelfth century; we there

Wolvesey, of which nothing more view the wallet ornament, and triangular

now remains than fragments of the fret, which adorn the circular arches, still

keep. Originally the plan was a paral. remaining; together with the capitals, and

lelogram, and its situation within the & corbel bust, executed with a neatness un

ioclosed area which was spacious, near usual at that early period. '.

the north-west angle. Its principal Wolvesey is stated to have derived its gateway faced the north. The northname froin the tribute of wolves' heads, im east and north-west angles were de. posed on the Welsh by King Edgar; and fended by massy semicircular towers. which, it is asserted, was ordered to be paid Within ihe keep was a court which, here."

besides the entrance before described, Gent. MAG. February, 1829.

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