« AnteriorContinuar »
Trinity Church, Marylebone. NEW CHURCHES.-No. XXI. solitary exception, every building he TRINITY CHURCH, MARYLEBONE.
has erected ; behind the portico are
entrances to the Church, and collateral Architect, Soane.
to it are two plain divisions, containTHE Church which forms the first
ing lofty arched windows, divided in 1 subject in the accompanying en
height by a transverse stone; the cen
tral portion is built or faced with stone, graving, is situated on the North side
these smaller divisions, with their reof the New-road, near the eastern en
turns at the Aanks of the building, are trance to the Regent's Park; it is the
built with brick, and form last of the five new Churches built in
greeable contrast with the stone work the populous parish of St. Marylebone,
of the front and flanks. Such small four of which have already been de
portions of brick-work rather show scribed in our pages *. In common with the parish or rece
a peculiar taste, than indicate an attory Church, on the opposite side of
tention to economy, for no one can the road, the usual Church arrange
conceive that in an edifice, where the
funds allowed of a number of expen: ment has been departed from ; in this
sive columns, any necessity could exist instance, the principal front faces the
for leaving a small portion only of the south instead of the west, and the altar
corners of the building destitute of a is at the north end of the building. In our Magazine for '1826 (vol.
w stone covering. Xcvi. pt.'ii.'p. 201), we gave a view )
In the side divisions, the cornice and description of St. Peter's Church',
only of the enlablature is applied, and Walworth, also built from Mr.Soane's
"; the entire elevation is surmounted by designs ; it will be seen by a compa
a blocking course and ballustrade,
rather an odd finish to a professedly rison of the present, with the en
Grecian building. graving then given, that the two buildings closely resemble each other.
. Above the portico rises a tower in Though not absolute copies, there is that
two stories, the first or belfry is square, sameness of design which we bave als in plan: in each face is an arched ready censured as a fault in the works
window, with a circular perforation of inferior architects, and which we
above for the dial, over which the should not have expected in any build
Grecian fret is again introduced. At
the sides of the windows, and near ing proceeding froin the pencil of Mr. Soane.
the angles of the tower, are insulated Walworth Church is a brick build. columns of the “Tivoli Corinthian" ing, with the ornamental portions ex
order, standing on pedestals; the story ecuted in stone; the present is appa
is crowned with an entablature, which rently at least a stone building, with
breaks over the columns, and above certain patches of brick, a novel, it is
each column is one of those strange true, but at the same time a tasteless
oruaments peculiar to the works of style of decoration.
Mr. Soane, which, from the descrip. The principal front of this Church
vion of this Church by Mr. Elmes, in is made into a centre with side
"* Metropolitan Improvements” (p.83),
we learn are intended for cinerary urns. divisions ; the first portion consists of a portico of four Tonic columns,
These hitherto nondescript ornaments
? Mr. Elmes, in general an acute and eximitated from the Temple on the Ilyssus at Athens; they are raised on
cellentarchitectural critic, styles “pleasa flight of steps of equal height wübing fipals ;" they appear to us little the plinth on 'which ihe entire build more than clumsy attempts at imitating ing is elevated, and are surmounted by
those far more pleasing finials, the pintheir entablature. The frieze displays
nacles, at the angles of the Church the Grecian fret, an ornament once
towers of our national architecture.
of The second story is circular, a peristyle fenders and tea-boards, and with which
of six columus, of the same order 25 Mr. Soane bas chosen to mark, with a
in the tower of the Winds at Athens; the
columns are raised on a stylobate, and * Christ Church, vol. xcv. pt. ii. p. 577. crowned with an entablature, over All Souls, vol. xcvi. pt. ii. p. 9: The
which is a blocking course, broken by Parish Church, and St. Mary's, vol. xcvii. Grecian tiles at intervals, correspondpt. ii, p. 9.
ing with the columns. A cupola, susGENT. Mag, April, 1829..
(April, taining a large vane instead of a cross, The eastern Aank of the Church, crowns this story; the cella is pierced shewn in the engraving, assimilates in with windows between each alternate general design with the front already pair of columns.
described ; it is made into a central Mr. Elmes, in the work before re- and lateral divisions, the former conferred to, thus characterizes this tower: sists of six half columns of the Ionic “ Since the days of Gibbs and Wren, order, between two pairs of antæ, I consider this steeple, belsry, or wbat- forming seven divisions, having lofty ever it may be called, as the fashion of arched windows in each intercoluindia the day, or the will of the Commis- ation, divided into two heights by a sioners insist on the perpetration of transom; the lateral divisions have such horrors (horrors ! forsooth) on the similar windows to the central. Ao roofs of modern churches, to be the entablature crowns the columns, with best, always excepting that of Shore- the favourite fret in the frieze. Above ditch. The omission of the pediment the side divisions, in common with gives some approach to the solid lower, the west front, the cornice only is reemanating from the ground, and sure tained ; and a ballostrade forms the mounted by the steeple, that was the finish to the elevation. The central invariable practice of Wren, and the portion, like the principal front, is best Italian architects." Now if our faced with stone. The smiall collateral readers will take the trouble to turn to divisions at each angle, as before obsome of our engravings of New served, are brick. The northern ele. Churches, they will, without doubt, vation is recessed in the centre, with find many better specimens of towers of a corridor connecting the projecting the “ pepper-box order," than the wings, in the style of Walworth present; for instance, Mr. Smirke's at Church. Above this are three winBryanstoire-square*, a favourite de- dows, and the elevation is finished sign, no doubt, as the architect has with an acroierium. bestowed it upon about half a dozen new Churches, and Mr. Edwards's at
THE INTERIOR Hoxton t. The first actually rises is more closely a copy of Walworth from the ground, and the second has Church, than the outside. The galno pediment before it to ride " cock leries have pannelled fronts, and with horse" upon, as Mr. Elmes facetiously that and a few other minute particu. expresses himself, and wbich we be lars, the description of that Church licve only applies literally to the works will suffice for the present. The three of Mr. Bedford, in the parishes of windows above the altar are glazed Newington, Camberwell, and Lam- with ground glass, and on that account beth; but whether the steeple is to greatly detract from the appearance of ride on the portico, like the giant Goy ihe building. on Noah's ark, or to rise from the Opon the whole, though Walworth ground at once, is not the question in Church is a less expensive building, this instance. Where it does, like the we are inclined to prefer it to the prepresent Church, rise from the roof, it sent. The porticoes which decorate affords no excuse for denuding the the three principal fronts of this portico of iis pediment, without which Church are spoili by the brick addi. the columns seem to stand alone, with tions at their sides; and the lower story out the appearance of utility. Surely of the tower, by the addition of the any tasteful observer would rather see columns to its several faces, is renderthe portico perfected by the addition ed too bulky for the upper one. The of a pediment, (although it might be close resemblance of ihe interior to surmounted by one of those • horrors,” Walworth Church appears to us a blewhich if the Commissioners had not mish which we did not expect to meet enforced as appendages to the new with in the works of so eminent a proChurches, more ihan one in this pa- fessor of the science as the architect of rish might be mistaken for playhouses, the Church now under consideration. than witness such an awkward con An inferior hand might be unable to position as a portico without a pedia produce two designs differing from ment.
each other, but when we see no same
ness in the numerous Churches built * Vol. xcvii. part ii. p. 9.
by Sir Christopher Wren, we confess + Vol. xcvii. part i. p. 209.
we were much disappointed at finding 299
Church of St. Peter, Pimlico, this fault to exist in a design in which sisting of a pedestal, the dado pierced we least expected it.
for the dials of the clock, sustaining a · This Church was commenced on the cubical story, having an arched win31st Aug. 1895, and consecrated 21st dow in each face, at the sides of of May, 1828. The number accom- which are lonic columns, the angles are modated is 2003. The estimate was finished in antis. This story is crown21,8291. 10s.
ed with an entablature, above which
rises a small circular temple, the cella St. Peter, Pimlico.
enriched with sunk pannels, and the
cornice with Grecian tiles; the whole Architect, Hakewell.
is crowned with a spherical dome, The second subject in the engrave surmounted by a cross. The steeple ing represents the new Church on the has no great elevation, but is upon the eastern side of Wilton-place, in the pas whole a very pleasing object. Tish of St. George, Hanover-square. The body of the Church is built of
This handsome and chaste building, of brick with stone dressings. A small the lonic order, is distinguished by division at the west end of each flank the simplicity and neatness of its de- is marked by an aniæ; it contains a corations, and ibe harmony of its pro- lintelled window and a circular one portions. The plan is a parallelogram, over it; the remainder of the elevation placed east and west, without aisles, contains five lofty arched windows; a portion at the west end being oc- the walls rest on a plinth of granite, cupied by a portico, lower, and lob- and the entablature continued from bies, and at the east increased by the the west portico, forms the crowning addition of a small chancel flanked member; the angles are finished in by vestries. The west front is occu. antis. The west front and north side pied entirely by an hexasiyle portico are shown in the engraving. of the lonic order, the columns fluted. The vestries have lintelled doorways The floor is approached by a bold in the sides and ends, and are finished flight of steps, and in the wall at the at the augles in antis, and in the eleback are three lintelled entrances vation with an entablature. to the Church, the heads of which The chancel has no window in its are sarmounted by cornices on con- eastern front, i he flanks have arched soles. The ceiling of the portico windows like the body of the Church, is horizontal, coved round its sides; and the walls are finished with the the columns are surinounted by their continued entablature. A corridor in entablature and a pediment, behind advance of the wall connects the two which a low allic rises from the roof vestries. of the Church to the height of the
The Interior apex of the pediment; it is crowned with a cornice and blocking course, is approached by the lobbies at the and surmounted by an acroierium of west end; the body of the Church is nearly its own height, but in breadth occupied on three sides by a gallery only equalling two-thirds of it; this is sustained on lonic columns. The floor finished with a sub-cornice and block of the chancel is judiciously elevated ing course, and is surmounied by the on five steps, two of which are situated tower, which rises from the middle. at the commencement, and above them The addition of a steeple to a Grecian is a landing, on which is placed the Church forms a stumbling-block to our pulpit and desks; the remaining three modern architects, forcing thein to lead to the portion inclosed within the have recourse to many shifis to con- rails of the altar, which is situated vert a Grecian temple into an Eng. in a bold recess, the angles guarded lish Church, a forcible argument for by pilasters of the Corinthian order ; the rejection of the classical styles al. they are surmounted by an entablatogether in this species of buildings. ture, the modillion cornice from which The introduction of the artic is sanc. is continued, without the frieze and tioned by the precedent set by James architrave, round the entire building, in the parent Church, and the effect and acts as an impost to the ceiling, produced is not bad, as great value is which is a segmental arched vault given to the front elevation by it. made into divisions corresponding in
The tower consists of a belfry, breadth with the windows, the solfites square in plan, and in elevation con- panelled, the central panel in each oc